2 Kings 23:24
New International Version
Furthermore, Josiah got rid of the mediums and spiritists, the household gods, the idols and all the other detestable things seen in Judah and Jerusalem. This he did to fulfill the requirements of the law written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had discovered in the temple of the LORD.

New Living Translation
Josiah also got rid of the mediums and psychics, the household gods, the idols, and every other kind of detestable practice, both in Jerusalem and throughout the land of Judah. He did this in obedience to the laws written in the scroll that Hilkiah the priest had found in the LORD's Temple.

English Standard Version
Moreover, Josiah put away the mediums and the necromancers and the household gods and the idols and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might establish the words of the law that were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

Berean Study Bible
Furthermore, Josiah removed the mediums and spiritists, the household gods and idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. He did this to carry out the words of the law written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had found in the house of the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
Moreover, Josiah removed the mediums and the spiritists and the teraphim and the idols and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

King James Bible
Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

Christian Standard Bible
In addition, Josiah eradicated the mediums, the spiritists, household idols, images, and all the abhorrent things that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. He did this in order to carry out the words of the law that were written in the book that the priest Hilkiah found in the LORD's temple.

Contemporary English Version
Josiah got rid of every disgusting person and thing in Judah and Jerusalem--including magicians, fortunetellers, and idols. He did his best to obey every law written in the book that the priest Hilkiah found in the LORD's temple.

Good News Translation
In order to enforce the laws written in the book that the High Priest Hilkiah had found in the Temple, King Josiah removed from Jerusalem and the rest of Judah all the mediums and fortunetellers, and all the household gods, idols, and all other pagan objects of worship.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In addition, Josiah removed the mediums, the spiritists, household idols, images, and all the detestable things that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. He did this in order to carry out the words of the law that were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the LORD's temple.

International Standard Version
Furthermore, Josiah removed the mediums, the necromancers, the household gods, the idols, and every despicable thing that could be seen in the territory of Judah and in Jerusalem, so that he might confirm the words of the Law that had been written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had discovered in the LORD's Temple.

NET Bible
Josiah also got rid of the ritual pits used to conjure up spirits, the magicians, personal idols, disgusting images, and all the detestable idols that had appeared in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. In this way he carried out the terms of the law recorded on the scroll that Hilkiah the priest had discovered in the LORD's temple.

New Heart English Bible
Moreover Josiah removed the mediums, and spiritists, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the scroll that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Josiah also got rid of the mediums, psychics, family idols, other idols, and disgusting gods that could be seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. He did this to confirm the words of the Teachings written in the book that the priest Hilkiah found in the LORD's temple.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Moreover them that divined by a ghost or a familiar spirit, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the detestable things that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
Moreover, Josiah removed the mediums and the spiritists and the teraphim and the idols and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the same manner Josiah burned the spiritists, the diviners, the teraphim, the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had found in the house of the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
Moreover the workers with mediums, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

American King James Version
Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

American Standard Version
Moreover them that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Moreover the diviners by spirits, and soothsayers, and the figures of idols, and the uncleannesses, and the abominations, that had been in the land of Juda, and Jerusalem, Josias took away: that he might perform the words of the law, that were written in the book which Helcias the priest had found in the temple of the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
Moreover the necromancers and the soothsayers, and the teraphim and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, Josiah took away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkijah the priest had found in the house of Jehovah.

English Revised Version
Moreover them that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

World English Bible
Moreover those who had familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
And also, those having familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah, and in Jerusalem, hath Josiah put away, in order to establish the words of the law that are written on the book that Hilkiah the priest hath found in the house of Jehovah.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Josiah Restores the Passover
23But in the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah this Passover was observed to the LORD in Jerusalem. 24Furthermore, Josiah removed the mediums and spiritists, the household gods and idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. He did this to carry out the words of the law written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had found in the house of the LORD. 25Neither before nor after Josiah was there any king like him, who turned to the LORD with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his strength, according to all the Law of Moses.…
Cross References
Genesis 31:19
Now while Laban was out shearing his sheep, Rachel stole her father's household idols.

Leviticus 19:31
"You must not turn to mediums or spiritists; do not seek them out, or you will be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 18:10
Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, practices divination or conjury, interprets omens, practices sorcery,

2 Kings 21:6
He sacrificed his own son in the fire, practiced sorcery and divination, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did great evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him to anger.

2 Kings 21:11
"Since Manasseh king of Judah has committed all these abominations, acting more wickedly than the Amorites who preceded him, and with his idols has caused Judah to sin,

2 Kings 21:21
He walked in all the ways of his father, and he served and worshiped the idols his father had served.

2 Kings 22:8
Then Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the scribe, "I have found the Book of the Law in the house of the LORD!" And he gave it to Shaphan, who read it.

2 Kings 23:23
But in the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah this Passover was observed to the LORD in Jerusalem.

Isaiah 8:19
When men tell you to consult the spirits of the dead and the spiritists who whisper and mutter, shouldn't a people consult their God instead? Why consult the dead on behalf of the living?

Treasury of Scripture

Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.

Moreover. 'His eighteenth year ending.'

the workers.

2 Kings 21:3,6 For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had …

1 Samuel 28:3-7 Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried …

Isaiah 8:19 And when they shall say to you, Seek to them that have familiar spirits, …

Isaiah 19:3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the middle thereof; and I will …

Acts 16:16-18 And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain damsel possessed …

Revelation 22:15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, …

images. or, teraphim.

Genesis 31:19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images …

Judges 17:5 And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, …

Judges 18:17,18 And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, and came …

Hosea 3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, …

that the might.

Leviticus 19:31 Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, …

Leviticus 20:27 A man also or woman that has a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, …

Deuteronomy 18:10-12 There shall not be found among you any one that makes his son or …

Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this …

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified …

James 1:25 But whoever looks into the perfect law of liberty, and continues …

the book.

2 Kings 22:8-13 And Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the scribe, I have found …

2 Chronicles 34:14-19 And when they brought out the money that was brought into the house …







Lexicon
Furthermore,
וְגַ֣ם (wə·ḡam)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

Josiah
יֹֽאשִׁיָּ֑הוּ (yō·šî·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2977: Josiah -- 'Yah supports', two Israelites

removed
בִּעֵ֖ר (bi·‘êr)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1197: To kindle, consume, to be, brutish

the mediums
הָאֹב֣וֹת (hā·’ō·ḇō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 178: A bottle (made from animal skin), a necromancer

and
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

spiritists,
הַ֠יִּדְּעֹנִים (hay·yid·də·‘ō·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3049: A knowing one, a conjurer, a ghost

the household gods
הַתְּרָפִ֨ים (hat·tə·rā·p̄îm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8655: (a kind of idol) perhaps household idol

and
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

idols,
הַגִּלֻּלִ֜ים (hag·gil·lu·lîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1544: A log, an idol

and all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the abominations
הַשִּׁקֻּצִ֗ים (haš·šiq·qu·ṣîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8251: Disgusting, filthy, idolatrous, an idol

that
אֲשֶׁ֤ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

were seen
נִרְאוּ֙ (nir·’ū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

in the land
בְּאֶ֤רֶץ (bə·’e·reṣ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

of Judah
יְהוּדָה֙ (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

and in Jerusalem.
וּבִיר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם (ū·ḇî·rū·šā·lim)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3389: Jerusalem -- probably 'foundation of peace', capital city of all Israel

He did this
לְ֠מַעַן (lə·ma·‘an)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 4616: Purpose -- intent

to carry out
הָקִ֞ים (hā·qîm)
Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

the words
דִּבְרֵ֤י (diḇ·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

of the law
הַתּוֹרָה֙ (hat·tō·w·rāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8451: Direction, instruction, law

written
הַכְּתֻבִ֣ים (hak·kə·ṯu·ḇîm)
Article | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3789: To grave, to write

in
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the book
הַסֵּ֔פֶר (has·sê·p̄er)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5612: A missive, document, writing, book

that
אֲשֶׁ֥ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

Hilkiah
חִלְקִיָּ֥הוּ (ḥil·qî·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2518: Hilkiah -- 'my portion is Yah', the name of several Israelites

the priest
הַכֹּהֵ֖ן (hak·kō·hên)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

had found
מָצָ֛א (mā·ṣā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

in the house
בֵּ֥ית (bêṯ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

of the LORD.
יְהוָֽה׃ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel
(24) Moreover the workers . . .--After abolishing public idolatry, Josiah attacked the various forms of private superstition.

The workers with familiar spirits.--The necromancers ('oboth; 1Samuel 28:3 seq.). (See 2Kings 21:6.)

Images.--See margin; and Genesis 31:19; Judges 17:5; 1Samuel 19:13; Zechariah 10:2.

The idols.--The dunglings. Gresenius prefers to render, idol-blocks; Ewald, doll-images. (See 2Kings 17:12.)

That were spied (seen).--A significant expression. Many idols were, doubtless, concealed by their worshippers.

Put away.--Or, put out, did away with (Deuteronomy 13:6; Deuteronomy 17:7); strictly, consumed. (See the law in Leviticus 20:27; Deuteronomy 18:9-10.)

Verse 24. - Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards. Persons of these classes had been encouraged by Manasseh, in his earlier reign (2 Kings 21:6), and probably by Amon (2 Kings 21:21). As Josiah designed a thorough reformation, it was necessary for him to put them down. And the images; literally, the teraphim, which are thought to have been small images kept as household gods in many Israelite families from a very ancient date (see Genesis 31:19-35). The superstition was exceedingly persistent. We find it under the judges (Judges 18:14), under Saul (1 Samuel 19:13), here under the later kings, and it is still mentioned after the return from the Captivity (Zechariah 10:2). The superstition was, apparently, Babylonian (Ezekiel 21:21), and brought from Ur of the Chaldees by the family of Abraham. Besides being regarded as household gods, the teraphim were used in divination. And the idols, and all the abominations that were spied. The "idols," gillulim, are probably, like the teraphim, of a private nature, figures used as amulets or talismans. Excepting in Ezekiel, the word is an uncommon one. By the "abominations that were spied" are meant secret defilements and superstitious practices in households, which needed to be searched out. (So Thenius and Bahr.) In the land of Judah and in Jerusalem. Not, apparently, in the cities of Samaria, where such a rigid inquisition would perhaps have provoked a stubborn resistance. Did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the Law; rather, that he might establish the words of the Law. Laws against such practices as Josiah now put down will be found in Exodus 22:18; Leviticus 19:31; Leviticus 20:27; Deuteronomy 18:10-12. Which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the Lord (see 2 Kings 22:8). 23:15-24 Josiah's zeal extended to the cities of Israel within his reach. He carefully preserved the sepulchre of that man of God, who came from Judah to foretell the throwing down of Jeroboam's altar. When they had cleared the country of the old leaven of idolatry, then they applied themselves to the keeping of the feast. There was not holden such a passover in any of the foregoing reigns. The revival of a long-neglected ordinance, filled them with holy joy; and God recompensed their zeal in destroying idolatry with uncommon tokens of his presence and favour. We have reason to think that during the remainder of Josiah's reign, religion flourished.
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Alphabetical: abominations all and book confirm detestable did discovered found fulfill Furthermore gods got had he Hilkiah house household idols in Jerusalem Josiah Judah land law LORD mediums might Moreover of other priest removed requirements rid seen spiritists temple teraphim that the things This to were which words written

OT History: 2 Kings 23:24 Moreover those who had familiar spirits (2Ki iiKi ii ki 2 kg 2kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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