Numbers 13:23
New International Version
When they reached the Valley of Eshkol, they cut off a branch bearing a single cluster of grapes. Two of them carried it on a pole between them, along with some pomegranates and figs.

New Living Translation
When they came to the valley of Eshcol, they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes so large that it took two of them to carry it on a pole between them! They also brought back samples of the pomegranates and figs.

English Standard Version
And they came to the Valley of Eshcol and cut down from there a branch with a single cluster of grapes, and they carried it on a pole between two of them; they also brought some pomegranates and figs.

Berean Study Bible
When they came to the Valley of Eshcol, they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes, which they carried on a pole between two men. They also took some pomegranates and figs.

New American Standard Bible
Then they came to the valley of Eshcol and from there cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes; and they carried it on a pole between two men, with some of the pomegranates and the figs.

King James Bible
And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

Christian Standard Bible
When they came to the Valley of Eshcol, they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes, which was carried on a pole by two men. They also took some pomegranates and figs.

Good News Translation
They came to Eshcol Valley, and there they cut off a branch which had one bunch of grapes on it so heavy that it took two men to carry it on a pole between them. They also brought back some pomegranates and figs. (

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When they came to the Valley of Eshcol, they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes, which was carried on a pole by two men. They also took some pomegranates and figs.

International Standard Version
Soon they arrived in the valley of Eshcol, where they cut a single branch of grapes and carried it on a pole between two men, along with some pomegranates and figs.

NET Bible
When they came to the valley of Eshcol, they cut down from there a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they carried it on a staff between two men, as well as some of the pomegranates and the figs.

New Heart English Bible
They came to the Valley of Eshcol, and cut down from there a branch with one cluster of grapes on it, and they bore it on a staff between two. They also brought some of the pomegranates and figs.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When they came to the Eshcol Valley, they cut off a branch with only one bunch of grapes on it. They carried it on a pole between two of them. They also brought some pomegranates and figs.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they came unto the valley of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it upon a pole between two; they took also of the pomegranates, and of the figs.--

New American Standard 1977
Then they came to the valley of Eshcol and from there cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes; and they carried it on a pole between two men, with some of the pomegranates and the figs.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and from there they cut down a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates and of the figs.

King James 2000 Bible
And they came unto the Valley of Eshcol, and cut down from there a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it between two upon a staff; and they brought some of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

American King James Version
And they came to the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from there a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it between two on a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

American Standard Version
And they came unto the valley of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it upon a staff between two; they brought also of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they came to the valley of the cluster and surveyed it; and they cut down thence a bough and one cluster of grapes upon it, and bore it on staves, and they took of the pomegranates and the figs.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And going forward as far as the torrent of the cluster of grapes, they cut off a branch with its cluster of grapes, which two men carried upon a lever. They took also of the pomegranates and of the figs of that place:

Darby Bible Translation
And they came as far as the valley of Eshcol, and cut down thence a branch with one bunch of grapes, and they bore it between two upon a pole; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

English Revised Version
And they came unto the valley of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it upon a staff between two; they brought also of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they came to the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

World English Bible
They came to the valley of Eshcol, and cut down from there a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it on a staff between two; [they brought] also of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

Young's Literal Translation
and they come in unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down thence a branch and one cluster of grapes, and they bear it on a staff by two, also some of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
Study Bible
The Spies Explore Canaan
22They went up through the Negev and came to Hebron, where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the descendants of Anak, dwelled. It had been built seven years before Zoan in Egypt. 23When they came to the Valley of Eshcol, they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes, which they carried on a pole between two men. They also took some pomegranates and figs. 24Because of the cluster of grapes the Israelites cut there, that place was called the Valley of Eshcol.…
Cross References
Genesis 14:13
Then an escapee came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew. Now Abram was living near the oaks of Mamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshcol and Aner, all of whom were bound by treaty to Abram.

Numbers 13:24
Because of the cluster of grapes the Israelites cut there, that place was called the Valley of Eshcol.

Numbers 32:9
For when your fathers went up to the valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the Israelites from entering the land the LORD had given them.

Deuteronomy 1:24
They left and went up into the hill country, and came to the Valley of Eshcol and spied out the land.

Treasury of Scripture

And they came to the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from there a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it between two on a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

brook.

Numbers 13:24
The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.

Numbers 32:9
For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which the LORD had given them.

Deuteronomy 1:24,25
And they turned and went up into the mountain, and came unto the valley of Eshcol, and searched it out…







Lexicon
When they came
וַיָּבֹ֜אוּ (way·yā·ḇō·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the Valley
נַ֣חַל (na·ḥal)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5158: A stream, a winter torrent, a, valley, a shaft

of Eshcol,
אֶשְׁכֹּ֗ל (’eš·kōl)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 812: Eshcol -- an Amorite, also a region of Hebron

they cut down
וַיִּכְרְת֨וּ (way·yiḵ·rə·ṯū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

a branch
זְמוֹרָה֙ (zə·mō·w·rāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2156: Branch, twig, shoot

with a single
אֶחָ֔ד (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

cluster
וְאֶשְׁכּ֤וֹל (wə·’eš·kō·wl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 811: A bunch of grapes, other fruit

of grapes,
עֲנָבִים֙ (‘ă·nā·ḇîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6025: A grape

which they carried
וַיִּשָּׂאֻ֥הוּ (way·yiś·śā·’u·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

on a pole
בַמּ֖וֹט (ḇam·mō·wṭ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4132: A wavering, fall, a pole, a yoke

between two men.
בִּשְׁנָ֑יִם (biš·nā·yim)
Preposition-b | Number - md
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

They also took some
וּמִן־ (ū·min-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

pomegranates
הָרִמֹּנִ֖ים (hā·rim·mō·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7416: A pomegranate, the tree, the fruit

and figs.
הַתְּאֵנִֽים׃ (hat·tə·’ê·nîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8384: Of foreign derivation, the fig
(23) The brook of Eshcol.--This is commonly identified with the valley of Hebron. Ritter says that the reputation of the grapes of Hebron is so great throughout all Palestine that there is no difficulty in believing that the valley of Eshcol was that which is directly north of the city of Hebron. The valley may have derived its name originally from Eshcol, the brother of Mamre the Amorite (Genesis 14:13). In like manner the name of Mamre appears to have been transferred to the tree, or grove, of Mamre, which was opposite to the cave of Machpelah (Genesis 23:17); and in this manner Eshcol is closely connected with Hebron in Genesis 23:19 as it is in the present chapter.

Upon a staff.--The majority of travellers concur in estimating the weight of the largest clusters commonly produced in Palestine at about ten or twelve pounds. Kitto, however, mentions an instance of a bunch of Syrian grapes produced in our own country weighing nineteen pounds, which was sent by the Duke of Portland to the Marquis of Rockingham, and which was carried more than twenty miles by four labourers, two of whom bore it by rotation upon a staff. The greatest diameter of this cluster was nineteen inches and a half (Pictorial Bible, in loc., 1855). The arrangement referred to in the text was probably made, not because the weight was too great for one person to carry, but in order to prevent the grapes from being crushed. The pomegranates and figs, which are still some of the most important fruits of Hebron (see The Land and the Book, p. 583), were probably carried on the same pole. The words may be rendered thus: "And they bare it between two upon a staff; also some of the pomegranates and of the figs." This incident has obvious reference to the homeward journey of the spies. As the grapes of Eshcol were to the Israelites both a pledge and a specimen of the fruits of Canaan, so the communion which believers have with God on earth is a pledge as well as a foretaste of the blessedness of heaven.

Verse 23. - The brook of Eshcol. Rather, "the valley of Eshcol," for it is not a land of brooks. Probably between Hebron and Jerusalem, where the grapes are still exceptionally fine, and the dusters of great size. They bare it between two on a staff, not on account of its weight, but simply in order not to spoil it. Common sense dictates the like precaution still in like cases. 13:21-25 The searchers of the land brought a bunch of grapes with them, and other fruits, as proofs of the goodness of the country; which was to Israel both the earnest and the specimen of all the fruits of Canaan. Such are the present comforts we have in communion with God, foretastes of the fulness of joy we expect in the heavenly Canaan. We may see by them what heaven is.
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Alphabetical: a along and bearing between branch came carried cluster cut down Eshcol figs from grapes it men of off on pole pomegranates reached single some the them Then there they to Two Valley When with

OT Law: Numbers 13:23 They came to the valley of Eshcol (Nu Num.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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