8104. shamar
Strong's Concordance
shamar: to keep, watch, preserve
Original Word: שָׁמַר
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shamar
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-mar')
Definition: to keep, watch, preserve
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to keep, watch, preserve
NASB Translation
attend (4), being careful (1), beware (8), bodyguard* (1), careful (32), careful to keep (1), cares (1), charge (4), confine (1), confined (1), defending (1), did (1), diligently keep (1), doorkeeper* (1), doorkeepers* (4), gatekeepers* (1), give heed (2), giving heed (1), guard (20), guarded (7), guards (4), guardsmen (1), have charge (1), heed to yourself and keep (1), heeds (1), hoarded (1), indignant (1), keep (156), keeper (8), keepers (2), keeping (10), keeps (19), kept (38), kept watch (2), maintained (1), mark (2), observe (30), observed (6), observes (1), observing (1), officers (2), pay attention (1), perform (3), performed (1), performing (2), preserve (5), preserved (3), preserves (6), protect (4), protects (1), regard (3), regards (2), remains (1), reserved (1), secured (1), sentries (1), spare (1), spies (1), take care (1), take heed (5), take note (1), take...heed (1), waiting (1), waits (1), watch (11), watched (1), watches (3), watching (3), watchman (4), watchmen (7).

I. שָׁמַר465 verb keep, watch, preserve (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician שמר in proper name and (Punic) = watchman; Tel Amarna šimiru is perhaps overseer (Canaanism), WklNo. 80, i. 23; Mandean סמירא preservedM 46; compare Arabic converse by night, stay awake (see LagBN 105); BaNB 175 f.; ES 43 infers from eyelid (compare [שְׁמֻרָה] below), and Arabic support, aid, protect (l = r), that two √ √ are combined in Hebrew; but proof insufficient); —

Qal425 Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁ Genesis 37:11 +, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יִשְׁמֹר 1 Samuel 2:9 +, יִשְׁמָרֿ Jeremiah 5:24 +, suffix 3 masculine singular יִשְׁמְרֶנּוּ Exodus 21:29,36; 3feminine singular suffix תִּשְׁמוּרֵ֑ם Proverbs 14:3 (read תִּשְׁמְרוּם, see Ges§ 47g Toy), etc.; Imperative masculine singular שְׁמֹר Job 2:6 +, שָׁמְרָה 1 Chronicles 29:18 +; masculine plural שִׁמְרוּ Joshua 6:18 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁמוֺר Deuteronomy 5:12 +; construct שְׁמֹר Genesis 3:24 +, suffix שָׁמְרָהּ Genesis 2:15, etc.; Participle active שֹׁמֵר 1 Samuel 1:12 +, etc.; passive שָׁמוּר Ecclesiastes 5:12 (1 Samuel 9:24 see below), etc.; — [Synon. I. נָצַר, נָטַר, q. v.]:

1. a. keep, have charge of, garden Genesis 2:15 (J), ark 1 Samuel 7:1, property in trust Exodus 22:6; Exodus 22:9 (E), compare 1 Samuel 25:31; tend flock Genesis 30:31 (E), compare Zechariah 3:7; Numbers 3:8 (P); so perhaps (object omitted) Hosea 12:13 (where ׳שׁ chosen for parallelism Now Marti and others); Participle הֲשֹׁמֵר אָחִי אָנֹ֑כִי Genesis 4:9 (J), ׳שׁ of sheep 1 Samuel 17:20, הַכֵּלִים ׳שׁ 1 Samuel 17:22, הַכְּגָדִים ׳שׁ 2 Kings 22:14; 2Chronicles 34:22, הַנָּשִׁים ׳שׁ Esther 2:3,8,15, compare Esther 2:14, etc.

b. keep, guard, captives Joshua 10:18 (J), 1 Kings 20:39, דֶּרֶךְ Genesis 3:24 (J); keep watch and ward, אֶל person for whom 1 Samuel 26:15 (Psalm 59:10 see

3 end), עַל person Psalm 59:16; Proverbs 6:22; בַּנַּעַר 2 Samuel 18:12 have a care of (read לִי for מִי ᵐ5 and modern); in hostile sense, אֶל הָעִיר (in siege) 2 Samuel 11:16, חַטָאתִי עַל Job 14:16 (but read תַּעֲבֹר with ᵐ5 Ew Di Du and others [not Hi Bu]); absolute with מֵעַל Ecclesiastes 5:7 watcheth above, etc.; keep one's mouth, be prudent of speech Proverbs 21:33, compare Micah 7:5; keep = protect, save, one's life, נֶפֶשׁ Proverbs 13:3; Proverbs 16:17; Proverbs 19:16; Proverbs 22:5, another's Job 2:6; in Proverbs, accusative of person, subject wisdom, Job 4:6 she shall preserve thee, compare (+ מִן of evil) Job 6:24; Job 7:5; especially Participle watch, watchman, of city Isaiah 21:11 (twice in verse); Isaiah 21:12; Isaiah 62:5 (figurative), Songs 3:3; Songs 5:7 (twice in verse); Psalm 127:1; הַמֶּלֶף ׳שׁ (in temple) Jeremiah 35:4 + (see סַף), מֶּית הַמֶּלֶךְ ׳הַמּ 1 Kings 14:27 2Chronicles 12:10, הַשְּׁעָרִים ׳שׁ Nehemiah 13:22, שֹׁמְרֵי הַבַּיִת (figurative) Ecclesiastes 12:3; ׳שׁ הַבַּיִתךֵסעוֺה ךֵהת פךֵךֵכ (of David's concubines) 2 Samuel 15:16; 2 Samuel 16:21; 2 Samuel 20:3; שֹׁמֵר הַכֵּלִים 1 Samuel 17:22, הַבְּגָדִים ׳שׁ 2 Kings 22:14, חַמַּרְדֵּס ׳שׁ Nehemiah 2:8, הַנָּשִׁים ׳שׁ Esther 2:3,14,15, שֹׁמְרִים absolute Judges 7:19; Jeremiah 51:12.

c. hence watch for, wait for, accusative of person 1 Samuel 19:11 (to kill him), compare Psalm 59:1 (title; accusative הַבַּיִת); with יֲקֵכַי Psalm 56:7 = dog my steps, Psalm 71:10; Jeremiah 20:10; = watch (suspiciously) Job 10:14; Job 13:27; Job 33:11; absolute הַשֹּׁעמרִים Judges 1:24; wait for, נֶשֶׁף Job 24:15, לַבֹּקֶר Psalm 130:6 (twice in verse).

d. watch, observe, accusative of thing 1 Samuel 1:12; Ecclesiastes 11:4; Job 39:1; Jeremiah 8:7 (of birds), with intelligence Isaiah 42:20; Psalm 107:43; accusative of person Psalm 37:37 ("" ראה), Zechariah 11:11; accusative of sin Psalm 31:7; Psalm 130:3; accusative of thing, for the purpose of avoiding, Psalm 17:4.

2. a. keep, retain, of storing up (food) Genesis 41:35 (E); absolute Ecclesiastes 3:6 (opposed to הִשְׁלִיךְ); treasure up (in memory) Genesis 37:11 (E), compare Malachi 2:7; 1 Chronicles 29:18; Proverbs 4:21 (בְּתוֺךְ לְבָבֶ֑ךְ), Proverbs 22:18 (כְּבִטֱנ֑ךָ); retain wrath Amos 1:11 (read שָׁמֶר לָנֶצַח We Now GASm Marti; see also נָטַר 1) + (anger omitted) Jeremiah 3:5 ("" נטר).

b. keep within bounds, restrain, object שׁוֺר Exodus 21:29,36 (E); with accusative hand, מִן of evil Isaiah 56:2; figurative keep thy foot, with temporal clause Ecclesiastes 4:17; לְֿפִי מַחְסוֺם׳אֶשׁ Psalm 39:2 (ᵐ5 Du and others אָשִׁימָה); apparently reflexive (= Niph`al), Joshua 6:18 (+ מִןהַֿחֵרֶס), possibly sc. גַפְשְׁכֶם Di.

3. a. observe, celebrate, accusative of festival, etc., Exodus 23:15 (E), Exodus 34:18 (J), Exodus 12:17; of day Exodus 12:17 (P), of month Deuteronomy 16:1.

b. keep Sabbath Deuteronomy 5:12; Leviticus 19:3,30; Leviticus 26:2 (all H), Exodus 31:13,14,16 (P), Isaiah 56:4, also (+ מֵחַלְּלוֺ) Isaiah 56:2; Isaiah 56:6.

c. of other obligations: keep convenant Ezekiel 17:14, especially convenant of ׳י Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 11:11 5t., ׳שְׁבֻעַת י 1 Kings 2:43, perform vow Deuteronomy 23:24; keep commands Jeremiah 35:18; Ezekiel 20:18; especially מִצָוֺת, תֻקִּים, יֲבֹדָה, etc., of ׳י (sometimes "" נצר), Exodus 20:6 = Deuteronomy 5:10; Amos 2:4; 1 Kings 2:3; Psalm 119:8; Psalm 119:17; Psalm 119:34 + very often (c. 120 t.); ׳דֶּרֶח י ׳שׁ Genesis 18:19 (J) + 4 t., ׳דַּרְכֵי י 2 Samuel 22:22 = Psalm 18:22, ׳י ׳ד omitted Judges 2:22 b; אָרְחוֺת צַדַּיקִים ׳שׁ Proverbs 2:20 ("" תֵּלֵח תְּלֵח בְּדֶרֶח טוֺבֹים), ׳שׁ דְּרָכַי (ways of wisdom) Proverbs 8:32 (Psalm 17:4 see

1d); keep discharge an office, כְּהֻנָּה Numbers 3:10; Numbers 18:7 (both P), absolute 2 Chronicles 5:11; a function or duty, especially מִשְׁמֶרֶת ׳שׁ Leviticus 8:35; Numbers 1:53 + approximately 32 t. (see ׳מ below); accusative of obligation often omitted, especially D (and RD) keep and do Deuteronomy 4:6; Deuteronomy 7:12 8t.; to do Deuteronomy 5:1,29 16t. D + 3 t., etc.

d. observe = follow dictates of (prudence, justice, kindness, wisdom) Hosea 12:7 (חֶסֶד וּמִשְׁמָּט), Isaiah 56:1; Proverbs 4:4; Proverbs 5:2; Proverbs 7:1,2; bad sense, observe vanities Psalm 31:7. — Doubtful are: לִשְׁמֹר absolute Hosea 4:10, very strange (conjectures in We Now Marti); שָׁמוּר 1 Samuel 9:24, HPS אֵחַרְנוּ, compare Now BuComm.; Psalm 59:10 read עֻוִּי אֵלֶיךָ אֲזַמֵּ֑רָה (as Psalm 59:18, ᵑ6 Che Bae).

4 sometimes ׳י subject:

a. keep, preserve, protect, accusative of person, + ב of way, etc., Genesis 28:15,20 (J), Exodus 23:20 (E; of מַלְאָח), Psalm 91:11 (׳מ), Joshua 24:17 (E); accusative of person (or נפשׁ) only: 1 Samuel 30:23; Jeremiah 31:9; Numbers 6:24 (P), Job 29:2; Psalm 16:1 10t. Psalms; + מִן Psalm 121:7 2t.; accusative רַהְּלַי 1 Samuel 2:9, compare Proverbs 3:26 (מִן); Participle שֹׁמְרֶ֑ךָ Psalm 121:3; Psalm 121:5, compare Psalm 121:4, etc.; accusative of city Psalm 127:1.

b. with accusative בְּרִית, ל person Deuteronomy 7:12, + חֶסֶד Deuteronomy 7:7 5t., אֱמֶת לְעוֺלָם ׳הַשּׁ Psalm 146:6; הַשְּׁבֻעָה Deuteronomy 7:8, etc.; passive of covenant (׳י agent) עֲרוּכָה בַכֹּל וּשְׁמֻרָה 2 Samuel 23:5 (legal terminology, Dr).

5 keep, reserve, weeks of harvest Jeremiah 5:24 (ל person).

Niph`al36 Perfect3masculine singular נִשְׁמַד 2 Samuel 20:10, etc.; Imperfect3feminine singular תִּשָּׁמֵד Judges 13:13; 2masculine plural תִּשָּׁמַ֑רוּ Exodus 23:13; Imperative masculine singular תִּשָּׁמֵד Isaiah 7:4 הִדָמשּׁ֫מֶר (לְךָׅ Genesis 24:6 +; feminine singular הִשָּֽׁמְרִי Judges 13:4, etc.; —

1 be on one's guard, with בַּחֶרֶב 2 Samuel 20:10 by reason of the sword, i.e. against it; with ב temporal 1 Samuel 19:2, שָׁם 2 Kings 6:10; take heed Exodus 23:13 (E) Deuteronomy 2:4; with מִן person Exodus 23:21 (E), Jeremiah 9:3; מִן of thing Judges 13:13; Deuteronomy 23:10; מִן infinitive take care not to, etc. Genesis 31:29 (E), 2 Kings 6:9; infinitive without מִן Exodus 19:12 (J), but read probably מֵעֲלוֺת; followed by מֶּן lest Genesis 24:6 (J) + 11 t. (especially Deuteronomy); with (וְ)אַל jussive Exodus 10:23 (J), Judges 13:4; Job 36:21, with Imperative coordinate Isaiah 7:4. — Very often Imperative (24 t.), especially in phrase הִשָּׁמֶרלְֿךָ (12 t.), הִשָּֽׁטְרוּ לָכֶם (3 t.); + לְנַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם Deuteronomy 4:15; Joshua 23:11 (RD; + infinitive); + ׳בְּנַפ Jeremiah 17:21 apparently ב pret. on peril of your life (compare ב

III. 3 a), so perhaps also בְּרוּחֲכֶם Malachi 2:15,16 (We Now).

2 keep oneself, refrain, abstain, מֵאִשָּׁה 1 Samuel 21:5.

3 be kept, guarded, Hosea 12:14 (compare ׳שׁ of Jacob Hosea 12:13); be preserved (by ׳י) Psalm 37:28 (לִיוֺלָם), but read probably עַוָּלִים (לְעוֺלָם) נִשְׁמָ֑דוּ Hup-Ri (Now) Che Bae Du Dr.

Pi`el Participle plural מְשַׁמְּרִים הַבְלֵישָֿׁוְא Jonah 2:9 those paying regard to false vanities (compare Qal Psalm 31:7).

Hithpa`el Imperfect1singular וָאֶשְׁתַּסֵּר מֵעֲוֺנַי Psalm 18:24 I kept myself from, etc. = 2 Samuel 22:24 (verb cohortative); 3 masculine singular וְיִשְׁתַּמֵּר חֻקּוֺת עָמְרִי Micah 6:16, but read וְתִשְׁמֹר thou keepest, observest, We Now GASm.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
beward, be circumspect, take heed to self, keeper, self, mark, look narrowly, observe,

A primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. Guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc. -- beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).

Forms and Transliterations
אֶֽשְׁמְרָ֣ה אֶשְׁמְרָ֥ה אֶשְׁמֹ֑ר אֶשְׁמֹ֑רָה אֶשְׁמֹ֖ר אֶשְׁמֹ֥ר אֶשְׁמֹֽר׃ אֶשְׁמָר־ אשמר אשמר־ אשמר׃ אשמרה בְּ֝שָׁמְרָ֗ם בִּשְׁמ֥וֹר בשמור בשמרם הֲשֹׁמְרִ֣ים הֲשֹׁמֵ֥ר הֲתִשְׁמֹ֥ר הִ֭שָּׁמֶר הִשָּֽׁמְר֣וּ הִשָּֽׁמֶר־ הִשָּׁ֕מֶר הִשָּׁ֣מְרִי הִשָּׁ֣מֶר הִשָּׁ֧מֶר הִשָּׁמְר֖וּ הִשָּׁמְר֣וּ הִשָּׁמְר֥וּ הִשָּׁמֵ֔רוּ הִשָּׁמֵ֨ר הַשֹּֽׁמְרִ֑ים הַשֹּׁ֣מְרִ֔ים הַשֹּׁמְרִ֛ים הַשֹּׁמְרִ֣ים הַשֹּׁמְרִ֥ים הַשֹּׁמֵ֖ר השמר השמר־ השמרו השמרי השמרים התשמר וְ֝אֶשְׁמְרָ֗ה וְאֶשְׁמְרֶ֥נָּה וְאֶשְׁמְרָ֖ה וְאֶשְׁמְרָ֥ה וְיִשְׁמְר֞וּ וְיִשְׁמְרֶֽךָ׃ וְיִשְׁמָר־ וְיִשְׁתַּמֵּ֞ר וְלִשְׁמ֕וֹר וְלִשְׁמ֣וֹר וְלִשְׁמ֤וֹר וְלִשְׁמֹ֖ר וְלִשְׁמֹ֛ר וְלִשְׁמֹ֥ר וְלִשְׁמֹ֨ר וְנִ֨שְׁמַרְתָּ֔ וְנִשְׁמַ֣ר וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּ֖ם וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּ֥ם וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּם֙ וְשִׁמְר֗וּ וְשִׁמְרוּ֙ וְשָֽׁמְר֗וּ וְשָֽׁמְר֛וּ וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ וְשָׁ֣מַרְתָּ֔ וְשָׁמְר֖וּ וְשָׁמְר֗וּ וְשָׁמְר֞וּ וְשָׁמְר֣וּ וְשָׁמְר֥וּ וְשָׁמְר֧וּ וְשָׁמְרוּ֙ וְשָׁמַ֖ר וְשָׁמַר֙ וְשָׁמַר֩ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֖ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֛ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֞ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֣ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֤ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֥ וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֨ וְשָׁמָֽרוּ׃ וְשֹׁ֣מְרֵ֔י וְשֹׁמְרֵ֥י וְשֹׁמֵ֖ר וְשֹׁמֵ֥ר וְשׁוֹמֵ֖ר וְתִשְׁמ֥וֹר וְתִשְׁמְרֶ֑ךָּ וַֽיִּשְׁמְר֞וּ וַֽיִּשְׁמְר֥וּ וַֽיִּשְׁמְרֵ֗נוּ וַֽתִּשְׁמְרוּ֙ וַיִּשְׁמֹ֣ר וַיִּשְׁמֹר֙ וַתִּשְׁמָר־ וָ֝אֶשְׁתַּמֵּ֗ר וָֽ֝אֶשְׁמְרָ֗ה וָאֶשְׁתַּמְּרָ֖ה וּ֝לְשֹׁמְרֵ֗י וּלְשָׁמְרָֽהּ׃ וּלְשֹׁמְרֵ֥י וּמִשָּׁמְר֤וֹ וּשְׁמַרְתִּ֙יךָ֙ וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֕ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֖ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֗ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֛ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֞ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֣ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֤ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֥ם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֙ וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֮ וּשְׁמַרְתָּ֑נִי וּשְׁמָר֖וֹ וּשְׁמָרַ֙נִי֙ וּשְׁמֹ֨ר וּשְׁמֹ֬ר וּשְׁמֻרָ֔ה ואשמרה ואשמרנה ואשתמר ואשתמרה וישמר וישמר־ וישמרו וישמרך׃ וישמרנו וישתמר ולשמור ולשמר ולשמרה׃ ולשמרי ומר ומשמרו ונשמר ונשמרת ונשמרתם ושומר ושמר ושמרה ושמרו ושמרו׃ ושמרי ושמרני ושמרת ושמרתיך ושמרתם ושמרתני ותשמור ותשמר־ ותשמרו ותשמרך יִ֝שְׁמֹ֗ר יִשְׁמְר֖וּ יִשְׁמְר֣וּ יִשְׁמְר֨וּ יִשְׁמְר֬וּ יִשְׁמְרֵ֣הוּ יִשְׁמְרֵֽנִי׃ יִשְׁמְרֶ֔נּוּ יִשְׁמְרֶ֖נּוּ יִשְׁמְרוּ֙ יִשְׁמְרוּ־ יִשְׁמָרְךָ֥ יִשְׁמָר־ יִשְׁמֹ֑רוּ יִשְׁמֹ֔ר יִשְׁמֹ֔רוּ יִשְׁמֹ֖ר יִשְׁמֹֽר׃ יִשְׁמֹֽרוּ׃ ישמר ישמר־ ישמר׃ ישמרהו ישמרו ישמרו־ ישמרו׃ ישמרך ישמרנו ישמרני׃ כְּשֹׁמְרֵ֣י כשמרי ל֣וֹ לְשָׁמְר֔וֹ לְשָׁמְרָֽם׃ לְשֹׁמְרֵ֥י לְשֹׁמְרֵ֧י לִ֝שְׁמָרְךָ֗ לִ֝שְׁמֹ֗ר לִ֠שְׁמֹר לִ֭שְׁמָרְךָ לִשְׁמ֖וֹר לִשְׁמ֣וֹר לִשְׁמ֤וֹר לִשְׁמ֥וֹר לִשְׁמָרְךָ֖ לִשְׁמֹ֑ר לִשְׁמֹ֔ר לִשְׁמֹ֕ר לִשְׁמֹ֖ר לִשְׁמֹ֗ר לִשְׁמֹ֛ר לִשְׁמֹ֞ר לִשְׁמֹ֣ר לִשְׁמֹ֤ר לִשְׁמֹ֥ר לִשְׁמֹ֨ר לִשְׁמֹֽר׃ לִשְׁמֹר֙ לִשְׁמוֹר֙ לו לשמור לשמר לשמר׃ לשמרו לשמרי לשמרך לשמרם׃ מְשַׁמְּרִ֖ים מִשֹּׁמְרִ֥ים מִשֹּׁמְרֵ֖י מִשֹּׁמְרֵ֣י מר מרו מרם מרני מרתי משמרי משמרים נִשְׁמְר֥וּ נִשְׁמַ֜ר נִשְׁמָ֑רוּ נִשְׁמָֽר׃ נִשְׁמֹ֨ר נשמר נשמר׃ נשמרו שְׁ֠מֹר שְׁמ֔וֹר שְׁמַרְתֶּ֔ם שְׁמַרְתֶּ֖ם שְׁמַרְתֶּ֛ם שְׁמָ֥רָה שְׁמָ֨ר־ שְׁמָר־ שְׁמֹ֔ר שְׁמֹ֖ר שְׁמֹ֣ר שְׁמֹ֤ר שְׁמֹֽר׃ שְׁמֹר֙ שֳׁמְרָה־ שִׁמְר֖וּ שִׁמְר֣וּ שִׁמְר֥וּ שִׁמְרוּ־ שָֽׁמְרֵ֥נִי שָֽׁמְרָ֣ה שָֽׁמְרָ֥ה שָֽׁמְרוּ֙ שָֽׁמוּר־ שָׁ֝מְרֵ֗ם שָׁ֝מַ֗רְתִּי שָׁ֤מְרָֽה שָׁ֭מְרֵנִי שָׁ֭מְרוּ שָׁ֭מַרְתִּי שָׁמ֣֛וֹר שָׁמ֣וֹר שָׁמ֥וּר שָׁמְר֖וּ שָׁמְר֜וּ שָׁמְר֤וּ שָׁמְר֥וּ שָׁמְרֵ֗נִי שָׁמְרֵ֤נִי שָׁמְרָ֣ה שָׁמַ֔ר שָׁמַ֔רְתָּ שָׁמַ֖ר שָׁמַ֖רְתִּי שָׁמַ֗רְתָּ שָׁמַ֙רְנוּ֙ שָׁמַ֙רְתָּ֙ שָׁמַ֛ר שָׁמַ֜רְתִּי שָׁמַ֣רְנוּ שָׁמַ֣רְתִּי שָׁמַ֥ר שָׁמַ֨ר שָׁמָ֑ר שָׁמָ֔רוּ שָׁמָֽרְתִּי׃ שָׁמָֽר׃ שָׁמָֽרוּ׃ שָׁמֹ֨ר שָׁמֹר֙ שָׁמוֹר֙ שֹֽׁמְרִ֔ים שֹֽׁמְרִים֙ שֹֽׁמְרֵי֙ שֹֽׁמְרֶֽךָ׃ שֹׁ֘מֵ֤ר שֹׁ֭מֵר שֹׁמְרִ֕ים שֹׁמְרִ֣ים שֹׁמְרִ֤ים שֹׁמְרִ֥ים שֹׁמְרֵ֕י שֹׁמְרֵ֖י שֹׁמְרֵ֣י שֹׁמְרֵ֥י שֹׁמְרֵ֨י שֹׁמְרֶ֑ךָ שֹׁמֵ֔ר שֹׁמֵ֖ר שֹׁמֵ֜ר שֹׁמֵ֣ר שֹׁמֵ֤ר שֹׁמֵ֥ר שֹׁמֵ֧ר שֹׁמֵ֨ר שֹׁמֵר֙ שׁ֝וֹמֵ֗ר שׁוֹמֵ֣ר שׁוֹמֵ֥ר שׁוֹמֵֽר׃ שומר שומר׃ שמור שמור־ שמר שמר־ שמר׃ שמרה שמרה־ שמרו שמרו־ שמרו׃ שמרי שמרים שמרך שמרך׃ שמרנו שמרני שמרת שמרתי שמרתי׃ שמרתם תִ֝שְׁמ֗וֹר תִּשְׁמ֗וֹר תִּשְׁמְר֔וּ תִּשְׁמְר֔וּן תִּשְׁמְר֕וּ תִּשְׁמְר֖וּ תִּשְׁמְר֗וּ תִּשְׁמְר֜וּן תִּשְׁמְר֣וּן תִּשְׁמְר֥וּ תִּשְׁמְר֥וּן תִּשְׁמְר֨וּ תִּשְׁמְרֵ֑ם תִּשְׁמְרֵ֙נִי֙ תִּשְׁמָר־ תִּשְׁמֹ֑ר תִּשְׁמֹ֑רוּ תִּשְׁמֹ֔רוּ תִּשְׁמֹ֙רוּ֙ תִּשְׁמֹ֣ר תִּשְׁמֹ֥ר תִּשְׁמֹֽר׃ תִּשְׁמֹר֒ תִּשְׁמֹרוּ֒ תִּשְׁמֽוֹר׃ תִּשְׁמוּרֵֽם׃ תִּשָּׁמֵ֑רוּ תִּשָּׁמֵֽר׃ תִשְׁמְר֖וּ תִשְׁמְרֵ֣ם תִשְׁמְרוּ֙ תִשְׁמֹ֑ר תִשְׁמֹ֔ר תִשְׁמֹ֗ר תִשְׁמֹ֜ר תִשְׁמֹר֩ תשמור תשמור׃ תשמורם׃ תשמר תשמר־ תשמר׃ תשמרו תשמרון תשמרם תשמרני ’eš·mār- ’eš·mə·rāh ’eš·mō·rāh ’eš·mōr ’ešmār- ’ešmərāh ’ešmōr ’ešmōrāh bə·šā·mə·rām bəšāmərām beshameRam biš·mō·wr bishMor bišmōwr eshmeRah eshMor eshMorah hă·šō·mə·rîm hă·šō·mêr hă·ṯiš·mōr haš·šō·mə·rîm haš·šō·mêr hashoMer hashomeRim hashshoMer hashShomeRim hăšōmêr hăšōmərîm haššōmêr haššōmərîm hatishMor hăṯišmōr hiš·šā·mə·rî hiš·šā·mê·rū hiš·šā·mə·rū hiš·šā·mer hiš·šā·mêr hiš·šā·mer- hishShamer hishShameri hishshameRu hiššāmer hiššāmêr hiššāmer- hiššāmərî hiššāmêrū hiššāmərū kə·šō·mə·rê keshomeRei kəšōmərê lə·šā·mə·rām lə·šā·mə·rōw lə·šō·mə·rê ləšāmərām ləšāmərōw leshameRam leshameRo leshomeRei ləšōmərê liš·mā·rə·ḵā liš·mō·wr liš·mōr lishmareCha lishMor lišmārəḵā lišmōr lišmōwr lo lōw mar·tî Marti martî mə·rê·nî mə·rêm mə·rū mə·šam·mə·rîm mer mêr meRem mərêm mereni mərênî meru mərū məšammərîm meshammeRim miš·šō·mə·rê miš·šō·mə·rîm mishshomeRei mishshomeRim miššōmərê miššōmərîm mor mōr niš·mā·rū niš·mar niš·mār niš·mə·rū niš·mōr nishMar nishMaru nishmeRu nishMor nišmar nišmār nišmārū nišmərū nišmōr šā·mā·rə·tî šā·mā·rū šā·mar šā·mār šā·mar·nū šā·mar·tā šā·mar·tî šā·mə·rāh šā·mə·rê·nî šā·mə·rū šā·mō·wr šā·mōr šā·mūr šā·mūr- šāmar šāmār šāmārətî šāmarnū šāmartā šāmartî šāmārū šāmərāh šāmərênî šāmərū šāmōr šāmōwr šāmūr šāmūr- šə·mā·rāh šə·mār- šə·mar·tem šə·mō·wr šə·mōr šəmār- šəmārāh šəmartem šəmōr šəmōwr shaMar shaMareti shaMarnu shaMarta shaMarti shaMaru shameRah shameReni shameRu shaMor shamur sheMar sheMarah shemarTem sheMor shimRu shoMer ShomeRecha shomeRei shomeRim shomrah šim·rū šim·rū- šimrū šimrū- šō·mə·rê šō·mə·re·ḵā šō·mə·rîm šō·mêr šō·w·mêr šom·rāh- šōmêr šōmərê šōməreḵā šōmərîm šomrāh- šōwmêr tiš·mār- tiš·mə·rê·nî tiš·mə·rêm ṯiš·mə·rêm tiš·mə·rū ṯiš·mə·rū tiš·mə·rūn tiš·mō·rū tiš·mō·wr ṯiš·mō·wr tiš·mōr ṯiš·mōr tiš·mū·rêm tiš·šā·mê·rū tiš·šā·mêr tishmeRem tishmeReni tishmeRu tishmeRun tishMor tishMoru tishmuRem tishshaMer tishshaMeru tišmār- tišmərêm ṯišmərêm tišmərênî tišmərū ṯišmərū tišmərūn tišmōr ṯišmōr tišmōrū tišmōwr ṯišmōwr tišmūrêm tiššāmêr tiššāmêrū ū·lə·šā·mə·rāh ū·lə·šō·mə·rê ū·miš·šā·mə·rōw ū·šə·mā·ra·nî ū·šə·mā·rōw ū·šə·mar·tā·nî ū·šə·mar·tem ū·šə·mar·tî·ḵā ū·šə·mōr ū·šə·mu·rāh ūləšāmərāh uleshameRah uleshomeRei ūləšōmərê umishshameRo ūmiššāmərōw ūšəmāranî ūšəmārōw ūšəmartānî ūšəmartem ūšəmartîḵā ūšəmōr ūšəmurāh ushemaRani ushemaRo ushemarTani ushemarTem ushemarTicha usheMor ushemuRah vaeshmeRah vaeshtamMer vaeshtammeRah vaiyishmeRenu vaiyishmeRu vaiyishMor vattishmeRu vattishmor veeshmeRah veeshmeRennah velishMor venishMar veNishmarta venishmarTem veshaMar veshamarTa veshaMaru veshameRu veshimRu veshoMer veShomeRei vetishmeReka vetishMor veyishmeRecha veyishmeRu veyishmor veyishtamMer vMer w·mêr wā’ešmərāh wā’eštammêr wā’eštammərāh wā·’eš·mə·rāh wā·’eš·tam·mə·rāh wā·’eš·tam·mêr wat·tiš·mār- wat·tiš·mə·rū wattišmār- wattišmərū way·yiš·mə·rê·nū way·yiš·mə·rū way·yiš·mōr wayyišmərênū wayyišmərū wayyišmōr wə’ešmərāh wə’ešmərennāh wə·’eš·mə·rāh wə·’eš·mə·ren·nāh wə·liš·mō·wr wə·liš·mōr wə·niš·mar wə·niš·mar·tā wə·niš·mar·tem wə·šā·mā·rū wə·šā·mar wə·šā·mar·tā wə·šā·mə·rū wə·šim·rū wə·šō·mə·rê wə·šō·mêr wə·šō·w·mêr wə·ṯiš·mə·re·kā wə·ṯiš·mō·wr wə·yiš·mār- wə·yiš·mə·re·ḵā wə·yiš·mə·rū wə·yiš·tam·mêr wəlišmōr wəlišmōwr wənišmar wənišmartā wənišmartem wəšāmar wəšāmartā wəšāmārū wəšāmərū wəšimrū wəšōmêr wəšōmərê wəšōwmêr wəṯišmərekā wəṯišmōwr wəyišmār- wəyišməreḵā wəyišmərū wəyištammêr wmêr yiš·mā·rə·ḵā yiš·mār- yiš·mə·rê·hū yiš·mə·rê·nî yiš·mə·ren·nū yiš·mə·rū yiš·mə·rū- yiš·mō·rū yiš·mōr yishmareCha yishmeRehu yishmeReni yishmeRennu yishmeRu yishMor yishMoru yišmār- yišmārəḵā yišmərêhū yišmərênî yišmərennū yišmərū yišmərū- yišmōr yišmōrū
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Genesis 2:15
HEB: עֵ֔דֶן לְעָבְדָ֖הּ וּלְשָׁמְרָֽהּ׃
NAS: of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.
KJV: of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
INT: of Eden to cultivate and keep

Genesis 3:24
HEB: הַחֶ֙רֶב֙ הַמִּתְהַפֶּ֔כֶת לִשְׁמֹ֕ר אֶת־ דֶּ֖רֶךְ
NAS: which turned every direction to guard the way
KJV: which turned every way, to keep the way
INT: sword turned to guard the way to the tree

Genesis 4:9
HEB: לֹ֣א יָדַ֔עְתִּי הֲשֹׁמֵ֥ר אָחִ֖י אָנֹֽכִי׃
NAS: Am I my brother's keeper?
KJV: not: [Am] I my brother's keeper?
INT: not know keeper my brother's He

Genesis 17:9
HEB: אֶת־ בְּרִיתִ֣י תִשְׁמֹ֑ר אַתָּ֛ה וְזַרְעֲךָ֥
NAS: further to Abraham, Now as for you, you shall keep My covenant,
KJV: unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant
INT: you my covenant shall keep you and your descendants

Genesis 17:10
HEB: בְּרִיתִ֞י אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּשְׁמְר֗וּ בֵּינִי֙ וּבֵ֣ינֵיכֶ֔ם
NAS: which you shall keep, between
KJV: This [is] my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed
INT: is my covenant which shall keep between between

Genesis 18:19
HEB: בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהוָ֔ה
NAS: after him to keep the way
KJV: after him, and they shall keep the way
INT: and his household after to keep the way of the LORD

Genesis 24:6
HEB: אֵלָ֖יו אַבְרָהָ֑ם הִשָּׁ֣מֶר לְךָ֔ פֶּן־
NAS: said to him, Beware that you do not take
KJV: said unto him, Beware thou that thou bring
INT: then Abraham Beware not take

Genesis 26:5
HEB: אַבְרָהָ֖ם בְּקֹלִ֑י וַיִּשְׁמֹר֙ מִשְׁמַרְתִּ֔י מִצְוֹתַ֖י
NAS: obeyed Me and kept My charge,
KJV: my voice, and kept my charge,
INT: Abraham my voice and kept my charge my commandments

Genesis 28:15
HEB: אָנֹכִ֜י עִמָּ֗ךְ וּשְׁמַרְתִּ֙יךָ֙ בְּכֹ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־
NAS: Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever
KJV: And, behold, I [am] with thee, and will keep thee in all [places] whither
INT: I you and will keep all manner what

Genesis 28:20
HEB: אֱלֹהִ֜ים עִמָּדִ֗י וּשְׁמָרַ֙נִי֙ בַּדֶּ֤רֶךְ הַזֶּה֙
NAS: God will be with me and will keep me on this
KJV: If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way
INT: God me and will keep journey this

Genesis 30:31
HEB: אֶרְעֶ֥ה צֹֽאנְךָ֖ אֶשְׁמֹֽר׃
NAS: pasture [and] keep your flock:
KJV: feed [and] keep thy flock:
INT: pasture your flock keep

Genesis 31:24
HEB: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ הִשָּׁ֧מֶר לְךָ֛ פֶּן־
NAS: and said to him, Be careful that you do not speak
KJV: and said unto him, Take heed that thou speak
INT: of the night and said to him be careful not speak

Genesis 31:29
HEB: אֵלַ֣י לֵאמֹ֗ר הִשָּׁ֧מֶר לְךָ֛ מִדַּבֵּ֥ר
NAS: saying, Be careful not to speak
KJV: saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not
INT: about saying be careful to speak with

Genesis 37:11
HEB: אֶחָ֑יו וְאָבִ֖יו שָׁמַ֥ר אֶת־ הַדָּבָֽר׃
NAS: of him, but his father kept the saying
KJV: him; but his father observed the saying.
INT: his brothers his father kept the saying

Genesis 41:35
HEB: אֹ֥כֶל בֶּעָרִ֖ים וְשָׁמָֽרוּ׃
NAS: authority, and let them guard [it].
KJV: of Pharaoh, and let them keep food
INT: food the cities guard

Exodus 10:28
HEB: לֵ֣ךְ מֵעָלָ֑י הִשָּׁ֣מֶר לְךָ֗ אֶל־
NAS: to him, Get away from me! Beware, do not see
KJV: unto him, Get thee from me, take heed to thyself, see
INT: Get and Beware nay again

Exodus 12:17
HEB: וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֮ אֶת־ הַמַּצּוֹת֒
NAS: You shall also observe the [Feast of] Unleavened Bread,
KJV: And ye shall observe [the feast of] unleavened bread;
INT: observe Unleavened for

Exodus 12:17
HEB: מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרָ֑יִם וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֞ם אֶת־ הַיּ֥וֹם
NAS: of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this
KJV: of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day
INT: of the land of Egypt shall observe day this

Exodus 12:24
HEB: וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֖ם אֶת־ הַדָּבָ֣ר
NAS: And you shall observe this event
KJV: And ye shall observe this thing
INT: shall observe event this

Exodus 12:25
HEB: כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֵּ֑ר וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֖ם אֶת־ הָעֲבֹדָ֥ה
NAS: you, as He has promised, you shall observe this
KJV: you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.
INT: which has promised shall observe rite likewise

Exodus 13:10
HEB: וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֛ אֶת־ הַחֻקָּ֥ה
NAS: Therefore, you shall keep this
KJV: Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance
INT: shall keep ordinance its

Exodus 15:26
HEB: וְהַֽאֲזַנְתָּ֙ לְמִצְוֹתָ֔יו וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֖ כָּל־ חֻקָּ֑יו
NAS: to His commandments, and keep all
KJV: to his commandments, and keep all his statutes,
INT: and give to his commandments and keep all his statutes

Exodus 16:28
HEB: אָ֙נָה֙ מֵֽאַנְתֶּ֔ם לִשְׁמֹ֥ר מִצְוֹתַ֖י וְתוֹרֹתָֽי׃
NAS: do you refuse to keep My commandments
KJV: How long refuse ye to keep my commandments
INT: How refuse to keep my commandments bullock

Exodus 19:5
HEB: תִּשְׁמְעוּ֙ בְּקֹלִ֔י וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֖ם אֶת־ בְּרִיתִ֑י
NAS: My voice and keep My covenant,
KJV: indeed, and keep my covenant,
INT: obey my voice and keep my covenant become

Exodus 19:12
HEB: סָבִ֣יב לֵאמֹ֔ר הִשָּׁמְר֥וּ לָכֶ֛ם עֲל֥וֹת
NAS: saying, Beware that you do not go
KJV: saying, Take heed to yourselves, [that ye] go [not] up
INT: all saying Beware go the mountain

469 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 8104
469 Occurrences

bə·šā·mə·rām — 1 Occ.
biš·mō·wr — 1 Occ.
’eš·mə·rāh — 2 Occ.
’eš·mōr — 5 Occ.
’eš·mō·rāh — 1 Occ.
hă·šō·mêr — 1 Occ.
hă·šō·mə·rîm — 1 Occ.
haš·šō·mêr — 1 Occ.
haš·šō·mə·rîm — 9 Occ.
hă·ṯiš·mōr — 1 Occ.
hiš·šā·mer — 18 Occ.
hiš·šā·mə·rî — 1 Occ.
hiš·šā·mə·rū — 5 Occ.
kə·šō·mə·rê — 1 Occ.
lə·šā·mə·rām — 1 Occ.
lə·šā·mə·rōw — 1 Occ.
lə·šō·mə·rê — 2 Occ.
liš·mā·rə·ḵā — 4 Occ.
liš·mōr — 40 Occ.
lōw — 1 Occ.
mar·tî — 2 Occ.
mêr — 1 Occ.
mə·rêm — 1 Occ.
mə·rê·nî — 1 Occ.
mə·rū — 1 Occ.
mə·šam·mə·rîm — 1 Occ.
miš·šō·mə·rê — 2 Occ.
miš·šō·mə·rîm — 1 Occ.
mōr — 2 Occ.
niš·mar — 2 Occ.
niš·mā·rū — 1 Occ.
niš·mə·rū — 1 Occ.
niš·mōr — 1 Occ.
šā·mar — 10 Occ.
šā·mā·rə·tî — 1 Occ.
šā·mar·nū — 2 Occ.
šā·mar·tā — 8 Occ.
šā·mar·tî — 4 Occ.
šā·mā·rū — 5 Occ.
šā·mə·rāh — 5 Occ.
šā·mə·rê·nî — 3 Occ.
šā·mə·rū — 9 Occ.
šā·mō·wr — 5 Occ.
šā·mūr- — 2 Occ.
šə·mār- — 1 Occ.
šə·mā·rāh — 1 Occ.
šə·mar·tem — 4 Occ.
šə·mōr — 13 Occ.
šim·rū — 7 Occ.
šō·mêr — 43 Occ.
šō·mə·re·ḵā — 2 Occ.
šō·mə·rê — 19 Occ.
šō·mə·rîm — 9 Occ.
šom·rāh- — 1 Occ.
tiš·mə·rêm — 2 Occ.
tiš·mə·rê·nî — 1 Occ.
tiš·mə·rū — 10 Occ.
tiš·mə·rūn — 5 Occ.
ṯiš·mōr — 22 Occ.
tiš·mō·rū — 7 Occ.
tiš·mū·rêm — 1 Occ.
tiš·šā·mêr — 1 Occ.
tiš·šā·mê·rū — 1 Occ.
ū·lə·šā·mə·rāh — 1 Occ.
ū·lə·šō·mə·rê — 6 Occ.
ū·miš·šā·mə·rōw — 1 Occ.
ū·šə·mā·ra·nî — 1 Occ.
ū·šə·mā·rōw — 1 Occ.
ū·šə·mar·tā·nî — 1 Occ.
ū·šə·mar·tem — 25 Occ.
ū·šə·mar·tî·ḵā — 1 Occ.
ū·šə·mōr — 2 Occ.
ū·šə·mu·rāh — 1 Occ.
wā·’eš·mə·rāh — 1 Occ.
wā·’eš·tam·mêr — 1 Occ.
wā·’eš·tam·mə·rāh — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·mə·rê·nū — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·mə·rū — 2 Occ.
way·yiš·mōr — 3 Occ.
wat·tiš·mə·rū — 1 Occ.
wat·tiš·mār- — 1 Occ.
wə·’eš·mə·rāh — 5 Occ.
wə·’eš·mə·ren·nāh — 1 Occ.
wə·liš·mōr — 11 Occ.
wə·niš·mar — 1 Occ.
wə·niš·mar·tā — 1 Occ.
wə·niš·mar·tem — 5 Occ.
wə·šā·mar — 3 Occ.
wə·šā·mar·tā — 12 Occ.
wə·šā·mā·rū — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·mə·rū — 14 Occ.
wə·šim·rū — 2 Occ.
wə·šō·w·mêr — 5 Occ.
wə·šō·mə·rê — 3 Occ.
wə·ṯiš·mə·re·kā — 1 Occ.
wə·ṯiš·mō·wr — 1 Occ.
wə·yiš·mə·re·ḵā — 1 Occ.
wə·yiš·mə·rū — 1 Occ.
wə·yiš·mār- — 1 Occ.
wə·yiš·tam·mêr — 1 Occ.
w·mêr — 1 Occ.
yiš·mā·rə·ḵā — 1 Occ.
yiš·mə·rê·hū — 1 Occ.
yiš·mə·rê·nî — 1 Occ.
yiš·mə·ren·nū — 2 Occ.
yiš·mə·rū — 12 Occ.
yiš·mōr — 8 Occ.
yiš·mō·rū — 4 Occ.

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