Proverbs 30:22
New International Version
a servant who becomes king, a godless fool who gets plenty to eat,

New Living Translation
a slave who becomes a king, an overbearing fool who prospers,

English Standard Version
a slave when he becomes king, and a fool when he is filled with food;

Berean Study Bible
a servant who becomes king, a fool who is filled with food,

New American Standard Bible
Under a slave when he becomes king, And a fool when he is satisfied with food,

King James Bible
For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

Christian Standard Bible
a servant when he becomes king, a fool when he is stuffed with food,

Contemporary English Version
A slave who becomes king, a fool who eats too much,

Good News Translation
a slave who becomes a king, a fool who has all he wants to eat,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
a servant when he becomes king, a fool when he is stuffed with food,

International Standard Version
Under a slave when he becomes a king, a fool when he is overfed,

NET Bible
under a servant who becomes king, under a fool who is stuffed with food,

New Heart English Bible
For a servant when he is king; a fool when he is filled with food;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Under a Servant when he will reign, and under a fool when he is filled with bread,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
a slave when he becomes king, a godless fool when he is filled with food,

JPS Tanakh 1917
For a servant when he reigneth; And a churl when he is filled with food;

New American Standard 1977
Under a slave when he becomes king, And a fool when he is satisfied with food,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For a slave when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with bread;

King James 2000 Bible
For a servant when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with food;

American King James Version
For a servant when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

American Standard Version
For a servant when he is king; And a fool when he is filled with food;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
if a servant reign; or a fool be filled with food;

Douay-Rheims Bible
By a slave when he reigneth: by a fool when he is filled with meat:

Darby Bible Translation
Under a servant when he reigneth, and a churl when he is filled with meat;

English Revised Version
For a servant when he is king; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

Webster's Bible Translation
For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with food.

World English Bible
For a servant when he is king; a fool when he is filled with food;

Young's Literal Translation
For a servant when he reigneth, And a fool when he is satisfied with bread,
Study Bible
The Words of Agur
21Under three things the earth trembles, under four it cannot bear up: 22a servant who becomes king, a fool who is filled with food, 23an unloved woman who marries, and a maidservant who supplants her mistress.…
Cross References
Proverbs 19:10
Luxury is unseemly for a fool--how much worse for a slave to rule over princes!

Proverbs 30:21
Under three things the earth trembles, under four it cannot bear up:

Proverbs 30:23
an unloved woman who marries, and a maidservant who supplants her mistress.

Ecclesiastes 10:7
I have seen slaves on horseback, while princes go on foot like slaves.

Treasury of Scripture

For a servant when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

a servant

Proverbs 19:10
Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Proverbs 28:3
A poor man that oppresseth the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.

Ecclesiastes 10:7
I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth.

a fool

1 Samuel 25:3,10,11,25,36-38
Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb…

1 Samuel 30:16
And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.







Lexicon
a servant
עֶ֭בֶד (‘e·ḇeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

who
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

becomes king,
יִמְל֑וֹךְ (yim·lō·wḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

a fool
וְ֝נָבָ֗ל (wə·nā·ḇāl)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5036: Foolish, senseless

who
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

is filled
יִֽשְׂבַּֽע־ (yiś·ba‘-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7646: To be sated, satisfied or surfeited

with food,
לָֽחֶם׃ (lā·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain
(22) For a servant when he reigneth.--The mischief done by Oriental favourites at court, who often began life as slaves, was proverbial.

A fool (n?bh?l).--See above, on Proverbs 17:7. It is only when he has to work hard for his living that he will behave himself decently; if he gets a little money, it will soon be wasted in idleness and self-indulgence.

Verse 22. - For a servant when he reigneth; or, under a slave when he becometh king. This startling vicissitude was not uncommon in Eastern states; and even if the slave was not preferred to regal power, he was often advanced by unwise favouritism to high position, for which he was wholly unfitted, and which he used only to aggrandize himself at the expense and to the injury of others, This incongruity has been already noticed at Proverbs 19:10 (where see note). And a fool when he is filled with meat. "Fool" is here nabal, a low, profligate fellow, who is rich and without care. When such a one rises to high position, or has power over others, he becomes arrogant, selfish, unbearable (comp. ver. 9; Proverbs 28:12; Proverbs 29:2). 30:10 Slander not a servant to his master, accuse him not in small matters, to make mischief. 11-14. In every age there are monsters of ingratitude who ill-treat their parents. Many persuade themselves they are holy persons, whose hearts are full of sin, and who practise secret wickedness. There are others whose lofty pride is manifest. There have also been cruel monsters in every age. 15-17. Cruelty and covetousness are two daughters of the horseleech, that still cry, Give, give, and they are continually uneasy to themselves. Four things never are satisfied, to which these devourers are compared. Those are never rich that are always coveting. And many who have come to a bad end, have owned that their wicked courses began by despising their parents' authority. 18-20. Four things cannot be fully known. The kingdom of nature is full of marvels. The fourth is a mystery of iniquity; the cursed arts by which a vile seducer gains the affections of a female; and the arts which a vile woman uses to conceal her wickedness. 21-23 Four sorts of persons are very troublesome. Men of low origin and base spirit, who, getting authority, become tyrants. Foolish and violent men indulging in excesses. A woman of a contentious spirit and vicious habits. A servant who has obtained undue influence. Let those whom Providence has advanced from low beginnings, carefully watch against that sin which most easily besets them.
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