Psalm 44:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
for not by their own sword did they win the land, nor did their own arm save them, but your right hand and your arm, and the light of your face, for you delighted in them.

King James Bible
For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.

American Standard Version
For they gat not the land in possession by their own sword, Neither did their own arm save them; But thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, Because thou wast favorable unto them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For they got not the possession of the land by their own sword : neither did their own arm save them. But thy right hand and thy arm, and the light of thy countenance : because thou wast pleased with them.

English Revised Version
For they gat not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.

Webster's Bible Translation
For they obtained not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thy arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favor to them.

Psalm 44:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Elohimic Judica (the introit of the so-called Cross or Passion Sunday which opens the celebritas Passionis), with which the supplicatory and plaintive first strophe of the Psalm begins, calls to mind the Jehovic Judica in Psalm 7:9; Psalm 26:1; Psalm 35:1, Psalm 35:24 : judge me, i.e., decide my cause (lxx κρῖνόν με, Symmachus κρῖνόν μοι). ריבה has the tone upon the ultima before the ריבי which begins with the half-guttural ר, as is also the case in Psalm 74:22; Psalm 119:154. The second prayer runs: vindica me a gente impia; מן standing for contra in consequence of a constr. praegnans. לא־חסיד is here equivalent to one practising no חסד towards men, that is to say, one totally wanting in that חסד, by which God's חסד is to be imitated and repaid by man in his conduct towards his fellow-men. There is some uncertainty whether by אישׁ one chief enemy, the leader of all the rest, is intended to be mentioned side by side with the unloving nation, or whether the special manner of his enemies is thus merely individualised. עולה means roguish, mischievous conduct, utterly devoid of all sense of right. In Psalm 43:2 the poet establishes his petition by a twofold Why. He loves God and longs after Him, but in the mirror of his present condition he seems to himself like one cast off by Him. This contradiction between his own consciousness and the inference which he is obliged to draw from his afflicted state cannot remain unsolved. אלהי מעזּי, God of my fortress, is equivalent to who is my fortress. Instead of אלך we here have the form אתהלּך, of the slow deliberate gait of one who is lost in his own thoughts and feelings. The sting of his pain is his distance from the sanctuary of his God. In connection with Psalm 43:3 one is reminded of Psalm 57:4 and Exodus 15:13, quite as much as of Psalm 42:9. "Light and truth" is equivalent to mercy and truth. What is intended is the light of mercy or loving-kindness which is coupled with the truth of fidelity to the promises; the light, in which the will or purpose of love, which is God's most especial nature, becomes outwardly manifest. The poet wishes to be guided by these two angels of God; he desires that he may be brought (according tot he Chethb of the Babylonian text יבואוני, "let come upon me;" but the אל which follows does not suit this form) to the place where his God dwells and reveals Himself. "Tabernacles" is, as in Psalm 84:2; Psalm 46:5, an amplificative designation of the tent, magnificent in itself and raised to special honour by Him who dwells therein.

Psalm 44:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For

Deuteronomy 4:37,38 And because he loved your fathers, therefore he chose their seed after them...

Deuteronomy 8:17,18 And you say in your heart, My power and the might of my hand has gotten me this wealth...

Joshua 24:12 And I sent the hornet before you, which drove them out from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; but not with your sword...

Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power...

2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.

thy right

Psalm 17:7 Show your marvelous loving kindness...

Psalm 20:6 Now know I that the LORD saves his anointed; he will hear him from his holy heaven with the saving strength of his right hand.

Psalm 74:11 Why withdraw you your hand, even your right hand? pluck it out of your bosom.

Exodus 15:16 Fear and dread shall fall on them; by the greatness of your arm they shall be as still as a stone; till your people pass over, O LORD...

Isaiah 63:12 That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name?

light

Psalm 42:5,11 Why are you cast down, O my soul? and why are you disquieted in me? hope you in God...

Psalm 80:16 It is burned with fire, it is cut down: they perish at the rebuke of your countenance.

because

Numbers 14:8 If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which flows with milk and honey.

Deuteronomy 7:7,8 The LORD did not set his love on you, nor choose you, because you were more in number than any people...

1 Samuel 12:22 For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it has pleased the LORD to make you his people.

Malachi 1:2,3 I have loved you, said the LORD. Yet you say, Wherein have you loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? said the LORD...

Romans 9:10-15 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac...

Cross References
Numbers 6:26
the LORD lift up his countenance upon you and give you peace.

Deuteronomy 4:37
And because he loved your fathers and chose their offspring after them and brought you out of Egypt with his own presence, by his great power,

Deuteronomy 7:7
It was not because you were more in number than any other people that the LORD set his love on you and chose you, for you were the fewest of all peoples,

Deuteronomy 7:8
but it is because the LORD loves you and is keeping the oath that he swore to your fathers, that the LORD has brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 8:17
Beware lest you say in your heart, 'My power and the might of my hand have gotten me this wealth.'

Deuteronomy 8:18
You shall remember the LORD your God, for it is he who gives you power to get wealth, that he may confirm his covenant that he swore to your fathers, as it is this day.

Deuteronomy 10:15
Yet the LORD set his heart in love on your fathers and chose their offspring after them, you above all peoples, as you are this day.

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