Ezekiel 43:15
New International Version
Above that, the altar hearth is four cubits high, and four horns project upward from the hearth.

New Living Translation
The top of the altar, the hearth, rises another 7 feet higher, with a horn rising up from each of the four corners.

English Standard Version
and the altar hearth, four cubits; and from the altar hearth projecting upward, four horns.

Berean Study Bible
The altar hearth shall be four cubits high, and four horns shall project upward from the hearth.

King James Bible
So the altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar and upward shall be four horns.

New King James Version
The altar hearth is four cubits high, with four horns extending upward from the hearth.

New American Standard Bible
The altar hearth shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth shall extend upward four horns.

NASB 1995
“The altar hearth shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth shall extend upwards four horns.

NASB 1977
“And the altar hearth shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth shall extend upwards four horns.

Amplified Bible
The altar hearth shall be four cubits high, and from the altar hearth shall extend upwards four horns [one from each corner, each one cubit high].

Christian Standard Bible
The altar hearth is 7 feet high, and four horns project upward from the hearth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The altar hearth is seven feet high, and four horns project upward from the hearth.

American Standard Version
And the upper altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth and upward there shall be four horns.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the altar was four cubits, and from the altar and above, four horns

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar and above the horns a cubit.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Ariel itself was four cubits: and from the Ariel upward were four horns.

English Revised Version
And the upper altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth and upward there shall be four horns.

Good News Translation
This top section, on which the sacrifices were burned, was also 7 feet high. The projections on the four corners were higher than the rest of the top.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The place where the sacrifices were burned was 7 feet high. There were four horns above it.

International Standard Version
The hearth is to be four cubits high, and four horns are to extend upwards from the hearth.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the hearth shall be four cubits; and from the hearth and upward there shall be four horns.

Literal Standard Version
And the altar [is] four cubits, and from the altar and upward [are] four horns.

NET Bible
and the altar hearth, 7 feet, and from the altar hearth four horns projecting upward.

New Heart English Bible
The upper altar shall be six feet eleven inches; and four horns project upward from the altar hearth.

World English Bible
The upper altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth and upward there shall be four horns.

Young's Literal Translation
And the altar is four cubits, and from the altar and upward are four horns.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Altar of Sacrifice
14The space from the gutter on the ground to the lower ledge shall be two cubits, and the ledge one cubit wide. The space from the smaller ledge to the larger ledge shall be four cubits, and the ledge one cubit wide. 15The altar hearth shall be four cubits high, and four horns shall project upward from the hearth. 16The altar hearth shall be square at its four corners, twelve cubits long and twelve cubits wide.…

Cross References
Exodus 27:2
Make a horn on each of its four corners, so that the horns are of one piece, and overlay it with bronze.

Leviticus 9:9
The sons of Aaron brought the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood and applied it to the horns of the altar. And he poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar.

1 Kings 1:50
But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar.

Psalm 118:27
The LORD is God; He has made His light to shine upon us. Bind the festal sacrifice with cords to the horns of the altar.

Ezekiel 43:20
You are to take some of its blood and put it on the four horns of the altar, on the four corners of the ledge, and all around the rim; thus you will cleanse the altar and make atonement for it.


Treasury of Scripture

So the altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar and upward shall be four horns.

Isaiah 29:1,2,7
Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices…

four horns

Exodus 27:2
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

Leviticus 9:9
And the sons of Aaron brought the blood unto him: and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the bottom of the altar:

1 Kings 2:28
Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.









Verse 15. - Noteworthy is the word altar, which in this verse renders two distinct Hebrew terms, הַרְאֵל and אֲרִיאֵל, which Gesenius, Hitzig, Ewald, Smend, and others, after the LXX. (τὸ ἀριὴλ), identify as synonymous, and translate by "hearth." But the first can only signify "the mount of God," while the latter may mean either "lion of God" or "hearth of God." Kliefoth, deriving the latter from אָרָה, "to consume," and אַיִכ, "a ram," prefers as its import "ram-devourer;" Hengstenberg, resolving into אַיִל "a ram," and אְרַיִ, "a lion," proposes as its equivalent "ram-lion." i.e. "the lion that consumes the rams for God" - a ten-doting closely allied to that of Kliefoth. In any case, the terms allude to parts of the altar: the second, Ariel (equivalent to the hearth on which God's fire burns), according to Keil, Kliefoth, and the best expositors, meaning the flat surface of the altar; and the first, Harel (conveying the ideas of elevation and sanctity), the base on which it rested. The height of this base was four cubits, while from the hearth projected four horns, as in the altars of the Mosaic tabernacle (Exodus 27:2; Exodus 38:2; Leviticus 4:7, 18; Leviticus 8:15) and Solomonic temple (Psalm 118:27). If the length of these be set down, as Kliefoth suggests, at three cubits, then the whole height of the altar will be in cubits - one for the ground bottom, two for the lower settle, four for the upper, four for the bases of the hearth, with three for the horns, equal to fourteen in all; or, omitting the horns, of which the length is not given, and the altar base, which is distinguished from the altar, ten cubits in all for the altar proper. As to the symbolic import of the "horns," Kurtz, after Hofmaun and Kliefoth, finds this in the idea of elevation, the "horns," as the highest point in the altar, bringing the blood put upon them nearer to God than the sides did the blood sprinkled on them (see 'Sacrificial Worship of the Old Testament,' § 13); Keil, after Bahr, in the notions of strength, beauty, and blessing, the horns of an animal being the points in which its power, grace, and fullness of life are concentrated, and therefore fitting emblems of those points in the altar in which appears "its significance as a place of the revelation of Divine might and strength, of Divine salvation and blessing" ('Biblische Archaologie,' § 20).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The altar hearth
וְהַֽהַרְאֵ֖ל (wə·ha·har·’êl)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 741: The altar of the temple

[shall be] four
אַרְבַּ֣ע (’ar·ba‘)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's 702: Four

cubits [high],
אַמּ֑וֹת (’am·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 520: A mother, a cubit, a door-base

and four
אַרְבַּֽע׃ (’ar·ba‘)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's 702: Four

horns
הַקְּרָנ֖וֹת (haq·qə·rā·nō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 7161: A horn, a flask, cornet, an elephant's tooth, a corner, a peak, a ray, power

shall project upward
וּלְמַ֔עְלָה (ū·lə·ma‘·lāh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Adverb | third person feminine singular
Strong's 4605: The upper part, with prefix upward, above, overhead, from the top

from the hearth.
תתן־ (ū·mê·hā·’ă·rî·’êl)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-m, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 741: The altar of the temple


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 43:15 The upper altar shall be four cubits (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 43:14
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