Psalm 1:3
New International Version
That person is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither-- whatever they do prospers.

New Living Translation
They are like trees planted along the riverbank, bearing fruit each season. Their leaves never wither, and they prosper in all they do.

English Standard Version
He is like a tree planted by streams of water that yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither. In all that he does, he prospers.

Berean Study Bible
He is like a tree planted by streams of water, yielding its fruit in season, whose leaf does not wither, and who prospers in all he does.

New American Standard Bible
He will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water, Which yields its fruit in its season And its leaf does not wither; And in whatever he does, he prospers.

King James Bible
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

Christian Standard Bible
He is like a tree planted beside flowing streams that bears its fruit in its season and whose leaf does not wither. Whatever he does prospers.

Contemporary English Version
They are like trees growing beside a stream, trees that produce fruit in season and always have leaves. Those people succeed in everything they do.

Good News Translation
They are like trees that grow beside a stream, that bear fruit at the right time, and whose leaves do not dry up. They succeed in everything they do.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He is like a tree planted beside streams of water that bears its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither. Whatever he does prospers.

International Standard Version
He will be like a tree planted by streams of water, yielding its fruit in its season, and whose leaf does not wither. He will prosper in everything he does.

NET Bible
He is like a tree planted by flowing streams; it yields its fruit at the proper time, and its leaves never fall off. He succeeds in everything he attempts.

New Heart English Bible
He will be like a tree planted by the streams of water, that brings forth its fruit in its season, whose leaf also does not wither, and whatever he does shall prosper.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He will be like a tree planted upon a stream of waters, it gives its fruit in its time, his leaves will not wither; all that he does he accomplishes.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He is like a tree planted beside streams- a tree that produces fruit in season and whose leaves do not wither. He succeeds in everything he does.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he shall be like a tree planted by streams of water, That bringeth forth its fruit in its season, And whose leaf doth not wither; And in whatsoever he doeth he shall prosper.

New American Standard 1977
And he will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water, Which yields its fruit in its season, And its leaf does not wither; And in whatever he does, he prospers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that brings forth its fruit in its season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatever he does shall prosper.

King James 2000 Bible
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that brings forth its fruit in its season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he does shall prosper.

American King James Version
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that brings forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatever he does shall prosper.

American Standard Version
And he shall be like a tree planted by the streams of water, That bringeth forth its fruit in its season, Whose leaf also doth not wither; And whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he shall be as a tree planted by the brooks of waters, which shall yield its fruit in its season, and its leaf shall not fall off; and whatsoever he shall do shall be prospered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he shall be like a tree which is planted near the running waters, which shall bring forth its fruit, in due season. And his leaf shall not fall off: and all whosoever he shall do shall prosper.

Darby Bible Translation
And he [is] as a tree planted by brooks of water, which giveth its fruit in its season, and whose leaf fadeth not; and all that he doeth prospereth.

English Revised Version
And he shall be like a tree planted by the streams of water, that bringeth forth its fruit in its season, whose leaf also doth not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth its fruit in season; its leaf also shall not wither; and whatever he doeth shall prosper.

World English Bible
He will be like a tree planted by the streams of water, that brings forth its fruit in its season, whose leaf also does not wither. Whatever he does shall prosper.

Young's Literal Translation
And he hath been as a tree, Planted by rivulets of water, That giveth its fruit in its season, And its leaf doth not wither, And all that he doth he causeth to prosper.
Study Bible
The LORD Blesses Job
2But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on His law he meditates day and night. 3He is like a tree planted by streams of water, yielding its fruit in season, whose leaf does not wither, and who prospers in all he does. 4Not so the wicked! For they are like chaff driven off by the wind.…
Cross References
Genesis 39:2
And the LORD was with Joseph, and he became a successful man, serving in the household of his Egyptian master.

Genesis 39:3
When his master saw that the LORD was with him and made him prosper in all he did,

Numbers 24:6
They spread out like palm groves, like gardens beside a stream, like aloes the LORD has planted, like cedars beside the waters.

Psalm 92:12
The righteous will flourish like a palm tree, and grow like a cedar in Lebanon.

Psalm 106:5
that I may see the prosperity of Your chosen ones, and rejoice in the gladness of Your nation, and give glory with your inheritance.

Psalm 128:2
For when you eat the fruit of your labor, blessings and prosperity will be yours.

Proverbs 3:33
The curse of the LORD is on the house of the wicked, but He blesses the home of the righteous.

Proverbs 11:28
He who trusts in his riches will fall, but the righteous will thrive like foliage.

Jeremiah 17:8
He will be like a tree planted by the waters that sends out its roots toward the stream. It does not fear when the heat comes, and its leaves are always green. It will not worry in a year of drought or cease producing fruit.

Ezekiel 19:10
Your mother was like a vine in your vineyard, planted by the water; it was fruitful and full of branches because of the abundant waters.

Ezekiel 31:5
Therefore it towered higher than all the trees of the field. Its branches multiplied, and its boughs grew long as it spread them out because of the abundant waters.

Ezekiel 47:12
Along both banks of the river, fruit trees of all kinds will grow. Their leaves will not wither, and their fruit will not fail. Each month they will bear fruit, because the water from the sanctuary flows to them. Their fruit will be used for food and their leaves for healing.

Treasury of Scripture

And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that brings forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatever he does shall prosper.

tree

Job 14:9
Yet through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant.

Isaiah 44:4
And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.

Jeremiah 17:8
For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.

bringeth

Psalm 92:14
They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;

Matthew 21:34,41
And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it…

shall not

Isaiah 27:11
When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire: for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.

Matthew 13:6
And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.

Matthew 21:19
And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.

wither.

Psalm 128:2
For thou shalt eat the labour of thine hands: happy shalt thou be, and it shall be well with thee.

Psalm 129:8
Neither do they which go by say, The blessing of the LORD be upon you: we bless you in the name of the LORD.

Genesis 39:3,23
And his master saw that the LORD was with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand…







Lexicon
He is
וְֽהָיָ֗ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

like a tree
כְּעֵץ֮ (kə·‘êṣ)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood

planted
שָׁת֪וּל (šā·ṯūl)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8362: To transplant

by
עַֽל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

streams
פַּלְגֵ֫י (pal·ḡê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6388: A channel, canal

of water,
מָ֥יִם (mā·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

yielding
יִתֵּ֬ן (yit·tên)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

its fruit
פִּרְי֨וֹ ׀ (pir·yōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6529: Fruit

in season,
בְּעִתּ֗וֹ (bə·‘it·tōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when

whose leaf
וְעָלֵ֥הוּ (wə·‘ā·lê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5929: A leaf, foliage

does not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

wither,
יִבּ֑וֹל (yib·bō·wl)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5034: To wilt, to fall away, fail, faint, to be foolish, wicked, to despise, disgrace

and
וְכֹ֖ל (wə·ḵōl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

who prospers
יַצְלִֽיחַ׃ (yaṣ·lî·aḥ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6743: To push forward

in all he does.
יַעֲשֶׂ֣ה (ya·‘ă·śeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make
(3) And he.--Better, So is he. For the image so forcible in an Eastern clime, where vegetation depends on proximity to a stream, comp. Psalm 52:8; Psalm 92:12; Isaiah 44:4; and its development in Jeremiah 17:7-8. The full moral bearing of the image appears in our Lord's parabolic saying, "a good tree cannot bring forth corrupt fruit, nor an evil tree good fruit." The physical growth of a tree has in all poetry served as a ready emblem of success, as its decay has of failure. (Recall Wolsey's comment on his fall in Shakespeare's Henry VIII.) Nor has the moral significance of vegetable life been ignored. "If," says a German poet, "thou wouldest attain to thy highest, go look upon a flower, and what that does unconsciously do thou consciously." In Hebrew poetry a moral purpose is given to the grass on the mountain side and the flower in the field, and we are taught that "there is not a virtue within the widest range of human conduct, not a grace set on high for man's aspiration, which has not its fitting emblem in vegetable life."--Bible Educator, ii, p. 179.

For the general comparison of a righteous man to a tree, comp. Psalm 3:8 (the olive), Psalm 128:3 (vine); Hosea 14:6 (olive and cedar). Naturally the actual kind of tree in the poet's thought interests us. The oleander suggested by Dean Stanley (Sinai and Palestine, 146), though answering the description in many ways, fails from its want of fruit to satisfy the principal condition. For, as Bishop Hall says, "Look where you will in God's Book, you shall never find any lively member of God's house, any true Christian, compared to any but a fruitful tree." Probably the palm meets all the conditions best. (Comp. Psalm 92:12.)

The last clause, "Whatsoever he doeth, it shall," &c, is obscure in construction. The best rendering is, all that he doeth he maketh to prosper, which may mean either "the righteous man carries out to a successful end all his enterprises," or "all that he begins he brings to a maturity."

Verse 3. - And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water. The comparison of a man to a. tree is frequent in the Book of Job (Job 8:16, 17; 14:7-10; 15:32, 33, etc.), and occurs once in the Pentateuch (Numbers 24:6). We find it again in Psalm 92:12-14, and frequently in the prophets. The "rivers of water" spoken of (פַּלְגַ־מָיִם) are undoubtedly the "streams" (Revised Version) or "canals of irrigation" so common both in Egypt and in Babylonia, by which fruit trees were planted, as especially date-palms, which need the vicinity of water. That such planting of trees by the waterside was known to the Israelites is evident, both from this passage and from several others, as Numbers 24:6; Ecclesiastes 2:5; Jeremiah 17:8; Ezekiel 17:5, 8, etc. It is misplaced ingenuity to attempt to decide what particular tree the writer had in his mind, whether the palm, or the oleander, or any other, since he may not have been thinking of any particular tree. That bringeth forth his fruit in his season. Therefore not the oleander, which has no fruit, and is never planted in the East, but grows naturally along the courses of streams. His leaf also shall not wither. Compare the contrary threat of Isaiah against the wicked of his time, "Ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water" (Isaiah 1:30). And whatsoever he doeth shall prosper; rather, perhaps, in whatsoever he doeth he shall prosper. 1:1-3 To meditate in God's word, is to discourse with ourselves concerning the great things contained in it, with close application of mind and fixedness of thought. We must have constant regard to the word of God, as the rule of our actions, and the spring of our comforts; and have it in our thoughts night and day. For this purpose no time is amiss.
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OT Poetry: Psalm 1:3 He will be like a tree planted (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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