Matthew 23:20
New International Version
Therefore, anyone who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

New Living Translation
When you swear 'by the altar,' you are swearing by it and by everything on it.

English Standard Version
So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

Berean Study Bible
So then, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore the one having sworn by the altar swears by it and by all things that are upon it.

New American Standard Bible
"Therefore, whoever swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it.

King James Bible
Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the one who takes an oath by the altar takes an oath by it and by everything on it.

Contemporary English Version
Anyone who swears by the altar also swears by everything on it.

Good News Translation
So then, when a person swears by the altar, he is swearing by it and by all the gifts on it;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the one who takes an oath by the altar takes an oath by it and by everything on it.

International Standard Version
Therefore, the one who swears an oath by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

NET Bible
So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

New Heart English Bible
He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Whoever swears therefore by the altar swears by it and by everything that is upon it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
To swear an oath by the altar is to swear by it and by everything on it.

New American Standard 1977
“Therefore he who swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Whosoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it and by all things thereon.

King James 2000 Bible
Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon.

American King James Version
Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon.

American Standard Version
He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things that are upon it:

Darby Bible Translation
He therefore that swears by the altar swears by it and by all things that are upon it.

English Revised Version
He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things upon it.

Weymouth New Testament
He who swears by the altar swears both by it and by everything on it;

World English Bible
He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it.

Young's Literal Translation
'He therefore who did swear by the altar, doth swear by it, and by all things on it;
Study Bible
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
19You blind men! Which is greater: the gift, or the altar that makes it sacred? 20So then, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. 21And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it.…
Cross References
Matthew 23:19
You blind men! Which is greater: the gift, or the altar that makes it sacred?

Matthew 23:21
And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it.

Treasury of Scripture

Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon.







Lexicon
So then,
οὖν (oun)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3767: Therefore, then. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly.

he who
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

swears
ὀμόσας (omosas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3660: A prolonged form of a primary, but obsolete omo, for which another prolonged form omoo is used in certain tenses; to swear, i.e. Take oath.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

altar
θυσιαστηρίῳ (thysiastēriō)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2379: An altar (for sacrifice). From a derivative of thusia; a place of sacrifice, i.e. An altar.

swears
ὀμνύει (omnyei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3660: A prolonged form of a primary, but obsolete omo, for which another prolonged form omoo is used in certain tenses; to swear, i.e. Take oath.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

it
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Neuter 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

everything
πᾶσι (pasi)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

on
ἐπάνω (epanō)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1883: From epi and ano; up above, i.e. Over or on.

it.
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Neuter 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
Verse 20. - Sweareth by it, etc. One can see what an inveterate evil our Lord was denouncing, when he takes such pains to point out its absurdities, which seem to us self-evident. The oath by the altar involves the notion of the victim as well as the altar; one cannot be separated from the other; and, of course, implies him to whom the offering is made. 23:13-33 The scribes and Pharisees were enemies to the gospel of Christ, and therefore to the salvation of the souls of men. It is bad to keep away from Christ ourselves, but worse also to keep others from him. Yet it is no new thing for the show and form of godliness to be made a cloak to the greatest enormities. But dissembled piety will be reckoned double iniquity. They were very busy to turn souls to be of their party. Not for the glory of God and the good of souls, but that they might have the credit and advantage of making converts. Gain being their godliness, by a thousand devices they made religion give way to their worldly interests. They were very strict and precise in smaller matters of the law, but careless and loose in weightier matters. It is not the scrupling a little sin that Christ here reproves; if it be a sin, though but a gnat, it must be strained out; but the doing that, and then swallowing a camel, or, committing a greater sin. While they would seem to be godly, they were neither sober nor righteous. We are really, what we are inwardly. Outward motives may keep the outside clean, while the inside is filthy; but if the heart and spirit be made new, there will be newness of life; here we must begin with ourselves. The righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees was like the ornaments of a grave, or dressing up a dead body, only for show. The deceitfulness of sinners' hearts appears in that they go down the streams of the sins of their own day, while they fancy that they should have opposed the sins of former days. We sometimes think, if we had lived when Christ was upon earth, that we should not have despised and rejected him, as men then did; yet Christ in his Spirit, in his word, in his ministers, is still no better treated. And it is just with God to give those up to their hearts' lusts, who obstinately persist in gratifying them. Christ gives men their true characters.
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