Proverbs 29:21
New International Version
A servant pampered from youth will turn out to be insolent.

New Living Translation
A servant pampered from childhood will become a rebel.

English Standard Version
Whoever pampers his servant from childhood will in the end find him his heir.

Berean Study Bible
A servant pampered from his youth will bring grief in the end.

King James Bible
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become his son at the length.

New King James Version
He who pampers his servant from childhood Will have him as a son in the end.

New American Standard Bible
One who pampers his slave from childhood Will in the end find him to be rebellious.

NASB 1995
He who pampers his slave from childhood Will in the end find him to be a son.

NASB 1977
He who pampers his slave from childhood Will in the end find him to be a son.

Amplified Bible
He who pampers his slave from childhood Will find him to be a son in the end.

Christian Standard Bible
A servant pampered from his youth will become arrogant later on.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A slave pampered from his youth will become arrogant later on.

American Standard Version
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child Shall have him become a son at the last.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He that is pampered from his childhood will be a Servant, and at his end he will groan.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He that lives wantonly from a child, shall be a servant, and in the end shall grieve over himself.

Contemporary English Version
Slaves that you treat kindly from their childhood will cause you sorrow.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that nourisheth his servant delicately from his childhood, afterwards shall find him stubborn.

English Revised Version
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become a son at the last.

Good News Translation
If you give your servants everything they want from childhood on, some day they will take over everything you own.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Pamper a slave from childhood, and later he will be ungrateful.

International Standard Version
If you pamper a servant from his childhood, later on he'll become ungrateful.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child Shall have him become master at the last.

Literal Standard Version
Whoever is bringing up his servant delicately, from youth, "" [At] his latter end he is also continuator.

NET Bible
If someone pampers his servant from youth, he will be a weakling in the end.

New Heart English Bible
He who pampers his servant from youth will have him become a son in the end.

World English Bible
He who pampers his servant from youth will have him become a son in the end.

Young's Literal Translation
Whoso is bringing up his servant delicately, from youth, At his latter end also he is continuator.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Stiff-Necked will Be Destroyed
20Do you see a man who speaks in haste? There is more hope for a fool than for him. 21A servant pampered from his youth will bring grief in the end. 22An angry man stirs up dissension, and a hot-tempered man abounds in transgression.…

Cross References
Proverbs 29:20
Do you see a man who speaks in haste? There is more hope for a fool than for him.

Proverbs 29:22
An angry man stirs up dissension, and a hot-tempered man abounds in transgression.


Treasury of Scripture

He that delicately brings up his servant from a child shall have him become his son at the length.









(21) Shall have him become his son at the last.--Confidential slaves sometimes rose to be the heirs of their master's property. (See above on Proverbs 17:2.) But here the warning seems to be rather against spoiling a slave by over-indulgence, lest he at the last forget his position, just as old and petted servants are apt to become somewhat dictatorial.

Verse 21. - He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child. The verb panak, which is not found elsewhere in the Old Testament, is rightly here translated as in the Vulgate, qui delicate nutrit. It refers to the spoiling a person by over-refinement, luxury, and pampering - a treatment peculiarly unsuitable in the case of a bond servant, and one which makes such forgetful of his dependent position. Septuagint, "He that liveth wantonly (κατασπαταλᾷ) from childhood shall be a servant." Shall have him become his son at the length; i.e. at length, like "at the last," equivalent to "at last" (Proverbs 5:11). The word rendered "son" (מַנון, manon) is of doubtful meaning, and has been variously understood or misunderstood by interpreters. Septuagint, "And in the end shall have pain (ὀδυνηθήσεται) over himself;" Symmachus, "shall have murmuring (ἔστα γογγυσμός);" Vulgate, Postea sentiet eum contumacem. Ewald translates "ungrateful;" Delitzsch, "place of increase," i.e. a household of pampered scapegraces; but one does not see how the disaster can be called a place or a house. It seems safest in this uncertainty to adopt the Jewish interpretation of "progeny:" "he will be as a son." The pampered servant will end by claiming the privileges of a son, and perhaps ousting the legitimate children from their inheritance (comp. Proverbs 17:2; and the case of Ziba and Mephibosheth, 2 Samuel 16:4). "Fodder, a stick, and burdens are for the ass; and bread, correction, and work for a servant. If thou set thy servant to labour, thou shalt find rest; but if thou let him go idle, he will seek liberty" (Ecclus. 33:24, etc.). Spiritual writers have applied this proverb to the pampering of the flesh, which ought to be under the control of its master, the spirit, but which, if gratified and unrestrained, gets the upper hand, and, like a spoiled servant, dictates to its lord.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
A servant
עַבְדּ֑וֹ (‘aḇ·dōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

pampered
מְפַנֵּ֣ק (mə·p̄an·nêq)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6445: To indulge, pamper

from his youth
מִנֹּ֣עַר (min·nō·‘ar)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5290: Youth, early life

will bring
יִהְיֶ֥ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

grief
מָנֽוֹן׃ (mā·nō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4497: Perhaps thankless one

in the end.
וְ֝אַחֲרִית֗וֹ (wə·’a·ḥă·rî·ṯōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 319: The last, end, the future, posterity


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OT Poetry: Proverbs 29:21 He who pampers his servant from youth (Prov. Pro Pr)
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