Numbers 35:20
New International Version
If anyone with malice aforethought shoves another or throws something at them intentionally so that they die

New Living Translation
So if someone hates another person and waits in ambush, then pushes him or throws something at him and he dies, it is murder.

English Standard Version
And if he pushed him out of hatred or hurled something at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Berean Study Bible
Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him,

New American Standard Bible
If he pushed him of hatred, or threw something at him lying in wait and as a result he died,

King James Bible
But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

Christian Standard Bible
Likewise, if anyone in hatred pushes a person or throws an object at him with malicious intent and he dies,

Good News Translation
"If you hate someone and kill him by pushing him down or by throwing something at him

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Likewise, if anyone in hatred pushes a person or throws an object at him with malicious intent and he dies,

International Standard Version
If the killer shoved his victim out of hatred, or hurled something at him while waiting in ambush so that he died,

NET Bible
"But if he strikes him out of hatred or throws something at him intentionally so that he dies,

New Heart English Bible
If he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If any of you kills someone you hate by shoving him or by deliberately throwing something at him,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him any thing, lying in wait, so that he died;

New American Standard 1977
‘And if he pushed him of hatred, or threw something at him lying in wait and as a result he died,

Jubilee Bible 2000
But if he thrusts him out of hatred or hurls at him by laying in wait, so that he dies

King James 2000 Bible
But if he pushes him from hatred, or hurls at him by lying in wait, that he dies;

American King James Version
But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

American Standard Version
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if he should thrust him through enmity, or cast any thing upon him from an ambuscade, and the man should die,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If through hatred any one push a man, or fling any thing- at him with ill design:

Darby Bible Translation
And if he thrust at him out of hatred, or hurl at him intentionally, so that he die,

English Revised Version
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died;

Webster's Bible Translation
But if he shall thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying in wait, that he die.

World English Bible
If he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Young's Literal Translation
And if in hatred he thrust him through, or hath cast anything at him by lying in wait, and he dieth;
Study Bible
Six Cities of Refuge
19The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him. 20Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him, 21or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him.…
Cross References
Genesis 4:8
Then Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let us go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

Exodus 21:14
But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death.

Numbers 35:19
The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him.

Numbers 35:21
or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him.

Deuteronomy 19:11
If, however, a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait, attacks him and kills him, and then flees to one of these cities,

2 Samuel 3:27
When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab pulled him aside into the gateway, as if to speak to him privately, and there Joab stabbed him in the stomach. So Abner died on account of the blood of Joab's brother Asahel.

2 Samuel 20:10
Amasa was not on guard against the dagger in Joab's hand, and Joab stabbed him in the stomach and spilled out his intestines on the ground. And Joab did not need to strike him again, for Amasa was dead. Then Joab and his brother Abishai pursued Sheba son of Bichri.

Treasury of Scripture

But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

if he thrust

Genesis 4:5,8
But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell…

2 Samuel 3:27
And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.

2 Samuel 13:22,28,29
And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar…

by laying

Exodus 21:14
But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Deuteronomy 19:11
But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities:

1 Samuel 18:10,11,25
And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand…







Lexicon
Likewise, if
וְאִם־ (wə·’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

anyone maliciously
בְּשִׂנְאָ֖ה (bə·śin·’āh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8135: Hating, hatred

pushes another
יֶהְדָּפֶ֑נּוּ (yeh·dā·p̄en·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1920: To thrust, drive, push

or
אֽוֹ־ (’ōw-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

intentionally
בִּצְדִיָּ֖ה (biṣ·ḏî·yāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6660: A lying-in-wait

throws an object
הִשְׁלִ֥יךְ (hiš·lîḵ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7993: To throw out, down, away

at him
עָלָ֛יו (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

and kills him,
וַיָּמֹֽת׃ (way·yā·mōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill
(20) But if he thrust him . . . --Better, And if . . .

That he die.--Better, that he died. So in Numbers 35:21-23.

Verse 20. - But if. Rather, "and if" (וְאִם). The consideration of willful murder is continued in these two verses, although chiefly with reference to the motive. It is to be understood that the deliberate intent was present in the former cases, and a new case is added, viz., if he smite him with his fist with fatal consequences. 35:9-34 To show plainly the abhorrence of murder, and to provide the more effectually for the punishment of the murderer, the nearest relation of the deceased, under the title of avenger of blood, (or the redeemer of blood,) in notorious cases, might pursue, and execute vengeance. A distinction is made, not between sudden anger and malice aforethought, both which are the crime of murder; but between intentionally striking a man with any weapon likely to cause death, and an unintentional blow. In the latter case alone, the city of refuge afforded protection. Murder in all its forms, and under all disguises, pollutes a land. Alas! that so many murders, under the name of duels, prize-fights, etc. should pass unpunished. There were six cities of refuge; one or other might be reached in less than a day's journey from any part of the land. To these, man-slayers might flee for refuge, and be safe, till they had a fair trial. If acquitted from the charge, they were protected from the avenger of blood; yet they must continue within the bounds of the city till the death of the high priest. Thus we are reminded that the death of the great High Priest is the only means whereby sins are pardoned, and sinners set at liberty. These cities are plainly alluded to, both in the Old and New Testament, we cannot doubt the typical character of their appointment. Turn ye to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope, saith the voice of mercy, Zec 9:12, alluding to the city of refuge. St. Paul describes the strong consolation of fleeing for refuge to the hope set before us, in a passage always applied to the gracious appointment of the cities of refuge, Heb 6:18. The rich mercies of salvation, through Christ, prefigured by these cities, demand our regard. 1. Did the ancient city rear its towers of safety on high? See Christ raised up on the cross; and is he not exalted at the right hand of his Father, to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance and remission of sins? 2. Does not the highway of salvation, resemble the smooth and plain path to the city of refuge? Survey the path that leads to the Redeemer. Is there any stumbling-block to be found therein, except that which an evil heart of unbelief supplies for its own fall? 3. Waymarks were set up pointing to the city. And is it not the office of the ministers of the gospel to direct sinners to Him? 4. The gate of the city stood open night and day. Has not Christ declared, Him that cometh unto me I will in nowise cast out? 5. The city of refuge afforded support to every one who entered its walls. Those who have reached the refuge, may live by faith on Him whose flesh is meat indeed, and whose blood is drink indeed. 6. The city was a refuge for all. In the gospel there is no respect of persons. That soul lives not which deserves not Divine wrath; that soul lives not which may not in simple faith hope for salvation and life eternal, through the Son of God.
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Aforethought Cast Die Died Dies Hate Hatred Hurl Hurled Intentionally Lying Malice Pushed Result Secretly Shoves Something Spear Stabbed Stone Sword Threw Throws Thrust Wait Waiting
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Alphabetical: a aforethought and another anyone as at died dies hatred he him If in intentionally lying malice of or pushed result shoves so something that threw throws wait with

OT Law: Numbers 35:20 If he thrust him of hatred (Nu Num.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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