Proverbs 30:15
New International Version
"The leech has two daughters. 'Give! Give!' they cry. "There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, 'Enough!':

New Living Translation
The leech has two suckers that cry out, “More, more!” There are three things that are never satisfied— no, four that never say, “Enough!”:

English Standard Version
The leech has two daughters: Give and Give. Three things are never satisfied; four never say, “Enough”:

Berean Study Bible
The leech has two daughters: Give and Give. There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, “Enough!”:

New American Standard Bible
The leech has two daughters, "Give," "Give." There are three things that will not be satisfied, Four that will not say, "Enough":

King James Bible
The horseleach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough:

Christian Standard Bible
The leech has two daughters: "Give, Give!" Three things are never satisfied; four never say, "Enough!":

Contemporary English Version
Greed has twins, each named "Give me!" There are three or four things that are never satisfied:

Good News Translation
A leech has two daughters, and both are named "Give me!" There are four things that are never satisfied:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The leech has two daughters: "Give, Give!" Three things are never satisfied; four never say, "Enough!":

International Standard Version
The leech has two daughters: "Give" and "Give". Three things will never be satisfied; four will never say "Enough"—

NET Bible
The leech has two daughters: "Give! Give!" There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, "Enough"--

New Heart English Bible
"The leach has two daughters: 'Give, give.' "There are three things that are never satisfied; four that do not say, 'Enough:'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Three leeches have three beloved daughters that are not full, and a fourth does not say, “It is enough”:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The bloodsucking leech has two daughters- "Give!" and "Give!" Three things are never satisfied. Four never say, "Enough!":

JPS Tanakh 1917
The horseleech hath two daughters: 'Give, give.' There are three things that are never satisfied, Yea, four that say not: 'Enough' :

New American Standard 1977
The leech has two daughters, “Give,” “Give.” There are three things that will not be satisfied, Four that will not say, “Enough”:

Jubilee Bible 2000
The horseleach has two daughters, which are called, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough:

King James 2000 Bible
The leach has two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough:

American King James Version
The horse leach has two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yes, four things say not, It is enough:

American Standard Version
The horseleach hath two daughters, crying , Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, Yea , four that say not, Enough:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The horse-leech had three dearly-beloved daughters: and these three did not satisfy her; and the fourth was not contented so as to say, Enough.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The horseleech hath two daughters that say: Bring, bring. There are three things that never are satisfied, and the fourth never saith: It is enough.

Darby Bible Translation
The leech hath two daughters: Give, give. There are three [things] never satisfied; four which say not, It is enough:

English Revised Version
The horseleach hath two daughters, Crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four that say not, Enough:

Webster's Bible Translation
The horse-leech hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yes, four things say not, It is enough:

World English Bible
"The leach has two daughters: 'Give, give.' "There are three things that are never satisfied; four that don't say, 'Enough:'

Young's Literal Translation
To the leech are two daughters, 'Give, give, Lo, three things are not satisfied, Four have not said 'Sufficiency;'
Study Bible
The Words of Agur
14there is a generation whose teeth are swords and whose jaws are knives, devouring the oppressed from the earth, and the needy from among men. 15The leech has two daughters: Give and Give. There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, “Enough!”: 16Sheol, the barren womb, land that is never satisfied with water, and fire that never says, “Enough!”…
Cross References
Proverbs 27:20
Sheol and Abaddon are never satisfied; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.

Proverbs 30:14
there is a generation whose teeth are swords and whose jaws are knives, devouring the oppressed from the earth, and the needy from among men.

Proverbs 30:16
Sheol, the barren womb, land that is never satisfied with water, and fire that never says, "Enough!"

Treasury of Scripture

The horse leach has two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yes, four things say not, It is enough:

the horseleach

Isaiah 57:3
But draw near hither, ye sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the whore.

Ezekiel 16:44-46
Behold, every one that useth proverbs shall use this proverb against thee, saying, As is the mother, so is her daughter…

Matthew 23:32
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

give

Isaiah 56:11,12
Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter…

Hosea 4:18
Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers with shame do love, Give ye.

Micah 7:3
That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge asketh for a reward; and the great man, he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.

there

Proverbs 30:21,24,29
For three things the earth is disquieted, and for four which it cannot bear: …

Proverbs 6:16
These six things doth the LORD hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him:

Amos 1:3,6,9,11,13
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron: …

it is enough







Lexicon
The leech
לַֽעֲלוּקָ֨ה ׀ (la·‘ă·lū·qāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5936: The leech

has two
שְׁתֵּ֥י (šə·tê)
Number - fdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

daughters:
בָנוֹת֮ (ḇā·nō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1323: A daughter

Give
הַ֤ב ׀ (haḇ)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3051: To give, to put, imperatively, come

[and] Give.
הַ֥ב (haḇ)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3051: To give, to put, imperatively, come

There
הֵ֭נָּה (hên·nāh)
Pronoun - third person feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2007: Themselves

are three
שָׁל֣וֹשׁ (šā·lō·wōš)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

[things that] are never
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

satisfied,
תִשְׂבַּ֑עְנָה (ṯiś·ba‘·nāh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7646: To be sated, satisfied or surfeited

four [that]
אַ֝רְבַּ֗ע (’ar·ba‘)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 702: Four

never
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

say,
אָ֥מְרוּ (’ā·mə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“Enough!”:
הֽוֹן׃ (hō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1952: Wealth, sufficiency
(15) The horseleach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give.--The word "crying" is not in the Hebrew. The leech is here chosen as the emblem of insatiable greed; if it could speak, its "daughters," i.e., the words it would utter, would be "Give, give." So it forms an introduction to the quartette of "insatiable things" which follow.

Verses 15, 16. - Having spoken of insatiate cupidity, the writer now introduces four things which are insatiable. The form of the apothegm is climacteric, mounting from two to three, and thence to four, like the famous passage in Amos 1:3, etc. (comp. Proverbs 6:16, though there is no special stress there laid on the last member of the climax; Job 5:19; Job 33:29; Ecclesiastes 11:2). Verse 15. - The horseleach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. The word "crying" is not in the Hebrew, which says, "The alukah hath two daughters: Give! Give!" The insatiable appetite of this creature is represented by two words, which are personified as daughters, whom the mother has produced and dearly loves. This word alukah is not found again in the Old Testament; but in later Hebrew and in Aramaic it means "leech" or "bloodsucker;" and so it is translated by the Septuagint, βδέλλα, and by St. Jerome sanguisuga. The word is derived from a root which in Arabic means "to adhere." There are several kinds of leeches common in Palestine, and their bloodthirsty nature is well known; as Horace says, 'Ars Poet.,' 476 -

"Non missura cutem, nisi plena cruoris, hirudo." It seems simple and quite satisfactory to accept the word thus, and to see in the voracity of the leech an example of the greed further developed in the following clauses; but commentators have not been contented with this explanation, and have offered various suggestions which are either unnecessary or inadmissible. Thus the Talmud considers alukah to be an appellation of hell, and the two daughters to be the Power of the world, and Heresy. Some of the Fathers regard it as a symbol of the devil and his dominion; others, as a personification of cupidity with its two offshoots avarice and ambition. Some moderns deem it to mean a vampire or blood thirsty demon, a ghoul, in accordance with Eastern myth. But, as we have said, such interpretations are unnecessary and unsupported by sufficient authority. The allusion to the tastes of the leech is found elsewhere. Thus Theocritus, 'Idyll.,' 2:55 -

Αι} αι} ἔρως ἀνιαρέ τί μευ μέλαν ἐκ χροὸς αἵμα
Ἐμφὺς ὡς λιμνᾶτις ἅπαν ἐκ βδέλλα πέπωκας And Plautus, 'Epidic.,' 2:2, 5 -

"Jam ego me convortam in hirudinem atque
Eorum exsugebo sanguinem,
Senati qui columen cluent."
Ewald and others find traces of mutilation in this proverb, and endeavour to supply what is lost in various ways; but the text as it stands is intelligible, and needs no addition. The rest of the verse is an application of the truth first stated. The type of cupidity there enunciated is instanced and exemplified in four special cases. There are three things that are never satisfied. And then a corrective climax is addressed. Yea, four things say not, It is enough. The four in the following verse are divided into two plus two. Septuagint, "The leech had three daughters dearly beloved, and these three did not satisfy her, and the fourth was not contented to say, Enough." 30:10 Slander not a servant to his master, accuse him not in small matters, to make mischief. 11-14. In every age there are monsters of ingratitude who ill-treat their parents. Many persuade themselves they are holy persons, whose hearts are full of sin, and who practise secret wickedness. There are others whose lofty pride is manifest. There have also been cruel monsters in every age. 15-17. Cruelty and covetousness are two daughters of the horseleech, that still cry, Give, give, and they are continually uneasy to themselves. Four things never are satisfied, to which these devourers are compared. Those are never rich that are always coveting. And many who have come to a bad end, have owned that their wicked courses began by despising their parents' authority. 18-20. Four things cannot be fully known. The kingdom of nature is full of marvels. The fourth is a mystery of iniquity; the cursed arts by which a vile seducer gains the affections of a female; and the arts which a vile woman uses to conceal her wickedness. 21-23 Four sorts of persons are very troublesome. Men of low origin and base spirit, who, getting authority, become tyrants. Foolish and violent men indulging in excesses. A woman of a contentious spirit and vicious habits. A servant who has obtained undue influence. Let those whom Providence has advanced from low beginnings, carefully watch against that sin which most easily besets them.
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