2 Kings 25:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The commander of the guard took as prisoners Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest next in rank and the three doorkeepers.

New Living Translation
Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took with him as prisoners Seraiah the high priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three chief gatekeepers.

English Standard Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest and the three keepers of the threshold;

Berean Study Bible
The captain of the guard also took away Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers.

New American Standard Bible
Then the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple.

King James Bible
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

Christian Standard Bible
The captain of the guards also took away Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers.

Contemporary English Version
Next, Nebuzaradan arrested Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah his assistant, and three temple officials.

Good News Translation
In addition, Nebuzaradan, the commanding officer, took away as prisoners Seraiah the High Priest, Zephaniah the priest next in rank, and the three other important Temple officials.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The commander of the guards also took away Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers.

International Standard Version
The captain of the guard arrested Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the second priest, three temple officials,

NET Bible
The captain of the royal guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah, the priest who was second in rank, and the three doorkeepers.

New Heart English Bible
The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The captain of the guard took the chief priest Seraiah, the second priest Zephaniah, and the 3 doorkeepers.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door;

New American Standard 1977
Then the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah, the chief priest, and Zephaniah, the second priest, and the three keepers of the door;

King James 2000 Bible
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

American King James Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

American Standard Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the general of the army took Seraias the chief priest, and Sophonias the second priest, and three doorkeepers.

Darby Bible Translation
And the captain of the body-guard took Seraiah the high priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers.

English Revised Version
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

World English Bible
The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

Young's Literal Translation
And the chief of the executioners taketh Seraiah the head priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold,
Study Bible
Captives Carried to Babylon
17Each pillar was eighteen cubits tall. The bronze capital atop one pillar was three cubits high, with a network of bronze pomegranates all around. The second pillar, with its network, was similar. 18The commander of the guard also took away Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers. 19Of those still in the city, he took a court official who had been appointed over the men of war and five royal advisors, as well as the scribe of the captain of the army, who enlisted the people of the land, and sixty men who were found in the city.…
Cross References
2 Kings 23:4
Then the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, the priests second in rank, and the doorkeepers to remove from the temple of the LORD all the articles made for Baal, Asherah, and all the host of heaven. And he burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron and carried their ashes to Bethel.

1 Chronicles 6:14
Azariah was the father of Seraiah, and Seraiah was the father of Jehozadak.

Ezra 7:1
Many years later, during the reign of King Artaxerxes of Persia, Ezra son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah,

Jeremiah 20:1
When Pashhur the priest, the son of Immer and the chief official in the temple of the LORD, heard Jeremiah prophesying these things,

Jeremiah 21:1
This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD when King Zedekiah sent to him Pashhur son of Malchijah and the priest Zephaniah son of Maaseiah, saying,

Jeremiah 21:7
After that, declares the LORD, I will hand over King Zedekiah of Judah, his officers, and the people in this city who survive the plague and sword and famine, to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and to their enemies who seek their lives. He will put them to the sword; he will not spare them or show pity or compassion.'

Jeremiah 29:25
"This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: In your own name you have sent out letters to all the people of Jerusalem, to the priest Zephaniah son of Maaseiah, and to all the priests, saying:

Jeremiah 29:29
And Zephaniah the priest read this letter to Jeremiah the prophet.

Jeremiah 34:21
I will hand Zedekiah king of Judah and his officials over to their enemies who seek their lives, to the army of the king of Babylon that had withdrawn from you.

Jeremiah 52:24
The captain of the guard also took away Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers.

Ezekiel 11:7
Therefore this is what the Lord GOD says: The slain you have laid within this city are the meat, and the city is the pot; but I will remove you from it.

Treasury of Scripture

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

captain.

2 Kings 25:24,25,26 And Gedaliah swore to them, and to their men, and said to them, Fear …

Seraiah.

1 Chronicles 6:14 And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah begat Jehozadak,

Ezra 7:1 Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, …

Jeremiah 52:24 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah …

Zephaniah.

Jeremiah 21:1 The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, when king Zedekiah …

Jeremiah 29:25,29 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying…

the second priest. Called by the Jews, sagan, who officiated for the high priest in case of any temporary incapacity.

door. Heb. threshold.







(18, 19) List of the chief personages taken by Nebu-zaradan in the Temple and the city of David. This notice may be regarded as an indirect proof that the upper city was not captured before.

(18) Seraiah the chief (high) priest.--And grandfather or great-grandfather of Ezra (1Chronicles 6:14; Ezra 7:1).

Zephaniah the second priest.--See 2Kings 23:4, Note; and Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 29:25; Jeremiah 29:29; Jeremiah 37:3. From the last three passages it is clear that Zephaniah was a priest of high rank, being probably the high priest's deputy.

The three keepers of the door (threshold).--The chief warders of the principal entrances to the Temple. (See Jeremiah 38:13.) All the chief officials of the Temple were apparently taken away together.

Verse 18. - And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest. The "chief priest" is a new expression; but it can only mean the "high priest." Seraiah seems to have been the grandson of Hilkiah (1 Chronicles 6:18, 14), and an ancestor (grandfather or great-grandfather) of Ezra (Ezra 7:1). He had stayed at his post till the city was taken, and was now seized by Nebuzar-adan as one of the most important personages whom he found in the city. And Zephaniah the second priest. Keil and Bahr translate "a priest of the second order;' i.e. a mere Ordinary priest; but something more than this must be intended by Jeremiah, who calls him (Jeremiah 52:34), כֹּהֵן הַמִּשְׁנֶה i.e. distinctly "the second priest." It is conjectured that he was the high priest's substitute, empowered to act for him on occasions. Possibly he was the Zephaniah, son of Maaseiah, of whom we hear a good deal in Jeremiah (see Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 29:25-29: 37:3). And the three keepers of the door; rather, and three keepers of the threshold. There were twenty-five "gatekeepers" of the temple (1 Chronicles 26:17, 18), all of them Levites. On what principle Nebuzar-adan selected three out of the twenty-four is uncertain, since we have no evidence that the temple had. as Bahr says it had, "three main entrances." Jeremiah 38:14 certainly does not prove this. And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest,.... The sagan, or deputy priest, who officiated for the high priest, when by any means he was rendered unfit and incapable; so Joseph, the son of Ellem, as Josephus (x) relates, officiated for Matthias, when defiled with a nocturnal pollution; and seven days before the day of atonement they always substituted one under the high priest, lest anything of this kind should happen to him (y). From hence, to the end of 2 Kings 25:21 the account is the same as in Jeremiah 52:25, only here in 2 Kings 25:19 it is said, that five men that were in the king's presence were taken, there seven men; to account for which; see Gill on Jeremiah 52:25.

(x) Antiqu. l. 17. c. 6. sect. 4. (y) Misn. Yoma, c. 1. sect. 1.18. the three keepers of the door—not mere porters, but officers of high trust among the Levites (2Ki 22:4; 1Ch 9:26).25:8-21 The city and temple were burnt, and, it is probable, the ark in it. By this, God showed how little he cares for the outward pomp of his worship, when the life and power of religion are neglected. The walls of Jerusalem were thrown down, and the people carried captive to Babylon. The vessels of the temple were carried away. When the things signified were sinned away, what should the signs stand there for? It was righteous with God to deprive those of the benefit of his worship, who had preferred false worships before it; those that would have many altars, now shall have none. As the Lord spared not the angels that sinned, as he doomed the whole race of fallen men to the grave, and all unbelievers to hell, and as he spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, we need not wonder at any miseries he may bring upon guilty nations, churches, or persons.
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