1 Kings 12:31
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Jeroboam built shrines on high places and appointed priests from all sorts of people, even though they were not Levites.

New Living Translation
Jeroboam also erected buildings at the pagan shrines and ordained priests from the common people--those who were not from the priestly tribe of Levi.

English Standard Version
He also made temples on high places and appointed priests from among all the people, who were not of the Levites.

Berean Study Bible
Jeroboam also built shrines on the high places and appointed from every class of people priests who were not Levites.

New American Standard Bible
And he made houses on high places, and made priests from among all the people who were not of the sons of Levi.

King James Bible
And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

Christian Standard Bible
Jeroboam also made shrines on the high places and made priests from the ranks of the people who were not Levites.

Contemporary English Version
Jeroboam built small places of worship at the shrines and appointed men who were not from the tribe of Levi to serve as priests.

Good News Translation
Jeroboam also built places of worship on hilltops, and he chose priests from families who were not of the tribe of Levi.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jeroboam also built shrines on the high places and set up priests from every class of people who were not Levites.

International Standard Version
Jeroboam built temples on the high places, and appointed his own priests from the fringe elements of the people who were not descendants of Levi.

NET Bible
He built temples on the high places and appointed as priests people who were not Levites.

New Heart English Bible
And he made houses on high places, and made priests from among all the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jeroboam built worship sites on hilltops. He appointed men who were not descended from Levi to be priests.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he made houses of high places, and made priests from among all the people, that were not of the sons of Levi.

New American Standard 1977
And he made houses on high places, and made priests from among all the people who were not of the sons of Levi.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he made a house of high places and made priests of the lowest of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

King James 2000 Bible
And he made a house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

American King James Version
And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

American Standard Version
And he made houses of high places, and made priests from among all the people, that were not of the sons of Levi.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he made temples in the high places, and priests of the lowest of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

Darby Bible Translation
And he made a house of high places, and made priests from all classes of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

English Revised Version
And he made houses of high places, and made priests from among all the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he made a house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

World English Bible
He made houses of high places, and made priests from among all the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

Young's Literal Translation
And he maketh the house of high places, and maketh priests of the extremities of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi;
Study Bible
Jeroboam's Idolatry
30And this thing became a sin; the people walked as far as Dan to worship before one of the calves. 31Jeroboam also built shrines on the high places and appointed from every class of people priests who were not Levites. 32And Jeroboam ordained a festival on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, like the festival that was in Judah, and he offered sacrifices on the altar; he made this offering in Bethel to sacrifice to the calves he had set up, and he installed priests in Bethel for the high places he had set up.…
Cross References
1 Kings 13:32
for the message that he cried out by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel and against all the shrines on the high places in the cities of Samaria will surely come to pass."

1 Kings 13:33
Even after these events, Jeroboam did not repent of his evil ways, but again he appointed priests for the high places from every class of people. He ordained anyone who desired to be a priest of the high places.

2 Kings 17:29
Nevertheless, the people of each nation continued to make their own gods in the cities where they had settled, and they set them up in the shrines that the people of Samaria had made on the high places.

2 Kings 17:32
So the new residents worshiped the LORD, but they also appointed for themselves priests of all sorts to serve in the shrines of the high places.

2 Chronicles 11:15
And Jeroboam appointed his own priests for the high places and for the goat-demons and calf idols he had made.

2 Chronicles 13:9
But did you not drive out the priests of the LORD, the descendants of Aaron, and the Levites, and make priests for yourselves as do the peoples of other lands? Now whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams can become a priest of things that are not gods.

Amos 7:10
Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent word to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, "Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. The land cannot bear all his words,

Treasury of Scripture

And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

an house

1 Kings 13:24,32 And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and …

Deuteronomy 24:15 At his day you shall give him his hire, neither shall the sun go …

Ezekiel 16:25 You have built your high place at every head of the way, and have …

Hosea 12:11 Is there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice …

priests

1 Kings 13:33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made …

Numbers 3:10 And you shall appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on …

2 Kings 17:32 So they feared the LORD, and made to themselves of the lowest of …

2 Chronicles 11:14,15 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came …

2 Chronicles 13:9 Have you not cast out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, …

Ezekiel 44:6-8 And you shall say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel, …







(31, 32) Of the lowest of the people.--This is universally recognised as a mistranslation, though a natural one, of the original, "the ends of the people." The sense is "from the whole mass of the people," without care for Levitical descent--the Levites having (see 2Chronicles 11:13-14) generally returned into the kingdom of Judah on the establishment of this idolatry. It is hardly likely that the king would have lacked because at Dan an unauthorised Levitical priesthood was (as has been said) forthcoming.

Verse 31. - And he made an house of high places [See on 1 Kings 3:2, and cf. 2 Kings 17:29. It is often assumed (Keil, Rawlinson, al. after Josephus) that Jeroboam built two temples for his cherubim, and the statement of the text, that he built one, is explained on the ground that the historian contrasts the "house of high places" with the "house of the Lord." Ewald, too, after 2 Kings 17:29, 32, understands the words as plural. But is it not more probable that a chapel or sanctuary already existed at Dan, where an irregular priesthood had ministered for more than four hundred years? This verse would then refer exclusively to Jeroboam's procedure at Bethel (see next verse). There he built a temple and ordained a number of priests, but Dan had both already. We know that the Danite priests carried on the calf worship to the time of the captivity (Judges 18:30). This "house of high places" has grown in Ewald's pages into "a splendid temple in Canaanite style"], and made priests of the lowest of the people [Heb. מִקְצות "from the ends," i.e., from all classes, ex universe populo (Gesen.), and not, as the writer explains presently, from the tribe of Levi alone. Genesis 19:4, Judges 18:20, Ezekiel 33:2, prove this to be the correct interpretation of the word. Rawlinson, who remarks that "Jeroboam could have no motive for specially selecting persons of low condition," does not thereby dispose of the A.V. rendering, for the historian might mean that some of Jeroboam's priests were of the lowest stamp, because he could find no others, or because he was so little scrupulous as to take them. "Leaden priests are well fitted to golden deities" (Hall)], which were not of the sons of Levi. [Jeroboam would doubtless have been only too glad to have retained the services of the Levitical priests, but they went over in a body to Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:13). The statement of ver. 14, that, "Jeroboam and his sons" had "cast them out," suggests that they had refused to take part in his new cult and that thereupon he banished them, and, no doubt, confiscated their possessions. The idea of Stanley, that "following the precedent of the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, he removed from their places the whole of the sacerdotal order," is a wild conjecture for which Scripture affords not the slightest warrant.] And he made an house of high places,.... Or "altars" (s), built a temple at Dan, and set up several altars in it for sacrifice, both for burnt offerings, and for incense, as at Jerusalem:

and made priests of the lowest of the people; this clause seems not so well rendered; for this would have been very unpopular, and brought his new form of worship into contempt, to make the dregs of the people priests, which was not only a very sacred office, but of great honour; it was usual in some nations for kings to be priests also (t), and Jeroboam himself exercised this office, 1 Kings 12:33 and therefore would never put the meanest of the people into it, but rather those of higher rank: the words may be literally rendered, "from the extremities" or "ends of the people" (u); meaning not merely from the extremist parts of his country, but rather out of the whole of the people; out of all sorts of them, out of any of them, without any distinction of tribe: for so it follows,

which were not of the sons of Levi; and as by this means he enriched himself, by taking the cities that belonged to the priests and Levites, which they were obliged to leave, and from whence he drove them, 2 Chronicles 11:14 so he pleased the people by laying open the priesthood common to them, and freeing them from the payment of tithes, and the like.

(s) "altarium", Vatablus. (t) Rex Anius, &c. Virgil. l. 3. Vid. Servium in ib. (u) "de extremitatibus populi", Vatablus, Piscator. 31. made priests of the lowest of the people—literally, "out of all the people," the Levites refusing to act. He himself assumed to himself the functions of the high priest, at least, at the great festival, probably from seeing the king of Egypt conjoin the royal and sacred offices, and deeming the office of the high priest too great to be vested in a subject. 12:25-33 Jeroboam distrusted the providence of God; he would contrive ways and means, and sinful ones too, for his own safety. A practical disbelief of God's all-sufficiency is at the bottom of all our departures from him. Though it is probable he meant his worship for Jehovah the God of Israel, it was contrary to the Divine law, and dishonourable to the Divine majesty to be thus represented. The people might be less shocked at worshipping the God of Israel under an image, than if they had at once been asked to worship Baal; but it made way for that idolatry. Blessed Lord, give us grace to reverence thy temple, thine ordinances, thine house of prayer, thy sabbaths, and never more, like Jeroboam, to set up in our hearts any idol of abomination. Be thou to us every thing precious; do thou reign and rule in our hearts, the hope of glory.
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OT History: 1 Kings 12:31 He made houses of high places (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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