Exodus 21:14
New International Version
But if anyone schemes and kills someone deliberately, that person is to be taken from my altar and put to death.

New Living Translation
However, if someone deliberately kills another person, then the slayer must be dragged even from my altar and be put to death.

English Standard Version
But if a man willfully attacks another to kill him by cunning, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

Berean Study Bible
But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death.

King James Bible
But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

New King James Version
“But if a man acts with premeditation against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you shall take him from My altar, that he may die.

New American Standard Bible
If, however, someone is enraged against his neighbor, so as to kill him in a cunning way, you are to take him even from My altar, to be put to death.

NASB 1995
"If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

NASB 1977
“If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

Amplified Bible
But if a man acts intentionally against another and kills him by [design through] treachery, you are to take him from My altar [to which he may have fled for protection], so that he may be put to death.

Christian Standard Bible
If a person schemes and willfully acts against his neighbor to murder him, you must take him from my altar to be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a person schemes and willfully acts against his neighbor to murder him, you must take him from My altar to be put to death."

American Standard Version
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if a man will presume against his neighbor and will kill him by treachery, take him from the presence of my altar to kill him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if any one lie in wait for his neighbour to slay him by craft, and he go for refuge, thou shalt take him from my altar to put him to death.

Contemporary English Version
If you plan in advance to murder someone, there's no escape, not even by holding on to my altar. You will be dragged off and killed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man kill his neighbour on set purpose and by lying in wait for him: thou shalt take him away from my altar, that he may die.

English Revised Version
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Good News Translation
But when someone gets angry and deliberately kills someone else, he is to be put to death, even if he has run to my altar for safety.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But whenever someone becomes so angry that he plans to kill his neighbor, you must take him away from my altar and put him to death.

International Standard Version
If a man acts deliberately against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you are to take him to die even if he's at my altar.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from Mine altar, that he may die.

Literal Standard Version
And when a man presumes against his neighbor to slay him with subtlety, you take him from My altar to die.

NET Bible
But if a man willfully attacks his neighbor to kill him cunningly, you will take him even from my altar that he may die.

New Heart English Bible
If a man schemes and comes presumptuously on his neighbor to kill him, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

World English Bible
If a man schemes and comes presumptuously on his neighbor to kill him, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a man doth presume against his neighbour to slay him with subtilty, from Mine altar thou dost take him to die.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Personal Injury Laws
13If, however, he did not lie in wait, but God allowed it to happen, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee. 14But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death. 15Whoever strikes his father or mother must surely be put to death.…

Cross References
Exodus 21:15
Whoever strikes his father or mother must surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:16
If, however, anyone strikes a person with an iron object and kills him, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:20
Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him,

Deuteronomy 19:11
If, however, a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait, attacks him and kills him, and then flees to one of these cities,

Deuteronomy 19:12
the elders of his city must send for him, bring him back, and hand him over to the avenger of blood to die.

1 Kings 2:28
When the news reached Joab, who had conspired with Adonijah but not with Absalom, he fled to the tent of the LORD and took hold of the horns of the altar.

1 Kings 2:29
It was reported to King Solomon: "Joab has fled to the tent of the LORD and is now beside the altar." So Solomon sent Benaiah son of Jehoiada, saying, "Go, strike him down!"

1 Kings 2:31
And the king replied, "Do just as he says. Strike him down and bury him, and so remove from me and from the house of my father the innocent blood that Joab shed.

Proverbs 28:17
A man burdened by bloodguilt will flee into the Pit; let no one support him.


Treasury of Scripture

But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

presumptuously

Numbers 15:30,31
But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people…

Deuteronomy 1:43
So I spake unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD, and went presumptuously up into the hill.

Deuteronomy 17:12,13
And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel…

slay

Numbers 35:20,21
But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die; …

Deuteronomy 27:24
Cursed be he that smiteth his neighbour secretly. And all the people shall say, Amen.

2 Samuel 3:27
And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.

take him

1 Kings 1:50,51
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar…

1 Kings 2:28-34
Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar…

2 Kings 11:15
But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her forth without the ranges: and him that followeth her kill with the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain in the house of the LORD.









(14) If a man come presumptuously.--Rather, if a man come maliciously, or with premeditation. (Vulg., de industria.)

Thou shalt take him from mine altar.--Comp. 1Kings 2:28-34. In most parts of the ancient world a scruple was felt about putting criminals to death when once they had taken sanctuary, and those who did so were regarded as accursed (Herod. v. 71, 72; Thucyd. i. 126; Plut. Vit. Sol., ? 12). The Mosaic Law regarded this scruple as a superstition, and refused to sanction it.

Verse 14. - Presumptuously. Or "proudly," "arrogantly." Thou shalt take him from mine altar. See the comment on ver. 12.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But if
וְכִֽי־ (wə·ḵî-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
אִ֛ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

schemes
בְעָרְמָ֑ה (ḇə·‘ā·rə·māh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 6195: Trickery, discretion

and acts willfully
יָזִ֥ד (yā·ziḏ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2102: To boil up, seethe, act proudly or presumptuously or rebelliously

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his neighbor
רֵעֵ֖הוּ (rê·‘ê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

to kill him,
לְהָרְג֣וֹ (lə·hā·rə·ḡōw)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 2026: To smite with deadly intent

you must take him
תִּקָּחֶ֖נּוּ (tiq·qā·ḥen·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

away from
מֵעִ֣ם (mê·‘im)
Preposition-m
Strong's 5973: With, equally with

My altar
מִזְבְּחִ֔י (miz·bə·ḥî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 4196: An altar

to be put to death.
לָמֽוּת׃ (lā·mūṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill


Jump to Previous
Act Acts Altar Attacks Craftily Deceit Deliberately Die Guile However Kill Kills Makes Neighbor Neighbour Presume Presumptuously Purpose Schemes Slay Subtilty Willfully y
Jump to Next
Act Acts Altar Attacks Craftily Deceit Deliberately Die Guile However Kill Kills Makes Neighbor Neighbour Presume Presumptuously Purpose Schemes Slay Subtilty Willfully y
Links
Exodus 21:14 NIV
Exodus 21:14 NLT
Exodus 21:14 ESV
Exodus 21:14 NASB
Exodus 21:14 KJV

Exodus 21:14 BibleApps.com
Exodus 21:14 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 21:14 Chinese Bible
Exodus 21:14 French Bible
Exodus 21:14 Clyx Quotations

OT Law: Exodus 21:14 If a man schemes and comes presumptuously (Exo. Ex)
Exodus 21:13
Top of Page
Top of Page