1 Corinthians 10:4
New International Version
and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.

New Living Translation
and all of them drank the same spiritual water. For they drank from the spiritual rock that traveled with them, and that rock was Christ.

English Standard Version
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

Berean Study Bible
and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.

Berean Literal Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they were drinking from the spiritual rock accompanying them, and the rock was Christ.

New American Standard Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.

King James Bible
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

Christian Standard Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual rock that followed them, and that rock was Christ.

Contemporary English Version
and drank the same spiritual drink, which flowed from the spiritual rock that followed them. That rock was Christ.

Good News Translation
and drank the same spiritual drink. They drank from the spiritual rock that went with them; and that rock was Christ himself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from a spiritual rock that followed them, and that rock was Christ.

International Standard Version
and drank the same spiritual drink, for they drank from the spiritual rock that went with them. That rock was the Messiah.

NET Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they were all drinking from the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.

New Heart English Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they all drank of the one drink of The Spirit, for they were drinking from The Rock of The Spirit, which was with them, but that Rock was The Messiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and all of them drank the same spiritual drink. They drank from the spiritual rock that went with them, and that rock was Christ.

New American Standard 1977
and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and did all drink the same spiritual drink, for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them; and that Rock was the Christ.

King James 2000 Bible
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

American King James Version
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

American Standard Version
and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all drank the same spiritual drink; (and they drank of the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.)

Darby Bible Translation
and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they drank of a spiritual rock which followed [them]: (now the rock was the Christ;)

English Revised Version
and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
And all drank the same spiritual drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.)

Weymouth New Testament
and all drank the same spiritual drink; for they long drank the water that flowed from the spiritual rock that went with them--and that rock was the Christ.

World English Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.

Young's Literal Translation
and all the same spiritual drink did drink, for they were drinking of a spiritual rock following them, and the rock was the Christ;
Study Bible
Warnings from Israel's Past
3They all ate the same spiritual food 4and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. 5Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them, for they were struck down in the wilderness.…
Cross References
Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb; when you strike the rock, water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 20:11
Then Moses raised his hand and struck the rock twice with his staff, so that a great amount of water gushed out, and the congregation and their livestock were able to drink.

Psalm 78:15
He split the rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink as abundant as the seas.

Psalm 105:41
He opened a rock, and water gushed out; it flowed like a river in the desert.

Treasury of Scripture

And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

did.

Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 20:11
And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.

Psalm 78:15,20
He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths…

followed them.

Deuteronomy 9:21
And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount.

that Rock.

1 Corinthians 11:24,25
And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me…

Genesis 40:12
And Joseph said unto him, This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days:

Genesis 41:26
The seven good kine are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years: the dream is one.







Lexicon
and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

drank
ἔπιον (epion)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4095: To drink, imbibe. A prolonged form of pio, which poo occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

same
αὐτὸ (auto)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Neuter 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

spiritual
πνευματικὸν (pneumatikon)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4152: Spiritual. From pneuma; non-carnal, i.e. ethereal, or a spirit, or supernatural, regenerate, religious.

drink;
πόμα (poma)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4188: Drink. From the alternate of pino; a beverage.

for
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

they drank
ἔπινον (epinon)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4095: To drink, imbibe. A prolonged form of pio, which poo occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe.

from
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

[the] spiritual
πνευματικῆς (pneumatikēs)
Adjective - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4152: Spiritual. From pneuma; non-carnal, i.e. ethereal, or a spirit, or supernatural, regenerate, religious.

rock
πέτρας (petras)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4073: A rock, ledge, cliff, cave, stony ground. Feminine of the same as Petros; a rock.

that accompanied them,
ἀκολουθούσης (akolouthousēs)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 190: To accompany, attend, follow. Properly, to be in the same way with, i.e. To accompany.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

[that]
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

rock
πέτρα (petra)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4073: A rock, ledge, cliff, cave, stony ground. Feminine of the same as Petros; a rock.

was
ἦν (ēn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

Christ.
Χριστός (Christos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
(4) That spiritual Rock that followed them.--There was a Jewish tradition that the Rock--i.e., a fragment broken off from the rock smitten by Moses--followed the Israelites through their journey, and St. Paul, for the purpose of illustration, adopts that account instead of the statement in Numbers 20:11. The emphatic repetition of the word "spiritual" before "drink" and "rock" reminds the reader that it is the spiritual and not the historic aspect of the fact which is present to St. Paul's mind. The traditional account of the Rock was a more complete illustration of the abiding presence of God, which was the point that the Apostle here desires to bring forward.

And that Rock was Christ.--As Christ was "God manifest in the flesh" in the New Dispensation, so God manifest in the Rock (the source of sustaining life) was the Christ of the Old Dispensation. The Jews had become familiar with the thought of God as a Rock. (See 1Samuel 2:2; Psalm 91:12; Isaiah 32:2.) Though the Jews may have recognised the Rock poetically as God, they knew not that it was, as a manifestation of God's presence, typical of the manifestation which was yet to be given in the Incarnation. Such seems to be the force of the statement and of the word "But" which emphatically introduces it. But though they thought it only a Rock, or applied the word poetically to Jehovah, that Rock was Christ.

Verse 4. - The same spiritual drink. The water from the smitten rock might (Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:11) be called a "spiritual" drink, both as being a miraculous gift (comp. Galatians 4:29, where Isaac is said to be "born after the spirit"), and as being a type of that "living water" which "springs up into everlasting life" (John 4:14; John 7:37), and of the blood of Christ in the Eucharist (John 6:55). These "waters in the wilderness" and "rivers in the desert" were a natural symbol of the grace of God (Isaiah 43:23; Isaiah 55:1), especially as bestowed in the sacrament through material signs. They drank; literally, they were drinking, implying a continuous gift. Of that spiritual Rock that followed them; rather, literally, of a spiritual following Rock. This is explained

(1) as a mere figure of speech, in which the natural rock which Moses smote is left out of sight altogether; and

(2) as meaning that not the rock, but the water from the rock, followed after them in their wanderings (Deuteronomy 9:21). There can, however, be little or no doubt that St. Paul refers to the common Jewish Hagadah, that the actual material rock did follow the Israelites in their wanderings. The rabbis said that it was round, and rolled itself up like a swarm of bees, and that, when the tabernacle was pitched, this rock came and settled in its vestibule, and began to flow when the princes came to it and sang, "Spring up, O well; sing ye unto it" (Numbers 21:17). It does not, of course, follow from this allusion that St. Paul, or even the rabbis, believed their Hagadah in other than a metaphorical sense. The Jewish Hagadoth - legends and illustrations and inferences of an imaginative Oriental people - are not to be taken au pied de la lettre. St. Paul obviates the laying of any stress on the mere legend by the qualifying word, "a spiritual Rock." And that Rock was Christ. The writings of Philo, and the Alexandrian school of thought in general, had familiarized all Jewish readers with language of this kind. They were accustomed to see types of God, or of the Word (Logos), in almost every incident of the deliverance from Egypt and the wanderings in the wilderness. Thus in Wisd. 10:15 and Wisdom 11:4 it is Wisdom - another form of the Logos - who leads and supports the Israelites. The frequent comparison, of God to a Rock in the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 32, passim; 1 Samuel 2:2; Psalm 91:12, etc.) would render the symbolism more easy, especially as in Exodus 17:6 we find, "Behold, I [Jehovah] will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb." 10:1-5 To dissuade the Corinthians from communion with idolaters, and security in any sinful course, the apostle sets before them the example of the Jewish nation of old. They were, by a miracle, led through the Red Sea, where the pursuing Egyptians were drowned. It was to them a typical baptism. The manna on which they fed was a type of Christ crucified, the Bread which came down from heaven, which whoso eateth shall live for ever. Christ is the Rock on which the Christian church is built; and of the streams that issue therefrom, all believers drink, and are refreshed. It typified the sacred influences of the Holy Spirit, as given to believers through Christ. But let none presume upon their great privileges, or profession of the truth; these will not secure heavenly happiness.
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NT Letters: 1 Corinthians 10:4 And all drank the same spiritual drink (1 Cor. 1C iC 1Cor i cor icor) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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