Proverbs 30:19
New International Version
the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship on the high seas, and the way of a man with a young woman.

New Living Translation
how an eagle glides through the sky, how a snake slithers on a rock, how a ship navigates the ocean, how a man loves a woman.

English Standard Version
the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a serpent on a rock, the way of a ship on the high seas, and the way of a man with a virgin.

Berean Study Bible
the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship at sea, and the way of a man with a maiden.

New American Standard Bible
The way of an eagle in the sky, The way of a serpent on a rock, The way of a ship in the middle of the sea, And the way of a man with a maid.

King James Bible
The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.

Christian Standard Bible
the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship at sea, and the way of a man with a young woman.

Contemporary English Version
How eagles fly so high or snakes crawl on rocks, how ships sail the ocean or people fall in love.

Good News Translation
an eagle flying in the sky, a snake moving on a rock, a ship finding its way over the sea, and a man and a woman falling in love.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship at sea, and the way of a man with a young woman.

International Standard Version
The way an eagle flies in the sky, the way of a serpent on a rock, the way of a ship on the high seas, and the way of a man with a young woman.

NET Bible
the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship in the sea, and the way of a man with a woman.

New Heart English Bible
The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent on a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maiden.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The way of an eagle in the sky, the way of the snake upon a rock, the way of the ship in the heart of the sea and the way of a man in his youth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
an eagle making its way through the sky, a snake making its way over a rock, a ship making its way through high seas, a man making his way with a virgin.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The way of an eagle in the air; The way of a serpent upon a rock; The way of a ship in the midst of the sea; And the way of a man with a young woman.

New American Standard 1977
The way of an eagle in the sky, The way of a serpent on a rock, The way of a ship in the middle of the sea, And the way of a man with a maid.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The track of the eagle in the air; the track of the serpent upon the rock; the track of the ship in the midst of the sea; and the track of the man in the maid.

King James 2000 Bible
The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maiden.

American King James Version
The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent on a rock; the way of a ship in the middle of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.

American Standard Version
The way of an eagle in the air; The way of a serpent upon a rock; The way of a ship in the midst of the sea; And the way of a man with a maiden.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
the track of a flying eagle; and the ways of a serpent on a rock; and the paths of a ship passing through the sea; and the ways of a man in youth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The way of an eagle in the air, the way of a serpent upon a rock, the way of a ship in the midst of the sea, and the way of a man in youth.

Darby Bible Translation
The way of an eagle in the heavens, the way of a serpent upon a rock, the way of a ship in the midst of the sea, and the way of a man with a maid.

English Revised Version
The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.

Webster's Bible Translation
The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.

World English Bible
The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent on a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maiden.

Young's Literal Translation
The way of the eagle in the heavens, The way of a serpent on a rock, The way of a ship in the heart of the sea, And the way of a man in youth.
Study Bible
The Words of Agur
18There are three things too wonderful for me, four that I cannot understand: 19the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship at sea, and the way of a man with a maiden. 20This is the way of an adulteress: She eats and wipes her mouth and says, “I have done no wrong.”…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:49
The LORD will bring a nation from afar, from the ends of the earth, to swoop down upon you like an eagle, a nation whose language you will not understand,

Proverbs 30:18
There are three things too wonderful for me, four that I cannot understand:

Jeremiah 48:40
For this is what the LORD says: "Behold, an eagle swoops down and spreads his wings against Moab.

Jeremiah 49:22
Look! An eagle will soar, then swoop down and spread its wings over Bozrah. In that day the hearts of Edom's warriors will be like the heart of a woman in labor.

Treasury of Scripture

The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent on a rock; the way of a ship in the middle of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.

way of an

Job 39:27
Doth the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest on high?

Isaiah 40:31
But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.

midst

Exodus 22:16
And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.







Lexicon
the way
דֶּ֤רֶךְ (de·reḵ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

of an eagle
הַנֶּ֨שֶׁר ׀ (han·ne·šer)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5404: The eagle

in the sky,
בַּשָּׁמַיִם֮ (baš·šā·ma·yim)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

the way
דֶּ֥רֶךְ (de·reḵ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

of a snake
נָחָ֗שׁ (nā·ḥāš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5175: A serpent

on
עֲלֵ֫י (‘ă·lê)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

a rock,
צ֥וּר (ṣūr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

the way
דֶּֽרֶךְ־ (de·reḵ-)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

of a ship
אֳנִיָּ֥ה (’o·nî·yāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 591: A ship

at sea,
יָ֑ם (yām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3220: A sea, the Mediterranean Sea, large river, an artifical basin

and the way
וְדֶ֖רֶךְ (wə·ḏe·reḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

of a man
גֶּ֣בֶר (ge·ḇer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1397: A valiant man, warrior, a person simply

with a maiden.
בְּעַלְמָֽה׃ (bə·‘al·māh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5959: A young woman, a virgin
Verse 19. - The way of an eagle in the air. You cannot by any outward sign know that an eagle has passed this or that way. Wisd. 5:11, "As when a bird hath flown through the air, there is no token of her way to be found," etc. The way of a serpent upon a rock. The snake's mode of progression by the lever-like motion of its ribs might well awake surprise, but the point is still the tracklessness of its course. On sand or soft ground its movements might be traced by the impression made. but this could not be done on hard rock; it could push itself along on such a surface without leaving any track. The way of a ship in the midst (heart) of the sea; i.e. in the open sea. You can trace a ship's course while she is near land or within sight, but when she reaches the open sea, you can follow her furrow no longer. Wisd. 5:10, "As a ship that passeth over the waves of the water, which when it is gone by, the trace thereof cannot be found, neither the pathway of the keel in the waves." The way of a man (geber) with a maid (בְּעַלְמָה); Septuagint, "The ways of a man in youth (ἐν νεότητι)." So Vulgate, Viam viri in adolescentia. But this is feeble, and almah is without doubt rightly rendered "maid," "virgin." The proverb says that the sinful act to which it alludes leaves no outward sign by which it can generally be recognized; it escapes man's knowledge. This is exemplified and confirmed in the following verse. It is not sufficient to refer the saying to the insidious arts of the seducer, by which he saps the principles and inflames the passions of his victim. The sin of unchastity is signified, which demands secrecy and affords no token of its commission. Two of the above parallels, says Cheyne, are given in a quatrain of a Vedic hymn to Varuna -

"The path of ships across the sea,
The soaring eagle's flight he knows."
Some of the Fathers and earlier commentators, and among moderns, Bishop Wordsworth, have not been content with the literal sense of this gnonic, but have found in it, as in the others, deep spiritual mysteries. Christ is the great Eagle (Revelation 12:14), who ascended beyond human ken; the serpent is the devil, who works his wily way in secret, and who tried to pass into the mind of Christ, who is the Rock; the ship is the Church, which preserves its course amid the waves of this troublesome world, though we cannot mark its strength or whither it is guided; and the fourth mystery is the incarnation of Jesus Christ our Lord, when "the virgin (almah) conceived and bare a son" (Isaiah 7:14), when "a woman encompassed a man (geber)" (Jeremiah 31:22). We can see the greater or less appropriateness of such accommodation, but the proverb must have been received by contemporaries only in its literal sense, whatever were the inner mysteries which the Holy Spirit wished to communicate thereby. 30:10 Slander not a servant to his master, accuse him not in small matters, to make mischief. 11-14. In every age there are monsters of ingratitude who ill-treat their parents. Many persuade themselves they are holy persons, whose hearts are full of sin, and who practise secret wickedness. There are others whose lofty pride is manifest. There have also been cruel monsters in every age. 15-17. Cruelty and covetousness are two daughters of the horseleech, that still cry, Give, give, and they are continually uneasy to themselves. Four things never are satisfied, to which these devourers are compared. Those are never rich that are always coveting. And many who have come to a bad end, have owned that their wicked courses began by despising their parents' authority. 18-20. Four things cannot be fully known. The kingdom of nature is full of marvels. The fourth is a mystery of iniquity; the cursed arts by which a vile seducer gains the affections of a female; and the arts which a vile woman uses to conceal her wickedness. 21-23 Four sorts of persons are very troublesome. Men of low origin and base spirit, who, getting authority, become tyrants. Foolish and violent men indulging in excesses. A woman of a contentious spirit and vicious habits. A servant who has obtained undue influence. Let those whom Providence has advanced from low beginnings, carefully watch against that sin which most easily besets them.
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