Exodus 27:1
New International Version
"Build an altar of acacia wood, three cubits high; it is to be square, five cubits long and five cubits wide.

New Living Translation
"Using acacia wood, construct a square altar 7- 1/2 feet wide, 7- 1/2 feet long, and 4- 1/2 feet high.

English Standard Version
“You shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits broad. The altar shall be square, and its height shall be three cubits.

Berean Study Bible
You are to build an altar of acacia wood. The altar must be square, five cubits long, five cubits wide, and three cubits high.

New American Standard Bible
"And you shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits wide; the altar shall be square, and its height shall be three cubits.

King James Bible
And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

Christian Standard Bible
"You are to construct the altar of acacia wood. The altar must be square, 7 1/2 feet long, and 7 1/2 feet wide; it must be 4 1/2 feet high.

Contemporary English Version
Use acacia wood to build an altar 2.25 meters square and 1.34 meters high,

Good News Translation
"Make an altar out of acacia wood. It is to be square, 7 feet long and 7 feet wide, and it is to be 4 feet high.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to construct the altar of acacia wood. The altar must be square, 7 1/2 feet long, and 7 1/2 feet wide; it must be 4 1/2 feet high.

International Standard Version
"You are to make the altar of acacia wood. It is to be five cubits long and five cubits wide; the altar is to be a square, and it is to be three cubits high.

NET Bible
"You are to make the altar of acacia wood, seven feet six inches long, and seven feet six inches wide; the altar is to be square, and its height is to be four feet six inches.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and its height shall be three cubits.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The LORD continued,] "Make an altar out of acacia wood. It should be 7 1/2 feet square, and 4 1/2 feet high.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt make the altar of acacia-wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be four-square; and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits wide; the altar shall be square, and its height shall be three cubits.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt also make an altar of cedar wood, five cubits long and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare, and its height shall be three cubits.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall make an altar of acacia wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height of it shall be three cubits.

American King James Version
And you shall make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make also an altar of setim wood, which shall be five cubits long and as many broad, that is, foursquare, and three cubits high.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make the altar of acacia-wood, five cubits the length, and five cubits the breadth; the altar shall be square; and the height thereof three cubits.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and its hight shall be three cubits.

World English Bible
"You shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and its height shall be three cubits.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast made the altar of shittim wood, five cubits the length, and five cubits the breadth -- the altar is square -- and three cubits its height.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Bronze Altar
1You are to build an altar of acacia wood. The altar must be square, five cubits long, five cubits wide, and three cubits high. 2Make a horn on each of its four corners, so that the horns are of one piece, and overlay it with bronze.…
Cross References
Exodus 20:24
You are to make for Me an altar of earth, and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and peace offerings, your sheep and goats and cattle. In every place where I cause My name to be remembered, I will come to you and bless you.

Exodus 35:16
the altar of burnt offering with its bronze grate, its poles, and all its utensils; the basin with its stand;

Exodus 38:1
Bezalel constructed the altar of burnt offering from acacia wood. It was square, five cubits long, five cubits wide, and three cubits high.

Numbers 3:31
Their duties were the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the articles of the sanctuary used with them, and the curtain--all the service for these items.

Numbers 4:13
Then they shall remove the ashes from the bronze altar, spread a purple cloth over it,

2 Kings 16:14
He also took the bronze altar that stood before the LORD from the front of the temple (between the new altar and the house of the LORD) and he put it on the north side of the new altar.

1 Chronicles 6:49
But Aaron and his sons did all the work of the Most Holy Place. They presented the offerings on the altar of burnt offering and on the altar of incense to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.

2 Chronicles 4:1
He made a bronze altar twenty cubits long, twenty cubits wide, and ten cubits high.

Ezra 3:2
Then Jeshua son of Jozadak and his fellow priests, along with Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and his associates, began to build the altar of the God of Israel to sacrifice burnt offerings on it, as it is written in the law of Moses, the man of God.

Ezekiel 43:13
These are the measurements of the altar in long cubits (a cubit and a handbreadth): Its gutter shall be a cubit deep and a cubit wide, with a rim of one span around its edge. And this is the height of the altar:

Ezekiel 43:16
The altar hearth shall be square at its four corners, twelve cubits long and twelve cubits wide.

Treasury of Scripture

And you shall make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

altar of shittim wood

Exodus 20:24-26 An altar of earth you shall make to me, and shall sacrifice thereon …

Exodus 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the …

Exodus 38:1-7 And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood: five cubits …

Exodus 40:10,29 And you shall anoint the altar of the burnt offering, and all his …

2 Samuel 24:18 And Gad came that day to David, and said to him, Go up, raise an …

2 Chronicles 4:1 Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, …

Ezekiel 43:13-17 And these are the measures of the altar after the cubits: The cubit …

Hebrews 13:10 We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle.







Lexicon
You are to build
וְעָשִׂ֥יתָ (wə·‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

an altar
הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ (ham·miz·bê·aḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4196: An altar

of acacia
שִׁטִּ֑ים (šiṭ·ṭîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7848: Acacia (a tree and a wood)

wood.
עֲצֵ֣י (‘ă·ṣê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood

The altar
הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ (ham·miz·bê·aḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4196: An altar

must be
יִהְיֶה֙ (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

square,
רָב֤וּעַ (rā·ḇū·a‘)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7251: To be quadrate

five
חָמֵשׁ֩ (ḥā·mêš)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2568: Five

cubits
אַמּ֨וֹת (’am·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 520: A mother, a cubit, a door-base

long,
אֹ֜רֶךְ (’ō·reḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 753: Length

five
וְחָמֵ֧שׁ (wə·ḥā·mêš)
Conjunctive waw | Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2568: Five

cubits
אַמּ֣וֹת (’am·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 520: A mother, a cubit, a door-base

wide,
רֹ֗חַב (rō·ḥaḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7341: Breadth, width

and three
וְשָׁלֹ֥שׁ (wə·šā·lōš)
Conjunctive waw | Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

cubits
אַמּ֖וֹת (’am·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 520: A mother, a cubit, a door-base

high.
קֹמָתֽוֹ׃ (qō·mā·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6967: Height
XXVII.

THE ALTAR OF BURNT OFFERING.

(1) Thou shalt make an altar.--Heb., the altar. It is assumed that a sanctuary must have an altar, worship without sacrifice being unknown. (See Exodus 5:1-3; Exodus 8:25-28; Exodus 12:27; Exodus 18:12; Exodus 20:24-26, &c.)

Of shittim wood.--This direction seems at first sight to conflict with those given in Exodus 20:24-25, where altars were required to be either of earth or of unhewn stone. But the explanation of the Jewish commentators is probably correct, that what was here directed to be made was rather an "altar-case" than an altar, and that the true altar was the earth with which, at each halt in the wilderness, the "case" of shittim wood covered with bronze was filled. (So Jarchi, Kalisch, and others.)

Foursquare.--Ancient altars were either rectangular or circular, the square and the circle being regarded as perfect figures. A triangular altar was discovered by Mr. Layard in Mesopotamia, but even this had a circular top. In Hebrew architecture and furniture curved lines were for the most part avoided, probably as presenting greater difficulties than straight ones.

The height thereof . . . three cubits.--A greater height would have made it difficult to arrange the victims upon the altar. Otherwise the notion of perfection in form would probably have led to the altar being a cube.

Verses 1-8. - THE ALTAR OF BURNT OFFERING. From the description of the tabernacle, or sacred tent in which worship was to be offered by the priests, it followed in natural sequence, that directions should be given concerning the court, or precinct, within which the tabernacle was to stand Ancient temples were almost universally surrounded by precincts, which the Greeks called τεμένη, whereto a sacred character attached; and this was particularly the case in Egypt, where the temenos seems to have been a regular adjunct to the temple (Wilkinson in Rawlinson's Heradotus, vol. 2. p. 202, 2nd edition). Among the chief uses of such an open space, was the offering of victims on altars, as these could not be conveniently consumed elsewhere than in the open air, on account of the clouds of smoke and the fumes of the sacrifices. As in the description of the tabernacle, the furniture was first described, then the structure, so now the altar takes precedence of the court which was to contain it. Verse 1. - Thou shalt make an altar. Rather, "the altar." God had already declared that he would have an altar made to him in the place where he should "record his name" (Exodus 20:24). And, even apart from this, an altar would be regarded as so essential an element in Divine worship, that no place of worship could be without one. Of shittim wood. God had required (1. s. c.) that his altar should be "of earth," or else of unhewn stones (Exodus 20:25). The command now given was to make, not so much an altar, as an altar-case (see ver. 8). There can be no doubt that Jarchi is right in supposing that, whenever the tabernacle for a time became stationary, the hollow case of the altar was rifled up with earth, and that the victims were burnt upon this. Four-square. Altars were commonly either square or round. An Assyrian triangular one was found by Mr. Layard at Nineveh; but even this had a round top. The square shape is the most usual, and was preserved, probably in all the Temple altars, certainly in those of Solomon (2 Chronicles 4:1) and Herod (Joseph. Bell. Jud. 5:05, § 6). 27:1-8 In the court before the tabernacle, where the people attended, was an altar, to which they must bring their sacrifices, and on which their priests must offer them to God. It was of wood overlaid with brass. A grate of brass was let into the hollow of the altar, about the middle of which the fire was kept, and the sacrifice burnt. It was made of net-work like a sieve, and hung hollow, that the ashes might fall through. This brazen altar was a type of Christ dying to make atonement for our sins. The wood had been consumed by the fire from heaven, if it had not been secured by the brass: nor could the human nature of Christ have borne the wrath of God, if it had not been supported by Divine power.
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