Proverbs 23:29
New International Version
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?

New Living Translation
Who has anguish? Who has sorrow? Who is always fighting? Who is always complaining? Who has unnecessary bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?

English Standard Version
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes?

Berean Study Bible
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaints? Who has needless wounds? Who has bloodshot eyes?

New American Standard Bible
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes?

King James Bible
Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes?

Christian Standard Bible
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has conflicts? Who has complaints? Who has wounds for no reason? Who has red eyes?

Contemporary English Version
Who is always in trouble? Who argues and fights? Who has cuts and bruises? Whose eyes are red?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has conflicts? Who has complaints? Who has wounds for no reason? Who has red eyes?

International Standard Version
Who has woe? Who has grief? Who has contention? Who has complaints? Who has wounds without cause? Who has bloodshot eyes?

NET Bible
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaints? Who has wounds without cause? Who has dullness of the eyes?

New Heart English Bible
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Who has woe? Who has trouble? Who has judgment and who has afflictions? Who has wounds without cause and who has red eyes?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who has trouble? Who has misery? Who has quarrels? Who has a complaint? Who has wounds for no reason? Who has bloodshot eyes?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who crieth: 'Woe'? who: 'Alas'? Who hath contentions? who hath raving? Who hath wounds without cause? Who hath redness of eyes?

New American Standard 1977
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes?

Jubilee Bible 2000
For who shall be the woe? for who shall be the woe? for who contention? for who quarrels? for who the wounds without cause? who shall have redness of eyes?

King James 2000 Bible
Who has woe? who has sorrow? who has contentions? who has babbling? who has wounds without cause? who has redness of eyes?

American King James Version
Who has woe? who has sorrow? who has contentions? who has babbling? who has wounds without cause? who has redness of eyes?

American Standard Version
Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? Who hath complaining? who hath wounds without cause? Who hath redness of eyes?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Who has woe? who trouble? who has quarrels? and who vexations and disputes? who has bruises without a cause? whose eyes are livid?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who hath woe? whose father hath woe? who hath contentions? who falls into pits? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes?

Darby Bible Translation
Who hath woe? Who hath sorrow? Who contentions? Who complaining? Who wounds without cause? Who redness of eyes?

English Revised Version
Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath complaining? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes?

World English Bible
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?

Young's Literal Translation
Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? Who hath contentions? who hath plaint? Who hath wounds without cause? Who hath redness of eyes?
Study Bible
True Riches
28Like a robber she lies in wait and multiplies the faithless among men. 29Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaints? Who has needless wounds? Who has bloodshot eyes? 30Those who linger over wine, those who go to taste mixed drinks.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 11:13
Then David invited Uriah to eat and drink with him, and he got Uriah drunk. And in the evening he went out to lie down on his cot with his master's servants, but he did not go home.

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is a brawler, and whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Proverbs 23:20
Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat.

Isaiah 5:11
Woe to those who rise early in the morning in pursuit of strong drink, who linger into the evening, to be inflamed by wine.

Isaiah 5:22
Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine, and champions in mixing beer,

Treasury of Scripture

Who has woe? who has sorrow? who has contentions? who has babbling? who has wounds without cause? who has redness of eyes?

who hath woe

Proverbs 23:21
For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags.

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

1 Samuel 25:36,37
And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light…

redness

Genesis 49:12
His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.







Lexicon
Who
לְמִ֨י (lə·mî)
Preposition-l | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

has woe?
א֥וֹי (’ō·w)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 188: Lamentation, Oh!

Who
לְמִ֪י (lə·mî)
Preposition-l | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

has sorrow?
אֲב֡וֹי (’ă·ḇō·w)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 17: Want

Who
לְמִ֤י (lə·mî)
Preposition-l | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

has contentions?
מִדְיָנִ֨ים ׀ (miḏ·yā·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4066: A contest, quarrel

Who
לְמִ֥י (lə·mî)
Preposition-l | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

has complaints?
שִׂ֗יחַ (śî·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7879: A contemplation, an utterance

Who
לְ֭מִי (lə·mî)
Preposition-l | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

{has} needless
חִנָּ֑ם (ḥin·nām)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 2600: Gratis, devoid of cost, reason, advantage

wounds?
פְּצָעִ֣ים (pə·ṣā·‘îm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6482: A bruise, wound

Who
לְ֝מִ֗י (lə·mî)
Preposition-l | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

has bloodshot
חַכְלִל֥וּת (ḥaḵ·li·lūṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2448: Flash, blearedness

eyes?
עֵינָֽיִם׃ (‘ê·nā·yim)
Noun - cd
Strong's Hebrew 5869: An eye, a fountain
(29) Wounds without cause?--Which might have been avoided, and which serve no good end.

Redness of eyes?--Rather, dimness.

Verses 29-35. - Here follows a mashal ode or song on the subject of drunkenness, which is closely connected with the sin mentioned in the previous lines. Verse 29. - Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? Hebrew, lemi oi, lemi aboi, where oi and aboi are interjections of pain or grief. So Venetian, τίνι αι} τίνι φεῦ; Revised Version margin, Who hath Oh? who hath Alas? The Vulgate has stumbled at the second expression, which is an ἄπαξ λεγόμενον, and resolving it into two words, translates, Cujus patri vae? Contentions; the brawling and strife to which drunkenness leads (Proverbs 20:1). Babbling; שִׂיחַ (siach) is rather "meditation," "sorrowful thought" showing itself in complaining, regret for lost fortune, ruined health, alienated friends. Others render "misery,....penury." St. Jerome's foveae is derived from a different reading. The LXX. has κρίσεις, "lawsuits," ἀηδίαι καὶ λέσχαι, "disgust and gossipings." Wounds without cause; wounds which might have been avoided, the result of quarrels in which a sober man would never have engaged, Redness of eyes. The Hebrew word chakIi-luth is commonly taken to mean the flashing of eyes occasioned by vinous excitement. The Authorized Version refers it to the bloodshot appearance of a drunkard's eyes, as in Genesis 49:12, according to the same version. but Delitzsch, Nowack, and many modern commentators consider that the word indicates "dimness of sight," that change in the power of vision when the stimulant reaches the brain. Septuagint, "Whose eyes are livid (πελιδνοί)?" The effects of intemperance are described in a well known passage of Lucretius, 'De Rer. Nat.,' 3:475, etc. -

"Denique, cor hominum quota vini vis penetravit
Acris, et in venas discessit diditus ardor,
Consequitur gravitas membrorum, praespediuntur
Crura vacillanti, tardescit lingua, madet mens,
Nant oculei; clamor, singultus, jurgia gliscunt."
We may refer to the article in Jeremy Taylor's 'Holy Living' on "Evil Consequents to Drunkenness," and to Ecclus. 34 (31):25, etc. 23:29-35 Solomon warns against drunkenness. Those that would be kept from sin, must keep from all the beginnings of it, and fear coming within reach of its allurements. Foresee the punishment, what it will at last end in, if repentance prevent not. It makes men quarrel. Drunkards wilfully make woe and sorrow for themselves. It makes men impure and insolent. The tongue grows unruly; the heart utters things contrary to reason, religion, and common civility. It stupifies and besots men. They are in danger of death, of damnation; as much exposed as if they slept upon the top of a mast, yet feel secure. They fear no peril when the terrors of the Lord are before them; they feel no pain when the judgments of God are actually upon them. So lost is a drunkard to virtue and honour, so wretchedly is his conscience seared, that he is not ashamed to say, I will seek it again. With good reason we were bid to stop before the beginning. Who that has common sense would contract a habit, or sell himself to a sin, which tends to such guilt and misery, and exposes a man every day to the danger of dying insensible, and awaking in hell? Wisdom seems in these chapters to take up the discourse as at the beginning of the book. They must be considered as the words of Christ to the sinner.
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