Deuteronomy 19:15
New International Version
One witness is not enough to convict anyone accused of any crime or offense they may have committed. A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.

New Living Translation
"You must not convict anyone of a crime on the testimony of only one witness. The facts of the case must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.

English Standard Version
“A single witness shall not suffice against a person for any crime or for any wrong in connection with any offense that he has committed. Only on the evidence of two witnesses or of three witnesses shall a charge be established.

Berean Study Bible
A lone witness is not sufficient to establish any wrongdoing or sin against a man, regardless of what offense he may have committed. A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.

New American Standard Bible
"A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.

King James Bible
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

Christian Standard Bible
"One witness cannot establish any iniquity or sin against a person, whatever that person has done. A fact must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.

Contemporary English Version
Before you are convicted of a crime, at least two witnesses must be able to testify that you did it.

Good News Translation
"One witness is not enough to convict someone of a crime; at least two witnesses are necessary to prove that someone is guilty.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
One witness cannot establish any wrongdoing or sin against a person, whatever that person has done. A fact must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses."

International Standard Version
"The testimony of one person alone is not to suffice to convict anyone of any iniquity, sin, or guilt. But the matter will stand on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

NET Bible
A single witness may not testify against another person for any trespass or sin that he commits. A matter may be legally established only on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

New Heart English Bible
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall every word be established.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
One witness is never enough to convict someone of a crime, offense, or sin he may have committed. Cases must be settled based on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

JPS Tanakh 1917
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be establishment

New American Standard 1977
“A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
One witness shall not be valid against a man for any iniquity or for any sin, in any sin which he should commit. At the mouth of two witnesses or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

King James 2000 Bible
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

American King James Version
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

American Standard Version
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
One witness shall not stand to testify against a man for any iniquity, or for any fault, or for any sin which he may commit; by the mouth of two witnesses, or by the mouth of three witnesses, shall every word be established.

Douay-Rheims Bible
One witness shall not rise up against any man, whatsoever the sin or wickedness be: but in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall stand.

Darby Bible Translation
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, and for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established.

English Revised Version
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established.

Webster's Bible Translation
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

World English Bible
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established.

Young's Literal Translation
'One witness doth not rise against a man for any iniquity, and for any sin, in any sin which he sinneth; by the mouth of two witnesses, or by the mouth of three witnesses, is a thing established.
Study Bible
The Testimony of Two or Three Witnesses
15A lone witness is not sufficient to establish any wrongdoing or sin against a man, regardless of what offense he may have committed. A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses. 16If a false witness testifies against someone, accusing him of a crime,…
Cross References
Matthew 18:16
But if he will not listen, take one or two others along, so that 'every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.'

Matthew 26:60
But they could not find it, though many false witnesses came forward. Finally two came forward

John 7:51
"Does our law convict a man without first hearing from him to determine what he has done?"

John 8:17
Even in your own Law it is written that the testimony of two men is valid.

2 Corinthians 13:1
This is the third time I am coming to you. "Every matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses."

1 Timothy 5:19
Do not entertain an accusation against an elder, except on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

Hebrews 10:28
Anyone who rejected the Law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

Numbers 35:30
If anyone kills a person, the murderer is to be put to death on the testimony of multiple witnesses. But no one is to be put to death based on the testimony of a lone witness.

Deuteronomy 17:6
On the testimony of two or three witnesses a man shall be put to death, but he shall not be executed on the testimony of a lone witness.

Treasury of Scripture

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

at the mouth

Deuteronomy 17:6
At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death.

Numbers 35:30
Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses: but one witness shall not testify against any person to cause him to die.

1 Kings 21:10,13
And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he may die…







Lexicon
A lone
אֶחָ֜ד (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

witness
עֵ֨ד (‘êḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5707: A witness, testimony, a recorder, prince

is not sufficient
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to establish
יָקוּם֩ (yā·qūm)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

any
לְכָל־ (lə·ḵāl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

wrongdoing
עָוֺן֙ (‘ā·wōn)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5771: Iniquity, guilt, punishment for iniquity

[or]
וּלְכָל־ (ū·lə·ḵāl-)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

sin
חַטָּ֔את (ḥaṭ·ṭāṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2403: An offence, its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, expiation, an offender

against a man,
בְּאִ֗ישׁ (bə·’îš)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

regardless of what
בְּכָל־ (bə·ḵāl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

offense
חֵ֖טְא (ḥêṭ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2399: A crime, its penalty

he may have committed.
יֶֽחֱטָ֑א (ye·ḥĕ·ṭā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

A matter
דָּבָֽר׃ (dā·ḇār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

must be established
יָק֥וּם (yā·qūm)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

by
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the testimony
פִּ֣י ׀ (pî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6310: The mouth, edge, portion, side, according to

of two
שְׁנֵ֣י (šə·nê)
Number - mdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

or
א֛וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

three
שְׁלֹשָֽׁה־ (šə·lō·šāh-)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

witnesses.
עֵדִ֗ים (‘ê·ḏîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5707: A witness, testimony, a recorder, prince
Deuteronomy 19:15-21. FALSE TESTIMONY.

The law of retaliation is sternly laid down here; but it must be administered by the judges, not by men acting on their own behalf.

(17) Both the men . . . shall stand before the Lord, before the priests and the judges.--This appears to mean that all cases of suspected false testimony were to go before the supreme court (see Deuteronomy 17:9); that the matter was not to be lightly decided.

(21) Eye for eye, tooth for tooth.--This is to be effected by the award of the judges, not as a matter of private revenge. But manifestly it rests with the injured party to press the case.

Verses 15-21. - To secure against injury to life or property through inadequate or false attestation, it is enacted that more than one witness must appear before anything can be established; and that, should a witness be found on trial to have testified falsely against his neighbor, he was to be punished by having done to him what he thought to have done to his neighbor (cf. Deuteronomy 17:6; Numbers 35:30). Verse 15. - The rule in Deuteronomy 17:6, regarding accusations of idolatry, is here extended to accusations of every kind before a court of justice; a single witness was not to be admitted as sufficient to convict a man of any offence, either civil or criminal. 19:15-21 Sentence should never be passed upon the testimony of one witness alone. A false witness should suffer the same punishment which he sought to have inflicted upon the person he accused. Nor could any law be more just. Let all Christians not only be cautious in bearing witness in public, but be careful not to join in private slanders; and let all whose consciences accuse them of crime, without delay flee for refuge to the hope set before them in Jesus Christ.
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