Numbers 35:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
If anyone with malice aforethought shoves another or throws something at them intentionally so that they die

New Living Translation
So if someone hates another person and pushes him or throws a dangerous object at him and he dies, it is murder.

English Standard Version
And if he pushed him out of hatred or hurled something at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Berean Study Bible
Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him,

New American Standard Bible
If he pushed him of hatred, or threw something at him lying in wait and as a result he died,

King James Bible
But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

Christian Standard Bible
Likewise, if anyone in hatred pushes a person or throws an object at him with malicious intent and he dies,

Good News Translation
"If you hate someone and kill him by pushing him down or by throwing something at him

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Likewise, if anyone in hatred pushes a person or throws an object at him with malicious intent and he dies,

International Standard Version
If the killer shoved his victim out of hatred, or hurled something at him while waiting in ambush so that he died,

NET Bible
"But if he strikes him out of hatred or throws something at him intentionally so that he dies,

New Heart English Bible
If he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If any of you kills someone you hate by shoving him or by deliberately throwing something at him,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him any thing, lying in wait, so that he died;

New American Standard 1977
‘And if he pushed him of hatred, or threw something at him lying in wait and as a result he died,

Jubilee Bible 2000
But if he thrusts him out of hatred or hurls at him by laying in wait, so that he dies

King James 2000 Bible
But if he pushes him from hatred, or hurls at him by lying in wait, that he dies;

American King James Version
But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

American Standard Version
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If through hatred any one push a man, or fling any thing- at him with ill design:

Darby Bible Translation
And if he thrust at him out of hatred, or hurl at him intentionally, so that he die,

English Revised Version
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died;

Webster's Bible Translation
But if he shall thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying in wait, that he die.

World English Bible
If he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Young's Literal Translation
And if in hatred he thrust him through, or hath cast anything at him by lying in wait, and he dieth;
Study Bible
Six Cities of Refuge
19The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him. 20Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him, 21or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him.…
Cross References
Genesis 4:8
Then Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let us go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

Exodus 21:14
But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death.

Numbers 35:19
The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him.

Numbers 35:21
or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him.

Deuteronomy 19:11
If, however, a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait, attacks him and kills him, and then flees to one of these cities,

2 Samuel 3:27
When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab pulled him aside into the gateway, as if to speak to him privately, and there Joab stabbed him in the stomach. So Abner died on account of the blood of Joab's brother Asahel.

2 Samuel 20:10
Amasa was not on guard against the dagger in Joab's hand, and Joab stabbed him in the stomach and spilled out his intestines on the ground. And Joab did not need to strike him again, for Amasa was dead. Then Joab and his brother Abishai pursued Sheba son of Bichri.

Treasury of Scripture

But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

if he thrust

Genesis 4:5,8 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was …

2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the …

2 Samuel 13:22,28,29 And Absalom spoke to his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for …

2 Samuel 20:10 But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he …

1 Kings 2:5,6,31-33 Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and …

Proverbs 26:24 He that hates dissembles with his lips, and lays up deceit within him;

Proverbs 28:17 A man that does violence to the blood of any person shall flee to …

Luke 4:29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him to the brow …

by laying

Exodus 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with …

Deuteronomy 19:11 But if any man hate his neighbor, and lie in wait for him, and rise …

1 Samuel 18:10,11,25 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God …

1 Samuel 19:9-12 And the evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house …

1 Samuel 20:1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, …

1 Samuel 23:7-9 And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, …

1 Samuel 24:11 Moreover, my father, see, yes, see the skirt of your robe in my hand: …

Psalm 10:7-10 His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue …

Psalm 11:2 For, see, the wicked bend their bow, they make ready their arrow …

Psalm 35:7,8 For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which …

Psalm 57:4-6 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on …

Proverbs 1:18,19 And they lay wait for their own blood; they lurk privately for their …

Mark 6:19,24-26 Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed …

Acts 20:3 And there stayed three months. And when the Jews laid wait for him, …

Acts 23:21 But do not you yield to them: for there lie in wait for him of them …







(20) But if he thrust him . . . --Better, And if . . .

That he die.--Better, that he died. So in Numbers 35:21-23.

Verse 20. - But if. Rather, "and if" (וְאִם). The consideration of willful murder is continued in these two verses, although chiefly with reference to the motive. It is to be understood that the deliberate intent was present in the former cases, and a new case is added, viz., if he smite him with his fist with fatal consequences. But if he thrust him of hatred,.... Or, "and if" (r), since the Scripture is still speaking of such that shall die for murder, though in another instance, without having the privilege of a city of refuge; if he thrusts him with a sword or knife, or rather, since, if anything of that kind is included in the first instance of smiting with an instrument of iron, push him down from an high place, as Aben Ezra; so the men of Nazareth intended to have dispatched Christ in that way, Luke 4:29.

or hurl at him by lying in wait, that he die; as a bowing wall, as the same writer instances in, push down that upon him as he passes along, lying in wait for him; or throws anything at him, with an intention to kill him, and does; or casts down anything upon him, a large stone, or anything else, by which he dies.

(r) "et si", Pagninus, Montanus. 35:9-34 To show plainly the abhorrence of murder, and to provide the more effectually for the punishment of the murderer, the nearest relation of the deceased, under the title of avenger of blood, (or the redeemer of blood,) in notorious cases, might pursue, and execute vengeance. A distinction is made, not between sudden anger and malice aforethought, both which are the crime of murder; but between intentionally striking a man with any weapon likely to cause death, and an unintentional blow. In the latter case alone, the city of refuge afforded protection. Murder in all its forms, and under all disguises, pollutes a land. Alas! that so many murders, under the name of duels, prize-fights, etc. should pass unpunished. There were six cities of refuge; one or other might be reached in less than a day's journey from any part of the land. To these, man-slayers might flee for refuge, and be safe, till they had a fair trial. If acquitted from the charge, they were protected from the avenger of blood; yet they must continue within the bounds of the city till the death of the high priest. Thus we are reminded that the death of the great High Priest is the only means whereby sins are pardoned, and sinners set at liberty. These cities are plainly alluded to, both in the Old and New Testament, we cannot doubt the typical character of their appointment. Turn ye to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope, saith the voice of mercy, Zec 9:12, alluding to the city of refuge. St. Paul describes the strong consolation of fleeing for refuge to the hope set before us, in a passage always applied to the gracious appointment of the cities of refuge, Heb 6:18. The rich mercies of salvation, through Christ, prefigured by these cities, demand our regard. 1. Did the ancient city rear its towers of safety on high? See Christ raised up on the cross; and is he not exalted at the right hand of his Father, to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance and remission of sins? 2. Does not the highway of salvation, resemble the smooth and plain path to the city of refuge? Survey the path that leads to the Redeemer. Is there any stumbling-block to be found therein, except that which an evil heart of unbelief supplies for its own fall? 3. Waymarks were set up pointing to the city. And is it not the office of the ministers of the gospel to direct sinners to Him? 4. The gate of the city stood open night and day. Has not Christ declared, Him that cometh unto me I will in nowise cast out? 5. The city of refuge afforded support to every one who entered its walls. Those who have reached the refuge, may live by faith on Him whose flesh is meat indeed, and whose blood is drink indeed. 6. The city was a refuge for all. In the gospel there is no respect of persons. That soul lives not which deserves not Divine wrath; that soul lives not which may not in simple faith hope for salvation and life eternal, through the Son of God.
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Aforethought Cast Die Died Dies Hate Hatred Hurl Hurled Intentionally Lying Malice Pushed Result Secretly Shoves Something Spear Stabbed Stone Sword Threw Throws Thrust Wait Waiting
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Aforethought Cast Die Died Dies Hate Hatred Hurl Hurled Intentionally Lying Malice Pushed Result Secretly Shoves Something Spear Stabbed Stone Sword Threw Throws Thrust Wait Waiting
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Alphabetical: a aforethought and another anyone as at died dies hatred he him If in intentionally lying malice of or pushed result shoves so something that threw throws wait with

OT Law: Numbers 35:20 If he thrust him of hatred (Nu Num.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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