Song of Solomon 4:13
New International Version
Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates with choice fruits, with henna and nard,

New Living Translation
Your thighs shelter a paradise of pomegranates with rare spices— henna with nard,

English Standard Version
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates with all choicest fruits, henna with nard,

Berean Study Bible
Your branches are an orchard of pomegranates with the choicest of fruits, with henna and nard,

King James Bible
Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,

New King James Version
Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates With pleasant fruits, Fragrant henna with spikenard,

New American Standard Bible
“Your branches are an orchard of pomegranates With delicious fruits, henna with nard plants,

NASB 1995
“Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates With choice fruits, henna with nard plants,

NASB 1977
“Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates With choice fruits, henna with nard plants,

Amplified Bible
“Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, [A paradise] with precious fruits, henna with fragrant plants,

Christian Standard Bible
Your branches are a paradise of pomegranates with choicest fruits; henna with nard,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Your branches are a paradise of pomegranates with choicest fruits, henna with nard—

American Standard Version
Thy shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Your nudity is a paradise of pomegranates with the fruit of produce; henna flower with spikenard

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thy shoots are a garden of pomegranates, with the fruit of choice berries; camphor, with spikenard:

Contemporary English Version
Your arms are vines, covered with delicious fruits and all sorts of spices--henna, nard,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy plants are a paradise of pomegranates with the fruits of the orchard. Cypress with spikenard.

Good News Translation
there the plants flourish. They grow like an orchard of pomegranate trees and bear the finest fruits. There is no lack of henna and nard,

International Standard Version
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with choice fruit, henna with nard,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thy shoots are a park of pomegranates, With precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants,

Literal Standard Version
Your shoots a paradise of pomegranates, With precious fruits,

New American Bible
Your branches are a grove of pomegranates, with fruits of choicest yield: Henna with spikenard,

NET Bible
Your shoots are a royal garden full of pomegranates with choice fruits: henna with nard,

New Revised Standard Version
Your channel is an orchard of pomegranates with all choicest fruits, henna with nard,

New Heart English Bible
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits: henna with spikenard plants,

World English Bible
Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits: henna with spikenard plants,

Young's Literal Translation
Thy shoots a paradise of pomegranates, With precious fruits,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon Admires His Bride
12My sister, my bride, you are a garden locked up, a spring enclosed, a fountain sealed. 13Your branches are an orchard of pomegranates with the choicest of fruits, with henna and nard, 14with nard and saffron, with calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of frankincense tree, with myrrh and aloes, with all the finest spices.…

Cross References
Ecclesiastes 2:5
I made gardens and parks for myself, where I planted all kinds of fruit trees.

Song of Solomon 1:14
My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blossoms in the vineyards of En-gedi.

Song of Solomon 2:3
Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest is my beloved among the young men. I delight to sit in his shade, and his fruit is sweet to my taste.

Song of Solomon 4:16
Awake, O north wind, and come, O south wind. Breathe on my garden and spread the fragrance of its spices. Let my beloved come into his garden and taste its choicest fruits.

Song of Solomon 6:11
I went down to the walnut grove to see the blossoms of the valley, to see if the vines were budding or the pomegranates were in bloom.

Song of Solomon 7:12
Let us go early to the vineyards to see if the vine has budded, if the blossom has opened, if the pomegranates are in bloom--there I will give you my love.

Song of Solomon 7:13
The mandrakes send forth a fragrance, and at our door is every delicacy, new as well as old, that I have treasured up for you, my beloved.


Treasury of Scripture

Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,

are

Song of Solomon 6:11
I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, and to see whether the vine flourished, and the pomegranates budded.

Song of Solomon 7:12
Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves.

Song of Solomon 8:2
I would lead thee, and bring thee into my mother's house, who would instruct me: I would cause thee to drink of spiced wine of the juice of my pomegranate.

pleasant

Song of Solomon 6:2
My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.

camphire

Song of Solomon 4:14
Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

Song of Solomon 1:14
My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

spikenard

Song of Solomon 1:12
While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.

Mark 14:3
And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.

John 12:3
Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.











(13) Thy plants.--Some have thought the offspring of the marriage intended here; but the poet is plainly, by a new adaptation of the language of flowers, describing the charms of the person of his beloved.

Orchard.--Heb. pardes; LXX. ??????????; found only elsewhere in Nehemiah 2:8 (where see Note), Ecclesiastes 2:5. The pomegranate was perhaps an emblem of love, having been held sacred to the Syrian Venus. (See Tristram, Nat. Hist. of Bible, p. 389.)

Camphire.--See Note, Song of Solomon 1:14.

Verses 13, 14. - Thy shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits; henna with spikenard plants, spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices. Thy shoots; i.e. that which comes forth from thee, thy plants, or, as Bottcher puts it, "all the phenomena and life utterances of her personality." All the plants had their meaning in flower language. They are mostly exotics. But it is difficult now to suggest meanings, though they may have been familiar to Jewish readers at the time. The pardes, "park, or enclosure," was adorned especially with foreign and fragrant plants of great beauty. It is an Old Persian word, perhaps, as Delitzsch suggests, from pairi (περὶ) and dez (Pers. diz), "a heap." Precious fruit; literally, fructus laudam, "fruits of renown" or excellence (cf. Syriac magdo, "dried fruit"). The carcom, or saffron, a kind of crocus (Ind. safran), yields the saffron colour from its dried flower eyes, used both as a cosmetic and as a medicine (cf. Sansc. kuakuma). The calamus, simply a reed, the sweet reed, a corn indigenous to the East. Cinnamon (Quinnamon), Laurus cinnamomum, is indigenous on the east coast of Africa and Ceylon, found later in the Antibes. The inner bark peeled off and roiled together forms the cinnamon bark (see Pliny, bk. 12). There are seven spices mentioned. We need not trouble ourselves to identify them all, as they are mostly Indian, and such as Solomon would fetch from the far East in his celebrated ships. The description is highly poetical, and simply means that all sweetness and attractiveness combine in the fair one. But symbolically we may see an allusion to the spread of the Church over the world, and all the glory and honour of the nations" being introduced into it. So the graces of the individual soul expand themselves under the influence of Christian truth and fellowship.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Your branches
שְׁלָחַ֙יִךְ֙ (šə·lā·ḥa·yiḵ)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 7973: A missile of attack, spear, a shoot of growth, branch

[are] an orchard
פַּרְדֵּ֣ס (par·dês)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6508: A preserve, park

of pomegranates
רִמּוֹנִ֔ים (rim·mō·w·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 7416: A pomegranate, the tree, the fruit

with
עִ֖ם (‘im)
Preposition
Strong's 5973: With, equally with

the choicest
מְגָדִ֑ים (mə·ḡā·ḏîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4022: A distinguished thing, something valuable, as a, product, fruit

of fruits,
פְּרִ֣י (pə·rî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6529: Fruit

with henna
כְּפָרִ֖ים (kə·p̄ā·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3724: A cover, a village, bitumen, the henna plant, a redemption-price

[and]
עִם־ (‘im-)
Preposition
Strong's 5973: With, equally with

nard,
נְרָדִֽים׃ (nə·rā·ḏîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5373: Nard, an aromatic


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