1 Kings 8:31
New International Version
"When anyone wrongs their neighbor and is required to take an oath and they come and swear the oath before your altar in this temple,

New Living Translation
"If someone wrongs another person and is required to take an oath of innocence in front of your altar in this Temple,

English Standard Version
“If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath and comes and swears his oath before your altar in this house,

Berean Study Bible
When a man sins against his neighbor and is required to take an oath, and he comes to take an oath before Your altar in this temple,

New American Standard Bible
"If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath, and he comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this house,

King James Bible
If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house:

Christian Standard Bible
When a man sins against his neighbor and is forced to take an oath, and he comes to take an oath before your altar in this temple,

Contemporary English Version
Suppose someone accuses a person of a crime, and the accused has to stand in front of the altar in your temple and say, "I swear I am innocent!"

Good News Translation
"When a person is accused of wronging another and is brought to your altar in this Temple to take an oath that he is innocent,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man sins against his neighbor and is forced to take an oath, and he comes to take an oath before Your altar in this temple,

International Standard Version
"If a man should sin against his neighbor and he is required to take an oath, and he then comes to take an oath in front of your altar in this Temple,

NET Bible
"When someone is accused of sinning against his neighbor and the latter pronounces a curse on the alleged offender before your altar in this temple, be willing to forgive the accused if the accusation is false.

New Heart English Bible
"If a man sins against his neighbor, and an oath is laid on him to cause him to swear, and he comes and swear before your altar in this house;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If anyone sins against another person and is required to take an oath and comes to take the oath in front of your altar in this temple,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be exacted of him to cause him to swear, and he come and swear before Thine altar in this house;

New American Standard 1977
“If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath, and he comes and takes an oath before Thine altar in this house,

Jubilee Bible 2000
When anyone shall have sinned against his neighbour, and an oath is laid upon him to cause him to swear and the oath comes before thy altar in this house,

King James 2000 Bible
If any man trespasses against his neighbor, and an oath is required of him to cause him to swear, and the oath comes before your altar in this house:

American King James Version
If any man trespass against his neighbor, and an oath be laid on him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before your altar in this house:

American Standard Version
If a man sin against his neighbor, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and he come and'swear before thine altar in this house;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Whatsoever trespasses any one shall commit against his neighbor,—and if he shall take upon him an oath so that he should swear, and he shall come and make confession before thine altar in this house,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any man trespass against his neighbour, and have an oath upon him, wherewith he is bound: and come because of the oath before thy altar to thy house,

Darby Bible Translation
If a man have sinned against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to adjure him, and the oath come before thine altar in this house;

English Revised Version
If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and he come and swear before thine altar in this house:

Webster's Bible Translation
If any man shall trespass against his neighbor, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thy altar in this house:

World English Bible
"If a man sins against his neighbor, and an oath is laid on him to cause him to swear, and he comes and swear before your altar in this house;

Young's Literal Translation
that which a man sinneth against his neighbour, and he hath lifted up upon him an oath to cause him to swear, and the oath hath come in before Thine altar in this house,
Study Bible
Solomon's Prayer of Dedication
30Hear the plea of Your servant and of Your people Israel when they pray toward this place. May You hear from heaven, Your dwelling place. May You hear and forgive. 31When a man sins against his neighbor and is required to take an oath, and he comes to take an oath before Your altar in this temple, 32may You hear from heaven and act. May You judge Your servants, condemning the wicked man by bringing down on his own head what he has done, and justifying the righteous man by rewarding him according to his righteousness.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:8
If the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges to determine whether he has taken his neighbor's property.

1 Kings 8:32
may You hear from heaven and act. May You judge Your servants, condemning the wicked man by bringing down on his own head what he has done, and justifying the righteous man by rewarding him according to his righteousness.

Treasury of Scripture

If any man trespass against his neighbor, and an oath be laid on him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before your altar in this house:

trespass

2 Chronicles 6:22,23
If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house; …

Exodus 22:8-11
If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods…

Leviticus 5:1
And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

Proverbs 30:9
Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

the oath

Numbers 5:16-22
And the priest shall bring her near, and set her before the LORD: …







Lexicon
When
אֲשֶׁ֨ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

a man
אִישׁ֙ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

sins
יֶחֱטָ֥א (ye·ḥĕ·ṭā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

against his neighbor
לְרֵעֵ֔הוּ (lə·rê·‘ê·hū)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

and is required
וְנָֽשָׁא־ (wə·nā·šā-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5378: To lend on interest, to dun for, debt

to take an oath,
אָלָ֖ה (’ā·lāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 423: An imprecation

and he comes
וּבָ֗א (ū·ḇā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to take an oath
אָלָ֛ה (’ā·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 423: An imprecation

before
לִפְנֵ֥י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

Your altar
מִֽזְבַּחֲךָ֖ (miz·ba·ḥă·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4196: An altar

in this
הַזֶּֽה׃ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

temple,
בַּבַּ֥יִת (bab·ba·yiṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house
(31, 32) If any man trespass.--These verses deal with the simplest exemplification of the sacredness of the Temple in the case of the oath of expurgation of one accused of crime (see Exodus 22:7). Of these oaths, and the sophistical distinctions between the various forms of them, we have Our Lord's notice in Matthew 23:16-22. Such an oath has a twofold force--a force purely spiritual, inasmuch as it solemnly recognises the Presence of God, and by such recognition shames all falsehood as a kind of sacrilege; and a force which is "of the Law," inasmuch as the invocation of God's punishment in case of falsehood appeals to godly fear. Solomon prays that God will accept the oath under both aspects, and by His judgment distinguish between the innocent and the guilty.

Verse 31. - If any man trespass [The force of the Hebrew (which begins somewhat abruptly) אֵת אֲשֶׁר (LXX. ὅσα α}ν ἁμάρτη) is probably, As for that which, or in all cases in which, i.e., when (as Ewald, 333 a). The chronicler, as usual, simplifies by reading אֵם] against his neighbour, and an oath be laid [Heb. and he (the neighbour) lay an oath, i.e., prescribe a form of adjuration, such as that in Deuteronomy 21:7] upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come [This translation cannot be maintained. For in the Heb. there is no def. art., as there would be if אָלָה were noun and nominative; and, moreover in that case the verb, to agree with the feminine noun, would be בָּאָה. And as no other meaning can be extracted from the words as they stand, we are driven to suspect a slight corruption of the text, either

(1) the omission of ו between the words, which in that case would have stood ובא ואלה, and would mean, "and he (the accused) come and swear" - a conjecture which is supported by the LXX., καὶ ἔλθῃ καὶ ἐξαγορεύση, or

(2) the omission of the preposition ב, which would yield ובא באלה = and he (the accused) enters into the oath, an expression found in Nehemiah 10:29 and Ezekiel 17:13] before thine altar in this house. [Despite the last words, the altar of sacrifice before the house is probably meant. This was the altar of the Jewish layman, and, moreover it was one visible sign of the covenant. Psalm 1:5; Exodus 24:6-8; cf. 20:24. The altar which afforded shelter to the manslayer, in the same way lent sanctity to the oath. The practice of swearing by the altar (Matthew 23:18) is of later date. 8:22-53 In this excellent prayer, Solomon does as we should do in every prayer; he gives glory to God. Fresh experiences of the truth of God's promises call for larger praises. He sues for grace and favour from God. The experiences we have of God's performing his promises, should encourage us to depend upon them, and to plead them with him; and those who expect further mercies, must be thankful for former mercies. God's promises must be the guide of our desires, and the ground of our hopes and expectations in prayer. The sacrifices, the incense, and the whole service of the temple, were all typical of the Redeemer's offices, oblation, and intercession. The temple, therefore, was continually to be remembered. Under one word, forgive, Solomon expressed all that he could ask in behalf of his people. For, as all misery springs from sin, forgiveness of sin prepares the way for the removal of every evil, and the receiving of every good. Without it, no deliverance can prove a blessing. In addition to the teaching of the word of God, Solomon entreated the Lord himself to teach the people to profit by all, even by their chastisements. They shall know every man the plague of his own heart, what it is that pains him; and shall spread their hands in prayer toward this house; whether the trouble be of body or mind, they shall represent it before God. Inward burdens seem especially meant. Sin is the plague of our own hearts; our in-dwelling corruptions are our spiritual diseases: every true Israelite endeavours to know these, that he may mortify them, and watch against the risings of them. These drive him to his knees; lamenting these, he spreads forth his hands in prayer. After many particulars, Solomon concludes with the general request, that God would hearken to his praying people. No place, now, under the gospel, can add to the prayers made in or towards it. The substance is Christ; whatever we ask in his name, it shall be given us. In this manner the Israel of God is established and sanctified, the backslider is recovered and healed. In this manner the stranger is brought nigh, the mourner is comforted, the name of God is glorified. Sin is the cause of all our troubles; repentance and forgiveness lead to all human happiness.
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