Proverbs 20:4
New International Version
Sluggards do not plow in season; so at harvest time they look but find nothing.

New Living Translation
Those too lazy to plow in the right season will have no food at the harvest.

English Standard Version
The sluggard does not plow in the autumn; he will seek at harvest and have nothing.

Berean Study Bible
The slacker does not plow in season; at harvest time he looks, but nothing is there.

King James Bible
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.

New King James Version
The lazy man will not plow because of winter; He will beg during harvest and have nothing.

New American Standard Bible
The lazy one does not plow after the autumn, So he begs during the harvest and has nothing.

NASB 1995
The sluggard does not plow after the autumn, So he begs during the harvest and has nothing.

NASB 1977
The sluggard does not plow after the autumn, So he begs during the harvest and has nothing.

Amplified Bible
The lazy man does not plow when the winter [planting] season arrives; So he begs at the [next] harvest and has nothing [to reap].

Christian Standard Bible
The slacker does not plow during planting season; at harvest time he looks, and there is nothing.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The slacker does not plow during planting season; at harvest time he looks, and there is nothing.

American Standard Version
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the winter; Therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A lazy man is reproached and does not keep silent; he begs in harvest and there is no water.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
A sluggard when reproached is not ashamed: so also he who borrows corn in harvest.

Contemporary English Version
If you are too lazy to plow, don't expect a harvest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because of the cold the sluggard would not plough: he shall beg therefore in the summer, and it shall not be given him.

English Revised Version
The slothful will not plow by reason of the winter; therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Good News Translation
A farmer too lazy to plow his fields at the right time will have nothing to harvest.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A lazy person does not plow in the fall. He looks for something in the harvest but finds nothing.

International Standard Version
A lazy person doesn't plow in the proper season; he looks for a harvest, but there is nothing.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The sluggard will not plow when winter setteth in; Therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Literal Standard Version
The slothful does not plow because of winter, "" He asks in harvest, and there is nothing.

NET Bible
The sluggard will not plow during the planting season, so at harvest time he looks for the crop but has nothing.

New Heart English Bible
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the winter; therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.

World English Bible
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the winter; therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Young's Literal Translation
Because of winter the slothful plougheth not, He asketh in harvest, and there is nothing.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Wine is a Mocker
3It is honorable for a man to resolve a dispute, but any fool will quarrel. 4The slacker does not plow in season; at harvest time he looks, but nothing is there. 5The intentions of a man’s heart are deep waters, but a man of understanding draws them out.…

Cross References
Proverbs 6:6
Walk in the manner of the ant, O slacker; observe its ways and become wise.

Proverbs 13:4
The slacker craves yet has nothing, but the soul of the diligent is fully satisfied.

Proverbs 20:5
The intentions of a man's heart are deep waters, but a man of understanding draws them out.

Proverbs 21:25
The craving of the slacker kills him because his hands refuse to work.


Treasury of Scripture

The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.

sluggard

Proverbs 10:4
He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.

Proverbs 19:15,24
Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger…

Proverbs 26:13-16
The slothful man saith, There is a lion in the way; a lion is in the streets…

cold

Proverbs 6:10,11
Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep: …

Proverbs 19:15
Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.

Proverbs 24:34
So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth; and thy want as an armed man.









Verse 4. - The sluggard will not plough by reason of the cold; propter frigus, Vulgate. But חֹרֶפ (choreph) denotes the time of gathering - the autumn; so we would translate, "At the time of harvest the sluggard ploughs not" - just when the ground is most easily and profitably worked. "The weakness of the coulter and other parts of the plough requires that advantage be taken, in all but the most friable soils, of the softening of the surface by the winter or spring rains; so that the peasant, if industrious, has to plough in the winter, though sluggards still shrink from its cold, and have to beg in the harvest" (Geikie, 'Holy Land and Bible,' 2:491). Therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing. So the Vulgate, Mendicabit ergo aestate, et non dabitur illi. But this does not accurately represent the meaning of the clause. If ever the prosperous are disposed to relieve the needy, it would be at the time when they have safely garnered their produce; an appeal to their charity at such a moment would not be made in vain. Rather the sentence signifies that the lazy man, having neglected to have his land ploughed at the proper time, "when he asks (for his fruits) at harvest time, there is nothing." He puts off tilling his fields day after day, or never looks to see if his labourers do their duty, and so his land is not cultivated, and he has no crop to reap when autumn comes. "By the street of By-and-by one arrives at the house of Never" (Spanish proverb). Taking a different interpretation of the word choreph, the LXX. renders, "Being reproached, the sluggard is not ashamed, no more than he who borrows corn in harvest."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The sluggard
עָצֵ֣ל (‘ā·ṣêl)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 6102: Sluggish, lazy

does not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

plow
יַחֲרֹ֑שׁ (ya·ḥă·rōš)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2790: To cut in, engrave, plow, devise

in season;
מֵ֭חֹרֶף (mê·ḥō·rep̄)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2779: The crop gathered, the autumn, season, ripeness of age

at harvest time
בַּקָּצִ֣יר (baq·qā·ṣîr)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7105: Severed, harvest, the crop, the time, the reaper, a limb

he looks,
וְשָׁאַ֖ל (wə·šā·’al)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7592: To inquire, to request, to demand

but nothing is there.
וָאָֽיִן׃ (wā·’ā·yin)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's 369: A non-entity, a negative particle


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OT Poetry: Proverbs 20:4 The sluggard will not plow by reason (Prov. Pro Pr)
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