Song of Solomon 4:13
New International Version
Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates with choice fruits, with henna and nard,

New Living Translation
Your thighs shelter a paradise of pomegranates with rare spices--henna with nard,

English Standard Version
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates with all choicest fruits, henna with nard,

Berean Study Bible
Your branches are an orchard of pomegranates with the choicest of fruits, with henna and nard,

New American Standard Bible
"Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates With choice fruits, henna with nard plants,

King James Bible
Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,

Christian Standard Bible
Your branches are a paradise of pomegranates with choicest fruits; henna with nard,

Contemporary English Version
Your arms are vines, covered with delicious fruits and all sorts of spices--henna, nard,

Good News Translation
there the plants flourish. They grow like an orchard of pomegranate trees and bear the finest fruits. There is no lack of henna and nard,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Your branches are a paradise of pomegranates with choicest fruits, henna with nard--

International Standard Version
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with choice fruit, henna with nard,

NET Bible
Your shoots are a royal garden full of pomegranates with choice fruits: henna with nard,

New Heart English Bible
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits: henna with spikenard plants,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You are paradise that produces pomegranates and the best fruits, henna flowers and nard,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thy shoots are a park of pomegranates, With precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants,

New American Standard 1977
“Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates With choice fruits, henna with nard plants,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thy newly budded plants are a paradise of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, {Heb. ransom}, with spikenard,

King James 2000 Bible
Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; henna, with spikenard,

American King James Version
Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,

American Standard Version
Thy shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy plants are a paradise of pomegranates with the fruits of the orchard. Cypress with spikenard.

Darby Bible Translation
Thy shoots are a paradise of pomegranates, with precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants;

English Revised Version
Thy shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits; henna with spikenard plants,

Webster's Bible Translation
Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphor, with spikenard,

World English Bible
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits: henna with spikenard plants,

Young's Literal Translation
Thy shoots a paradise of pomegranates, With precious fruits,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Solomon Admires His Bride
12My sister, my bride, you are a garden locked up, a spring enclosed, a fountain sealed. 13Your branches are an orchard of pomegranates with the choicest of fruits, with henna and nard, 14with nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes, with all the finest spices.…
Cross References
Ecclesiastes 2:5
I made myself gardens and parks and planted in them all kinds of fruit trees.

Song of Solomon 1:14
My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blossoms in the vineyards of En-gedi.

Song of Solomon 2:3
Like an apricot tree among the trees of the forest is my beloved among the young men. I delight to sit in his shade, and his fruit is sweet to my taste.

Song of Solomon 4:16
Awaken, O north wind, and come, O south wind. Breathe on my garden, and spread the fragrance of its spices. Let my beloved come into his garden and taste its choicest fruits.

Song of Solomon 6:11
I went down to the walnut grove to see the blossoms of the valley, to see if the vines were budding, or the pomegranates in bloom.

Song of Solomon 7:12
Let us go early to the vineyards to see if the vine has budded, if the blossom has opened, if the pomegranates are in bloom--there I will give you my love.

Song of Solomon 7:13
The mandrakes send forth a fragrance, and at our door is every delicacy, new as well as old, that I have treasured up for you, my beloved.

Treasury of Scripture

Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,

are

Songs 6:11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, …

Songs 7:12 Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, …

Songs 8:2 I would lead you, and bring you into my mother's house, who would instruct me…

Psalm 92:14 They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat …

Ecclesiastes 2:5 I made me gardens and orchards, and I planted trees in them of all …

Isaiah 60:21 Your people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land …

John 15:1-3 I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer…

Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus …

pleasant

Songs 6:2 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to …

camphire

Songs 4:14 Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; …

Songs 1:14 My beloved is to me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

spikenard

Songs 1:12 While the king sits at his table, my spikenard sends forth the smell thereof.

Mark 14:3 And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat…

John 12:3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and …







Lexicon
Your branches
שְׁלָחַ֙יִךְ֙ (šə·lā·ḥa·yiḵ)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7973: A missile of attack, spear, a shoot of growth, branch

[are] an orchard
פַּרְדֵּ֣ס (par·dês)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6508: A preserve, park

of pomegranates
רִמּוֹנִ֔ים (rim·mō·w·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7416: A pomegranate, the tree, the fruit

with
עִ֖ם (‘im)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

the choicest
מְגָדִ֑ים (mə·ḡā·ḏîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4022: A distinguished thing, something valuable, as a, product, fruit

of fruits,
פְּרִ֣י (pə·rî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6529: Fruit

with henna
כְּפָרִ֖ים (kə·p̄ā·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3724: A cover, a village, bitumen, the henna plant, a redemption-price

[and]
עִם־ (‘im-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

nard,
נְרָדִֽים׃ (nə·rā·ḏîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5373: Nard, an aromatic
(13) Thy plants.--Some have thought the offspring of the marriage intended here; but the poet is plainly, by a new adaptation of the language of flowers, describing the charms of the person of his beloved.

Orchard.--Heb. pardes; LXX. ??????????; found only elsewhere in Nehemiah 2:8 (where see Note), Ecclesiastes 2:5. The pomegranate was perhaps an emblem of love, having been held sacred to the Syrian Venus. (See Tristram, Nat. Hist. of Bible, p. 389.)

Camphire.--See Note, Song of Solomon 1:14.

Verses 13, 14. - Thy shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits; henna with spikenard plants, spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices. Thy shoots; i.e. that which comes forth from thee, thy plants, or, as Bottcher puts it, "all the phenomena and life utterances of her personality." All the plants had their meaning in flower language. They are mostly exotics. But it is difficult now to suggest meanings, though they may have been familiar to Jewish readers at the time. The pardes, "park, or enclosure," was adorned especially with foreign and fragrant plants of great beauty. It is an Old Persian word, perhaps, as Delitzsch suggests, from pairi (περὶ) and dez (Pers. diz), "a heap." Precious fruit; literally, fructus laudam, "fruits of renown" or excellence (cf. Syriac magdo, "dried fruit"). The carcom, or saffron, a kind of crocus (Ind. safran), yields the saffron colour from its dried flower eyes, used both as a cosmetic and as a medicine (cf. Sansc. kuakuma). The calamus, simply a reed, the sweet reed, a corn indigenous to the East. Cinnamon (Quinnamon), Laurus cinnamomum, is indigenous on the east coast of Africa and Ceylon, found later in the Antibes. The inner bark peeled off and roiled together forms the cinnamon bark (see Pliny, bk. 12). There are seven spices mentioned. We need not trouble ourselves to identify them all, as they are mostly Indian, and such as Solomon would fetch from the far East in his celebrated ships. The description is highly poetical, and simply means that all sweetness and attractiveness combine in the fair one. But symbolically we may see an allusion to the spread of the Church over the world, and all the glory and honour of the nations" being introduced into it. So the graces of the individual soul expand themselves under the influence of Christian truth and fellowship. 4:8-15 Observe the gracious call Christ gives to the church. It is, 1. A precept; so this is Christ's call to his church to come off from the world. These hills seem pleasant, but there are in them lions' dens; they are mountains of the leopards. 2. As a promise; many shall be brought as members of the church, from every point. The church shall be delivered from her persecutors in due time, though now she dwells among lions, Ps 57:4. Christ's heart is upon his church; his treasure is therein; and he delights in the affection she has for him; its working in the heart, and its works in the life. The odours wherewith the spouse is perfumed, are as the gifts and graces of the Spirit. Love and obedience to God are more pleasing to Christ than sacrifice or incense. Christ having put upon his spouse the white raiment of his own righteousness, and the righteousness of saints, and perfumed it with holy joy and comfort, he is well pleased with it. And Christ walks in his garden unseen. A hedge of protection is made around, which all the powers of darkness cannot break through. The souls of believers are as gardens enclosed, where is a well of living water, Joh 4:14; 7:38, the influences of the Holy Spirit. The world knows not these wells of salvation, nor can any opposer corrupt this fountain. Saints in the church, and graces in the saints, are fitly compared to fruits and spices. They are planted, and do not grow of themselves. They are precious; they are the blessings of this earth. They will be kept to good purpose when flowers are withered. Grace, when ended in glory, will last for ever. Christ is the source which makes these gardens fruitful; even a well of living waters.
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