Psalm 44:3
New International Version
It was not by their sword that they won the land, nor did their arm bring them victory; it was your right hand, your arm, and the light of your face, for you loved them.

New Living Translation
They did not conquer the land with their swords; it was not their own strong arm that gave them victory. It was your right hand and strong arm and the blinding light from your face that helped them, for you loved them.

English Standard Version
for not by their own sword did they win the land, nor did their own arm save them, but your right hand and your arm, and the light of your face, for you delighted in them.

Berean Study Bible
For it was not by their sword that they took the land; their arm did not bring them victory. It was by Your right hand, Your arm, and the light of Your face, because You favored them.

King James Bible
For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.

New King James Version
For they did not gain possession of the land by their own sword, Nor did their own arm save them; But it was Your right hand, Your arm, and the light of Your countenance, Because You favored them.

New American Standard Bible
For by their own sword they did not possess the land, And their own arm did not save them, But Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your presence, For You favored them.

NASB 1995
For by their own sword they did not possess the land, And their own arm did not save them, But Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your presence, For You favored them.

NASB 1977
For by their own sword they did not possess the land; And their own arm did not save them; But Thy right hand, and Thine arm, and the light of Thy presence, For Thou didst favor them.

Amplified Bible
For our fathers did not possess the land [of Canaan] by their own sword, Nor did their own arm save them, But Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your presence, Because You favored and delighted in them.

Christian Standard Bible
For they did not take the land by their sword — their arm did not bring them victory — but by your right hand, your arm, and the light of your face, because you were favorable toward them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For they did not take the land by their sword— their arm did not bring them victory— but by Your right hand, Your arm, and the light of Your face, for You were pleased with them.

American Standard Version
For they gat not the land in possession by their own sword, Neither did their own arm save them; But thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, Because thou wast favorable unto them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because it was not by their sword that they inherited the land, neither their arms that saved them, but your right hand and your arm and the light of your face, for you were pleased with them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For they inherited not the land by their own sword, and their own arm did not deliver them; but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou wert well pleased in them.

Contemporary English Version
Their strength and weapons were not what won the land and gave them victory! You loved them and fought with your powerful arm and your shining glory.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For they got not the possession of the land by their own sword : neither did their own arm save them. But thy right hand and thy arm, and the light of thy countenance : because thou wast pleased with them.

English Revised Version
For they gat not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.

Good News Translation
Your people did not conquer the land with their swords; they did not win it by their own power; it was by your power and your strength, by the assurance of your presence, which showed that you loved them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It was not with their swords that they took possession of the land. They did not gain victory with their own strength. It was your right hand, your arm, and the light of your presence [that did it], because you were pleased with them.

International Standard Version
It was not with their sword that they inherited the land, nor did their own arm deliver them. But it was by your power, your strength, and by the light of your face; because you were pleased with them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For not by their own sword did they get the land in possession, Neither did their own arm save them; But Thy right hand, and Thine arm, and the light of Thy countenance, Because Thou wast favourable unto them.

Literal Standard Version
For they did not possess the land by their sword, And their arm did not give salvation to them, But Your right hand, and Your arm, And the light of Your countenance, Because You had accepted them.

NET Bible
For they did not conquer the land by their swords, and they did not prevail by their strength, but rather by your power, strength and good favor, for you were partial to them.

New Heart English Bible
For they did not get the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them; but your right hand, and your arm, and the light of your face, because you were favorable to them.

World English Bible
For they didn't get the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them; but your right hand, and your arm, and the light of your face, because you were favorable to them.

Young's Literal Translation
For, not by their sword Possessed they the land, And their arm gave not salvation to them, But Thy right hand, and Thine arm, And the light of Thy countenance, Because Thou hadst accepted them.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Redeem Us
2With Your hand You drove out the nations and planted our fathers there; You crushed the peoples and cast them out. 3For it was not by their sword that they took the land; their arm did not bring them victory. It was by Your right hand, Your arm, and the light of Your face, because You favored them. 4You are my King, O God, who ordains victories for Jacob.…

Cross References
Numbers 6:26
may the LORD lift up His countenance toward you and give you peace.'

Deuteronomy 4:37
Because He loved your fathers, He chose their descendants after them and brought you out of Egypt by His presence and great power,

Deuteronomy 7:7
The LORD did not set His affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than the other peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples.

Deuteronomy 7:8
But because the LORD loved you and kept the oath He swore to your fathers, He brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 8:17
You might say in your heart, "The power and strength of my hands have made this wealth for me."

Deuteronomy 8:18
But remember that it is the LORD your God who gives you the power to gain wealth, in order to confirm His covenant that He swore to your fathers even to this day.

Deuteronomy 10:15
Yet the LORD has set His affection on your fathers and loved them. And He has chosen you, their descendants after them, above all the peoples, even to this day.


Treasury of Scripture

For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but your right hand, and your arm, and the light of your countenance, because you had a favor to them.

For

Deuteronomy 4:37,38
And because he loved thy fathers, therefore he chose their seed after them, and brought thee out in his sight with his mighty power out of Egypt; …

Deuteronomy 8:17,18
And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth…

Joshua 24:12
And I sent the hornet before you, which drave them out from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; but not with thy sword, nor with thy bow.

thy right

Psalm 17:7
Shew thy marvellous lovingkindness, O thou that savest by thy right hand them which put their trust in thee from those that rise up against them.

Psalm 20:6
Now know I that the LORD saveth his anointed; he will hear him from his holy heaven with the saving strength of his right hand.

Psalm 74:11
Why withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck it out of thy bosom.

light

Psalm 42:5,11
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance…

Psalm 80:16
It is burned with fire, it is cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.

because

Numbers 14:8
If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey.

Deuteronomy 7:7,8
The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye were the fewest of all people: …

1 Samuel 12:22
For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased the LORD to make you his people.









(3) The light of thy countenance.--Notice the contrast to this in Psalm 44:24; in times of distress God's face seemed hidden or averted.

Verse 3. - For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them (comp. Joshua 24:11, 12): but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them (see Deuteronomy 4:37, 38; Joshua 24:11, 18).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
For
כִּ֤י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

it was not
לֹ֪א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

by their sword
בְחַרְבָּ֡ם (ḇə·ḥar·bām)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2719: Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword

that they took
יָ֥רְשׁוּ (yā·rə·šū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3423: To occupy, to seize, to rob, to inherit, to expel, to impoverish, to ruin

the land;
אָ֗רֶץ (’ā·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

their arm
וּזְרוֹעָם֮ (ū·zə·rō·w·‘ām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2220: The arm, the foreleg, force

did not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

bring them victory;
הוֹשִׁ֪יעָ֫ה (hō·wō·šî·‘āh)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 3467: To be open, wide, free, to be safe, to free, succor

it was
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

by Your right hand,
יְמִֽינְךָ֣ (yə·mî·nə·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 3225: The right hand, side, the south

Your arm,
וּ֭זְרוֹעֲךָ (ū·zə·rō·w·‘ă·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 2220: The arm, the foreleg, force

and the light
וְא֥וֹר (wə·’ō·wr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 216: Illumination, luminary

of Your face;
פָּנֶ֗יךָ (pā·ne·ḵā)
Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 6440: The face

for
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

You delighted in them.
רְצִיתָֽם׃ (rə·ṣî·ṯām)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 7521: To be pleased with, to satisfy a, debt


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OT Poetry: Psalm 44:3 For they didn't get the land (Psalm Ps Psa.)
Psalm 44:2
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