1 Kings 1:8
New International Version
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei and Rei and David's special guard did not join Adonijah.

New Living Translation
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David's personal bodyguard refused to support Adonijah.

English Standard Version
But Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and Nathan the prophet and Shimei and Rei and David’s mighty men were not with Adonijah.

Berean Study Bible
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David’s mighty men would not join Adonijah.

New American Standard Bible
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

King James Bible
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

Christian Standard Bible
but the priest Zadok, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the prophet Nathan, Shimei, Rei, and David's royal guard did not side with Adonijah.

Contemporary English Version
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David's bodyguards all refused.

Good News Translation
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David's bodyguards were not on Adonijah's side.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David's warriors did not side with Adonijah.

International Standard Version
but Zadok the priest, Jehoiada's son Benaiah, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David's personal elite forces would have nothing to do with Adonijah.

NET Bible
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David's elite warriors did not ally themselves with Adonijah.

New Heart English Bible
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But the priest Zadok, Benaiah (son of Jehoiada), the prophet Nathan, Shimei, Rei, and David's [thirty] fighting men did not join Adonijah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men that belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

New American Standard 1977
But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan, the prophet, and Shimei and Rei and the mighty men of David did not follow Adonijah.

King James 2000 Bible
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

American King James Version
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

American Standard Version
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men that belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But Sadoc the priest, and Banaeas the son of Jodae, and Nathan the prophet, and Semei, and Resi, and the mighty men of David, did not follow Adonias.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Sadoc the priest, and Banaias the son of Joiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Semei, and Rei, and the strength of David's army was not with Adonias.

Darby Bible Translation
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men whom David had, were not with Adonijah.

English Revised Version
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

Webster's Bible Translation
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

World English Bible
But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

Young's Literal Translation
and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty ones whom David hath, have not been with Adonijah.
Study Bible
Adonijah Usurps the Kingdom
7So Adonijah conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, who supported him. 8But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David’s mighty men would not join Adonijah. 9And Adonijah sacrificed sheep, oxen, and fattened calves near the stone of Zoheleth, which is next to En-rogel. He invited all his royal brothers and all the men of Judah who were servants of the king.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 8:18
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; and David's sons were priests.

2 Samuel 12:1
Then the LORD sent Nathan to David, and when he arrived, he said, "There were two men in a certain city, one rich and the other poor.

2 Samuel 20:25
Sheva was the scribe; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

2 Samuel 23:8
These are the names of David's mighty men: Josheb-basshebeth the Tahchemonite was chief of the Three. He wielded his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killed at one time.

1 Kings 1:26
But me your servant he did not invite, nor Zadok the priest, nor Benaiah son of Jehoiada, nor your servant Solomon.

1 Kings 1:32
Then King David said, "Call in for me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada." So they came before the king.

1 Kings 1:38
Then Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, along with the Cherethites and Pelethites, went down and set Solomon on King David's mule, and they escorted him to Gihon.

1 Kings 4:18
Shimei son of Ela in Benjamin;

1 Chronicles 16:39
And David left Zadok the priest and his fellow priests before the tabernacle of the LORD at the high place in Gibeon

Treasury of Scripture

But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

Zadok

1 Kings 2:35
And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.

2 Samuel 8:17,18
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; …

2 Samuel 20:25
And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

Nathan

2 Samuel 7:2-4
That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains…

2 Samuel 12:1-15
And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor…

Shimei

1 Kings 4:18
Shimei the son of Elah, in Benjamin:

Zechariah 12:13
The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart;

the mighty

2 Samuel 23:8-39
These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time…

1 Chronicles 11:10-47
These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel…







Lexicon
But Zadok
וְצָד֣וֹק (wə·ṣā·ḏō·wq)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6659: Zadok -- the name of several Israelites

the priest,
הַ֠כֹּהֵן (hak·kō·hên)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

Benaiah
וּבְנָיָ֨הוּ (ū·ḇə·nā·yā·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1141: Benaiah -- 'Yah has built up', the name of several Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Jehoiada,
יְהוֹיָדָ֜ע (yə·hō·w·yā·ḏā‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3077: Jehoiada -- 'the LORD knows', the name of several Israelites

Nathan
וְנָתָ֤ן (wə·nā·ṯān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5416: Nathan -- the name of a number of Israelites

the prophet,
הַנָּבִיא֙ (han·nā·ḇî)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5030: A spokesman, speaker, prophet

Shimei,
וְשִׁמְעִ֣י (wə·šim·‘î)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8096: Shimei -- the name of a number of Israelites

Rei,
וְרֵעִ֔י (wə·rê·‘î)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7472: Rei -- a courtier of King David

and David’s
לְדָוִ֑ד (lə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

mighty men
וְהַגִּבּוֹרִ֖ים (wə·hag·gib·bō·w·rîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1368: Powerful, warrior, tyrant

would not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

join
עִם־ (‘im-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

Adonijah.
אֲדֹנִיָּֽהוּ׃ (’ă·ḏō·nî·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 138: Adonijah -- 'my Lord is Yahweh', the name of several Israelites
(8) Zadok the priest (son of Ahitub) was the representative of the family of Eleazar, elder son of Aaron, as Abiathar of the family of Ithamar, the younger son (1Chronicles 24:3). As a "young man of valour," under "Jehoiada, leader of the Aaronites," he joined David at Hebron with 3,700 men (1Chronicles 12:28), and had been left in charge of the Tabernacle at Gibeon (1Chronicles 16:39) after the removal of the Ark to Jerusalem. On his relation to Abiathar, see 1Kings 2:35.

Benaiah, the son of "Jehoiada, a chief priest," and therefore of Levitical origin. (See 2Samuel 8:18; 2Samuel 23:20-23; 1Chronicles 27:5-6.) His rank is given in 2Samuel 23:23, as intermediate between the "three mighty men" and "the thirty," and in 1Chronicles 27:5, as "the third captain of the host for the third month"; but his command of the bodyguard gave him special importance, second only to that of Joab (2Samuel 20:23), and perhaps of even greater importance for immediate action. (It is notable that there is no mention of Abishai, who is named as prior to Benaiah among "the mighty men" in 2Samuel 23:18-22. It may be inferred that he was dead; otherwise he could hardly have been omitted here.)

Nathan the prophet.--See 2Samuel 7:2; 2Samuel 12:1; 2Samuel 12:25. In the whole chapter he appears rather as a chief officer and counsellor of David, than in the loftier aspect of the prophetic character. He was also the royal chronicler of the reigns of David and Solomon (1Chronicles 29:29; 2Chronicles 9:29).

Shimei, and Rei.--Ewald conjectures that these were two brothers of David, called Shimma and Raddai in 1Chronicles 2:13-14. These, however, being older than David, would now be in extreme old age. Of Rei, we have no mention elsewhere; but there is a Shimei (in 1Kings 4:18), a high officer of Solomon; a "Shimea," brother of Solomon (in 1Chronicles 3:5), and a "Shammah," one of the "mighty men" (in 2Samuel 23:11).

The mighty men.--See 2Samuel 23:8-39. The name Gibborim is a technical name, and is thought to designate a picked body of troops, the standing nucleus of the armies of Israel. It is commonly inferred that they were the successors of the six hundred men of David's band during his life of wandering and exile, and that "the three" and "the thirty" (2 Samuel 23) were their officers. They are mentioned as attached to the person of David in 2Samuel 10:7; 2Samuel 16:6, 2Sa_20:7.

Verse 8. - But Zadok the priest [2 Samuel 8:17. It is generally said to be difficult to explain "how Zadok and Abiathar came both to be "priests at this time." Rawlinson, who adds that "the best explanation is that Abiathar was the real high priest," officiating in Zion, while Zadok acted as chief priest at the tabernacle at Gibeon. (Bahr, by a strange oversight, assigns to Zadok the care of the ark on Mount Zion, whereas 1 Chronicles 16:39, distinctly connects his ministry with the tabernacle of witness at Gibeon.) But the precedence (see on ver. 7) generally assigned to Zadok is hardly consistent with the idea that Abiathar was "the real high priest." The fact is that a duality of high priests, associated, apparently, on pretty equal terms, was not unknown in Jewish history. The cases of Eleazer and Ithamar, Hophni and Phinehas, Annas and Caiaphas, will occur to all. 2 Kings 25:18, speaks of "the chief priest" and "the second priest;" 2 Chronicles 31:10, of the "chief priest of the house of Zadok." And a dual priesthood would be the more necessary in David's days, because of the two sanctuaries, Zion and Gibeon. We find, however, from 1 Chronicles 15:11, that Zadok was already priest at the time of the bringing up of the ark. And the true explanation, no doubt, is that Zadok had succeeded some member of his family, in all probability Jehoiada, called in 1 Chronicles 12:27, "the leader of Aaron" (Hebrews), who had certainly been high priest in the time of Saul (1 Chronicles 27:5), and who would hardly be degraded when, with 3700 followers, he joined David at Hebron. On his decease, or cession of orifice, Zadok, who had joined at the same time with a large contingent,was associated with Abiathar in the priest's office. This dual arrangement, consequently, was the result of David's having taken over a high priest from Saul, together with the kingdom, when he had Abiathar as priest already,] and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, [i.e., Jehoiada the high priest (1 Chronicles 27:5). Benaiah was consequently a Levite, and of the family of Aaron; set, however, by David, because of his prowess (2 Samuel 23:20, 21; 1 Chronicles 11:22) over the bodyguard (2 Samuel 8:18; 1 Chronicles 18:17). Probably he was a near relative of Zadok.], and Nathan the prophet [a Jewish tradition makes Nathan the eighth son of Jesse. He comes before us 2 Samuel 7:2, 3, 17; 2 Samuel 12:1-12, 25] and Shimei [by Ewald identified with Shammah (1 Samuel 16:9), or Shimeah, David's brother (2 Samuel 13:3; 2 Samuel 21:21). Others suppose him to be the Shimei of 1 Kings 4:18. But see note on chap. 2:8. Josephus calls Shimei (not Rei, as Bahr states) ὁ Δαυίδου φίλος], and Rei [this name occurs here only. Ewald would identify him with Raddai (1 Chronicles 2:14), another brother of David, but on very slender grounds], and the mighty men [or heroes. Gesen. "chiefs." Not the 600 men who formed David's band in his wanderings (1 Samuel 25:13; 1 Samuel 27:2) (Rawlinson), but the 30 (or 37) to whom this name of Gibborim is expressly given, 2 Samuel 23:8; 1 Chronicles 11:15, 25; 1 Chronicles 29:24. Comp. 2 Kings 10:25, Hebrews] which belonged to David [same expression as in 2 Samuel 23:8] were not with Adonijah. 1:5-10 Indulgent parents are often chastised with disobedient children, who are anxious to possess their estates. No worldly wisdom, nor experience, nor sacredness of character, can insure the continuance in any former course of those who remain under the power of self-love. But we may well wonder by what arts Joab and Abiathar could be drawn aside.
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Alphabetical: Adonijah and belonged Benaiah But David David's did guard Jehoiada join men mighty Nathan not of priest prophet Rei Shimei son special the to were who with Zadok

OT History: 1 Kings 1:8 But Zadok the priest and Benaiah (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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