Matthew 23:22
New International Version
And anyone who swears by heaven swears by God’s throne and by the one who sits on it.

New Living Translation
And when you swear ‘by heaven,’ you are swearing by the throne of God and by God, who sits on the throne.

English Standard Version
And whoever swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.

Berean Study Bible
And he who swears by heaven swears by God’s throne and by the One who sits on it.

Berean Literal Bible
And the one having sworn by heaven swears by the throne of God and by the One sitting upon it.

King James Bible
And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

New King James Version
And he who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by Him who sits on it.

New American Standard Bible
And the one who swears by heaven, swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

NASB 1995
“And whoever swears by heaven, swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

NASB 1977
“And he who swears by heaven, swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

Amplified Bible
And whoever swears [an oath] by heaven, swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

Christian Standard Bible
And the one who takes an oath by heaven takes an oath by God’s throne and by him who sits on it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And the one who takes an oath by heaven takes an oath by God’s throne and by Him who sits on it.

American Standard Version
And he that sweareth by the heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And whoever swears by Heaven swears by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.

Contemporary English Version
To swear by heaven is the same as swearing by God's throne and by the one who sits on that throne.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he that sweareth by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

English Revised Version
And he that sweareth by the heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

Good News Translation
and when someone swears by heaven, he is swearing by God's throne and by him who sits on it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
And to swear an oath by heaven is to swear by God's throne and the one who sits on it.

International Standard Version
And the one who swears an oath by heaven swears by God's throne and by the one who sits on it.

Literal Standard Version
and he who swore by Heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by Him who is sitting on it.

NET Bible
And whoever swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and the one who sits on it.

New Heart English Bible
He who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him who sits on it.

Weymouth New Testament
and he who swears by Heaven swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

World English Bible
He who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him who sits on it.

Young's Literal Translation
and he who did swear by the heaven, doth swear by the throne of God, and by Him who is sitting upon it.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
21And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it. 22And he who swears by heaven swears by God’s throne and by the One who sits on it. 23Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You pay tithes of mint, dill, and cumin. But you have disregarded the weightier matters of the law: justice, mercy, and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former.…

Cross References
Isaiah 66:1
This is what the LORD says: "Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool. What kind of house will you build for Me? Or where will My place of repose be?

Matthew 5:34
But I tell you not to swear at all: either by heaven, for it is God's throne;


Treasury of Scripture

And he that shall swear by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him that sits thereon.

by the.

Matthew 5:34
But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:

Psalm 11:4
The LORD is in his holy temple, the LORD'S throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.

Isaiah 66:1
Thus saith the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest?









Verse 22. - By heaven. The Talmndists affirm that an oath "by heaven" or "by earth" was not binding, on the ground, probably, that these were mere creatures. Christ again dissipates such sophistries. To swear by the creature is virtually to swear by the Creator. A brute, inanimate thing cannot be witness to an oath; he alone can be appealed to who owns all. Thus we "kiss the book," calling God to witness our words. Christ had already given a lesson to his followers on this subject in the sermon on the mount (ch. Matthew 5:34-37). He inculcates true reverence, that fear and awe of God's dignity and God's presence which constrains a man to avoid all profaneness and carelessness in regard to things that are concerned with God.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
And
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

he who
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

swears
ὀμόσας (omosas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3660: A prolonged form of a primary, but obsolete omo, for which another prolonged form omoo is used in certain tenses; to swear, i.e. Take oath.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

heaven
οὐρανῷ (ouranō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3772: Perhaps from the same as oros; the sky; by extension, heaven; by implication, happiness, power, eternity; specially, the Gospel.

swears
ὀμνύει (omnyei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 3660: A prolonged form of a primary, but obsolete omo, for which another prolonged form omoo is used in certain tenses; to swear, i.e. Take oath.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

God’s
Θεοῦ (Theou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

throne
θρόνῳ (thronō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2362: From thrao; a stately seat; by implication, power or a potentate.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the [One]
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

who sits
καθημένῳ (kathēmenō)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2521: To sit, be seated, enthroned; I dwell, reside. From kata; and hemai; to sit down; figuratively, to remain, reside.

on
ἐπάνω (epanō)
Preposition
Strong's 1883: From epi and ano; up above, i.e. Over or on.

it.
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.


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NT Gospels: Matthew 23:22 He who swears by heaven swears (Matt. Mat Mt)
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