Exodus 27:2
New International Version
Make a horn at each of the four corners, so that the horns and the altar are of one piece, and overlay the altar with bronze.

New Living Translation
Make horns for each of its four corners so that the horns and altar are all one piece. Overlay the altar with bronze.

English Standard Version
And you shall make horns for it on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.

Berean Study Bible
Make a horn on each of its four corners, so that the horns are of one piece, and overlay it with bronze.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.

King James Bible
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

Christian Standard Bible
Make horns for it on its four corners; the horns are to be of one piece. Overlay it with bronze.

Contemporary English Version
and make each of the four top corners stick up like the horn of a bull. Then cover the whole altar with bronze, including the four horns.

Good News Translation
Make projections at the top of the four corners. They are to form one piece with the altar, and the whole is to be covered with bronze.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Make horns for it on its four corners; the horns are to be of one piece. Overlay it with bronze.

International Standard Version
You are to make horns on its four corners. Its corners are to be of one piece with it, and you are to overlay it with bronze.

NET Bible
You are to make its four horns on its four corners; its horns will be part of it, and you are to overlay it with bronze.

New Heart English Bible
You shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it; and you shall overlay it with bronze.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Make a horn at each of its four corners. The four horns and the altar must be made out of one piece [of wood] covered with bronze.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof; the horns thereof shall be of one piece with it; and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon its four corners; its horns shall be of the same, and thou shalt cover it with brass.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall make the horns of it upon its four corners: its horns shall be of one piece with it: and you shall overlay it with bronze.

American King James Version
And you shall make the horns of it on the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and you shall overlay it with brass.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof; the horns thereof shall be of one piece with it: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt make the horns on the four corners; the horns shall be of the same piece, and thou shalt overlay them with brass.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there shall be horns at the four corners of the same: and thou shalt cover it with brass.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make its horns at the four corners thereof; its horns shall be of itself; and thou shalt overlay it with copper.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: the horns thereof shall be of one piece with it: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: its horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

World English Bible
You shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it; and you shall overlay it with brass.

Young's Literal Translation
And thou hast made its horns on its four corners, its horns are of the same, and thou hast overlaid it with brass.
Study Bible
The Bronze Altar
1You are to build an altar of acacia wood. The altar must be square, five cubits long, five cubits wide, and three cubits high. 2Make a horn on each of its four corners, so that the horns are of one piece, and overlay it with bronze. 3Make all its utensils of bronze—the pots for removing ashes, and the shovels, basins, meat forks, and firepans.…
Cross References
Exodus 27:3
Make all its utensils of bronze--the pots for removing ashes, and the shovels, basins, meat forks, and firepans.

Exodus 29:12
Take some of the blood of the bull and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger; then pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.

Numbers 3:31
Their duties were the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the articles of the sanctuary used with them, and the curtain--all the service for these items.

1 Kings 1:50
But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar.

2 Kings 16:14
He also took the bronze altar that stood before the LORD from the front of the temple (between the new altar and the house of the LORD) and he put it on the north side of the new altar.

2 Chronicles 4:1
He made a bronze altar twenty cubits long, twenty cubits wide, and ten cubits high.

Psalm 118:27
The LORD is God and has made His light shine upon us. Bind the festival sacrifice with cords to the horns of the altar.

Ezekiel 43:15
The altar hearth shall be four cubits high, and four horns shall project upward from the hearth.

Zechariah 9:15
The LORD of Hosts will shield them. They will consume and conquer with slingstones; they will drink and roar as with wine. And they will be filled like sacrificial basins, drenched like the corners of the altar.

Treasury of Scripture

And you shall make the horns of it on the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and you shall overlay it with brass.

Exodus 29:12
And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.

Leviticus 4:7,18,25
And the priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of the congregation; and shall pour all the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation…

Leviticus 8:15
And he slew it; and Moses took the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured the blood at the bottom of the altar, and sanctified it, to make reconciliation upon it.

overlay it was brass

Numbers 16:38,39
The censers of these sinners against their own souls, let them make them broad plates for a covering of the altar: for they offered them before the LORD, therefore they are hallowed: and they shall be a sign unto the children of Israel…

1 Kings 8:64
The same day did the king hallow the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings: because the brasen altar that was before the LORD was too little to receive the burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings.







Lexicon
Make
וְעָשִׂ֣יתָ (wə·‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

a horn
קַרְנֹתָ֗יו (qar·nō·ṯāw)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7161: A horn, a flask, cornet, an elephant's tooth, a corner, a peak, a ray, power

on each of
עַ֚ל (‘al)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

its four
אַרְבַּ֣ע (’ar·ba‘)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 702: Four

corners,
פִּנֹּתָ֔יו (pin·nō·ṯāw)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6438: An angle, a pinnacle, a chieftain

so that the horns
קַרְנֹתָ֑יו (qar·nō·ṯāw)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7161: A horn, a flask, cornet, an elephant's tooth, a corner, a peak, a ray, power

are
תִּהְיֶ֣יןָ (tih·ye·nā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

of one piece,
מִמֶּ֖נּוּ (mim·men·nū)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

and overlay
וְצִפִּיתָ֥ (wə·ṣip·pî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6823: To lay out, lay over

it with bronze.
נְחֹֽשֶׁת׃ (nə·ḥō·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5178: Copper, something made of that metal, coin, a fetter, base
(2) The horns of it.--It is not true to say, as Kalisch does, that "the altars of almost all ancient nations were frequently provided with horns." On the contrary, horns were, so far as is known, peculiar to Israelite altars. Originally, they would seem to have been mere ornaments at the four upper corners, but ultimately they came to be regarded as essential to an altar, and the virtue of the altar was thought to lie especially in them. The victims were bound to them (Psalm 118:27); criminals clung to them (1Kings 1:50; 1Kings 2:28); and the blood of sin offerings was smeared upon them for purposes of expiation (Exodus 29:12; Leviticus 8:15; Leviticus 9:9, &c.).

His horns shall be of the same--i.e., of one piece with the rest of the altar, not separate portions attached by nails or soldering. (Comp. Exodus 25:19.)

Thou shalt overlay it with brass--i.e., with bronze. All the woodwork of the tabernacle was overlaid with one metal or another. Here a metallic coating was especially necessary, to prevent the wood from being burnt.

Verse 2. - The horns of it. Literally, "its horns." Horns were not usual adjuncts of altars; indeed they seem to have been peculiar to those of the Israelites. They were projections at the four top comers, probably not unlike the horns of bulls, whence their name. Criminals clung to them when they took sanctuary (1 Kings 1:50; 1 Kings 2:28); and the blood of sin-offerings was smeared upon them (Exodus 29:12; Leviticus 8:15; Leviticus 9:9; Leviticus 16:18, etc.). Victims also were sometimes, when about to be sacrificed, bound to them (Psalm 118:27). According to Kalisch, "The horns were symbolical of power, of protection and help; and at the same time of glory and salvation." His horns shall be of the same. Part and parcel of the altar, that is, not extraneous additions. Thou shalt overlay it with brass. A solid plating of bronze is no doubt intended, such as would protect the shittim wood and prevent it from being burnt. 27:1-8 In the court before the tabernacle, where the people attended, was an altar, to which they must bring their sacrifices, and on which their priests must offer them to God. It was of wood overlaid with brass. A grate of brass was let into the hollow of the altar, about the middle of which the fire was kept, and the sacrifice burnt. It was made of net-work like a sieve, and hung hollow, that the ashes might fall through. This brazen altar was a type of Christ dying to make atonement for our sins. The wood had been consumed by the fire from heaven, if it had not been secured by the brass: nor could the human nature of Christ have borne the wrath of God, if it had not been supported by Divine power.
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