2 Kings 23:21
New International Version
The king gave this order to all the people: “Celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”

New Living Translation
King Josiah then issued this order to all the people: “You must celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, as required in this Book of the Covenant.”

English Standard Version
And the king commanded all the people, “Keep the Passover to the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”

Berean Study Bible
The king commanded all the people, “Keep the Passover of the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”

King James Bible
And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant.

New King James Version
Then the king commanded all the people, saying, “Keep the Passover to the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”

New American Standard Bible
Then the king commanded all the people, saying, “Celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”

NASB 1995
Then the king commanded all the people saying, “Celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God as it is written in this book of the covenant.”

NASB 1977
Then the king commanded all the people saying, “Celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God as it is written in this book of the covenant.”

Amplified Bible
Then the king commanded all the people, saying, “Celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God as it is written in this book of the covenant.”

Christian Standard Bible
The king commanded all the people, “Observe the Passover of the LORD your God as written in the book of the covenant.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The king commanded all the people, “Keep the Passover of the LORD your God as written in the book of the covenant.”

American Standard Version
And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto Jehovah your God, as it is written in this book of the covenant.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the King commanded all the people, and said: “Perform the Passover to LORD JEHOVAH your God, as it is written in the Book of this Covenant

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover to the Lord your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant.

Contemporary English Version
Josiah told the people of Judah, "Celebrate Passover in honor of the LORD your God, just as it says in The Book of God's Law."

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he commanded all the people, saying: Keep the phase to the Lord your God, according as it is written in the book of this covenant.

English Revised Version
And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as it is written in this book of the covenant.

Good News Translation
King Josiah ordered the people to celebrate the Passover in honor of the LORD their God, as written in the book of the covenant.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The king ordered all the people to celebrate the Passover for the LORD their God as it is written in this Book of the Promise.

International Standard Version
After this, the king commanded all of the people, "Celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, just as it's prescribed in this Book of the Covenant."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the king commanded all the people, saying: 'Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as it is written in this book of the covenant.'

Literal Standard Version
And the king commands the whole of the people, saying, “Make a Passover to your God YHWH, as it is written on this scroll of the covenant.”

NET Bible
The king ordered all the people, "Observe the Passover of the LORD your God, as prescribed in this scroll of the covenant."

New Heart English Bible
The king commanded all the people, saying, "Keep the Passover to the LORD your God, as it is written in this scroll of the covenant."

World English Bible
The king commanded all the people, saying, "Keep the Passover to Yahweh your God, as it is written in this book of the covenant."

Young's Literal Translation
And the king commandeth the whole of the people, saying, 'Make ye a passover to Jehovah your God, as it is written on this book of the covenant.'

Additional Translations ...
Context
Josiah Restores the Passover
21The king commanded all the people, “Keep the Passover of the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.” 22No such Passover had been observed from the days of the judges who had governed Israel through all the days of the kings of Israel and Judah.…

Cross References
Exodus 12:14
And this day will be a memorial for you, and you are to celebrate it as a feast to the LORD, as a permanent statute for the generations to come.

Numbers 9:2
"The Israelites are to observe the Passover at its appointed time.

Deuteronomy 16:2
You are to offer to the LORD your God the Passover sacrifice from the herd or flock in the place the LORD will choose as a dwelling for His Name.

2 Chronicles 35:1
Then Josiah celebrated the Passover to the LORD in Jerusalem, and the Passover lamb was slaughtered on the fourteenth day of the first month.

2 Chronicles 35:18
No such Passover had been observed in Israel since the days of Samuel the prophet. None of the kings of Israel ever observed a Passover like the one that Josiah observed with the priests, the Levites, all Judah, the Israelites who were present, and the people of Jerusalem.


Treasury of Scripture

And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover to the LORD your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant.

Keep.

2 Chronicles 35:1-19
Moreover Josiah kept a passover unto the LORD in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month…

as it is written.

Exodus 12:3-20
Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: …

Leviticus 23:5-8
In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S passover…

Numbers 9:2-5
Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season…









(21) Keep the passover.--Hold a passover (2Kings 23:22). (Comp. 2Chronicles 35:1-19 for a more detailed account of this unique celebration.) Josiah had the precedent of Hezekiah for signalising his religious revolution by a solemn passover (2Chronicles 30:1).

In the book of this covenant.--Rather, in this book of the covenant (2Kings 23:2). The book was that which Hilkiah had found in the Temple, and which gave the impulse to the whole reforming movement. (The LXX. and Vulg. read, in the book of this covenant--a mere mistake.)

Verse 21. - And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the Passover. The account given of Josiah's Passover is much more full in Chronicles than in Kings. In Chronicles it occupies nineteen verses of 2 Chronicles 35. We learn from Chronicles that all the rites prescribed by the Law, whether in Exodus, Leviticus, or Deuteronomy, were duly observed, and that the festival was attended, not only by the Judaeans, but by many Israelites from among the ten tribes, who still remained intermixed with the Assyrian colonists in the Samaritan country (see 2 Chronicles 35:17, 18). Unto the Lord your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant. The ordinances for the due observance of the Passover feast are contained chiefly in Exodus (Exodus 12:3-20; Exodus 13:5-10). They are repeated, but with much less fullness, in Deuteronomy 16:1-8. The "book of the covenant" found by Hilkiah must, therefore, certainly have contained Exodus (see below, ver. 25).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The king
הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4428: A king

commanded
וַיְצַ֤ו (way·ṣaw)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6680: To lay charge (upon), give charge (to), command, order

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the people,
הָעָ֣ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

“Keep
עֲשׂ֣וּ (‘ă·śū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 6213: To do, make

the Passover
פֶ֔סַח (p̄e·saḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6453: A pretermission, exemption, Passover

of the LORD
לַֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

your God,
אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֑ם (’ĕ·lō·hê·ḵem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

as [it is] written
כַּכָּת֕וּב (kak·kā·ṯūḇ)
Preposition-k, Article | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's 3789: To grave, to write

in
עַ֛ל (‘al)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

this
הַזֶּֽה׃ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's 2088: This, that

Book
סֵ֥פֶר (sê·p̄er)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 5612: A missive, document, writing, book

of the Covenant.”
הַבְּרִ֖ית (hab·bə·rîṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 1285: A covenant


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OT History: 2 Kings 23:21 The king commanded all the people saying (2Ki iiKi ii ki 2 kg 2kg)
2 Kings 23:20
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