Matthew 27:51
New International Version
At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split

New Living Translation
At that moment the curtain in the sanctuary of the Temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. The earth shook, rocks split apart,

English Standard Version
And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And the earth shook, and the rocks were split.

Berean Study Bible
At that moment the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth quaked and the rocks were split.

Berean Literal Bible
And behold, the veil of the temple was torn into two from top to bottom. And the earth was shaken, and the rocks were split.

New American Standard Bible
And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth shook and the rocks were split.

King James Bible
And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;

Christian Standard Bible
Suddenly, the curtain of the sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom, the earth quaked, and the rocks were split.

Contemporary English Version
At once the curtain in the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, and rocks split apart.

Good News Translation
Then the curtain hanging in the Temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split apart,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Suddenly, the curtain of the sanctuary was split in two from top to bottom; the earth quaked and the rocks were split.

International Standard Version
Suddenly, the curtain in the sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom, the earth shook, rocks were split open,

NET Bible
Just then the temple curtain was torn in two, from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks were split apart.

New Heart English Bible
And look, the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom. The earth quaked and the rocks were split.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And at once the curtain entrance of The Temple was ripped in two from top to bottom. The earth was shaken and the rocks were split.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Suddenly, the curtain in the temple was split in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, and the rocks were split open.

New American Standard 1977
And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom, and the earth shook; and the rocks were split,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;

King James 2000 Bible
And, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks were split;

American King James Version
And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;

American Standard Version
And behold, the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake; and the rocks were rent;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And behold the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top even to the bottom, and the earth quaked, and the rocks were rent.

Darby Bible Translation
And lo, the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom, and the earth was shaken, and the rocks were rent,

English Revised Version
And behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake; and the rocks were rent;

Webster's Bible Translation
And behold, the vail of the temple was rent in two, from the top to the bottom: and the earth shook, and the rocks rent;

Weymouth New Testament
Immediately the curtain of the Sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom: the earth quaked; the rocks split;

World English Bible
Behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom. The earth quaked and the rocks were split.

Young's Literal Translation
and lo, the vail of the sanctuary was rent in two from top unto bottom, and the earth did quake, and the rocks were rent,
Study Bible
The Death of Jesus
50When Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, He yielded up His spirit. 51At that moment the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth quaked and the rocks were split. 52The tombs broke open, and the bodies of many saints who had fallen asleep were raised.…
Cross References
Exodus 26:31
Make a veil of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and finely spun linen, with cherubim skillfully worked into it.

Numbers 4:5
Whenever the camp sets out, Aaron and his sons are to go in, take down the veil of the curtain, and cover the Ark of the Testimony with it.

Matthew 27:54
When the centurion and those with him guarding Jesus saw the earthquake and all that had happened, they were terrified and said, "Truly this was the Son of God."

Mark 15:38
And the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom.

Luke 23:45
The sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn down the middle.

Luke 23:47
When the centurion saw what had happened, he gave glory to God, saying, "Surely this was a righteous man."

Hebrews 9:3
Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place,

Treasury of Scripture

And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;

the veil.

Exodus 26:31-37
And thou shalt make a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made: …

Exodus 40:21
And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Leviticus 16:2,12-15
And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the vail before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat…

the earth.

Matthew 28:2
And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.

Psalm 18:7,15
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth…

Micah 1:3,4
For, behold, the LORD cometh forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread upon the high places of the earth…







Lexicon
At that moment
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

veil
καταπέτασμα (katapetasma)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2665: From a compound of kata and a congener of petomai; something spread thoroughly, i.e. the door screen in the Jewish Temple.

of the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

temple
ναοῦ (naou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3485: A temple, a shrine, that part of the temple where God himself resides. From a primary naio; a fane, shrine, temple.

was torn
ἐσχίσθη (eschisthē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4977: To rend, divide asunder, cleave. Apparently a primary verb; to split or sever.

in
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

two
δύο (dyo)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1417: Two. A primary numeral; 'two'.

from
ἀπ’ (ap’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 575: From, away from. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. Away, in various senses.

top
ἄνωθεν (anōthen)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 509: From ano; from above; by analogy, from the first; by implication, anew.

to
ἕως (heōs)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2193: A conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until.

bottom.
κάτω (katō)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 2736: (a) down, below, also: downwards, (b) lower, under, less, of a length of time. Also katotero; adverb from kata; downwards.

The
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

earth
γῆ (gē)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1093: Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe.

quaked
ἐσείσθη (eseisthē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4579: To shake; fig: I agitate, stir up. Apparently a primary verb; to rock, i.e. to agitate; figuratively, to throw into a tremor.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
αἱ (hai)
Article - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

rocks
πέτραι (petrai)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4073: A rock, ledge, cliff, cave, stony ground. Feminine of the same as Petros; a rock.

were split.
ἐσχίσθησαν (eschisthēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4977: To rend, divide asunder, cleave. Apparently a primary verb; to split or sever.
(51) The veil of the temple was rent in twain.--Better, the veil of the sanctuary, or, if we do not alter the word, we must remember that it is the veil that divided the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies that is here meant. The fact, which the high priests would naturally have wished to conceal, and which in the nature of the case could not have been seen by any but the sons of Aaron, may have been reported by the "great multitude of the priests" who "became obedient to the faith" (Acts 6:7). The Evangelist's record of it is all the more significant, as he does not notice, and apparently, therefore, did not apprehend, the symbolic import of the fact. That import we learn indirectly from the Epistle to the Hebrews. The priests had, as far as they had power, destroyed the true Temple (comp. John 2:19); but in doing so they had robbed their own sanctuary of all that made it holy. The true veil, as that which shrouded the Divine Glory from the eyes of men, was His own flesh, and through that He had passed, as the Forerunner of all who trusted in Him, into the sanctuary not made with hands, eternal in the heavens (Hebrews 10:20-21). All who fulfilled that condition might enter into that holiest place, but the visible sanctuary was now made common and unclean, and there too all might enter without profanation.

The earth did quake, and the rocks rent.--Jerusalem was, it will be remembered, situated in the zone of earthquakes, and one very memorable convulsion is recorded or alluded to in the Old Testament (Isaiah 24:19; Amos 1:1; Zechariah 14:5). Here, though the shock startled men at the time, there was no widespread ruin such as would lead to its being chronicled by contemporary historians.

Verses 51-56. - Signs following the death of Christ. (Mark 15:38-41; Luke 23:47-49.) Verse 51. - And, behold. St. Matthew thus introduces his account of the portents which attended the death of the Son of God. The rending of the veil is mentioned by the synoptists as consequent on, and occurring simultaneously with, the completion of the ineffable sacrifice. The veil of the temple (τοῦ ναοῦ). There were two principal veils in the present temple - one between the vestibule and the holy place, and one other which is that here referred to, a constituent part of the edifce. This was the veil between the holy place and the holy of holies, which was moved aside only once a year to admit the high priest to the shrine on the great Day of Atonement (Exodus 26:33). It was large and costly, some sixty feet high, and made of rich materials. Josephus ('Bell. Jud.,' 5:05. 4) tells us of one of the veils in the temple, that it was a Babylonian curtain, embroidered with linen in various colours, woven together with wonderful art, such as the eye loved to rest upon. Was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. An apocryphal Gospel ('The Gospel of the Hebrews'), quoted by St. Jerome, in loc., asserts that the exquisitely carved lintel to which the veil was fastened was at this moment shattered to pieces, and in its fall tore the curtain asunder. The direction of the rent would show that no human hands had torn it apart, and the rending seems to have preceded the earthquake. The violent act was supernatural, and of a typical nature, as we are taught by Hebrews 9:6-12. The sanctuary enshrined the presence of God, from which the veil excluded every one but the high priest on one special occasion, thus denoting the imperfect reconciliation between God and his people, and that the way to the holiest was not yet made manifest. The rending of this veil betokened the opening of the access to heaven through the wounded body of Christ: as we read in Hebrews 10:19, 20, "Having boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us through the veil, that is to say, his flesh." "When thou hadst overcome the sharpness of death, thou didst open the kingdom of heaven to all believers." The distinction between Jew and Gentile was abolished, the mysteries of the old Law were opened and manifested, all rites and ceremonies were made of sacramental efficacy, and ministered grace. How soon this ominous occurrence was discovered, we know not. The priest who offered incense at the evening sacrifice about this same hour must have seen it, and spread abroad among his comrades the news, to which many would attach a meaning fatal to the security of their religion. But this was comparatively a private sign; the next one was of a more comprehensive and public character. The earth did quake, and the rocks rent. The last verb is the same as was used just before in the case of the veil. There was a local earthquake at this awful moment, as if the very land shuddered at the terrible crime that had been committed. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem is supposed to cover the Golgotha of the Crucifixion (see on ver. 33). "An opening, faced with silver, shows the spot where the cross is said to have been sunk in the rock, and less than five feet from it is a long brass open work slide, over a cleft in the rock, which is about six inches deep, but is supposed by the pilgrims to reach to the centre of the earth. This is said to mark the rending of the rocks at the Crucifixion" (Geikie, 'Holy Land and Bible,' p. 447). The fact of the earthquake is testified by Phlegon, whose words were quoted by Julius Africanus, in his 'Chronographia' (fragments of which work have been published by Routh and others), and by Eusebius, in his 'Chronicon' (the passage, no longer extant in the original, being preserved by Jerome, and in an Armenian version; see Morison, on ver. 45). The rending of the rocks is attested by St. Cyril, Bishop of Jerusalem ('Cateches.,' 13:33), who speaks of the remarkable fissure in Golgotha, which he had often noticed. 27:51-56 The rending of the veil signified that Christ, by his death, opened a way to God. We have an open way through Christ to the throne of grace, or mercy-seat now, and to the throne of glory hereafter. When we duly consider Christ's death, our hard and rocky hearts should be rent; the heart, and not the garments. That heart is harder than a rock that will not yield, that will not melt, where Jesus Christ is plainly set forth crucified. The graves were opened, and many bodies of saints which slept, arose. To whom they appeared, in what manner, and how they disappeared, we are not told; and we must not desire to be wise above what is written. The dreadful appearances of God in his providence, sometimes work strangely for the conviction and awakening of sinners. This was expressed in the terror that fell upon the centurion and the Roman soldiers. We may reflect with comfort on the abundant testimonies given to the character of Jesus; and, seeking to give no just cause of offence, we may leave it to the Lord to clear our characters, if we live to Him. Let us, with an eye of faith, behold Christ and him crucified, and be affected with that great love wherewith he loved us. But his friends could give no more than a look; they beheld him, but could not help him. Never were the horrid nature and effects of sin so tremendously displayed, as on that day when the beloved Son of the Father hung upon the cross, suffering for sin, the Just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God. Let us yield ourselves willingly to his service.
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