Proverbs 31:15
New International Version
She gets up while it is still night; she provides food for her family and portions for her female servants.

New Living Translation
She gets up before dawn to prepare breakfast for her household and plan the day's work for her servant girls.

English Standard Version
She rises while it is yet night and provides food for her household and portions for her maidens.

Berean Study Bible
She rises while it is still night to provide food for her household and portions for her maidservants.

New American Standard Bible
She rises also while it is still night And gives food to her household And portions to her maidens.

King James Bible
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.

Christian Standard Bible
She rises while it is still night and provides food for her household and portions for her female servants.

Contemporary English Version
She gets up before daylight to prepare food for her family and for her servants.

Good News Translation
She gets up before daylight to prepare food for her family and to tell her servant women what to do.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
She rises while it is still night and provides food for her household and portions for her female servants.

International Standard Version
She rises while it is still night, preparing meals for her family and providing for her women servants.

NET Bible
She also gets up while it is still night, and provides food for her household and a portion to her female servants.

New Heart English Bible
She rises also while it is yet night, gives food to her household, and portions for her servant girls.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
She is risen in the night and has given food to the children in her house, and work to her girls.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
She wakes up while it is still dark and gives food to her family and portions of food to her female slaves.

JPS Tanakh 1917
She riseth also while it is yet night, And giveth food to her household, And a portion to her maidens.

New American Standard 1977
She rises also while it is still night, And gives food to her household, And portions to her maidens.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Vau She rose up even at night and gave food to her family and a portion to her maidens.

King James 2000 Bible
She rises also while it is yet night, and gives food to her household, and a portion to her maidservants.

American King James Version
She rises also while it is yet night, and gives meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.

American Standard Version
She riseth also while it is yet night, And giveth food to her household, And their task to her maidens.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And she rises by night, and gives food to her household, and appointed tasks to her maidens.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And she hath risen in the night, and given a prey to her household, and victuals to her maidens.

Darby Bible Translation
And she riseth while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and the day's work to her maidens.

English Revised Version
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and their task to her maidens.

Webster's Bible Translation
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth food to her household, and a portion to her maidens.

World English Bible
She rises also while it is yet night, gives food to her household, and portions for her servant girls.

Young's Literal Translation
Yea, she riseth while yet night, And giveth food to her household, And a portion to her damsels.
Study Bible
The Virtues of a Noble Woman
14She is like the merchant ships, bringing her food from afar. 15She rises while it is still night to provide food for her household and portions for her maidservants. 16She appraises a field and buys it; from her earnings she plants a vineyard.…
Cross References
Luke 12:42
And the Lord answered, "Who then is the faithful and wise manager, whom the master puts in charge of his servants to give them their portion at the proper time?

Romans 12:11
Do not let your zeal subside; keep your spiritual fervor, serving the Lord.

Proverbs 20:13
Do not love sleep, or you will grow poor; open your eyes, and you will have plenty of food.

Proverbs 31:16
She appraises a field and buys it; from her earnings she plants a vineyard.

Treasury of Scripture

She rises also while it is yet night, and gives meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.

riseth

Joshua 3:1
And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they removed from Shittim, and came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over.

2 Chronicles 36:15
And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place:

Psalm 119:147,148
I prevented the dawning of the morning, and cried: I hoped in thy word…

and giveth

Matthew 24:25
Behold, I have told you before.

Luke 12:42
And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season?







Lexicon
She rises
וַתָּ֤קָם ׀ (wat·tā·qām)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

while it is still
בְּע֬וֹד (bə·‘ō·wḏ)
Preposition-b | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 5750: Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more

night
לַ֗יְלָה (lay·lāh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity

to provide
וַתִּתֵּ֣ן (wat·tit·tên)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

food
טֶ֣רֶף (ṭe·rep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2964: Something torn, a fragment, a fresh leaf, prey, food

for her household
לְבֵיתָ֑הּ (lə·ḇê·ṯāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

and portions
וְ֝חֹ֗ק (wə·ḥōq)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2706: Something prescribed or owed, a statute

for her maidservants.
לְנַעֲרֹתֶֽיהָ׃ (lə·na·‘ă·rō·ṯe·hā)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5291: A girl, maiden
(15) And giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.--Gives out food for her household, and the allotted portion of provisions (comp. Proverbs 30:8) or work (comp. Exodus 5:14) to her maidens.

Verse 15. - VAV. She riseth also while it is yet night. Before dawn she is up and stirring, to be ready for her daily occupation. A lamp is always kept burning at night in Eastern houses, and as it is of very small dimensions, the careful housewife has to rise at midnight to replenish the oil, and she often then begins her household work by grinding the corn or preparing something for next day's meals (comp. ver. 18). Early rising before any great undertaking is continually mentioned in Scripture (see Genesis 19:2; Genesis 22:3; Psalm 57:8; Jeremiah 7:13; Jeremiah 25:4, etc.; Mark 16:2; John 20:1). And giveth meat to her household; deditquae praedam domesticis suis, Vulgate. The word for "meat" is tereph, which means "food torn in pieces" with the teeth (Psalm 111:5), and hence food to be eaten. The wife thus early prepares or distributes the food which will be wanted for the day. And a portion to her maidens. Chok, "final portion," may apply either to work or food. The Vulgate has cibaria, "meat;" Septuagint, ἔργα, "tasks." The former, which is in accordance with Proverbs 30:8, would be merely a repetition of the second clause, the meat mentioned there being here called the allotted portion, and would be simply tautological. If we take it in the sense of "appointed labour," we get a new idea, very congruous with the housewife's activity (comp. Exodus 5:14, where the same word is used in the case of the enforced labour of the Israelites). 31:10-31 This is the description of a virtuous woman of those days, but the general outlines equally suit every age and nation. She is very careful to recommend herself to her husband's esteem and affection, to know his mind, and is willing that he rule over her. 1. She can be trusted, and he will leave such a wife to manage for him. He is happy in her. And she makes it her constant business to do him good. 2. She is one that takes pains in her duties, and takes pleasure in them. She is careful to fill up time, that none be lost. She rises early. She applies herself to the business proper for her, to women's business. She does what she does, with all her power, and trifles not. 3. She makes what she does turn to good account by prudent management. Many undo themselves by buying, without considering whether they can afford it. She provides well for her house. She lays up for hereafter. 4. She looks well to the ways of her household, that she may oblige all to do their duty to God and one another, as well as to her. 5. She is intent upon giving as upon getting, and does it freely and cheerfully. 6. She is discreet and obliging; every word she says, shows she governs herself by the rules of wisdom. She not only takes prudent measures herself, but gives prudent advice to others. The law of love and kindness is written in the heart, and shows itself in the tongue. Her heart is full of another world, even when her hands are most busy about this world. 7. Above all, she fears the Lord. Beauty recommends none to God, nor is it any proof of wisdom and goodness, but it has deceived many a man who made his choice of a wife by it. But the fear of God reigning in the heart, is the beauty of the soul; it lasts for ever. 8. She has firmness to bear up under crosses and disappointments. She shall reflect with comfort when she comes to be old, that she was not idle or useless when young. She shall rejoice in a world to come. She is a great blessing to her relations. If the fruit be good, the tree must have our good word. But she leaves it to her own works to praise her. Every one ought to desire this honour that cometh from God; and according to this standard we all ought to regulate our judgments. This description let all women daily study, who desire to be truly beloved and respected, useful and honourable. This passage is to be applied to individuals, but may it not also be applied to the church of God, which is described as a virtuous spouse? God by his grace has formed from among sinful men a church of true believers, to possess all the excellences here described.
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