1 Kings 1:50
New International Version
But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

New Living Translation
Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, so he rushed to the sacred tent and grabbed on to the horns of the altar.

English Standard Version
And Adonijah feared Solomon. So he arose and went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

Berean Study Bible
But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar.

New American Standard Bible
And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

King James Bible
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Christian Standard Bible
Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, so he got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar.

Contemporary English Version
Adonijah himself was afraid of what Solomon might do to him, so he ran to the sacred tent and grabbed hold of the corners of the altar for protection.

Good News Translation
Adonijah, in great fear of Solomon, went to the Tent of the LORD's presence and took hold of the corners of the altar.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, so he got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar.

International Standard Version
Afraid of Solomon, Adonijah also jumped up and headed straight for the horns of the altar.

NET Bible
Adonijah feared Solomon, so he got up and went and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar.

New Heart English Bible
Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Adonijah was afraid of Solomon. He got up, went [to the tent of meeting,] and took hold of the horns of the altar.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

New American Standard 1977
And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Adonijah, fearing the presence of Solomon, arose and went and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

King James 2000 Bible
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold of the horns of the altar.

American King James Version
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

American Standard Version
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Adonias feared because of Solomon, and arose, and departed, and laid hold on the horns of the altar.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Adonias fearing Solomon, arose, and went, and took hold on the horn of the altar.

Darby Bible Translation
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose and went and caught hold of the horns of the altar.

English Revised Version
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

World English Bible
Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Young's Literal Translation
and Adonijah feareth because of Solomon, and riseth, and goeth, and layeth hold on the horns of the altar.
Study Bible
Adonijah Learns of Solomon's Kingship
49At this, all the guests of Adonijah arose in terror and scattered. 50But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar. 51It was reported to Solomon: “Behold, Adonijah fears King Solomon, and he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let King Solomon first swear to me not to put his servant to the sword.’”…
Cross References
Exodus 27:2
Make a horn on each of its four corners, so that the horns are of one piece, and overlay it with bronze.

Exodus 30:10
Once a year Aaron shall make atonement on the horns of the altar. Throughout your generations he shall make atonement on it annually with the blood of the sin offering of atonement. The altar is most holy to the LORD."

1 Kings 1:49
At this, all the guests of Adonijah arose in terror and scattered.

1 Kings 1:51
It was reported to Solomon: "Behold, Adonijah fears King Solomon, and he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, 'Let King Solomon first swear to me not to put his servant to the sword.'"

1 Kings 2:28
When the news reached Joab, who had conspired with Adonijah but not with Absalom, he fled to the tent of the LORD and took hold of the horns of the altar.

Ezekiel 43:15
The altar hearth shall be four cubits high, and four horns shall project upward from the hearth.

Treasury of Scripture

And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

caught

1 Kings 2:28
Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Exodus 21:14
But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Exodus 38:2
And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns thereof were of the same: and he overlaid it with brass.







Lexicon
But Adonijah,
וַאֲדֹ֣נִיָּ֔הוּ (wa·’ă·ḏō·nî·yā·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 138: Adonijah -- 'my Lord is Yahweh', the name of several Israelites

in fear
יָרֵ֖א (yā·rê)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3372: To fear, to revere, caus, to frighten

of
מִפְּנֵ֣י (mip·pə·nê)
Preposition-m | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

Solomon,
שְׁלֹמֹ֑ה (šə·lō·mōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne

got up
וַיָּ֣קָם (way·yā·qām)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

and went
וַיֵּ֔לֶךְ (way·yê·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

to take hold
וַֽיַּחֲזֵ֖ק (way·ya·ḥă·zêq)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2388: To fasten upon, to seize, be strong, obstinate, to bind, restrain, conquer

of the horns
בְּקַרְנ֥וֹת (bə·qar·nō·wṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7161: A horn, a flask, cornet, an elephant's tooth, a corner, a peak, a ray, power

of the altar.
הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ׃ (ham·miz·bê·aḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4196: An altar
(50) The horns of the altar.--The horns were projections from the altar, to which (see Psalm 118:27) the victims were fastened, and on which the blood was sprinkled (Exodus 29:12). To take hold of them was, of course, to claim the right of sanctuary--a right, however, which the Law, ruled as usual by moral considerations, formally denied to wilful murder (Exodus 21:14), and which accordingly (see 1Kings 2:30-31) was refused hereafter to Joab. Adonijah, by the acknowledgment of "King Solomon," seems to represent his usurpation as one of those acts of haste and inadvertency, to which alone sanctuary was conceded.

Verse 50. - And Adonijah feared because of Solomon and he arose and went and caught hold of the horns of the altar. [Cf. 1 Kings 2:28. Probably the altar of Mount Zion, 1 Kings 3:15; 2 Samuel 6:17. Though it is impossible to say positively whether this or the altar at Gibeon (chap. 3:4) or that recently erected on the threshing floor of Araunah (2 Samuel 24:25) is meant. For the "horns," see Exodus 27:2; Exodus 38:2; and compare Exodus 30:2. They were of shittim (i.e., acacia) wood overlaid with brass, and served a double purpose. Victims were bound to them (Psalm 118:27), and blood was put upon them, Exodus 29:12. As to the altar as a place of sanctuary, see on 1 Kings 2:28. Evidently a right of sanctuary existed amongst both Jews and Gentiles at the time of the Exodus, and probably from time immemorial. It is referred to in Exodus 21:14, but it was much circumscribed by the appointment of the cities of refuge (Numbers 35:10 sqq.) By "laying hold of the horns the offender thereby placed himself under the protection of the saving and helping grace of God" (Bahr, "Symbolik," 1:474) 1:32-53 The people expressed great joy and satisfaction in the elevation of Solomon. Every true Israelite rejoices in the exaltation of the Son of David. Combinations formed upon evil principles will soon be dissolved, when self-interest calls another way. How can those who do evil deeds expect to have good tidings? Adonijah had despised Solomon, but soon dreaded him. We see here, as in a glass, Jesus, the Son of David and the Son of God, exalted to the throne of glory, notwithstanding all his enemies. His kingdom is far greater than that of his father David, and therein all the true people of God cordially rejoice. The prosperity of his cause is vexation and terror to his enemies. No horns of the altar, nor forms of godliness, nor pretences to religion, can profit those who will not submit to His authority, and accept of his salvation; and if their submission be hypocritical, they shall perish without remedy.
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