Deuteronomy 17:18
New International Version
When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to write for himself on a scroll a copy of this law, taken from that of the Levitical priests.

New Living Translation
"When he sits on the throne as king, he must copy for himself this body of instruction on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests.

English Standard Version
“And when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself in a book a copy of this law, approved by the Levitical priests.

Berean Study Bible
When he is seated on his royal throne, he must write for himself a copy of this instruction on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests.

New American Standard Bible
"Now it shall come about when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests.

King James Bible
And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

Christian Standard Bible
When he is seated on his royal throne, he is to write a copy of this instruction for himself on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests.

Contemporary English Version
The official copy of God's laws will be kept by the priests of the Levi tribe. So, as soon as anyone becomes king, he must go to the priests and write out a copy of these laws while they watch.

Good News Translation
When he becomes king, he is to have a copy of the book of God's laws and teachings made from the original copy kept by the levitical priests.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When he is seated on his royal throne, he is to write a copy of this instruction for himself on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests.

International Standard Version
When he occupies his royal throne, he must make a copy of this Law for himself from a scroll used by the Levitical priests.

NET Bible
When he sits on his royal throne he must make a copy of this law on a scroll given to him by the Levitical priests.

New Heart English Bible
It shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law on a scroll, out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When he becomes king, he should have the Levitical priests make him a copy of these teachings on a scroll.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book, out of that which is before the priests the Levites.

New American Standard 1977
“Now it shall come about when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it shall be when he sits upon the throne of his kingdom that he shall cause a copy of this second law to be written in a book in the presence of the priests the Levites;

King James 2000 Bible
And it shall be, when he sits upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write himself a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

American King James Version
And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

American Standard Version
And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book, out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And when he shall be established in his government, then shall he write for himself this repetition of the law into a book by the hands of the priests the Levites;

Douay-Rheims Bible
But after he is raised to the throne of his kingdom, he shall copy out to himself the Deuteronomy of this law in a volume, taking the copy of the priests of the Levitical tribe,

Darby Bible Translation
And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write for himself a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests, the Levites;

English Revised Version
And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book, out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

Webster's Bible Translation
And it shall be when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites.

World English Bible
It shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book, out of [that which is] before the priests the Levites:

Young's Literal Translation
And it hath been, when he sitteth on the throne of his kingdom, that he hath written for himself the copy of this law, on a book, from that before the priests the Levites,
Study Bible
Guidelines for a King
17He must not take many wives for himself, lest his heart go astray. He must not accumulate for himself great amounts of silver and gold. 18When he is seated on his royal throne, he must write for himself a copy of this instruction on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests. 19It is to remain with him, and he is to read from it all the days of his life, so that he may learn to fear the LORD his God by carefully observing all the words of this instruction and these statutes.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 31:24
When Moses had finished writing in a book the words of this law from beginning to end,

1 Kings 2:3
And keep the charge of the LORD your God to walk in His ways and to keep His statutes, commandments, ordinances, and decrees, as is written in the law of Moses, so that you may prosper in all you do and wherever you turn,

Treasury of Scripture

And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

that he shall

2 Kings 11:12
And he brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and gave him the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king.

a copy.

out of that which

Deuteronomy 31:9,25,26
And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel…

2 Kings 22:8
And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.

2 Chronicles 34:15
And Hilkiah answered and said to Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah delivered the book to Shaphan.







Lexicon
When he is seated
כְשִׁבְתּ֔וֹ (ḵə·šiḇ·tōw)
Preposition-k | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

on
עַ֖ל (‘al)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his royal
מַמְלַכְתּ֑וֹ (mam·laḵ·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4467: Kingdom, sovereignty, dominion, reign

throne,
כִּסֵּ֣א (kis·sê)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3678: Seat of honor, throne

he must write
וְכָ֨תַב (wə·ḵā·ṯaḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3789: To grave, to write

for himself
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

a copy
מִשְׁנֵ֨ה (miš·nêh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4932: A repetition, a duplicate, a double, a second

of this
הַזֹּאת֙ (haz·zōṯ)
Article | Pronoun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2063: Hereby in it, likewise, the one other, same, she, so much, such deed, that,

instruction
הַתּוֹרָ֤ה (hat·tō·w·rāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8451: Direction, instruction, law

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

a scroll
סֵ֔פֶר (sê·p̄er)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5612: A missive, document, writing, book

in the presence
מִלִּפְנֵ֥י (mil·lip̄·nê)
Preposition-m, Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

of the Levitical
הַלְוִיִּֽם׃ (hal·wî·yim)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3881: Levites -- descendant of Levi

priests.
הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים (hak·kō·hă·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest
(18) He shall write him a copy of this law.--This phrase is the source of the Greek title of the book, Deuteronomion, or in English, Deuteronomy. The word appears also in Joshua 8:32. The English conveys the right sense of the word, which primarily denotes repetition. In Hebrew it is Mishneh, the name afterwards given to the "text" of the Talmud, of which the idea is to repeat the law; though it is a somewhat peculiar repetition, in which minuti? are chiefly dealt with, and weightier matters left out.

There are traces of this direction (1) in the coronation of Joash (2Chronicles 23:11, "they gave him the testimony;" (2) in the reign of Jehoshaphat, who had the Book of the Law taught to his people (2Chronicles 17:9); and (3) in the delivery of the book when discovered in the Temple to Josiah (2Chronicles 34:18), and in the effect of the perusal of it upon that king. But it is singular that we do not hear of the Book of the Law in connection with David and Solomon. Possibly, as David was a prophet himself, and not only a king, it may be thought unnecessary to make special mention of his study of the law. In many things he acted upon the direct commands of God to himself or to his seers.

We must not forget that the true king of Israel is He whose special mission it was "to fulfil the law and the prophets." "Lo, I come, in the volume of the book it is written of me, I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart."

Verse 18. - A copy of this law; literally, a double of this Law, i.e. not, as the LXX. have it, "This reiteration of the Law" (τὸ δευτερονόμιον τοῦτο), but a duplicate or copy of the Pentateuchal Law. The Jews understand by "double" that two copies of the Law were to be made by the king (Maimon., ' De Regibus,' e. 3. § 1); but this is unnecessary: every copy of a law is a double of it. Oat of that which is before the priests. The priests were the custodians of the written Law (Deuteronomy 31:26); and from the text of their codex was the king's copy to be written. 17:14-20 God himself was in a particular manner Israel's King; and if they set another over them, it was necessary that he should choose the person. Accordingly, when the people desired a king, they applied to Samuel, a prophet of the Lord. In all cases, God's choice, if we can but know it, should direct, determine, and overrule ours. Laws are given for the prince that should be elected. He must carefully avoid every thing that would turn him from God and religion. Riches, honours, and pleasures, are three great hinderances of godliness, (the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of the eye, and the pride of life,) especially to those in high stations; against these the king is here warned. The king must carefully study the law of God, and make that his rule; and having a copy of the Scriptures of his own writing, must read therein all the days of his life. It is not enough to have Bibles, but we must use them, use them daily, as long as we live. Christ's scholars never learn above their Bibles, but will have constant occasion for them, till they come to that world where knowledge and love will be made perfect. The king's writing and reading were as nothing, if he did not practise what he wrote and read. And those who fear God and keep his commandments, will fare the better for it even in this world.
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Alphabetical: a about are come copy for from he himself his in is it kingdom law Levites Levitical Now of on presence priests scroll shall sits taken takes that the this throne to When who write

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