Proverbs 29:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
A servant pampered from youth will turn out to be insolent.

New Living Translation
A servant pampered from childhood will become a rebel.

English Standard Version
Whoever pampers his servant from childhood will in the end find him his heir.

Berean Study Bible
A servant pampered from his youth will bring grief in the end.

New American Standard Bible
He who pampers his slave from childhood Will in the end find him to be a son.

King James Bible
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become his son at the length.

Christian Standard Bible
A servant pampered from his youth will become arrogant later on.

Contemporary English Version
Slaves that you treat kindly from their childhood will cause you sorrow.

Good News Translation
If you give your servants everything they want from childhood on, some day they will take over everything you own.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A slave pampered from his youth will become arrogant later on.

International Standard Version
If you pamper a servant from his childhood, later on he'll become ungrateful.

NET Bible
If someone pampers his servant from youth, he will be a weakling in the end.

New Heart English Bible
He who pampers his servant from youth will have him become a son in the end.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He that is pampered from his childhood will be a Servant, and at his end he will groan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Pamper a slave from childhood, and later he will be ungrateful.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child Shall have him become master at the last.

New American Standard 1977
He who pampers his slave from childhood Will in the end find him to be a son.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He that gives freely unto his slave from a child shall have him become his son in the end.

King James 2000 Bible
He that carefully brings up his servant from a child shall have him become his son in the end.

American King James Version
He that delicately brings up his servant from a child shall have him become his son at the length.

American Standard Version
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child Shall have him become a son at the last.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that nourisheth his servant delicately from his childhood, afterwards shall find him stubborn.

Darby Bible Translation
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child, shall in the end have him as a son.

English Revised Version
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become a son at the last.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him at length become his son.

World English Bible
He who pampers his servant from youth will have him become a son in the end.

Young's Literal Translation
Whoso is bringing up his servant delicately, from youth, At his latter end also he is continuator.
Study Bible
The Stiff-Necked will Be Destroyed
20Do you see a man who speaks in haste? There is more hope for a fool than for him. 21A servant pampered from his youth will bring grief in the end. 22An angry man stirs up dissension, and a hot-tempered man abounds in transgression.…
Cross References
Proverbs 29:20
Do you see a man who speaks in haste? There is more hope for a fool than for him.

Proverbs 29:22
An angry man stirs up dissension, and a hot-tempered man abounds in transgression.

Treasury of Scripture

He that delicately brings up his servant from a child shall have him become his son at the length.







(21) Shall have him become his son at the last.--Confidential slaves sometimes rose to be the heirs of their master's property. (See above on Proverbs 17:2.) But here the warning seems to be rather against spoiling a slave by over-indulgence, lest he at the last forget his position, just as old and petted servants are apt to become somewhat dictatorial.

Verse 21. - He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child. The verb panak, which is not found elsewhere in the Old Testament, is rightly here translated as in the Vulgate, qui delicate nutrit. It refers to the spoiling a person by over-refinement, luxury, and pampering - a treatment peculiarly unsuitable in the case of a bond servant, and one which makes such forgetful of his dependent position. Septuagint, "He that liveth wantonly (κατασπαταλᾷ) from childhood shall be a servant." Shall have him become his son at the length; i.e. at length, like "at the last," equivalent to "at last" (Proverbs 5:11). The word rendered "son" (מַנון, manon) is of doubtful meaning, and has been variously understood or misunderstood by interpreters. Septuagint, "And in the end shall have pain (ὀδυνηθήσεται) over himself;" Symmachus, "shall have murmuring (ἔστα γογγυσμός);" Vulgate, Postea sentiet eum contumacem. Ewald translates "ungrateful;" Delitzsch, "place of increase," i.e. a household of pampered scapegraces; but one does not see how the disaster can be called a place or a house. It seems safest in this uncertainty to adopt the Jewish interpretation of "progeny:" "he will be as a son." The pampered servant will end by claiming the privileges of a son, and perhaps ousting the legitimate children from their inheritance (comp. Proverbs 17:2; and the case of Ziba and Mephibosheth, 2 Samuel 16:4). "Fodder, a stick, and burdens are for the ass; and bread, correction, and work for a servant. If thou set thy servant to labour, thou shalt find rest; but if thou let him go idle, he will seek liberty" (Ecclus. 33:24, etc.). Spiritual writers have applied this proverb to the pampering of the flesh, which ought to be under the control of its master, the spirit, but which, if gratified and unrestrained, gets the upper hand, and, like a spoiled servant, dictates to its lord. He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child,.... In a very tender and affluent way uses him with great familiarity; makes him sit at table, with him, feeds him with dainties, and clothes him in the most handsome manner, as if he was one of his own children:

shall have him become his son at the length: he will expect to be used as a son; he will not care to do any servile work, or anything, especially that is hard and laborious; he will be for supplanting the son and heir, and think to inherit all himself; or, however, become proud, haughty, and saucy. Jarchi interprets this of the evil imagination, or the corruption of nature, which is in a man from a child; which, if cherished and not subdued, wilt in the issue rule over a man: and some apply it to the body; which, if delicately pampered, and not kept under, will be master of the soul, instead of servant to it, and its members be instruments of unrighteousness. 21. become his son—assume the place and privileges of one.29:19. Here is an unprofitable, slothful, wicked servant; one that serves not from conscience, or love, but from fear. 20. When a man is self-conceited, rash, and given to wrangling, there is more hope of the ignorant and profligate. 21. Good usage to a servant does not mean indulgence, which would ruin even a child. The body is a servant to the soul; those that humour it, and are over-tender of it, will find it forget its place. 22. An angry, passionate disposition makes men provoking to one another, and provoking to God. 23. Only those who humble themselves shall be exalted and established. 24. The receiver is as bad as the thief. 25. Many are ashamed to own Christ now; and he will not own them in the day of judgment. But he that trusts in the Lord will be saved from this snare.
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