Psalm 78:18
New International Version
They willfully put God to the test by demanding the food they craved.

New Living Translation
They stubbornly tested God in their hearts, demanding the foods they craved.

English Standard Version
They tested God in their heart by demanding the food they craved.

Berean Study Bible
They willfully tested God by demanding the food they craved.

New American Standard Bible
And in their heart they put God to the test By asking food according to their desire.

King James Bible
And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

Christian Standard Bible
They deliberately tested God, demanding the food they craved.

Contemporary English Version
They stubbornly tested God and demanded from him what they wanted to eat.

Good News Translation
They deliberately put God to the test by demanding the food they wanted.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They deliberately tested God, demanding the food they craved.

International Standard Version
To test God was in their minds, when they demanded food to satisfy their cravings.

NET Bible
They willfully challenged God by asking for food to satisfy their appetite.

New Heart English Bible
They tempted God in their heart by asking food according to their desire.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they tempted God in their heart, asking for food for themselves.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They deliberately tested God by demanding the food they craved.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they tried God in their heart By asking food for their craving.

New American Standard 1977
And in their heart they put God to the test By asking food according to their desire.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they tempted God in their heart by asking for food according to the desires of their soul.

King James 2000 Bible
And they tested God in their heart by asking food for their lust.

American King James Version
And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

American Standard Version
And they tempted God in their heart By asking food according to their desire.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they tempted God in their hearts, in asking meat for the desire of their souls.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they tempted God in their hearts, by asking meat for their desires.

Darby Bible Translation
And they tempted God in their heart, by asking meat for their lust;

English Revised Version
And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they tempted God in their heart by asking food for their desire.

World English Bible
They tempted God in their heart by asking food according to their desire.

Young's Literal Translation
And they try God in their heart, To ask food for their lust.
Study Bible
I Will Open My Mouth in Parables
17But they continued to sin against Him, rebelling in the desert against the Most High. 18They willfully tested God by demanding the food they craved. 19They spoke against God, saying, “Can God really prepare a table in the wilderness?…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:9
We should not test Christ, as some of them did, and were killed by snakes.

Exodus 17:2
So the people contended with Moses, "Give us water to drink." "Why do you contend with me?" Moses replied. "Why do you test the LORD?"

Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb; when you strike the rock, water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 11:4
Meanwhile, the rabble among them had a strong craving for other food, and again the Israelites wept and said, "Who will feed us meat?

Deuteronomy 6:16
Do not test the LORD your God as you tested Him at Massah.

Psalm 78:41
Again and again they tested God and provoked the Holy One of Israel.

Psalm 78:56
But they tested and disobeyed God Most High, for they did not keep His decrees.

Psalm 95:9
where your fathers tested and tried Me, though they had seen My work.

Psalm 105:40
They asked, and He brought quail and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.

Psalm 106:14
They craved intensely in the wilderness and tested God in the desert.

Treasury of Scripture

And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

by asking meat

Psalm 106:14,15
But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert…

Exodus 16:2,3
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: …

Numbers 11:4
And the mixt multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat?







Lexicon
They willfully
בִּלְבָבָ֑ם (bil·ḇā·ḇām)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3824: Inner man, mind, will, heart

tested
וַיְנַסּוּ־ (way·nas·sū-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5254: To test, to attempt

God
אֵ֥ל (’êl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 410: Strength -- as adjective, mighty, the Almighty

by demanding
לִֽשְׁאָל־ (liš·’āl-)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7592: To inquire, to request, to demand

the food
אֹ֥כֶל (’ō·ḵel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 400: Food

they craved.
לְנַפְשָֽׁם׃ (lə·nap̄·šām)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion
Verse 18. - And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust; rather, by asking food (Kay, Cheyne, Alexander). The term used (אכל) is wide enough to include both bread (לחם) and flesh (שׁאר). "For their lust" (literally, "for their soul") means for the gratification of their carnal appetites (comp. Exodus 16:3; Numbers 11:5). 78:9-39. Sin dispirits men, and takes away the heart. Forgetfulness of God's works is the cause of disobedience to his laws. This narrative relates a struggle between God's goodness and man's badness. The Lord hears all our murmurings and distrusts, and is much displeased. Those that will not believe the power of God's mercy, shall feel the fire of his indignation. Those cannot be said to trust in God's salvation as their happiness at last, who can not trust his providence in the way to it. To all that by faith and prayer, ask, seek, and knock, these doors of heaven shall at any time be opened; and our distrust of God is a great aggravation of our sins. He expressed his resentment of their provocation; not in denying what they sinfully lusted after, but in granting it to them. Lust is contented with nothing. Those that indulge their lust, will never be estranged from it. Those hearts are hard indeed, that will neither be melted by the mercies of the Lord, nor broken by his judgments. Those that sin still, must expect to be in trouble still. And the reason why we live with so little comfort, and to so little purpose, is, because we do not live by faith. Under these rebukes they professed repentance, but they were not sincere, for they were not constant. In Israel's history we have a picture of our own hearts and lives. God's patience, and warnings, and mercies, imbolden them to harden their hearts against his word. And the history of kingdoms is much the same. Judgments and mercies have been little attended to, until the measure of their sins has been full. And higher advantages have not kept churches from declining from the commandments of God. Even true believers recollect, that for many a year they abused the kindness of Providence. When they come to heaven, how will they admire the Lord's patience and mercy in bringing them to his kingdom!
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