Song of Solomon 1:3
New International Version
Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes; your name is like perfume poured out. No wonder the young women love you!

New Living Translation
How fragrant your cologne; your name is like its spreading fragrance. No wonder all the young women love you!

English Standard Version
your anointing oils are fragrant; your name is oil poured out; therefore virgins love you.

Berean Study Bible
The fragrance of your perfume is pleasing; your name is like perfume poured out. No wonder the maidens adore you.

New American Standard Bible
"Your oils have a pleasing fragrance, Your name is like purified oil; Therefore the maidens love you.

King James Bible
Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.

Christian Standard Bible
The fragrance of your perfume is intoxicating; your name is perfume poured out. No wonder young women adore you.

Contemporary English Version
and you smell so sweet. All the young women adore you; the very mention of your name is like spreading perfume. *

Good News Translation
There is a fragrance about you; the sound of your name recalls it. No woman could keep from loving you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The fragrance of your perfume is intoxicating; your name is perfume poured out. No wonder young women adore you.

International Standard Version
The fragrance of your perfumed oil is wonderful. Your name is perfume poured out. Therefore the young women love you.

NET Bible
The fragrance of your colognes is delightful; your name is like the finest perfume. No wonder the young women adore you!

New Heart English Bible
Your oils have a pleasing fragrance. Your name is oil poured forth, therefore the virgins love you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
better than the fragrance of cologne. (Cologne should be named after you.) No wonder the young women love you!

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thine ointments have a goodly fragrance; Thy name is as ointment poured forth; Therefore do the maidens love thee.

New American Standard 1977
“Your oils have a pleasing fragrance, Your name is like purified oil; Therefore the maidens love you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Because of the savour of thy good ointments (ointment poured forth is thy name), therefore have the virgins loved thee.

King James 2000 Bible
Because of the fragrance of your good ointments your name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love you.

American King James Version
Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love you.

American Standard Version
Thine oils have a goodly fragrance; Thy name is as oil poured forth; Therefore do the virgins love thee.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the smell of thine ointments is better than all spices: thy name is ointment poured forth; therefore do the young maidens love thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Smelling sweet of the best ointments. Thy name is as oil poured out: therefore young maidens have loved thee.

Darby Bible Translation
Thine ointments savour sweetly; Thy name is an ointment poured forth: Therefore do the virgins love thee.

English Revised Version
Thine ointments have a goodly fragrance; thy name is as ointment poured forth; therefore do the virgins love thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
Because of the savor of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.

World English Bible
Your oils have a pleasing fragrance. Your name is oil poured forth, therefore the virgins love you.

Young's Literal Translation
For fragrance are thy perfumes good. Perfume emptied out -- thy name, Therefore have virgins loved thee!
Study Bible
The Bride Confesses Her Love
2Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth! For your love is more delightful than wine. 3The fragrance of your perfume is pleasing; your name is like perfume poured out. No wonder the maidens adore you. 4Take me away with you—let us hurry! May the king bring me to his chambers. The Friends We will rejoice and delight in you; we will praise your love above wine. It is only right that they adore you.…
Cross References
John 12:3
Then Mary took about a pint of expensive perfume, made of pure nard, and she anointed Jesus' feet and wiped them with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.

2 Corinthians 2:14
But thanks be to God, who always leads us triumphantly as captives in Christ and through us spreads everywhere the fragrance of the knowledge of Him.

2 Corinthians 2:15
For we are to God the sweet aroma of Christ among those who are being saved and those who are perishing.

Psalm 45:14
In colorful garments she is led to the king; her virgin companions are brought before you.

Ecclesiastes 7:1
A good name is better than fine perfume, and one's day of death is better than his day of birth.

Song of Solomon 4:10
How delightful is your love, my sister, my bride. Your love is much better than wine, and the fragrance of your perfume than all spices.

Song of Solomon 6:8
There are sixty queens and eighty concubines, and maidens without number,

Treasury of Scripture

Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love you.

the saviour

Song of Solomon 3:6
Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?

Song of Solomon 4:10
How fair is thy love, my sister, my spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!

Song of Solomon 5:5,13
I rose up to open to my beloved; and my hands dropped with myrrh, and my fingers with sweet smelling myrrh, upon the handles of the lock…

thy name

Exodus 33:12,19
And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight…

Exodus 34:5-7
And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD…

Psalm 89:15,16
Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance…

the virgins

Song of Solomon 6:8
There are threescore queens, and fourscore concubines, and virgins without number.

Psalm 45:14
She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.

Matthew 25:1
Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.







Lexicon
The fragrance
לְרֵ֙יחַ֙ (lə·rê·aḥ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7381: To smell, perceive odor

of your perfume
שְׁמָנֶ֣יךָ (šə·mā·ne·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

is pleasing;
טוֹבִ֔ים (ṭō·w·ḇîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2896: Pleasant, agreeable, good

your name
שְׁמֶ֑ךָ (šə·me·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8034: A name

is like perfume
שֶׁ֖מֶן (še·men)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

poured out.
תּוּרַ֣ק (tū·raq)
Verb - Hofal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7324: Arm, cast out, draw out, make empty, pour forth out

No wonder
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the maidens
עֲלָמ֥וֹת (‘ă·lā·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5959: A young woman, a virgin

adore you.
אֲהֵבֽוּךָ׃ (’ă·hê·ḇū·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 157: To have affection f
(3) Because of the savour.--The general sense of this verse is plain, though grammatical difficulties render the literal translation doubtful. It should be divided into three clauses, not into two only, as in the Authorised Version: "Because of their odour (or, with regard to their fragrance) thy ointments (are) sweet." There is no authority for taking riach = sense of smell, or we should naturally translate "to the smell thy ointments are sweet." The rendering of the next clause, "thy name is (like) oil poured forth," is to be preferred, though it necessitates making either shemen = oil, or shem = name, feminine, for which there is no example, since the alternative, which takes t�rak = poured forth, second masculine instead of third feminine, is harsh: "Thou art poured forth like oil with regard to thy name." The image is an obvious one (comp. Ecclesiastes 7:1). There is a play on words in shemen and shemka.

Virgins.--Heb., alamoth; young girls. (See Note, Song of Solomon 6:8.) Those who understand Solomon to be the object of the desire expressed in these verses understand by alamoth "the ladies of the harem." In the original these three verses plainly form a stanza of five lines

Verse 3. - Thine ointments have a goodly fragrance; thy name is as ointment poured forth; therefore do the virgins love thee. There is some slight difference among critics as to the rendering of this verse, but it does not affect the meaning. Lovely and delightful thou art. As thy perfumes are so precious, so is thy name; the more it is spread, the more delight is found in it. The idea is that the person is the sweetest, and that his communications are elevating and inspiring. The "virgins" may be taken generally, "Those who are full of the sensibility of youth appreciate thy attractions." The word almah is much disputed about, but the meaning is simply that of "young woman," whether virgin or married. "Thou art the delight of all the young." Mason Good renders the verse -

"Rich thy perfumes; but richer far than they
The countless charms that round thy person play;
Thy name alone, more fragrant than the rose,
Glads every maid, where'er its fragrance flows."
1:2-6 The church, or rather the believer, speaks here in the character of the spouse of the King, the Messiah. The kisses of his mouth mean those assurances of pardon with which believers are favoured, filling them with peace and joy in believing, and causing them to abound in hope by the power of the Holy Ghost. Gracious souls take most pleasure in loving Christ, and being loved of him. Christ's love is more valuable and desirable than the best this world can give. The name of Christ is not now like ointment sealed up, but like ointment poured forth; which denotes the freeness and fulness of the setting forth of his grace by the gospel. Those whom he has redeemed and sanctified, are here the virgins that love Jesus Christ, and follow him whithersoever he goes, Re 14:4. They entreat him to draw them by the quickening influences of his Spirit. The more clearly we discern Christ's glory, the more sensible shall we be that we are unable to follow him suitably, and at the same time be more desirous of doing it. Observe the speedy answer given to this prayer. Those who wait at Wisdom's gate, shall be led into truth and comfort. And being brought into this chamber, our griefs will vanish. We have no joy but in Christ, and for this we are indebted to him. We will remember to give thanks for thy love; it shall make more lasting impressions upon us than any thing in this world. Nor is any love acceptable to Christ but love in sincerity, Eph 6:24. The daughters of Jerusalem may mean professors not yet established in the faith. The spouse was black as the tents of the wandering Arabs, but comely as the magnificent curtains in the palaces of Solomon. The believer is black, as being defiled and sinful by nature, but comely, as renewed by Divine grace to the holy image of God. He is still deformed with remains of sin, but comely as accepted in Christ. He is often base and contemptible in the esteem of men, but excellent in the sight of God. The blackness was owing to the hard usage that had been suffered. The children of the church, her mother, but not of God, her Father, were angry with her. They had made her suffer hardships, which caused her to neglect the care of her soul. Thus, under the emblem of a poor female, made the chosen partner of a prince, we are led to consider the circumstances in which the love of Christ is accustomed to find its objects. They were wretched slaves of sin, in toil, or in sorrow, weary and heavy laden, but how great the change when the love of Christ is manifested to their souls!
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