Psalm 78:21
New International Version
When the LORD heard them, he was furious; his fire broke out against Jacob, and his wrath rose against Israel,

New Living Translation
When the LORD heard them, he was furious. The fire of his wrath burned against Jacob. Yes, his anger rose against Israel,

English Standard Version
Therefore, when the LORD heard, he was full of wrath; a fire was kindled against Jacob; his anger rose against Israel,

Berean Study Bible
Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath; so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and His anger flared against Israel

New American Standard Bible
Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath; And a fire was kindled against Jacob And anger also mounted against Israel,

King James Bible
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the LORD heard and became furious; then fire broke out against Jacob, and anger flared up against Israel

Contemporary English Version
When the LORD heard this, he was angry and furious with Jacob's descendants, the people of Israel.

Good News Translation
And so the LORD was angry when he heard them; he attacked his people with fire, and his anger against them grew,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the LORD heard and became furious; then fire broke out against Jacob, and anger flared up against Israel

International Standard Version
Therefore, when the LORD heard this, he was angry, and fire broke out against Jacob. Moreover, his anger flared against Israel,

NET Bible
When the LORD heard this, he was furious. A fire broke out against Jacob, and his anger flared up against Israel,

New Heart English Bible
Therefore the LORD heard, and was angry. A fire was kindled against Jacob, anger also went up against Israel,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because of this, Lord Jehovah heard and he was angry, and a fire seized upon Jacob, also wrath came up in Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the LORD heard this, he became furious. His fire burned against Jacob and his anger flared up at Israel

JPS Tanakh 1917
Therefore the LORD heard, and was wroth; And a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also went up against Israel;

New American Standard 1977
Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath, And a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also mounted against Israel;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore the LORD heard this and was wroth, so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was angry: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

American King James Version
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

American Standard Version
Therefore Jehovah heard, and was wroth; And a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also went up against Israel;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Therefore the Lord heard, and was provoked: and fire was kindled in Jacob, and wrath went up against Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore the Lord heard, and was angry: and a fire was kindled against Jacob, and wrath came up against Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore Jehovah heard, and was wroth; and fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also went up against Israel:

English Revised Version
Therefore the LORD heard, and was wroth: and a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also went up against Israel;

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

World English Bible
Therefore Yahweh heard, and was angry. A fire was kindled against Jacob, anger also went up against Israel,

Young's Literal Translation
Therefore hath Jehovah heard, And He sheweth Himself wroth, And fire hath been kindled against Jacob, And anger also hath gone up against Israel,
Study Bible
I Will Open My Mouth in Parables
20When He struck the rock, water gushed out and torrents overflowed. But can He also give bread or supply His people with meat?” 21Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath; so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and His anger flared against Israel 22because they did not believe God or rely on His salvation.…
Cross References
Numbers 11:1
Soon the people began to complain about their hardship in the hearing of the LORD, and when He heard them, His anger was kindled, and fire from the LORD blazed among them and consumed the outskirts of the camp.

Psalm 66:12
You let men ride over our heads; we went through fire and water, but You brought us into abundance.

Treasury of Scripture

Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

the Lord

Psalm 78:31
The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel.

Numbers 11:10
Then Moses heard the people weep throughout their families, every man in the door of his tent: and the anger of the LORD was kindled greatly; Moses also was displeased.

1 Corinthians 10:5,11
But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness…

a fire

Numbers 11:1-3
And when the people complained, it displeased the LORD: and the LORD heard it; and his anger was kindled; and the fire of the LORD burnt among them, and consumed them that were in the uttermost parts of the camp…

Deuteronomy 32:22
For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.

Hebrews 12:29
For our God is a consuming fire.







Lexicon
Therefore
לָכֵ֤ן ׀ (lā·ḵên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3651: So -- thus

the LORD
יְהוָ֗ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

heard
שָׁמַ֥ע (šā·ma‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

and was full of wrath;
וַֽיִּתְעַבָּ֥ר (way·yiṯ·‘ab·bār)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

so a fire
וְ֭אֵשׁ (wə·’êš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

was kindled
נִשְּׂקָ֣ה (niś·śə·qāh)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5400: To catch fire

against Jacob,
בְיַעֲקֹ֑ב (ḇə·ya·‘ă·qōḇ)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3290: Jacob -- a son of Isaac, also his desc

and
וְגַם־ (wə·ḡam-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

His anger
אַ֝֗ף (’ap̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 639: The nose, nostril, the face, a person, ire

flared
עָלָ֥ה (‘ā·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

against Israel
בְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (ḇə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
(21) See references in margin.

Verse 21. - Therefore the Lord heard this. Though these might be unspoken thoughts, yet God would "hear" them, i.e. be aware of them; for "he knoweth the very secrets of the heart." And was wroth (comp. vers. 59, 62; Deuteronomy 3:26). So a fire was kindled against Jacob. Not a material fire, as in Leviticus 10:2; Numbers 11:1-3; and Numbers 16:35; but the fire of God's displeasure. And anger also came up against Israel (comp. vers. 30, 31; Numbers 11:33). 78:9-39. Sin dispirits men, and takes away the heart. Forgetfulness of God's works is the cause of disobedience to his laws. This narrative relates a struggle between God's goodness and man's badness. The Lord hears all our murmurings and distrusts, and is much displeased. Those that will not believe the power of God's mercy, shall feel the fire of his indignation. Those cannot be said to trust in God's salvation as their happiness at last, who can not trust his providence in the way to it. To all that by faith and prayer, ask, seek, and knock, these doors of heaven shall at any time be opened; and our distrust of God is a great aggravation of our sins. He expressed his resentment of their provocation; not in denying what they sinfully lusted after, but in granting it to them. Lust is contented with nothing. Those that indulge their lust, will never be estranged from it. Those hearts are hard indeed, that will neither be melted by the mercies of the Lord, nor broken by his judgments. Those that sin still, must expect to be in trouble still. And the reason why we live with so little comfort, and to so little purpose, is, because we do not live by faith. Under these rebukes they professed repentance, but they were not sincere, for they were not constant. In Israel's history we have a picture of our own hearts and lives. God's patience, and warnings, and mercies, imbolden them to harden their hearts against his word. And the history of kingdoms is much the same. Judgments and mercies have been little attended to, until the measure of their sins has been full. And higher advantages have not kept churches from declining from the commandments of God. Even true believers recollect, that for many a year they abused the kindness of Providence. When they come to heaven, how will they admire the Lord's patience and mercy in bringing them to his kingdom!
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