Psalm 44:2
New International Version
With your hand you drove out the nations and planted our ancestors; you crushed the peoples and made our ancestors flourish.

New Living Translation
You drove out the pagan nations by your power and gave all the land to our ancestors. You crushed their enemies and set our ancestors free.

English Standard Version
you with your own hand drove out the nations, but them you planted; you afflicted the peoples, but them you set free;

Berean Study Bible
With Your hand You drove out the nations and planted our fathers there; You crushed the peoples and cast them out.

New American Standard Bible
You with Your own hand drove out the nations; Then You planted them; You afflicted the peoples, Then You spread them abroad.

King James Bible
How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

Christian Standard Bible
In order to plant them, you displaced the nations by your hand; in order to settle them, you brought disaster on the peoples.

Contemporary English Version
You chased off the nations by causing them trouble with your powerful arm. Then you let our ancestors take over their land.

Good News Translation
how you yourself drove out the heathen and established your people in their land; how you punished the other nations and caused your own to prosper.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
to plant them, You drove out the nations with Your hand; to settle them, You crushed the peoples.

International Standard Version
With your hand you expelled the nations and established our ancestors. You afflicted nations and cast them out.

NET Bible
You, by your power, defeated nations and settled our fathers on their land; you crushed the people living there and enabled our ancestors to occupy it.

New Heart English Bible
You drove out the nations with your hand, but you planted them. You afflicted the peoples, but you spread them abroad.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Your hand destroyed Gentiles, and you planted them, and you afflicted kingdoms, and you established them

GOD'S WORD® Translation
By your power you forced nations [out of the land], but you planted our ancestors [there]. You shattered many groups of people, but you set our ancestors free.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou with Thy hand didst drive out the nations, and didst plant them in; Thou didst break the peoples, and didst spread them abroad.

New American Standard 1977
Thou with Thine own hand didst drive out the nations; Then Thou didst plant them; Thou didst afflict the peoples, Then Thou didst spread them abroad.

Jubilee Bible 2000
How thou didst drive out the Gentiles with thy hand and plant them in their place; how thou didst afflict the peoples and cast them out.

King James 2000 Bible
How you did drive out the nations with your hand, and planted them; how you did afflict the people, and cast them out.

American King James Version
How you did drive out the heathen with your hand, and planted them; how you did afflict the people, and cast them out.

American Standard Version
Thou didst drive out the nations with thy hand; But them thou didst plant: Thou didst afflict the peoples; But them thou didst spread abroad.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thine hand utterly destroyed the heathen, and thou didst plant them: thou didst afflict the nations, and cast them out.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy hand destroyed the Gentiles, and thou plantedst them : thou didst afflict the people and cast them out.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou, by thy hand, didst dispossess the nations, but them thou didst plant; thou didst afflict the peoples, but them didst thou cause to spread out.

English Revised Version
Thou didst drive out the nations with thy hand, and plantedst them in; thou didst afflict the peoples, and didst spread them abroad.

Webster's Bible Translation
How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and didst plant them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

World English Bible
You drove out the nations with your hand, but you planted them. You afflicted the peoples, but you spread them abroad.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou, with Thy hand, nations hast dispossessed. And Thou dost plant them. Thou afflictest peoples, and sendest them away.
Study Bible
Redeem Us
1For the choirmaster. A Maskil of the sons of Korah. We have heard with our ears, O God; our fathers have told us the work You did in their days, in days of long ago. 2With Your hand You drove out the nations and planted our fathers there; You crushed the peoples and cast them out. 3For it was not by their sword that they took the land; their arm did not bring them victory; it was by Your right hand, Your arm, and the light of Your face; for You delighted in them.…
Cross References
Acts 7:45
And our fathers who received it brought it in with Joshua when they dispossessed the nations God drove out before them. It remained until the time of David,

Exodus 15:17
You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain of Your inheritance--the place, O LORD, You have prepared for Your dwelling, the sanctuary, O Lord, Your hands have established.

Joshua 3:10
He continued, "This is how you will know that the living God is among you and that He will surely drive out before you the Canaanites, Hittites, Hivites, Perizzites, Girgashites, Amorites, and Jebusites.

Judges 1:4
When Judah attacked, the LORD delivered the Canaanites and Perizzites into their hands, and they struck down ten thousand men at Bezek.

2 Samuel 7:10
And I will provide a place for My people Israel and will plant them so that they may dwell in a place of their own and be disturbed no more. No longer will the sons of wickedness oppress them as they did at the beginning

Nehemiah 9:24
So their descendants went in and possessed the land. You subdued before them the Canaanites dwelling in the land; You handed their kings and peoples over to them, to do with them as they wished.

Psalm 77:10
So I said, "I am grieved that the right hand of the Most High has changed."

Psalm 78:55
He drove out nations before them and apportioned their inheritance; he settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.

Psalm 80:8
You uprooted a vine from Egypt; You drove out the nations and transplanted it.

Psalm 80:9
You cleared the ground for it, and it took root and filled the land.

Psalm 94:10
He who admonishes the nations, does He not discipline? He who teaches man, does He lack knowledge?

Psalm 135:10
He struck down many nations and slaughtered mighty kings:

Jeremiah 2:21
I had planted you like a choice vine from the very best seed. How could you turn yourself before me, into a rotten wild vine?

Jeremiah 24:6
I will keep My eyes upon their good and will return them to this land. I will build them up and not tear them down; I will plant them and not uproot them.

Jeremiah 32:23
They came in and possessed it, but they did not obey Your voice or walk in Your law. They failed to perform all You commanded them to do, and so You have brought upon them all this disaster.

Amos 9:15
I will firmly plant them on their own land, and they will never again be uprooted from the land I have given them," says the LORD your God.

Zechariah 2:6
"Get up! Get up! Flee from the land of the north," declares the LORD, "for I have scattered you like the four winds of heaven," declares the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

How you did drive out the heathen with your hand, and planted them; how you did afflict the people, and cast them out.

drive out

Psalm 78:55
He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line, and made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents.

Psalm 80:8
Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.

Psalm 105:44
And gave them the lands of the heathen: and they inherited the labour of the people;

how thou didst afflict.

Psalm 89:9
Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them.

Ezekiel 17:6
And it grew, and became a spreading vine of low stature, whose branches turned toward him, and the roots thereof were under him: so it became a vine, and brought forth branches, and shot forth sprigs.

Jeremiah 17:8
For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.

Exodus 23:28
And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

Numbers 13:32
And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature.

Joshua 10:11
And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.







Lexicon
With Your hand
יָדְךָ֡ (yā·ḏə·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

You
אַתָּ֤ה ׀ (’at·tāh)
Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

drove out
ה֭וֹרַשְׁתָּ (hō·w·raš·tā)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3423: To occupy, to seize, to rob, to inherit, to expel, to impoverish, to ruin

the nations
גּוֹיִ֣ם (gō·w·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

and planted [our fathers] there;
וַתִּטָּעֵ֑ם (wat·tiṭ·ṭā·‘êm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - second person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5193: To strike in, fix, to plant

You crushed
תָּרַ֥ע (tā·ra‘)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7489: To spoil, to make, good for, nothing, bad

the peoples
לְ֝אֻמִּ֗ים (lə·’um·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3816: A community

and cast them out.
וַֽתְּשַׁלְּחֵֽם׃ (wat·tə·šal·lə·ḥêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - second person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out
(2) Thou . . . with thy hand.--Literally, Thou, Thy hand, which may be, as in the Authorised Version, taken as accusative of instrument, or as a repeated subject.

And cast them out.--This entirely misses the meaning and destroys the parallelism. The Hebrew word is that used for a treo spreading its branches out; comp. Jeremiah 17:8; Ezekiel 17:6; Ezekiel 31:5, and especially Psalm 80:11, a passage which is simply an amplification of the figure in this verse, viz., of a vine or other exotic, planted in a soil cleared for its reception, and there caused to grow and flourish. The pronoun them in each clause plainly refers to Israel.

Thou, with thine hand, didst dispossess the heathen,

And planted them (Israel) in.

Thou didst afflict the peoples.

But didst make them to spread.

Verse 2. - How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand; i.e. "by thy power." The conquest of Canaan is the historical fact referred to. And plantedst them (comp. Exodus 15:17, "Thou wilt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance;" and see also Psalm 80:8, "Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt; thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it"). How thou didst afflict the people; rather, the peoples, i.e. the Canaanitish nations. And cast them out. So the LXX, the Vulgate, and even the Revised Version. But most moderns, understanding "them" of Israel, render, but didst spread them out (comp. Psalm 80:11). 44:1-8 Former experiences of God's power and goodness are strong supports to faith, and powerful pleas in prayer under present calamities. The many victories Israel obtained, were not by their own strength or merit, but by God's favour and free grace. The less praise this allows us, the more comfort it affords, that we may see all as coming from the favour of God. He fought for Israel, else they had fought in vain. This is applicable to the planting of the Christian church in the world, which was not by any human policy or power. Christ, by his Spirit, went forth conquering and to conquer; and he that planted a church for himself in the world, will support it by the same power and goodness. They trusted and triumphed in and through him. Let him that glories, glory in the Lord. But if they have the comfort of his name, let them give unto him the glory due unto it.
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