Proverbs 20:1
New International Version
Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

New Living Translation
Wine produces mockers; alcohol leads to brawls. Those led astray by drink cannot be wise.

English Standard Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.

Berean Study Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is a brawler, and whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

New American Standard Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, And whoever is intoxicated by it is not wise.

King James Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Christian Standard Bible
Wine is a mocker, beer is a brawler; whoever goes astray because of them is not wise.

Contemporary English Version
It isn't smart to get drunk! Drinking makes a fool of you and leads to fights.

Good News Translation
Drinking too much makes you loud and foolish. It's stupid to get drunk.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Wine is a mocker, beer is a brawler, and whoever staggers because of them is not wise.

International Standard Version
Wine causes mocking, and beer causes fights; everyone led astray by them lacks wisdom.

NET Bible
Wine is a mocker and strong drink is a brawler; whoever goes astray by them is not wise.

New Heart English Bible
Wine is a mocker, and beer is a brawler. Whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Wine is strong and drunkenness is disgraceful, and no one that is excessive in it is wise.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Wine [makes people] mock, liquor [makes them] noisy, and everyone under their influence is unwise.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is riotous; And whosoever reeleth thereby is not wise.

New American Standard 1977
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, And whoever is intoxicated by it is not wise.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Wine makes a mocker, and beer a reveler, and whoever errs concerning them shall never be wise.

King James 2000 Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

American King James Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

American Standard Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; And whosoever erreth thereby is not wise.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Wine is an intemperate thing, and strong drink full of violence: but every fool is entangled with them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wine is a luxurious thing, and drunkenness riotous: whosoever is delighted therewith shell not be wise.

Darby Bible Translation
Wine is a scorner, strong drink is raging; and whoso erreth thereby is not wise.

English Revised Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; and whosoever erreth thereby is not wise.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived by it is not wise.

World English Bible
Wine is a mocker, and beer is a brawler. Whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Young's Literal Translation
Wine is a scorner -- strong drink is noisy, And any going astray in it is not wise.
Study Bible
Wine is a Mocker
1Wine is a mocker, strong drink is a brawler, and whoever is led astray by them is not wise. 2The terror of a king is like the roar of a lion; whoever provokes him forfeits his own life.…
Cross References
Ephesians 5:18
Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to reckless indiscretion. Instead, be filled with the Spirit.

Genesis 9:21
But when he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and uncovered himself inside his tent.

Leviticus 10:9
"You and your sons are not to drink wine or strong drink when you enter the Tent of Meeting, or else you will die; this is a perpetual statute for the generations to come.

1 Samuel 25:36
When Abigail returned to Nabal, there he was in the house, holding a feast fit for a king, in high spirits and very drunk. So she told him nothing until morning light.

2 Samuel 11:13
Then David invited Uriah to eat and drink with him, and he got Uriah drunk. And in the evening he went out to lie down on his cot with his master's servants, but he did not go home.

1 Kings 20:16
They marched out at noon while Ben-hadad and the 32 kings allied with him were in their tents getting drunk.

Proverbs 23:20
Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat.

Proverbs 23:29
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaints? Who has needless wounds? Who has bloodshot eyes?

Proverbs 23:30
Those who linger over wine, those who go to taste mixed drinks.

Proverbs 23:32
In the end it bites like a snake and stings like a viper.

Proverbs 31:4
It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, or for rulers to crave strong drink,

Isaiah 5:22
Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine, and champions in mixing beer,

Isaiah 28:7
These also stagger from wine and stumble from strong drink: Priests and prophets reel from strong drink and are befuddled by wine. They stumble because of strong drink, muddled in their visions and stumbling in their judgments.

Isaiah 56:12
"Come, let me get the wine, let us imbibe the strong drink, and tomorrow will be like today, only far better!"

Hosea 4:11
Promiscuity, wine, and new wine take away understanding.

Habakkuk 2:5
furthermore, wine betrays; an arrogant man is never at rest. He enlarges his appetite like Sheol, and like Death, he is never satisfied. He gathers all nations to himself and collects all the peoples as his own.

Treasury of Scripture

Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived thereby is not wise.







Lexicon
Wine
הַ֭יַּין‪‬ (hay·yayn)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3196: Wine, intoxication

is a mocker,
לֵ֣ץ (lêṣ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3887: Ambassador, have in derision, interpreter, make a mock, mocker

strong drink
שֵׁכָ֑ר (šê·ḵār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7941: An intoxicant, intensely alcoholic liquor

is a brawler,
הֹמֶ֣ה (hō·meh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1993: To make a, loud sound, commotion, tumult, to rage, war, moan, clamor

and whoever
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

is led astray
שֹׁ֥גֶה (šō·ḡeh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7686: To stray, to mistake, to transgress, to reel, be enraptured

by them
בּ֝֗וֹ (bōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

is not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

wise.
יֶחְכָּֽם׃ (yeḥ·kām)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2449: To be wise
XX.

(1) Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging--i.e., producing these effects in those who subject themselves to their power.

Verse 1. - Wine is a mocker; or, scorner, the word (luts) being taken up from the last chapter. The liquor is, as it were, personified, as doing what men do under its influence. Thus inebriated persons scoff at what is holy, reject reproof, ridicule all that is serious. Septuagint, Ἀκόλαστον οϊνος, "Wine is an undisciplined thing;" Vulgate, Luxuriosa res, vinum. Strong drink is raging; a brawler, Revised Version. Shekar, σίκερα (Luke 1:15), is most frequently employed of any intoxicating drink not made from grapes, e.g. palm wine, mead, etc. The inordinate use of this renders men noisy and boisterous, no longer masters of themselves or restrained by the laws of morality or decency. Septuagint, Υβιστικὸν μέθη, "Drunkenness is insolent." Theognis has some sensible lines on this matter ('Parch.,' 479) -

Ος δ α}ν ὑπερβάλλῃ πόσιος μὲτρον οὐκέτι
Τῆς αὐτοῦ γλώσσης καρτερὸς οὐδὲ νόου
Μυθεῖται δ ἀπάλαμνα τὰ νήφοσι γίγνεται αἰσχρά
Αἰδεῖται δ ἕρδων οὐδὲν ὅταν μεθύῃ
Τὸ πρὶν ἐὼν σώφρων τότε νήπιος Whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. No one who reels under the influence of, is overpowered by, wine is wise (Isaiah 28:7). Septuagint, "Every fool is involved in such." Says a Latin adage -

"Ense cadunt multi, perimit sed crapula plures." More are drowned in the wine cup than in the ocean, say the Germans (comp. Proverbs 23:29, etc.; Ephesians 5:18). 20:1 It seems hard to believe that men of the greatest abilities, as well as the ignorant, should render themselves fools and madmen, merely for the taste or excitement produced by strong liquors. 2. How formidable kings are to those who provoke them! how much more foolish then is it to provoke the King of kings! 3. To engage in quarrels is the greatest folly that can be. Yield, and even give up just demands, for peace' sake. 4. He who labours and endures hardship in his seed-time for eternity, will be properly diligent as to his earthly business.
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