Exodus 24:10
New International Version
and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as bright blue as the sky.

New Living Translation
There they saw the God of Israel. Under his feet there seemed to be a surface of brilliant blue lapis lazuli, as clear as the sky itself.

English Standard Version
and they saw the God of Israel. There was under his feet as it were a pavement of sapphire stone, like the very heaven for clearness.

Berean Study Bible
and they saw the God of Israel. Under His feet was a work like a pavement made of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself.

King James Bible
And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.

New King James Version
and they saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and it was like the very heavens in its clarity.

New American Standard Bible
and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself.

NASB 1995
and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself.

NASB 1977
and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself.

Amplified Bible
and they saw [a manifestation of] the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, just as clear as the sky itself.

Christian Standard Bible
and they saw the God of Israel. Beneath his feet was something like a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as clear as the sky itself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and they saw the God of Israel. Beneath His feet was something like a pavement made of sapphire stone, as clear as the sky itself.

American Standard Version
And they saw the God of Israel; and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and as it were the very heaven for clearness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they saw the God of Israel, and under his feet there was as the work of tile of sapphire, and like the color of the sky in purity.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they saw the place where the God of Israel stood; and under his feet was as it were a work of sapphire slabs, and as it were the appearance of the firmament of heaven in its purity.

Contemporary English Version
and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something that looked like a pavement made out of sapphire, and it was as bright as the sky.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they saw the God of Israel: and under his feet as it were a work of sapphire stone, and as the heaven, when clear.

English Revised Version
and they saw the God of Israel; and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and as it were the very heaven for clearness.

Good News Translation
and they saw the God of Israel. Beneath his feet was what looked like a pavement of sapphire, as blue as the sky.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made out of sapphire as clear and blue as the sky itself.

International Standard Version
and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of sapphire, as clear as the sky.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and they saw the God of Israel; and there was under His feet the like of a paved work of sapphire stone, and the like of the very heaven for clearness.

Literal Standard Version
and they see the God of Israel, and under His feet [is] as the work of a pavement of sapphire, and as the substance of the heavens for purity;

NET Bible
and they saw the God of Israel. Under his feet there was something like a pavement made of sapphire, clear like the sky itself.

New Heart English Bible
They saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was like a paved work of sapphire stone, like the skies for clearness.

World English Bible
They saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was like a paved work of sapphire stone, like the skies for clearness.

Young's Literal Translation
and they see the God of Israel, and under His feet is as the white work of the sapphire, and as the substance of the heavens for purity;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Covenant Sealed
9Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, 10and they saw the God of Israel. Under His feet was a work like a pavement made of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself. 11But God did not lay His hand on the nobles of Israel; they saw Him, and they ate and drank.…

Cross References
John 1:18
No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is Himself God and is at the Father's side, has made Him known.

John 6:46
not that anyone has seen the Father except the One who is from God; only He has seen the Father.

Revelation 4:3
The One seated there looked like jasper and carnelian, and a rainbow that gleamed like an emerald encircled the throne.

Genesis 32:30
So Jacob named the place Peniel, saying, "Indeed, I have seen God face to face, and yet my life was spared."

Exodus 24:11
But God did not lay His hand on the nobles of Israel; they saw Him, and they ate and drank.

Numbers 12:8
I speak with him face to face, clearly and not in riddles; he sees the form of the LORD. Why then were you unafraid to speak against My servant Moses?"

Song of Solomon 5:14
His arms are rods of gold set with beryl. His body is an ivory panel bedecked with sapphires.

Isaiah 6:5
Then I said: "Woe is me, for I am ruined, because I am a man of unclean lips dwelling among a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of Hosts."

Lamentations 4:7
Her dignitaries were brighter than snow, whiter than milk; their bodies were more ruddy than rubies, their appearance like sapphires.

Ezekiel 1:1
In the thirtieth year, on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was among the exiles by the River Kebar, the heavens opened and I saw visions of God.

Ezekiel 1:26
Above the expanse over their heads was the likeness of a throne with the appearance of sapphire, and on the throne high above was a figure like that of a man.

Ezekiel 10:1
And I looked and saw above the expanse, above the heads of the cherubim, the likeness of a throne of sapphire.

Daniel 10:17
How can I, your servant, speak with you, my lord? Now I have no strength, nor is any breath left in me."


Treasury of Scripture

And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.

saw

Exodus 3:6
Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

Exodus 33:20,23
And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live…

Genesis 32:30
And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.

of a sapphire stone.

Ezekiel 1:26,27
And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it…

Ezekiel 10:1
Then I looked, and, behold, in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubims there appeared over them as it were a sapphire stone, as the appearance of the likeness of a throne.

Revelation 4:3
And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.

in his clearness

Song of Solomon 6:10
Who is she that looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and terrible as an army with banners?

Matthew 17:2
And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.

Revelation 1:16
And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.









(10) They saw the God of Israel.--Probably, in human form, as Isaiah saw Him (Isaiah 6:1-5), and Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:26), and even Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 3:25). It is not of this appearance that Moses says: "Ye saw no similitude" (Deuteronomy 4:12). The appearance which they saw had "feet."

A paved work of a sapphire stone.--Heb., a work of the clearness of sapphire. The "sapphire" (sappir) of the Pentateuch is probably lapis lazuli.

The body of heaven--i.e., "the very heaven," or "the heaven itself."

Verse 10. - They saw the God of Israel. These words can scarcely mean less than that they saw with their bodily eyes some appearance of the Divine being who had summoned them to his presence for the purpose. Moses, we know, saw a "similitude of God" (Numbers 12:8). Isaiah "saw the Lord sitting upon his throne "(Isaiah 6:1). Ezekiel saw upon the throne "the appearance of a man" (Ezekiel 1:26). It does not follow from Deuteronomy 4:12, 15, that the elders saw no similitude, since in that passage Moses is speaking, not to the elders, but to the people, and referring, not to what occurred at the sacrificial feast after the ratification of the covenant, but to the scene at the giving of the Ten Commandments previously (Exodus 20:1-18). What the form was which the elders saw, we are not told; but as it had "feet," it was probably a human form. It may have been hazy, indefinite, "too dazzling bright for mortal eye" to rest upon. But it was a true "vision of God" - and, as Keil says, "a foretaste of the blessedness of the sight of God in eternity." There was under his feet, as it were, a paved work of a sapphire stone. Rather, "and under his feet was, as it were, a work of clear sapphire." Nothing is said concerning a pavement, but only that below the feet of the figure which they saw was something, which looked as if it were made of bright blue sapphire stone, something as clear and as blue as the blue of heaven. Canon Cook supposes the actual sky to be meant; but the expression, "as it were, the body of heaven," or "like the very heaven," makes this impossible. A thing is not like itself.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
and they saw
וַיִּרְא֕וּ (way·yir·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7200: To see

the God
אֱלֹהֵ֣י (’ĕ·lō·hê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of Israel.
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

Under
וְתַ֣חַת (wə·ṯa·ḥaṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

His feet
רַגְלָ֗יו (raḡ·lāw)
Noun - fdc | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7272: A foot, a step, the pudenda

was a work
כְּמַעֲשֵׂה֙ (kə·ma·‘ă·śêh)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property

like a pavement
לִבְנַ֣ת (liḇ·naṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 3840: Whiteness, transparency

made of sapphire,
הַסַּפִּ֔יר (has·sap·pîr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5601: A gem, the sapphire

as clear
לָטֹֽהַר׃ (lā·ṭō·har)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2892: Brightness, ceremonially purification

as the sky itself.
הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 8064: Heaven, sky


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OT Law: Exodus 24:10 They saw the God of Israel (Exo. Ex)
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