Song of Solomon 1:12
New International Version
While the king was at his table, my perfume spread its fragrance.

New Living Translation
The king is lying on his couch, enchanted by the fragrance of my perfume.

English Standard Version
While the king was on his couch, my nard gave forth its fragrance.

Berean Study Bible
While the king was at his table, my perfume spread its fragrance.

New American Standard Bible
"While the king was at his table, My perfume gave forth its fragrance.

King James Bible
While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.

Christian Standard Bible
While the king is on his couch, my perfume releases its fragrance.

Contemporary English Version
My king, while you were on your couch, my aroma was a magic charm.

Good News Translation
My king was lying on his couch, and my perfume filled the air with fragrance.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
While the king is on his couch, my perfume releases its fragrance.

International Standard Version
While the king was sitting at his table, my perfume sent forth its fragrance.

NET Bible
While the king was at his banqueting table, my nard gave forth its fragrance.

New Heart English Bible
While the king sat at his table, my perfume spread its fragrance.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While the king is at his table, my perfume fills the air with its fragrance.

JPS Tanakh 1917
While the king sat at his table, My spikenard sent forth its fragrance.

New American Standard 1977
“While the king was at his table, My perfume gave forth its fragrance.

Jubilee Bible 2000
While the king was on his couch, my spikenard gave forth its fragrance.

King James 2000 Bible
While the king sits at his table, my perfume sends forth its fragrance.

American King James Version
While the king sits at his table, my spikenard sends forth the smell thereof.

American Standard Version
While the king sat at his table, My spikenard sent forth its fragrance.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So long as the king was at table, my spikenard gave forth its smell.

Douay-Rheims Bible
While the king was at his repose, my spikenard sent forth the odour thereof.

Darby Bible Translation
While the king is at his table, My spikenard sendeth forth its fragrance.

English Revised Version
While the king sat at his table, my spikenard sent forth its fragrance.

Webster's Bible Translation
While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth its smell.

World English Bible
While the king sat at his table, my perfume spread its fragrance.

Young's Literal Translation
While the king is in his circle, My spikenard hath given its fragrance.
Study Bible
The Bride Confesses Her Love
11We will make you ornaments of gold, studded with beads of silver. 12While the king was at his table, my perfume spread its fragrance. 13My beloved is to me a sachet of myrrh resting between my breasts.…
Cross References
Mark 14:3
While Jesus was in Bethany reclining at the table in the home of Simon the leper, a woman came with an alabaster jar of expensive perfume, made of pure nard. She broke open the jar and poured it on Jesus' head.

John 12:3
Then Mary took about a pint of expensive perfume, made of pure nard, and she anointed Jesus' feet and wiped them with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.

Song of Solomon 1:11
We will make you ornaments of gold, studded with beads of silver.

Song of Solomon 4:14
with nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes, with all the finest spices.

Treasury of Scripture

While the king sits at his table, my spikenard sends forth the smell thereof.

the king

Song of Solomon 7:5
Thine head upon thee is like Carmel, and the hair of thine head like purple; the king is held in the galleries.

Psalm 45:1
To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves. My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

Matthew 22:11
And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:

sitteth

Song of Solomon 4:16
Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, that the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.

Matthew 22:4
Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage.

Matthew 26:26-28
And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body…

my

Song of Solomon 4:13-16
Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard, …

John 12:3
Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.

Philippians 4:18
But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things which were sent from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.







Lexicon
While
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the king
שֶׁ֤הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ (še·ham·me·leḵ)
Pronoun - relative, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

was at his table,
בִּמְסִבּ֔וֹ (bim·sib·bōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4524: That which surrounds or is round

my perfume
נִרְדִּ֖י (nir·dî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5373: Nard, an aromatic

spread
נָתַ֥ן (nā·ṯan)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

its fragrance.
רֵיחֽוֹ׃ (rê·ḥōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7381: To smell, perceive odor
(12) While the king sitteth.--There is no need to imagine a scene where the monarch, having failed in his attempt to allure the shepherdess by fine offers, retires to his banquet, leaving her to console herself with the thoughts of her absent shepherd love. As in Song of Solomon 1:2 the poet makes his mistress prefer his love to wine, so here she prefers the thought of union with him to all the imagined pleasures of the royal table.

Spikenard--Heb., nerd--is exclusively an Indian product, procured from the Nardostachys jatamansi, a plant of the order Valerianace?. It was imported into Palestine at a very early period. The perfume is prepared by drying the shaggy stem of the plant (see Tristram's Nat. Hist. of Bible, pp. 484, 485). There is a sketch of the plant in Smith's Bibl. Dict.

Verses 12-14. - While the king sat (or, sits) at his table, my spikenard sent (sends) forth its fragrance. My beloved is unto me as a bundle of myrrh, that lieth betwixt my breasts. My beloved is unto me as a cluster of henna flowers in the vineyards of Engedi. The preterite is best taken poetically for the present. The words are evidently a response to those of the king. As such they refer to present feeling and not to a past state. The bride expresses her delight in the king. The table is used generally. The Hebrew word is from a root "to sit round." The habit of reclining at table was introduced much later, during the Persian, Greek, and Roman period. The spikenard was a powerful perfume, probably of Indian origin, as the Indian word nalada, meaning "that which yields fragrance," shows. The Persian is nard, the Old Arabic nardu. It was made from an Indian plant, the Valeriana, called Nardo-stachys 'Gatamansi, growing in Northern and Eastern India. The hairy part of the stem immediately above the root yields the perfume. That it was "very precious" we see from the account of Mary's offering, which was worth more than three hundred denarii, i.e. £8 10s. (Mark 14:5; John 12:2). Horace promised Virgil a whole cask, i.e. nine gallons, of the best wine in exchange for a small onyx box full of the perfume. The metaphor represents the intense longing of love. Myrrh was an exotic introduced into Palestine from Arabia, Abyssinia, and India. Like frankincense, it is one of the amyridae. The Balsamodendron myrrha is the tree itself with its leaves and flowers. From the tree came a resin or gum (Gummi myrrhae), which either dropped from the leaves or was artificially obtained by incisions in the bark. The natural product was the more valuable. It was much prized as a perfume, and employed for many purposes. The Hebrew women were accustomed to carry little bags or bottles of myrrh suspended from their necks and hanging down between the breasts under the dress, diffusing an attractive fragrance round them. The word tseror is, properly, "a little bag," sacculus, "that which one ties up," rather than a "bundle." The meaning, of course, is rhetorical - He is at my heart and delightful to all my thoughts as the fragrance to my senses. The henna flowers, or cypress, in the vineyards of Engedi, is a very beautiful figure. Copher, the cypress cluster, - in Greek, κύπρος: in Arabic, al-henna (Lawsonia) - grows in Palestine and Egypt, as we are told by Pliny ('Nat. Hist.' 12:24). It is a tall shrub reaching to eight or ten feet, exceedingly beautiful in appearance, and giving forth a delightful odour. It is named from a root "to be white or yellow-white." The Moslem women stain their hands and feet with it to give them a yellow tint. Engedi was a lovely district on the west of the Dead Sea - Hazezon Tamar, now Ain Tidy, where Solomon made terraces on the hillsides and covered them with gardens and vineyards. The allusion confirms the date of the writing as contemporary with Solomon, as the gardens would then be in their perfection. The figure is, perhaps, intended to be an advance in rhetorical force upon that which preceded - the fragrance diffused and almost overpowering, as of a blossoming tree. 1:9-17 The Bridegroom gives high praises of his spouse. In the sight of Christ believers are the excellent of the earth, fitted to be instruments for promoting his glory. The spiritual gifts and graces which Christ bestows on every true believer, are described by the ornaments then in use, ver. 10,11. The graces of the saints are many, but there is dependence upon each other. He who is the Author, will be the Finisher of the good work. The grace received from Christ's fulness, springs forth into lively exercises of faith, affection, and gratitude. Yet Christ, not his gifts, is most precious to them. The word translated camphire, signifies atonement or propitiation. Christ is dear to all believers, because he is the propitiation for their sins. No pretender must have his place in the soul. They resolved to lodge him in their hearts all the night; during the continuance of the troubles of life. Christ takes delight in the good work which his grace has wrought on the souls of believers. This should engage all who are made holy, to be very thankful for that grace which has made those fair, who by nature were deformed. The spouse (the believer) has a humble, modest eye, discovering simplicity and godly sincerity; eyes enlightened and guided by the Holy Spirit, that blessed Dove. The church expresses her value for Christ. Thou art the great Original, but I am but a faint and imperfect copy. Many are fair to look at, yet their temper renders them unpleasant: but Christ is fair, yet pleasant. The believer, ver. 16, speaks with praise of those holy ordinances in which true believers have fellowship with Christ. Whether the believer is in the courts of the Lord, or in retirement; whether following his daily labours, or confined on the bed of sickness, or even in a dungeon, a sense of the Divine presence will turn the place into a paradise. Thus the soul, daily having fellowship with the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, enjoys a lively hope of an incorruptible, undefiled, and unfading inheritance above.
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