Exodus 21:13
New International Version
However, if it is not done intentionally, but God lets it happen, they are to flee to a place I will designate.

New Living Translation
But if it was simply an accident permitted by God, I will appoint a place of refuge where the slayer can run for safety.

English Standard Version
But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint for you a place to which he may flee.

Berean Study Bible
If, however, he did not lie in wait, but God allowed it to happen, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee.

New American Standard Bible
"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

New King James Version
However, if he did not lie in wait, but God delivered him into his hand, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee.

King James Bible
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Christian Standard Bible
But if he did not intend any harm, and yet God allowed it to happen, I will appoint a place for you where he may flee.

Contemporary English Version
But if you did not intend to kill someone, and I, the LORD, let it happen anyway, you may run for safety to a place that I have set aside.

Good News Translation
But if it was an accident and he did not mean to kill him, he can escape to a place which I will choose for you, and there he will be safe.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But if he didn't intend any harm, and yet God caused it to happen by his hand, I will appoint a place for you where he may flee.

International Standard Version
If he didn't lie in wait, but God let him fall into his reach, then I'll appoint for you a place to which he may flee.

NET Bible
But if he does not do it with premeditation, but it happens by accident, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee.

New Heart English Bible
but not if it is unintentional, but God allows it to happen: then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If it wasn't done intentionally, but God let it happen, the killer should flee to a place I will set aside for you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man lie not in wait, but God cause it to come to hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he may flee.

New American Standard 1977
“But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if a man did not lie in wait but God delivered him into his hand, then I will appoint thee a place where he shall flee.

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man lie not in wait, but God delivers him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

American King James Version
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

American Standard Version
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But as for him that did it not willingly, but God delivered him into his hands, I will give thee a place whither the slayer may flee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he that did not lie in wait for him, but God delivered him into his hands: I will appoint thee a place to which he must flee.

Darby Bible Translation
But if he have not lain in wait, and God have delivered [him] into his hand, I will appoint thee a place to which he shall flee.

English Revised Version
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall not lie in wait, but God shall deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

World English Bible
but not if it is unintentional, but God allows it to happen: then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

Young's Literal Translation
as to him who hath not laid wait, and God hath brought to his hand, I have even set for thee a place whither he doth flee.
Study Bible
Personal Injury Laws
12Whoever strikes and kills a man must surely be put to death. 13But if he did not lie in wait, but God allowed it to happen, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee. 14But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death.…
Cross References
Numbers 35:10
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan,

Numbers 35:11
designate cities to serve as your cities of refuge, so that a person who kills someone unintentionally may flee there.

Deuteronomy 19:1
When the LORD your God has cut off the nations whose land He is giving you, and when you have driven them out and settled in their cities and houses,

Joshua 20:1
Then the LORD said to Joshua,

1 Samuel 24:4
The men of David said to him, "This is the day about which the LORD said to you, 'Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hands to do with him as you wish.'" Then David crept up secretly and cut off a corner of Saul's robe.

1 Samuel 24:10
Behold, this day you have seen with your own eyes that the LORD delivered you into my hand in the cave. I was told to kill you, but I spared you and said, 'I will not lift my hand against my lord, since he is the LORD's anointed.'

Treasury of Scripture

And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

lie not

Numbers 35:11,22
Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares…

Deuteronomy 19:4-6,11
And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past; …

Micah 7:2
The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.

God

1 Samuel 24:4,10,18
And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily…

2 Samuel 16:10
And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the LORD hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done so?

Isaiah 10:7
Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few.

I will appoint

Numbers 35:11
Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares.

Deuteronomy 4:41-43
Then Moses severed three cities on this side Jordan toward the sunrising; …

Deuteronomy 19:1-3,9
When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses; …







Lexicon
But if
וַאֲשֶׁר֙ (wa·’ă·šer)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

he did not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

lie in wait,
צָדָ֔ה (ṣā·ḏāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6658: To chase, to desolate

but God
וְהָאֱלֹהִ֖ים (wə·hā·’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

allowed it to happen,
אִנָּ֣ה (’in·nāh)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 579: To be opportune, to meet, encounter opportunely

then I will appoint
וְשַׂמְתִּ֤י (wə·śam·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

for you
לְךָ֙ (lə·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

a place
מָק֔וֹם (mā·qō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4725: A standing, a spot, a condition

where
אֲשֶׁ֥ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

he may flee.
יָנ֖וּס (yā·nūs)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5127: To flit, vanish away
(13) If a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand.--If, that is, without malice aforethought, a man happen upon his enemy, God's providence bringing the two into contact without man's contrivance, and the result is that one slay the other, then the law of the refuge or asylum shall come in. A place is to be provided whither the man-slayer may flee, and where he may be safe, at any rate until the cause is inquired into. Hitherto, throughout the East, it had been regarded as the duty of the next of kin to avenge homicide of whatever kind, and blood had been exacted for blood, however sudden, however provoked, however excusable had been the homicide. No right of asylum, so far as we know, had ever been established before. The Sinaitic legislation for the first time interposed the "city of refuge," between the "avenger of blood" and his victim. It was for the elders of the city to see that the privilege was not abused. Where the case was doubtful, the man-slayer had to be remitted for trial to the elders of his own town (Numbers 35:22-25); where the elders considered his claim made out, he was entitled to protection.

Verse 13. - God deliver him into his hand. This does not seem to mean more than, "if he chance upon him without seeking him." God' s providence does in fact bring about the meetings which men call accidental. I will appoint thee a place. When we first hear of the actual appointment, the number of the places was six - three on either side of Jordan. (See Joshua 20:7, 8; and compare Numbers 35:10-15, and Deuteronomy 19:2.) Thus there was always a city of refuge at a reasonable distance. 21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.
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