4073. petra
Strong's Concordance
petra: a (large mass of) rock
Original Word: πέτρα, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: petra
Phonetic Spelling: (pet'-ra)
Definition: a (large mass of) rock
Usage: a rock, ledge, cliff, cave, stony ground.
HELPS Word-studies

4073 pétra (a feminine noun) – "a mass of connected rock," which is distinct from 4074 (Pétros) which is "a detached stone or boulder" (A-S). 4073 (pétra) is a "solid or native rock, rising up through the earth" (Souter) – a huge mass of rock (a boulder), such as a projecting cliff.

4073 (petra) is "a projecting rock, cliff (feminine noun) . . . 4074 (petros, the masculine form) however is a stone . . . such as a man might throw" (S. Zodhiates, Dict).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. word
a (large mass of) rock
NASB Translation
rock (10), rocks (3), rocky (2).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 4073: πέτρα

πέτρα, πέτρας, , from Homer down; the Sept. for סֶלַע and צוּר; a rock, ledge, cliff;

a. properly: Matthew 7:24; Matthew 27:51, 60; Mark 15:46; Luke 6:48; 1 Corinthians 10:4 (on which see πνευματικός, 3 a.); a projecting rock, crag, Revelation 6:15f, rocky ground, Luke 8:6, 13.

b. a rock, large stone: Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:8 (7).

c. metaphorically, a man like a rock, by reason of his firmness and strength of soul: Matthew 16:18 (some interpretations regard the distinction (generally observed in classic Greek; see the commentaries and cf. Schmidt, Syn., chapter 51, §§ 4-6) between πέτρα, the massive living rock, and πέτρος, a detached but large fragment, as important for the correct understanding of this passage; others explain the different genders here as due first to the personal then to the material reference. Cf. Meyer, Keil, others; Green, Critical Note on John 1:43).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance

Feminine of the same as Petros; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively) -- rock.

see GREEK Petros

Forms and Transliterations
πετρα πέτρα πέτρᾳ πετραι πέτραι πετραις πέτραις πετραν πέτραν πετρας πέτρας πετρίνας πετροβόλοις πετρόβολον πετροβόλους πετρών petra pétra petrai pétrai pétrāi petrais pétrais petran pétran petras pétras
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 7:24 N-AFS
GRK: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν
NAS: built his house on the rock.
KJV: house upon a rock:
INT: upon the rock

Matthew 7:25 N-AFS
GRK: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν
NAS: for it had been founded on the rock.
KJV: it was founded upon a rock.
INT: upon the rock

Matthew 16:18 N-DFS
GRK: ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρᾳ οἰκοδομήσω μου
NAS: and upon this rock I will build
KJV: upon this rock I will build my
INT: this the rock I will build my

Matthew 27:51 N-NFP
GRK: καὶ αἱ πέτραι ἐσχίσθησαν
NAS: shook and the rocks were split.
KJV: did quake, and the rocks rent;
INT: and the rocks were split

Matthew 27:60 N-DFS
GRK: ἐν τῇ πέτρᾳ καὶ προσκυλίσας
NAS: he had hewn out in the rock; and he rolled
KJV: in the rock: and
INT: in the rock and having rolled

Mark 15:46 N-GFS
GRK: λελατομημένον ἐκ πέτρας καὶ προσεκύλισεν
NAS: hewn out in the rock; and he rolled
KJV: hewn out of a rock, and rolled
INT: cut out of a rock and he rolled

Luke 6:48 N-AFS
GRK: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν πλημμύρης δὲ
NAS: a foundation on the rock; and when a flood
KJV: on a rock: and
INT: on the rock a flood moreover

Luke 8:6 N-AFS
GRK: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν καὶ φυὲν
NAS: [seed] fell on rocky [soil], and as soon as it grew
KJV: upon a rock; and
INT: upon the rock and having sprung up

Luke 8:13 N-GFS
GRK: ἐπὶ τῆς πέτρας οἳ ὅταν
NAS: Those on the rocky [soil are] those who,
KJV: They on the rock [are they], which,
INT: upon the rock those who when

Romans 9:33 N-AFS
GRK: προσκόμματος καὶ πέτραν σκανδάλου καὶ
KJV: and rock of offence:
INT: of stumbling and rock of offense and

1 Corinthians 10:4 N-GFS
GRK: πνευματικῆς ἀκολουθούσης πέτρας ἡ πέτρα
NAS: from a spiritual rock which followed
KJV: that spiritual Rock that followed them:
INT: a spiritual following rock and the rock

1 Corinthians 10:4 N-NFS
GRK: πέτρας ἡ πέτρα δὲ ἦν
NAS: which followed them; and the rock was Christ.
KJV: and that Rock was
INT: rock and the rock moreover was

1 Peter 2:8 N-NFS
GRK: προσκόμματος καὶ πέτρα σκανδάλου οἳ
KJV: and a rock of offence,
INT: of stumbling and a rock of offense who

Revelation 6:15 N-AFP
GRK: εἰς τὰς πέτρας τῶν ὀρέων
NAS: and among the rocks of the mountains;
KJV: and in the rocks of the mountains;
INT: in the rocks of the mountains

Revelation 6:16 N-DFP
GRK: καὶ ταῖς πέτραις πέσετε ἐφ'
NAS: to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall
KJV: to the mountains and rocks, Fall on
INT: and to the rocks Fall on

Strong's Greek 4073
15 Occurrences

πέτρᾳ — 4 Occ.
πέτραι — 1 Occ.
πέτραις — 1 Occ.
πέτραν — 5 Occ.
πέτρας — 4 Occ.

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