Psalm 44:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
you with your own hand drove out the nations, but them you planted; you afflicted the peoples, but them you set free;

King James Bible
How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

American Standard Version
Thou didst drive out the nations with thy hand; But them thou didst plant: Thou didst afflict the peoples; But them thou didst spread abroad.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy hand destroyed the Gentiles, and thou plantedst them : thou didst afflict the people and cast them out.

English Revised Version
Thou didst drive out the nations with thy hand, and plantedst them in; thou didst afflict the peoples, and didst spread them abroad.

Webster's Bible Translation
How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and didst plant them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

Psalm 44:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Elohimic Judica (the introit of the so-called Cross or Passion Sunday which opens the celebritas Passionis), with which the supplicatory and plaintive first strophe of the Psalm begins, calls to mind the Jehovic Judica in Psalm 7:9; Psalm 26:1; Psalm 35:1, Psalm 35:24 : judge me, i.e., decide my cause (lxx κρῖνόν με, Symmachus κρῖνόν μοι). ריבה has the tone upon the ultima before the ריבי which begins with the half-guttural ר, as is also the case in Psalm 74:22; Psalm 119:154. The second prayer runs: vindica me a gente impia; מן standing for contra in consequence of a constr. praegnans. לא־חסיד is here equivalent to one practising no חסד towards men, that is to say, one totally wanting in that חסד, by which God's חסד is to be imitated and repaid by man in his conduct towards his fellow-men. There is some uncertainty whether by אישׁ one chief enemy, the leader of all the rest, is intended to be mentioned side by side with the unloving nation, or whether the special manner of his enemies is thus merely individualised. עולה means roguish, mischievous conduct, utterly devoid of all sense of right. In Psalm 43:2 the poet establishes his petition by a twofold Why. He loves God and longs after Him, but in the mirror of his present condition he seems to himself like one cast off by Him. This contradiction between his own consciousness and the inference which he is obliged to draw from his afflicted state cannot remain unsolved. אלהי מעזּי, God of my fortress, is equivalent to who is my fortress. Instead of אלך we here have the form אתהלּך, of the slow deliberate gait of one who is lost in his own thoughts and feelings. The sting of his pain is his distance from the sanctuary of his God. In connection with Psalm 43:3 one is reminded of Psalm 57:4 and Exodus 15:13, quite as much as of Psalm 42:9. "Light and truth" is equivalent to mercy and truth. What is intended is the light of mercy or loving-kindness which is coupled with the truth of fidelity to the promises; the light, in which the will or purpose of love, which is God's most especial nature, becomes outwardly manifest. The poet wishes to be guided by these two angels of God; he desires that he may be brought (according tot he Chethb of the Babylonian text יבואוני, "let come upon me;" but the אל which follows does not suit this form) to the place where his God dwells and reveals Himself. "Tabernacles" is, as in Psalm 84:2; Psalm 46:5, an amplificative designation of the tent, magnificent in itself and raised to special honour by Him who dwells therein.

Psalm 44:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

drive out

Psalm 78:55 He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line...

Psalm 80:8 You have brought a vine out of Egypt: you have cast out the heathen, and planted it.

Psalm 105:44 And gave them the lands of the heathen: and they inherited the labor of the people;

Psalm 135:10-12 Who smote great nations, and slew mighty kings...

Psalm 136:17-22 To him which smote great kings: for his mercy endures for ever...

Exodus 15:17,19 You shall bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of your inheritance, in the place, O LORD...

Exodus 34:11 Observe you that which I command you this day: behold, I drive out before you the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite...

Deuteronomy 7:1 When the LORD your God shall bring you into the land where you go to possess it, and has cast out many nations before you, the Hittites...

Joshua 10:42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.

Joshua 11:23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said to Moses...

Joshua 21:43 And the LORD gave to Israel all the land which he swore to give to their fathers; and they possessed it, and dwelled therein.

Nehemiah 9:22-27 Moreover you gave them kingdoms and nations, and did divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon...

how thou didst afflict. Or, rather, `how thou didst afflict the peoples (of Canaan,) and madest then (the Hebrews) to shoot forth; `for halach is to send forth in any manner, and is applied to a vine spreading its roots

Psalm 89:9 You rule the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, you still them.

Ezekiel 17:6 And it grew, and became a spreading vine of low stature, whose branches turned toward him, and the roots thereof were under him...

Jeremiah 17:8 For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreads out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat comes...

and this sense is parallel with plantedst in the former line

Exodus 23:28 And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you.

Numbers 13:32 And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched to the children of Israel, saying, The land...

Joshua 10:11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron...

Joshua 24:12 And I sent the hornet before you, which drove them out from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; but not with your sword...

1 Samuel 5:6,7 But the hand of the LORD was heavy on them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and smote them with tumors...

Cross References
Acts 7:45
Our fathers in turn brought it in with Joshua when they dispossessed the nations that God drove out before our fathers. So it was until the days of David,

Exodus 15:17
You will bring them in and plant them on your own mountain, the place, O LORD, which you have made for your abode, the sanctuary, O Lord, which your hands have established.

Joshua 3:10
And Joshua said, "Here is how you shall know that the living God is among you and that he will without fail drive out from before you the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Hivites, the Perizzites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, and the Jebusites.

Judges 1:4
Then Judah went up and the LORD gave the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand, and they defeated 10,000 of them at Bezek.

2 Samuel 7:10
And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more. And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly,

Nehemiah 9:24
So the descendants went in and possessed the land, and you subdued before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gave them into their hand, with their kings and the peoples of the land, that they might do with them as they would.

Psalm 77:10
Then I said, "I will appeal to this, to the years of the right hand of the Most High."

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