Deuteronomy 16:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Observe the month of Aviv and celebrate the Passover of the LORD your God, because in the month of Aviv he brought you out of Egypt by night.

King James Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Darby Bible Translation
Keep the month of Abib, and celebrate the passover to Jehovah thy God; for in the month of Abib Jehovah thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

World English Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to Yahweh your God; for in the month of Abib Yahweh your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

Young's Literal Translation
'Observe the month of Abib -- and thou hast made a passover to Jehovah thy God, for in the month of Abib hath Jehovah thy God brought thee out of Egypt by night;

Deuteronomy 16:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Keep the passover - A feast so called because the angel that destroyed the firstborn of the Egyptians, seeing the blood of the appointed sacrifice sprinkled on the lintels and door-posts of the Israelites' houses, passed over Them, and did not destroy any of their firstborn. See the notes on Exodus 12:2, and Exodus 12:3 (note), etc.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the month

Exodus 12:2 This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Exodus 34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shall you keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you...

Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD's passover.

Numbers 9:2-5 Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season...

Numbers 28:16 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD.

the passover This word comes from the hebrew verb {pasach}, to pass, to leap or skip over. The destroying angel {passed over} the houses marked with the blood of the Paschal Lamb, so the wrath of God passes over those whose souls sprinkled with the blood of Christ.

1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as you are unleavened...

As the paschal lamb was killed before Israel was delivered, so by the death of Christ, we have redemption through his blood. It was killed before the tables of the law were delivered to Moses, or Aaron's sacrifices were enjoined; thus deliverance come to men, not by the works of the law, but by the only true passover, the {Lamb of God}.

Romans 3:25 Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood...

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God...

It was killed the first month of the year, which prefigured that Christ should suffer death in that month.

John 18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall...

it was killed in the evening

Exodus 12:6 And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month...

Christ suffered at that time of day.

Matthew 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God...

Hebrews 1:2 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

At even the sun sets; at Christ's passion, universal darkness was upon the whole earth. The passover was roasted with fire, denoting the sharp and dreadful pains that Christ should suffer, not only from men, but God also. It was to be eaten with bitter herbs

Exodus 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

not only to put them in remembrance of their bitter bondage in Egypt, but also to testify out mortification to sin, and readiness to undergo afflictions for Christ

Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake...

and likewise to teach us the absolute necessity of true repentance in all that would profitably feed by faith on Christ, the true paschal lamb

for in

Exodus 12:29-42 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt...

Exodus 13:4 This day came you out in the month Abib.

Exodus 23:15 You shall keep the feast of unleavened bread: (you shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you...

Exodus 34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shall you keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you...

Library
The Age of the Apostles (Ad 33-100)
The beginning of the Christian Church is reckoned from the great day on which the Holy Ghost came down, according as our Lord had promised to His Apostles. At that time, "Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven," were gathered together at Jerusalem, to keep the Feast of Pentecost (or Feast of Weeks), which was one of the three holy seasons at which God required His people to appear before Him in the place which He had chosen (Deuteronomy xvi. 16). Many of these devout men there converted
J. C. Roberston—Sketches of Church History, from AD 33 to the Reformation

The Passing and the Permanent
'For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but My kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of My peace be removed, saith the Lord that hath mercy on thee.'--ISAIAH liv, 10.-- There is something of music in the very sound of these words. The stately march of the grand English translation lends itself with wonderful beauty to the melody of Isaiah's words. But the thought that lies below them, sweeping as it does through the whole creation, and parting all things
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Luke 2:41
Every year Jesus' parents went to Jerusalem for the Festival of the Passover.

John 2:13
When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

John 5:1
Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for one of the Jewish festivals.

John 6:4
The Jewish Passover Festival was near.

Exodus 12:2
"This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.

Exodus 12:42
Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.

Exodus 13:4
Today, in the month of Aviv, you are leaving.

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