Deuteronomy 16:1
New International Version
Observe the month of Aviv and celebrate the Passover of the LORD your God, because in the month of Aviv he brought you out of Egypt by night.

New Living Translation
"In honor of the LORD your God, celebrate the Passover each year in the early spring, in the month of Abib, for that was the month in which the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

English Standard Version
“Observe the month of Abib and keep the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

Berean Study Bible
Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, because in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

New American Standard Bible
"Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

King James Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Christian Standard Bible
"Set aside the month of Abib and observe the Passover to the LORD your God, because the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night in the month of Abib.

Contemporary English Version
People of Israel, you must celebrate Passover in the month of Abib, because one night in that month years ago, the LORD your God rescued you from Egypt.

Good News Translation
"Honor the LORD your God by celebrating Passover in the month of Abib; it was on a night in that month that he rescued you from Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, because the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night in the month of Abib.

International Standard Version
"Observe the month of Abib, keeping the Passover to the LORD your God, because the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt during the night in the month of Abib.

NET Bible
Observe the month Abib and keep the Passover to the LORD your God, for in that month he brought you out of Egypt by night.

New Heart English Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to the LORD your God; for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Honor the LORD your God by celebrating Passover in the month of Abib. In the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt at night.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God; for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

New American Standard 1977
“Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Keep the month of the new fruit, {Heb. of Abib} and thou shalt do the passover unto the LORD thy God; for in the month of the new fruit the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

King James 2000 Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

American King James Version
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

American Standard Version
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto Jehovah thy God; for in the month of Abib Jehovah thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Observe the month of new corn, and thou shalt sacrifice the passover to the Lord thy God; because in the month of new corn thou camest out of Egypt by night.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Observe the month of new corn, which is the first of the spring, that thou mayst celebrate the phase to the Lord thy God: because in this month the Lord thy God brought thee out of Egypt by night.

Darby Bible Translation
Keep the month of Abib, and celebrate the passover to Jehovah thy God; for in the month of Abib Jehovah thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

English Revised Version
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Webster's Bible Translation
Observe the month Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth from Egypt by night.

World English Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to Yahweh your God; for in the month of Abib Yahweh your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

Young's Literal Translation
'Observe the month of Abib -- and thou hast made a passover to Jehovah thy God, for in the month of Abib hath Jehovah thy God brought thee out of Egypt by night;
Study Bible
The Feast of the Passover
1Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, because in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night. 2You are to offer to the LORD your God the Passover sacrifice from the herd or flock in the place where the LORD will choose as a dwelling for His Name.…
Cross References
Luke 2:41
Every year His parents went to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover.

John 2:13
When the Jewish Passover was near, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

John 5:1
Some time later there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

John 6:4
Now the Jewish Feast of the Passover was near.

Exodus 12:2
"This month is the beginning of months for you; it shall be the first month of your year.

Exodus 12:42
Because the LORD kept a vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, this same night is to be a vigil to the LORD, to be observed by all the Israelites for the generations to come.

Exodus 13:4
Today, in the month of Abib, you are leaving.

Leviticus 23:5
The Passover to the LORD begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.

Numbers 9:2
"The Israelites are to observe the Passover at its appointed time.

Numbers 28:16
The fourteenth day of the first month is the LORD's Passover.

Deuteronomy 16:2
You are to offer to the LORD your God the Passover sacrifice from the herd or flock in the place where the LORD will choose as a dwelling for His Name.

Treasury of Scripture

Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

the month

Exodus 12:2
This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Exodus 34:18
The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.

Leviticus 23:5
In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S passover.

1 Corinthians 5:7
Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:

Romans 3:25
Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;

Hebrews 9:14
How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

John 18:28
Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

it was killed in the evening

Exodus 12:6
And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

Christ suffered at that time of day.

Matthew 27:46
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

Hebrews 1:2
Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

Exodus 12:8
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Colossians 1:24
Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:

for in

Exodus 12:29-42
And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle…

Exodus 13:4
This day came ye out in the month Abib.

Exodus 23:15
Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)







Lexicon
Observe
שָׁמוֹר֙ (šā·mō·wr)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

the month
חֹ֣דֶשׁ (ḥō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2320: The new moon, a month

of Abib
הָאָבִ֔יב (hā·’ā·ḇîḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 24: Fresh, young ears, also Canaanite name for the first month of the Jewish calendar

and celebrate
וְעָשִׂ֣יתָ (wə·‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

the Passover
פֶּ֔סַח (pe·saḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6453: A pretermission, exemption, Passover

to the LORD
לַיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

your God,
אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ (’ĕ·lō·he·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

because
כִּ֞י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

in the month
בְּחֹ֣דֶשׁ (bə·ḥō·ḏeš)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2320: The new moon, a month

of Abib
הָֽאָבִ֗יב (hā·’ā·ḇîḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 24: Fresh, young ears, also Canaanite name for the first month of the Jewish calendar

the LORD
יְהוָ֧ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

your God
אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ (’ĕ·lō·he·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

brought you out
הוֹצִ֨יאֲךָ֜ (hō·w·ṣî·’ă·ḵā)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

of Egypt
מִמִּצְרַ֖יִם (mim·miṣ·ra·yim)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

by night.
לָֽיְלָה׃ (lā·yə·lāh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity
XVI.

Deuteronomy 16:1-8. THE PASSOVER. (See on Exodus 12)

(1) The month Abib was so called from the "ears of corn" which appeared in it.

By night.--Pharaoh's permission was given on the night of the death of the first-born, though Israel did not actually depart until the next day (Numbers 33:3-4).

(2) Of the flock, and of the herd.--The Passover victim itself must be either lamb or kid. (See on Deuteronomy 14:4, and comp. Exodus 12:5.) But there were special sacrifices of bullocks appointed for the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which followed the Passover. (See Numbers 28:19.)

(6) At even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou comest forth from Egypt.--The word "season" here is ambiguous in the English. Does it mean the time of year, or the time of day? The Hebrew word, which usually denotes a commemorative time, might seem to point to the hour of sunset as the time when the march actually began. If so, it was the evening of the fifteenth day of the month (See Numbers 33:3). But the word is also used generally of the time of year (Exodus 23:15; Numbers 9:2, &c.); and as the Passover was to be kept on the fourteenth, not the fifteenth day, the time actually commemorated is the time of the slaying of the lamb which saved Israel from the destroyer, rather than the time of the actual march. It is noticeable that, while the Passover commemorated the deliverance by the slain lamb in Egypt, the Feast of Tabernacles commemorated the encampment at Succoth, the first resting-place of the delivered nation after the exodus had actually begun.

(8) A solemn assembly.--Literally, as in the Margin, a restraint--i.e., a day when work was forbidden. The word is applied to the eighth day of the feast of tabernacles in Leviticus 23:36, and Numbers 29:35, and does not occur elsewhere in the Pentateuch.

Verses 1, 2. - The month of Abib (cf. Exodus 41:2; 23. 15). The time is referred to as a date well known to the people. Keep the passover; make (עַשִׂיתָ) or prepare the passover. This injunction refers primarily to the preparation of the Paschal lamb for a festal meal (Numbers 9:5); but here it is used in a wider sense as referring to the whole Paschal observance, which lasted for seven days. Hence the mention of sheep (צאֹן) and oxen (בְקָר) in ver. 2, and the reference to the eating of unleavened bread for seven days "therewith," i.e. with the Passover. The animal for the Paschal supper was expressly prescribed to be a yearling of the sheep or of the goats (שֶׂה), and this was to be consumed at one meal; but on the other days of the festival the flesh of other animals offered in sacrifice might be eaten. The term "Passover" here, accordingly, embraces the whole of the festive meals connected with the Passover proper - what the rabbins call chagigah (Maimon., in 'Kor-ban Pesach,' c. 10. § 12; cf. 2 Chronicles 35:7, etc.). 16:1-17 The laws for the three yearly feasts are here repeated; that of the Passover, that of the Pentecost, that of Tabernacles; and the general law concerning the people's attendance. Never should a believer forget his low estate of guilt and misery, his deliverance, and the price it cost the Redeemer; that gratitude and joy in the Lord may be mingled with sorrow for sin, and patience under the tribulations in his way to the kingdom of heaven. They must rejoice in their receivings from God, and in their returns of service and sacrifice to him; our duty must be our delight, as well as our enjoyment. If those who were under the law must rejoice before God, much more we that are under the grace of the gospel; which makes it our duty to rejoice evermore, to rejoice in the Lord always. When we rejoice in God ourselves, we should do what we can to assist others also to rejoice in him, by comforting the mourners, and supplying those who are in want. All who make God their joy, may rejoice in hope, for He is faithful that has promised.
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