2 Samuel 5:4
New International Version
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.

New Living Translation
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years in all.

English Standard Version
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Berean Study Bible
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.

King James Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

New King James Version
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

New American Standard Bible
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned for forty years.

NASB 1995
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.

NASB 1977
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.

Amplified Bible
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.

Christian Standard Bible
David was thirty years old when he began his reign; he reigned forty years.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David was 30 years old when he began his reign; he reigned 40 years.

American Standard Version
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
David was a son of thirty years when he was made to reign, and he reigned forty years

Brenton Septuagint Translation
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Contemporary English Version
David was 30 years old when he became king, and he ruled for 40 years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

English Revised Version
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Good News Translation
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he ruled for forty years.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
David was 30 years old when he became king, and he ruled for 40 years.

International Standard Version
David began to reign when he was 30 years old, and he reigned 40 years.

JPS Tanakh 1917
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Literal Standard Version
A son of thirty years [is] David in his being king; he has reigned [for] forty years;

NET Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign and he reigned for forty years.

New Heart English Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

World English Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Young's Literal Translation
A son of thirty years is David in his being king; forty years he hath reigned;

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Anointed King over Israel
3So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, where King David made with them a covenant before the LORD. And they anointed him king over Israel. 4David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years. 5In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years over all Israel and Judah.…

Cross References
Luke 3:23
Jesus Himself was about thirty years old when He began His ministry. He was regarded as the son of Joseph, the son of Heli,

Genesis 41:46
Now Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph left Pharaoh's presence and traveled throughout the land of Egypt.

Numbers 4:3
men from thirty to fifty years old--everyone who is qualified to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting.

1 Kings 2:11
The length of David's reign over Israel was forty years--seven years in Hebron and thirty-three years in Jerusalem.

1 Chronicles 3:4
These six sons were born to David in Hebron, where he reigned seven years and six months. And David reigned in Jerusalem thirty-three years,

1 Chronicles 26:31
As for the Hebronites, Jerijah was the chief of the Hebronites, according to the genealogies of his ancestors. In the fortieth year of David's reign the records were searched, and strong, capable men were found among the Hebronites at Jazer in Gilead.

1 Chronicles 29:27
The length of David's reign over Israel was forty years--seven years in Hebron and thirty-three years in Jerusalem.


Treasury of Scripture

David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

thirty

Luke 3:23
And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

forty

1 Chronicles 26:31
Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even among the Hebronites, according to the generations of his fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were sought for, and there were found among them mighty men of valour at Jazer of Gilead.

1 Chronicles 29:27
And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.









(4) Thirty years old.--This statement of the age and of the length of the reign of David (which is repeated in 1Chronicles 29:26-27, at the end of the history of David's life) shows us approximately the length of time since the combat with Goliath as some ten or twelve years. It also proves that the greater part of Saul's reign is treated very briefly in 1 Samuel, and further shows that David was seventy years old at his death.

Verse 4. - David was thirty years old. As David was probably about eighteen or nineteen years of age at the time of his combat with Goliath, the events recorded in 1 Samuel 17-31, must have occupied about ten or eleven years.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
David
דָּוִ֖ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

was thirty
שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים (šə·lō·šîm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 7970: Thirty, thirtieth

years old
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

when he became king,
בְּמָלְכ֑וֹ (bə·mā·lə·ḵōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

[and] he reigned
מָלָֽךְ׃ (mā·lāḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

forty
אַרְבָּעִ֥ים (’ar·bā·‘îm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 705: Forty

years.
שָׁנָ֖ה (šā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8141: A year


Jump to Previous
David Forty Reign Reigned Thirty
Jump to Next
David Forty Reign Reigned Thirty
Links
2 Samuel 5:4 NIV
2 Samuel 5:4 NLT
2 Samuel 5:4 ESV
2 Samuel 5:4 NASB
2 Samuel 5:4 KJV

2 Samuel 5:4 BibleApps.com
2 Samuel 5:4 Biblia Paralela
2 Samuel 5:4 Chinese Bible
2 Samuel 5:4 French Bible
2 Samuel 5:4 Clyx Quotations

OT History: 2 Samuel 5:4 David was thirty years old when he (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 5:3
Top of Page
Top of Page