1 Kings 1:1
New International Version
When King David was very old, he could not keep warm even when they put covers over him.

New Living Translation
King David was now very old, and no matter how many blankets covered him, he could not keep warm.

English Standard Version
Now King David was old and advanced in years. And although they covered him with clothes, he could not get warm.

Berean Study Bible
Now King David was old and advanced in years, and though they covered him with blankets, he could not get warm.

New American Standard Bible
Now King David was old, advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm.

King James Bible
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

Christian Standard Bible
Now King David was old and advanced in age. Although they covered him with bedclothes, he could not get warm.

Contemporary English Version
King David was now an old man, and he always felt cold, even under a lot of blankets.

Good News Translation
King David was now a very old man, and although his servants covered him with blankets, he could not keep warm.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now King David was old and getting on in years. Although they covered him with bedclothes, he could not get warm.

International Standard Version
When David had grown very old, they covered him with blankets, but he could not keep warm,

NET Bible
King David was very old; even when they covered him with blankets, he could not get warm.

New Heart English Bible
Now king David was old and advanced in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he couldn't keep warm.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King David had grown old, and although he was covered with blankets, he couldn't get warm.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now King David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he could get no heat.

New American Standard 1977
Now King David was old, advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now king David was old and stricken in years, and they covered him with clothes, but he did not become warm.

King James 2000 Bible
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

American King James Version
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

American Standard Version
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And king David was old and advanced in days, and they covered him with clothes, and he was not warmed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now king David was old, and advanced in years: and when he was covered with clothes, he was not warm.

Darby Bible Translation
And king David was old [and] advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he obtained no warmth.

English Revised Version
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now king David was old and advanced in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

World English Bible
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he couldn't keep warm.

Young's Literal Translation
And king David is old, entering into days, and they cover him with garments, and he hath no heat,
Study Bible
Abishag Cares for David
1Now King David was old and advanced in years, and though they covered him with blankets, he could not get warm. 2So his servants said to him, “Let us search for a young virgin for our lord the king, to attend to him and care for him and lie by his side to keep him warm.”…
Cross References
2 Samuel 24:25
And there he built an altar to the LORD and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. Then the LORD answered the prayers on behalf of the land, and the plague on Israel was halted.

1 Kings 1:2
So his servants said to him, "Let us search for a young virgin for our lord the king, to attend to him and care for him and lie by his side to keep him warm."

1 Kings 1:15
So Bathsheba went to see the king in his bedroom. Since the king was very old, Abishag the Shunammite was serving him.

1 Chronicles 23:1
When David was old and full of years, he installed his son Solomon as king over Israel.

Ecclesiastes 4:11
Again, if two lie down together, they will keep warm; but how can one keep warm alone?

Treasury of Scripture

Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

2 Samuel 5:4
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

1 Chronicles 23:1
So when David was old and full of days, he made Solomon his son king over Israel.

1 Chronicles 29:27,28
And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem…

Genesis 18:11
Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.

Genesis 24:1
And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things.

Joshua 23:1,2
And it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old and stricken in age…







Lexicon
Now King
וְהַמֶּ֤לֶךְ (wə·ham·me·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

David
דָּוִד֙ (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

was old
זָקֵ֔ן (zā·qên)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2204: To be or become old

and advanced
בָּ֖א (bā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

in years,
בַּיָּמִ֑ים (bay·yā·mîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

and though they covered him
וַיְכַסֻּ֙הוּ֙ (way·ḵas·su·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3680: To plump, fill up hollows, to cover

with blankets,
בַּבְּגָדִ֔ים (bab·bə·ḡā·ḏîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 899: A covering, clothing, treachery, pillage

he could not
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

get warm.
יִחַ֖ם (yi·ḥam)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3179: To be hot, to conceive
(1) Now king David.--"Now" is the simple illative conjunction "and," found at the beginning of all the historical books (Exodus, Numbers, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, &c.). It marks the general conception of the unity of the whole history, but implies nothing of special connection of time or authorship with the books of Samuel. In fact, although these books are in some sense the continuation of the former, yet the narrative is hardly continuous. The history passes at once to the closing scene of David's life, leaving a comparative blank in the period succeeding the restoration after the defeat of Absalom--a blank which is partly filled up in the later books (1 Chronicles 22-29).

Stricken in years--about seventy years old. Since "clothes" mean "bed-clothes," the meaning is that the King was now too feeble to rise from his bed. His life began its responsibilities early; it had been hard and trying; and, as the history shows, not wholly free from self-indulgence. Hence, at no excessive age, its complete decrepitude.

Verse 1. - Now [Hebrews and, but "now" more nearly expresses the import of the original, for ו has here little or no connecting force. It is commonly found at the beginning of a book (as in Exodus, Leviticus, Joshua, Judges, 2 Samuel, Ruth, etc.), and that where there is no connection whatever with any earlier writing (as in Esther, Ezekiel, Jonah, etc.) It can hardly imply, therefore, "that the historian regards his work as a continuation of a preceding history" (Rawlinson), nor is there any need to suppose that it has been taken from a writing containing the earlier history of David." Keil] King [Hebrews the king. The frequent use of this title, "King David," "King Solomon," "King Asa," etc., is characteristic of our author. The expression is not unknown in 2 Samuel, but it occurs so rarely as to constitute a distinction (not a link, as Wordsworth) between that book and the Kings.] David was old [yet 2 Samuel 5:4, 5, shows that he cannot have been more than seventy. (He was thirty at his accession; his reign at Hebron lasted seven years and a half; at Jerusalem thirty-three years.) Rawlinson says, "the Jews at this time were not long lived." Certainly, the Jewish kings were not. Only David, Solomon, and Manasses exceeded threescore] and stricken [Hebrews gone, i.e., advanced] in years. [A common expression, only found with זָקֵןas in Genesis 18:11; Genesis 24:1; Joshua 13:1, etc.] And they covered him with clothes [lit. coverings. בֶּגֶד is used of any covering, whether of the person (Genesis 39:12; 1 Kings 22:10), or the bed (1 Samuel 19:13), or even a table (Numbers 4:6). Indeed, the outer garment was used, at least by the poor, for a covering at night (Exodus 22:27). The context (ver. 47) shows that bedclothes are intended here] but he gat no heat. [A common experience of the aged. David's early hardships and later sorrows and anxieties appear to have aged him prematurely. Possibly he was also afflicted with disease.] 1:1-4 We have David sinking under infirmities. He was chastised for his recent sins, and felt the effects of his former toils and hardships.
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Advanced Age Although Body Clothes Cold Cover Covered Covers David Entering Far Garments Gat Heat Obtained Stricken Warm Warmth
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Alphabetical: advanced age and but clothes could covered covers David even he him in keep King not Now old over put they warm was well When with years

OT History: 1 Kings 1:1 Now king David was old and stricken (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
2 Samuel 24:25
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