Exodus 25:18
New International Version
And make two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover.

New Living Translation
Then make two cherubim from hammered gold, and place them on the two ends of the atonement cover.

English Standard Version
And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of hammered work shall you make them, on the two ends of the mercy seat.

Berean Study Bible
Make two cherubim of hammered gold at the ends of the mercy seat,

King James Bible
And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

New King James Version
And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of hammered work you shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat.

New American Standard Bible
You shall make two cherubim of gold; make them of hammered work at the two ends of the atoning cover.

NASB 1995
“You shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.

NASB 1977
“And you shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.

Amplified Bible
You shall make two cherubim (winged angelic figures) of [solid] hammered gold at the two ends of the mercy seat.

Christian Standard Bible
Make two cherubim of gold; make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Make two cherubim of gold; make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And make two Cherubim of gold; make them of smelting from the two sides of the Mercy Seat.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt make two cherubs graven in gold, and thou shalt put them on both sides of the propitiatory.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make also two cherubims of beaten gold, on the two sides of the oracle.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat.

Good News Translation
Make two winged creatures of hammered gold,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Make two angels out of hammered gold for the two ends of the throne of mercy,

International Standard Version
You are to make two cherubim of gold; you are to make them of hammered work at the two ends of the Mercy Seat.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the ark-cover.

Literal Standard Version
and you have made two cherubim of gold; you make them beaten work at the two ends of the propitiatory covering;

NET Bible
You are to make two cherubim of gold; you are to make them of hammered metal on the two ends of the atonement lid.

New Heart English Bible
You shall make two cherubim of hammered gold. You shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat.

World English Bible
You shall make two cherubim of hammered gold. You shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat.

Young's Literal Translation
and thou hast made two cherubs of gold, beaten work dost thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Mercy Seat
17And you are to construct a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. 18Make two cherubim of hammered gold at the ends of the mercy seat, 19one cherub on one end and one on the other, all made from one piece of gold.…

Cross References
Hebrews 9:5
Above the ark were the cherubim of glory, overshadowing the mercy seat. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now.

Genesis 3:24
So He drove out the man and stationed cherubim on the east side of the Garden of Eden, along with a whirling sword of flame to guard the way to the tree of life.

Exodus 25:17
And you are to construct a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide.

Exodus 25:19
one cherub on one end and one on the other, all made from one piece of gold.

1 Chronicles 28:18
the weight of the refined gold for the altar of incense; and the plans for the chariot of the gold cherubim that spread their wings and overshadowed the ark of the covenant of the LORD.

2 Chronicles 3:10
In the Most Holy Place he made two cherubim of sculptured work, and he overlaid them with gold.


Treasury of Scripture

And you shall make two cherubim of gold, of beaten work shall you make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

two cherubims of gold

Exodus 37:7-9
And he made two cherubims of gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat; …

Genesis 3:24
So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

1 Samuel 4:4
So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.









(18) Two cherubims.--"Cherubims," or rather cherubim, had been known previously in one connection only--they had been the guardians of Eden when Adam and Eve were driven forth from it (Genesis 3:24). It is generally allowed that in that passage, as in most others where the word occurs, living beings, angels of God, are intended. But not all angels are cherubim. The cherubim constitute a select class, very near to God, very powerful, very resolute, highly fitted to act as guards. It is probably with this special reference that the cherubic figures were selected to be placed upon the mercy seat--they guarded the precious deposit of the two tables, towards which they looked (Exodus 25:20). The question as to the exact form of the figures is not very important; but it is one which has been discussed with great ingenuity and at great length. Some hold that the proper figure of a cherub is that of a bull or ox, and think that the cherubim of the tabernacle were winged bulls, not unlike the Assyrian. Others regard them as figures still more composite, like the Egyptian sphinxes or the chimaerae of the Greeks. But the predominant opinion seems to be that they were simply human figures with the addition of a pair of wings. (So Kaiisch, Keil, Bishop Harold Browne, Canon Cook, and others.) In this case they would bear a considerable resemblance to the figures of Ma, or Truth, so often seen inside Egyptian arks, sheltering with their wings the searabaeus or some other emblem of deity.

Of beaten work--i.e., not cast, but brought into shape by the hammer. In the Egyptian language karabu was "to hammer," whence, according to some, the word "cherub."

In the. two ends.--Literally, from the two ends--rising, that is, from either end of the mercy seat.

Verse 18. - Two cherubims. The form "cherubims," which our translators affect, is abnormal and indefensible. They should have said either "cherubim," or "cherubs." The exact shape of the Temple cherubim was kept a profound secret among the Jews, so that Josephus declares - "No one is able to state, or conjecture of what form the cherubim were" (Ant. Jud. 8:3, § 3). That they were winged figures appears from verse 28 of this chapter, while from other parts of Scripture we learn that cherubim might be of either human or animal forms, or of the two combined (Ezekiel 1:5-14; Ezekiel 10:1-22). These last have been with some reason compared to the symbolical composite figures of other nations, the andro-sphinxes and crio-sphinxes of the Egyptians, the Assyrian winged bulls and lions, the Greek chimaerae, and the griffins of the northern nations. But it is doubtful whether the cherubim of Moses were of this character. The most sober of recent inquirers (Bp. Harold Browne, Canon Cook, Kalisch, Keil),while admitting the point to be doubtful, come to the conclusion that they were in all probability, "winged human figures, with human face too." In this case their prototype would seem to have been the winged figures of Ma, the Goddess of Truth, frequently seen inside Egyptian arks, sheltering with their wings the scarabaeus or other emblem of the deity. (See Lepsius, Denkmaler, pt. 3. pl. 14; Wilkinson in Rawlinson's Herodotus, vol. it. p. 85, 2nd edition; Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 1. p. 3040 Of beaten work shalt thou make them. Not cast, i.e., but hammered into shape (LXX. τορευτά. The word "cherub" is thought to be derived from an Egyptian root, karabu, signifying "to hammer" (Speaker's Commentary, vol. 4. p. 207). In the two ends. Rather, "From the two ends" - i.e., "rising," or, "standing up from the two ends."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And make
וְעָשִׂ֛יתָ (wə·‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

two
שְׁנַ֥יִם (šə·na·yim)
Number - md
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

cherubim
כְּרֻבִ֖ים (kə·ru·ḇîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3742: Probably an order of angelic beings

of hammered
מִקְשָׁה֙ (miq·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4749: Rounded work, moulded by hammering

gold
זָהָ֑ב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

at the two
מִשְּׁנֵ֖י (miš·šə·nê)
Preposition-m | Number - mdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

ends
קְצ֥וֹת (qə·ṣō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 7098: A termination

of the mercy seat.
הַכַּפֹּֽרֶת׃ (hak·kap·pō·reṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 3727: Propitiatory


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OT Law: Exodus 25:18 You shall make two cherubim of hammered (Exo. Ex)
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