Matthew 5:23
New International Version
"Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you,

New Living Translation
"So if you are presenting a sacrifice at the altar in the Temple and you suddenly remember that someone has something against you,

English Standard Version
So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,

Berean Study Bible
Therefore if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore, if you shall offer your gift at the altar, and there shall remember that your brother has something against you,

New American Standard Bible
"Therefore if you are presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,

King James Bible
Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;

Christian Standard Bible
So if you are offering your gift on the altar, and there you remember that your brother or sister has something against you,

Contemporary English Version
So if you are about to place your gift on the altar and remember that someone is angry with you,

Good News Translation
So if you are about to offer your gift to God at the altar and there you remember that your brother has something against you,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So if you are offering your gift on the altar, and there you remember that your brother has something against you,

International Standard Version
"So if you are presenting your gift at the altar and remember there that your brother has something against you,

NET Bible
So then, if you bring your gift to the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,

New Heart English Bible
"If therefore you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has anything against you,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
If therefore you bring your offering to the altar, and there you remember that your brother holds any grudge against you,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"So if you are offering your gift at the altar and remember there that another believer has something against you,

New American Standard 1977
“If therefore you are presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there remember that thy brother has something against thee;

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has anything against you;

American King James Version
Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has ought against you;

American Standard Version
If therefore thou art offering thy gift at the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If therefore thou offer thy gift at the altar, and there thou remember that thy brother hath any thing against thee;

Darby Bible Translation
If therefore thou shouldest offer thy gift at the altar, and there shouldest remember that thy brother has something against thee,

English Revised Version
If therefore thou art offering thy gift at the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee,

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore if thou shalt bring thy gift to the altar, and there remember that thy brother hath aught against thee;

Weymouth New Testament
If therefore when you are offering your gift upon the altar, you remember that your brother has a grievance against you,

World English Bible
"If therefore you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has anything against you,

Young's Literal Translation
'If, therefore, thou mayest bring thy gift to the altar, and there mayest remember that thy brother hath anything against thee,
Study Bible GRK ▾ 
Anger and Reconciliation
22But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, ‘Raca,’ will be subject to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be subject to the fire of hell. 23Therefore if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24leave your gift there before the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:24
leave your gift there before the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.

Mark 11:25
And when you stand to pray, if you hold anything against another, forgive it, so that your Father in heaven will forgive your trespasses as well."

Treasury of Scripture

Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has ought against you;

thou.

Matthew 8:4 And Jesus said to him, See you tell no man; but go your way, show …

Matthew 23:19 You fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar …

Deuteronomy 16:16,17 Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the LORD …

1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings …

Isaiah 1:10-17 Hear the word of the LORD, you rulers of Sodom; give ear to the law …

Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God …

Amos 5:21-24 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn …

rememberest.

Genesis 41:9 Then spoke the chief butler to Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my …

Genesis 42:21,22 And they said one to another, We are truly guilty concerning our …

Genesis 50:15-17 And when Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, …

Leviticus 6:2-6 If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie to …

1 Kings 2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, You know all the wickedness which …

Lamentations 3:20 My soul has them still in remembrance, and is humbled in me.

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth …

Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half …







Lexicon
Therefore
οὖν (oun)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3767: Therefore, then. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly.

if
Ἐὰν (Ean)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1437: If. From ei and an; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.

you are offering
προσφέρῃς (prospherēs)
Verb - Present Subjunctive Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4374: From pros and phero; to bear towards, i.e. Lead to, tender, treat.

your
σου (sou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

gift
δῶρόν (dōron)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1435: A gift, present. A present; specially, a sacrifice.

at
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

altar
θυσιαστήριον (thysiastērion)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2379: An altar (for sacrifice). From a derivative of thusia; a place of sacrifice, i.e. An altar.

and there
κἀκεῖ (kakei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2546: And there, and yonder, there also. From kai and ekei; likewise in that place.

remember
μνησθῇς (mnēsthēs)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Passive - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3403: To remember, call to mind, recall, mention. A prolonged form of mnaomai; to remind, i.e. to recall to mind.

that
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

your
σου (sou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

brother
ἀδελφός (adelphos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 80: A brother, member of the same religious community, especially a fellow-Christian. A brother near or remote.

has
ἔχει (echei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

something
τι (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5100: Any one, some one, a certain one or thing. An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.

against
κατὰ (kata)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

you,
σοῦ (sou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
(23) If thou bring thy gift to the altar.--Literally, If thou shouldst be offering. Our Lord was speaking to Jews as such, and paints, therefore, as it were, a scene in the Jewish Temple. The worshipper is about to offer a "gift" (the most generic term seems intentionally used to represent any kind of offering), and stands at the altar with the priest waiting to do his work. That is the right time for recollection and self-scrutiny. The worshipper is to ask himself, not whether he has a ground of complaint against any one, but whether any one has cause of complaint against him. This, and not the other, is the right question at such a moment--has he injured his neighbour by act, or spoken bitter words of him?

Verse 23. - Therefore. Seeing that the consequences of an angry spirit are so terrible. For there is no thought here of an unforgiving spirit spoiling the acceptance of the gift (vide infra). Our Lord is insisting that it is so important to lose no time in seeking reconciliation with a person whom one has injured, that even the very holiest action must be put off for it. If thou bring; Revised Version, if... thou art offering; ἐὰν... προσφέρῃς (similarly, πρόσηερε, ver. 24), the technical word coming some sixty times in Leviticus alone. Christ implies that the action has already begun. Thy gift; a general word for any sacrifice. To the altar. Since those to whom he spoke were still Jews, Christ illustrates his meaning by Jewish practices. A perverse literalism has found here a direct reference to the Eucharist. For reasonable adaptations (cf. even in ' Didache,' § 14.) of these two verses to this, see Waterland, 'Doctrine of the Eucharist,' ch. 13. § 4 (pp. 359-362, Oxford, 1868). And there rememberest, etc. For the spirit of recollection may well culminate with the culminating action. Lightfoot ('Hor. Hebr.') shows that even the Jews taught such a postponement of the sacrifice if theft was remembered. He therefore thinks that the stress is on "ought" (τι): "For that which the Jews restrained only to pecuniary damages, Christ extends to all offences against our brother." But he overlooks the fact that, while the Jewish precept had reference to a sin (or even the neglect of some ceremonial rule, cf. Mishna, 'Pes.,' 3:7) vitiating the offering, there is no thought of this hero (vide supra). Thy brother (ver. 22, note). Ought. So from Tyndale downwards. Revised Version, aught, here and apparently always, after the spelling now preferred as marking the difference from the verb. 5:21-26 The Jewish teachers had taught, that nothing except actual murder was forbidden by the sixth commandment. Thus they explained away its spiritual meaning. Christ showed the full meaning of this commandment; according to which we must be judged hereafter, and therefore ought to be ruled now. All rash anger is heart murder. By our brother, here, we are to understand any person, though ever so much below us, for we are all made of one blood. Raca, is a scornful word, and comes from pride: Thou fool, is a spiteful word, and comes from hatred. Malicious slanders and censures are poison that kills secretly and slowly. Christ told them that how light soever they made of these sins, they would certainly be called into judgment for them. We ought carefully to preserve Christian love and peace with all our brethren; and if at any time there is a quarrel, we should confess our fault, humble ourselves to our brother, making or offering satisfaction for wrong done in word or deed: and we should do this quickly; because, till this is done, we are unfit for communion with God in holy ordinances. And when we are preparing for any religious exercises, it is good for us to make that an occasion of serious reflection and self-examination. What is here said is very applicable to our being reconciled to God through Christ. While we are alive, we are in the way to his judgement-seat; after death, it will be too late. When we consider the importance of the case, and the uncertainty of life, how needful it is to seek peace with God, without delay!
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