Exodus 27:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Make a horn at each of the four corners, so that the horns and the altar are of one piece, and overlay the altar with bronze.

King James Bible
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make its horns at the four corners thereof; its horns shall be of itself; and thou shalt overlay it with copper.

World English Bible
You shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it; and you shall overlay it with brass.

Young's Literal Translation
And thou hast made its horns on its four corners, its horns are of the same, and thou hast overlaid it with brass.

Exodus 27:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou shalt make the horns of it - The horns might have three uses:

1. For ornament.

2. To prevent carcasses, etc., from falling off.

3. To tie the victim to, previously to its being sacrificed.

So David: Bind the sacrifice with cords to the horns of the altar; Psalm 118:27. Horns were much used in all ancient altars among the heathen, and some of them were entirely constructed of the horns of the beasts that had been offered in sacrifice; but such altars appear to be erected rather as trophies in honor of their gods. On the reverses of several medals we find altars represented with horns at the corners. There is a medal of Antoninus on the reverse of which is an altar, on which a fire burns, consecrated Divi Pio, where the horns appear on each of the corners.

There is one of Faustina, on which the altar and its horns are very distinct, the legend Pietas Augusta. All the following have altars with horns. One of Valerian, legend Consecratio; one of Claudius Gothicus, same legend; one of Quintillus, same legend; one of Crispina, with the legend Diis Genitalibus; and several others. See Numismatica Antiq., a Musellio, under Consecratio, in the index.

Callimachus, in his Hymn to Apollo, line 60 introduces him constructing an altar of the horns of the animals slain by Diana:

- πηξε δε βωμον

Εκ κεραων κ. τ. λ.

Martial has these words: Cornibus ara frequens.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

horns of it upon the four corners thereof. The horns might have been designed not only for ornament, but to prevent the sacrifices from falling off, and to tie the victim to, previous to its being sacrificed.

Exodus 29:12 And you shall take of the blood of the bullock, and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger...

Leviticus 4:7,18,25 And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD...

Leviticus 8:15 And he slew it; and Moses took the blood, and put it on the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar...

Leviticus 16:18 And he shall go out to the altar that is before the LORD, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock...

1 Kings 1:50 And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

1 Kings 2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom...

Psalm 118:27 God is the LORD, which has showed us light: bind the sacrifice with cords, even to the horns of the altar.

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

overlay it was brass

Numbers 16:38,39 The censers of these sinners against their own souls, let them make them broad plates for a covering of the altar...

1 Kings 8:64 The same day did the king hallow the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings...

How a Private Man must Begin the Morning with Piety.
As soon as ever thou awakest in the morning, keep the door of thy heart fast shut, that no earthly thought may enter, before that God come in first; and let him, before all others, have the first place there. So all evil thoughts either will not dare to come in, or shall the easier be kept out; and the heart will more savour of piety and godliness all the day after; but if thy heart be not, at thy first waking, filled with some meditations of God and his word, and dressed, like the lamp in the tabernacle
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

Cross References
Exodus 27:3
Make all its utensils of bronze--its pots to remove the ashes, and its shovels, sprinkling bowls, meat forks and firepans.

Exodus 29:12
Take some of the bull's blood and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour out the rest of it at the base of the altar.

Numbers 3:31
They were responsible for the care of the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the articles of the sanctuary used in ministering, the curtain, and everything related to their use.

1 Kings 1:50
But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

2 Kings 16:14
As for the bronze altar that stood before the LORD, he brought it from the front of the temple--from between the new altar and the temple of the LORD--and put it on the north side of the new altar.

2 Chronicles 4:1
He made a bronze altar twenty cubits long, twenty cubits wide and ten cubits high.

Psalm 118:27
The LORD is God, and he has made his light shine on us. With boughs in hand, join in the festal procession up to the horns of the altar.

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