Numbers 35:20
New International Version
If anyone with malice aforethought shoves another or throws something at them intentionally so that they die

New Living Translation
So if someone hates another person and waits in ambush, then pushes him or throws something at him and he dies, it is murder.

English Standard Version
And if he pushed him out of hatred or hurled something at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Berean Study Bible
Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him,

King James Bible
But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

New King James Version
If he pushes him out of hatred or, while lying in wait, hurls something at him so that he dies,

New American Standard Bible
Now if he pushed him in hatred, or he threw something at him with malicious intent, and as a result he died,

NASB 1995
If he pushed him of hatred, or threw something at him lying in wait and as a result he died,

NASB 1977
‘And if he pushed him of hatred, or threw something at him lying in wait and as a result he died,

Amplified Bible
But if he pushed his victim out of hatred or threw something at him with malicious intent, and he died,

Christian Standard Bible
Likewise, if anyone in hatred pushes a person or throws an object at him with malicious intent and he dies,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Likewise, if anyone in hatred pushes a person or throws an object at him with malicious intent and he dies,

American Standard Version
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if he struck him with hatred or throws at him by treachery and he died, he is a murderer;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if he should thrust him through enmity, or cast any thing upon him from an ambuscade, and the man should die,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If through hatred any one push a man, or fling any thing- at him with ill design:

Good News Translation
"If you hate someone and kill him by pushing him down or by throwing something at him

International Standard Version
If the killer shoved his victim out of hatred, or hurled something at him while waiting in ambush so that he died,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him any thing, lying in wait, so that he died;

Literal Standard Version
And if he pushes him in hatred, or has cast [anything] at him by lying in wait, and he dies,

New American Bible
If someone pushes another out of hatred, or throws something from an ambush, and death results,

NET Bible
"But if he strikes him out of hatred or throws something at him intentionally so that he dies,

New Revised Standard Version
Likewise, if someone pushes another from hatred, or hurls something at another, lying in wait, and death ensues,

New Heart English Bible
If he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

World English Bible
If he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

Young's Literal Translation
And if in hatred he thrust him through, or hath cast anything at him by lying in wait, and he dieth;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Six Cities of Refuge
19The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him. 20Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him, 21or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him.…

Cross References
Genesis 4:8
Then Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let us go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

Exodus 21:14
But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death.

Numbers 35:19
The avenger of blood is to put the murderer to death; when he finds him, he is to kill him.

Numbers 35:21
or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him.

Deuteronomy 19:11
If, however, a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait, attacks him and kills him, and then flees to one of these cities,

2 Samuel 3:27
When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab pulled him aside into the gateway, as if to speak to him privately, and there Joab stabbed him in the stomach. So Abner died on account of the blood of Joab's brother Asahel.

2 Samuel 20:10
Amasa was not on guard against the dagger in Joab's hand, and Joab stabbed him in the stomach and spilled out his intestines on the ground. And Joab did not need to strike him again, for Amasa was dead. Then Joab and his brother Abishai pursued Sheba son of Bichri.


Treasury of Scripture

But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

if he thrust

Genesis 4:5,8
But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell…

2 Samuel 3:27
And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.

2 Samuel 13:22,28,29
And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar…

by laying

Exodus 21:14
But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Deuteronomy 19:11
But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities:

1 Samuel 18:10,11,25
And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand…











(20) But if he thrust him . . . --Better, And if . . .

That he die.--Better, that he died. So in Numbers 35:21-23.

Verse 20. - But if. Rather, "and if" (וְאִם). The consideration of willful murder is continued in these two verses, although chiefly with reference to the motive. It is to be understood that the deliberate intent was present in the former cases, and a new case is added, viz., if he smite him with his fist with fatal consequences.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Likewise, if
וְאִם־ (wə·’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

anyone maliciously
בְּשִׂנְאָ֖ה (bə·śin·’āh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8135: Hating, hatred

pushes another
יֶהְדָּפֶ֑נּוּ (yeh·dā·p̄en·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1920: To thrust, drive, push

or
אֽוֹ־ (’ōw-)
Conjunction
Strong's 176: Desire, if

intentionally
בִּצְדִיָּ֖ה (biṣ·ḏî·yāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 6660: A lying-in-wait

throws an object
הִשְׁלִ֥יךְ (hiš·lîḵ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7993: To throw out, down, away

at him
עָלָ֛יו (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

and kills him,
וַיָּמֹֽת׃ (way·yā·mōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill


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Aforethought Cast Die Died Dies Hate Hatred Hurl Hurled Intentionally Lying Malice Pushed Result Secretly Shoves Something Spear Stabbed Stone Sword Threw Throws Thrust Wait Waiting
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OT Law: Numbers 35:20 If he thrust him of hatred (Nu Num.)
Numbers 35:19
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