Revelation 22:1
New International Version
Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb

New Living Translation
Then the angel showed me a river with the water of life, clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

English Standard Version
Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb

Berean Study Bible
Then the angel showed me a river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb

Berean Literal Bible
And he showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, flowing out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

New American Standard Bible
Then he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb,

King James Bible
And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he showed me the river of the water of life, clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb

Contemporary English Version
The angel showed me a river that was crystal clear, and its waters gave life. The river came from the throne where God and the Lamb were seated.

Good News Translation
The angel also showed me the river of the water of life, sparkling like crystal, and coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he showed me the river of living water, sparkling like crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb

International Standard Version
Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal. It was flowing from the throne of God and the lamb.

NET Bible
Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life--water as clear as crystal--pouring out from the throne of God and of the Lamb,

New Heart English Bible
He showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he showed me a river of the water of life, pure and clear as crystal, and it went out from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The angel showed me a river filled with the water of life, as clear as crystal. It was flowing from the throne of God and the lamb.

New American Standard 1977
And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

King James 2000 Bible
And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

American King James Version
And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

American Standard Version
And he showed me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Darby Bible Translation
And he shewed me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, going out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

English Revised Version
And he shewed me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb,

Webster's Bible Translation
And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Weymouth New Testament
Then he showed me the river of the Water of Life, bright as crystal, issuing from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

World English Bible
He showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb,

Young's Literal Translation
And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, bright as crystal, going forth out of the throne of God and of the Lamb:
Study Bible
The River of Life
1Then the angel showed me a river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2down the middle of the main street of the city. On either side of the river stood a tree of life, producing twelve kinds of fruit and yielding a fresh crop for each month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations.…
Cross References
Psalm 36:8
They feast on the abundance of Your house, and You give them drink from Your river of delights.

Psalm 46:4
There is a river whose streams delight the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells.

Ezekiel 47:1
Then the man brought me back to the entrance of the temple, and I saw water flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the east (for the temple faced east). The water was coming down from under the south side of the temple, south of the altar.

Zechariah 14:8
And on that day living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half of it toward the eastern sea and the other half toward the western sea, in summer and winter alike.

John 4:10
Jesus answered, "If you knew the gift of God and who is asking you for a drink, you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water."

John 4:11
"Sir," the woman replied, "You have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where then will You get this living water?

Revelation 1:1
This is the revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show His servants what must soon come to pass. He made it known by sending His angel to His servant John,

Revelation 4:6
And before the throne was something like a sea of glass, as clear as crystal. In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, covered with eyes in front and back.

Revelation 7:17
For the Lamb in the center of the throne will be their shepherd. He will lead them to springs of living water, and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.'"

Revelation 21:9
Then one of the seven angels with the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me, "Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb."

Revelation 22:6
Then the angel said to me, "These words are faithful and true. The Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, has sent His angel to show His servants what must soon take place."

Revelation 22:17
The Spirit and the bride say, "Come!" Let the one who hears say, "Come!" And let the one who is thirsty come, and the one who desires the water of life drink freely.

Treasury of Scripture

And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

A pure.

Psalm 36:8
They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.

Psalm 46:4
There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High.

Isaiah 41:18
I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.

water.

Revelation 7:17
For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

Revelation 21:6
And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

Psalm 36:9
For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.

clear.

Revelation 21:11
Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

proceeding.

Revelation 3:21
To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

Revelation 4:5
And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

Revelation 5:6,13
And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth…







Lexicon
Then
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

[the angel] showed
ἔδειξέν (edeixen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1166: A prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show.

me
μοι (moi)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

a river
ποταμὸν (potamon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4215: A river, torrent, stream. Probably from a derivative of the alternate of pino; a current, brook or freshet, i.e. Running water.

of the water
ὕδατος (hydatos)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5204: Water. And genitive case, hudatos, etc. From the base of huetos; water literally or figuratively.

of life,
ζωῆς (zōēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2222: Life, both of physical (present) and of spiritual (particularly future) existence. From zao; life.

as clear
λαμπρὸν (lampron)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2986: From the same as lampas; radiant; by analogy, limpid; figuratively, magnificent or sumptuous.

as
ὡς (hōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 5613: Probably adverb of comparative from hos; which how, i.e. In that manner.

crystal,
κρύσταλλον (krystallon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2930: Crystal. From a derivative of kruos; ice, i.e. rock 'crystal'.

flowing
ἐκπορευόμενον (ekporeuomenon)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1607: From ek and poreuomai; to depart, be discharged, proceed, project.

from
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

throne
θρόνου (thronou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2362: From thrao; a stately seat; by implication, power or a potentate.

of God
Θεοῦ (Theou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

of the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Lamb
Ἀρνίου (Arniou)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 721: (originally: a little lamb, but diminutive force was lost), a lamb. Diminutive from aren; a lambkin.
(1) And he shewed me a pure river . . .--The adjective "pure" must be omitted, as it is wanting in the best MSS. The river is full of water, and that water is the emblem of life: it is the beautiful symbol of life in its gladness, purity, activity, and fulness. The garden of Eden (Genesis 2:10) had its river. Even in the wilderness Israel had from the smitten rock the water which gushed out like a river (Psalm 105:41). Prophets, in their pictures of the ages of blessing, almost invariably introduced the river, or broad stream. Joel saw a fountain out of the house of the Lord (Joel 3:18). Zechariah spoke of living waters from Jerusalem (Zechariah 14:8); but Ezekiel had the fullest vision when he beheld the stream which deepened and broadened in its onward progress from under the threshold of the house of God, and carried life in its train: everything lived whither the water came (Ezekiel 47:9); thus did all prophets speak of the river of God's pleasures (Psalm 36:8). The teaching of our Lord threw new light on the prophetic imagery; the pure delights of spiritual joy and communion with God were vouchsafed to men by the presence of the Holy Spirit, the Giver of Life. In the bestowal of that spirit of life did Christ give true satisfaction to the thirsting souls of men. (Comp. John 4:10-14, Joh_7:37-39.) The source of the river is in the throne. Ezekiel's river took rise in the temple; but in our vision there is no temple (Revelation 21:22). We are brought nearer, even to the throne: it is the throne (not "thrones")--one throne of God and the Lamb. (Comp. Revelation 3:21.)

Verse 1. - And he showed me a pure river. Omit "pure." "And" connects this part of the vision with what precedes (Revelation 21:9-27). It would have been better, perhaps, if the twenty-first chapter had included the first five verses of the twenty-second, so as to take in the whole of the description of the heavenly Jerusalem. But there is a break at this point, as is indicated by the repetition of "And he showed me," which points to a new phase or section of the vision. In the previous section (Revelation 21:9-27) the angel had showed St. John the city and its wails with their gates and foundations; in this section he shows him the river of the water of life, and the tree of life. The latter part of each section is occupied with the evangelist's own observations (Revelation 21:22-27; Revelation 22:3-5), for we cannot suppose that the phrase, "these words," in ver. 6, is intended to apply specially to anything in these particular sections. He is the angel mentioned in ver. 9, and again referred to in vers. 10, 15, 16, 17. Most probably the pronoun "he" in ver. 6 does not refer to the same angel as this one. River. The source of this stream, its course or channel, and its fertile banks, are mentioned or implied in what follows; but there is no reference to any estuary or mouth: eternity is the ocean in which this river is lost. Of water of life. Ὕδωρ ζωῆς is perhaps identical in meaning with "living water," ὕδωρ ζῶν, but is properly distinguished from it in translation. The two expressions are peculiar to St. John's writings in the New Testament; the genitival form, which is the more Hebraizing, only occurs in this book in Revelation 7:17; Revelation 21:6; Revelation 22:1, 17; whereas the participial and more classical form is confined to the Gospel (John 4:10; John 7:38). "Living water," in its simplest literalness, means such water as is pure, flowing, clear, fresh, and wholesome; not stagnant, or turbid, or salt. Hence it is a proper term for the water of a beautiful and fertilizing river. Here, however, the genitival form reminds us of the familiar expression, similarly moulded, "the tree of life," which inclines us to think that" water of life" signifies water possessing life giving powers, water which restores, refreshes, supports life, and is therefore to be compared with "living water" taken in its spiritual sense. Of this whosoever drinketh shall never thirst again; when it has been once received within the soul, it becomes a well of water springing up into everlasting life (John 4:14). Clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb; clear, or transparent. We seldom use the rendering of the Revised Version, bright, as an epithet of water. As crystal (see note on Revelation 4:6, the only other place in the New Testament where the word occurs). The source of the river was in the Divine throne, the seat of the Triune God and the crucified Saviour. All eternal life is derived from our heavenly Father by the Holy Spirit for the sake of the Redeemer. 22:1-5 All streams of earthly comfort are muddy; but these are clear, and refreshing. They give life, and preserve life, to those who drink of them, and thus they will flow for evermore. These point to the quickening and sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit, as given to sinners through Christ. The Holy Spirit, proceeding from the Father and the Son, applies this salvation to our souls by his new-creating love and power. The trees of life are fed by the pure waters of the river that comes from the throne of God. The presence of God in heaven, is the health and happiness of the saints. This tree was an emblem of Christ, and of all the blessings of his salvation; and the leaves for the healing of the nations, mean that his favour and presence supply all good to the inhabitants of that blessed world. The devil has no power there; he cannot draw the saints from serving God, nor can he disturb them in the service of God. God and the Lamb are here spoken of as one. Service there shall be not only freedom, but honour and dominion. There will be no night; no affliction or dejection, no pause in service or enjoyment: no diversions or pleasures or man's inventing will there be wanted. How different all this from gross and merely human views of heavenly happiness, even those which refer to pleasures of the mind!
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