Exodus 12:5
New International Version
The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

New Living Translation
The animal you select must be a one-year-old male, either a sheep or a goat, with no defects.

English Standard Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats,

Berean Study Bible
Your lamb must be an unblemished year-old male, and you may take it from the sheep or the goats.

New American Standard Bible
'Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

King James Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

Christian Standard Bible
You must have an unblemished animal, a year-old male; you may take it from either the sheep or the goats.

Good News Translation
You may choose either a sheep or a goat, but it must be a one-year-old male without any defects.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must have an unblemished animal, a year-old male; you may take it from either the sheep or the goats.

International Standard Version
Your lamb is to be a year old male without blemish. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

NET Bible
Your lamb must be perfect, a male, one year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

New Heart English Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your animal must be a one-year-old male that has no defects. You may choose a lamb or a young goat.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats;

New American Standard 1977
‘Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The lamb shall be without blemish, a male of one year; ye shall take it out from the sheep or from the goats;

King James 2000 Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

American King James Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

American Standard Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old: ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
It shall be to you a lamb unblemished, a male of a year old: ye shall take it of the lambs and the kids.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it shall be a lamb without blemish, a male, of one year: according to which rite also you shall take a kid.

Darby Bible Translation
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a yearling male; ye shall take [it] from the sheep, or from the goats.

English Revised Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Webster's Bible Translation
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it from the sheep or from the goats:

World English Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Young's Literal Translation
a lamb, a perfect one, a male, a son of a year, let be to you; from the sheep or from the goats ye do take it.
Study Bible
The First Passover
4If the household is too small for a whole lamb, they are to share with the nearest neighbor, based on the number of people, and apportion the lamb accordingly. 5Your lamb must be an unblemished year-old male, and you may take it from the sheep or the goats. 6You must care for it until the fourteenth day of the month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel will slaughter the animals at twilight.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:14
how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself unblemished to God, purify our consciences from works of death, so that we may serve the living God!

1 Peter 1:19
but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or spot.

Exodus 12:4
If the household is too small for a whole lamb, they are to share with the nearest neighbor, based on the number of people, and apportion the lamb accordingly.

Leviticus 1:3
If one's offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he is to offer an unblemished male. He must bring it to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting for its acceptance before the LORD.

Leviticus 1:10
If, however, one's offering is a burnt offering from the flock--from the sheep or goats--he is to present an unblemished male.

Leviticus 22:18
"Speak to Aaron and his sons and all the Israelites and tell them, 'Any man of the house of Israel or any foreign resident who presents his offering, whether the burnt offering is a freewill gift or payment of a vow to the LORD,

Leviticus 23:12
On the day you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a year-old lamb without blemish as a burnt offering to the LORD,

Numbers 7:57
one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

Treasury of Scripture

Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

be without

Leviticus 1:3,10
If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD…

Leviticus 22:19-24
Ye shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats…

Deuteronomy 17:1
Thou shalt not sacrifice unto the LORD thy God any bullock, or sheep, wherein is blemish, or any evilfavouredness: for that is an abomination unto the LORD thy God.

a male of the first year.

Leviticus 23:12
And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.

1 Samuel 13:1
Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,







Lexicon
Your lamb
שֶׂ֥ה (śeh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7716: A member of a, flock, a sheep, goat

must be
יִהְיֶ֣ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

an unblemished
תָמִ֛ים (ṯā·mîm)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8549: Entire, integrity, truth

year-old
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

male,
זָכָ֥ר (zā·ḵār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2145: Remembered, a male

[and] you may take
תִּקָּֽחוּ׃ (tiq·qā·ḥū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

it from
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

the sheep
הַכְּבָשִׂ֥ים (hak·kə·ḇā·śîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3532: A lamb

or the goats.
הָעִזִּ֖ים (hā·‘iz·zîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5795: Female goat
(5) Without blemish.--Natural piety teaches that we must not "offer the blind, the lame, or the sick for sacrifice" (Malachi 1:8). We must give to (God of our best. The Law emphasized this teaching, and here, on the first occasion when a sacrifice was formally appointed, required it to be absolutely without blemish of any kind. Afterwards the requirement was made general (Leviticus 22:19-25). It was peculiarly fitting that the Paschal offering should be without defect of any kind, as especially typifying "the Lamb of God," who is "holy, harmless, undefiled"--a "lamb without spot."

A male.--Males were reckoned superior to females, and were especially appropriate here, since the victim represented the firstborn male in each house.

Of the first year--i.e., not above a year old. As children are most innocent when young, so even animals were thought to be.

Verse 5. Your lamb shall be without blemish. Natural piety would teach that "the blind, the lame, and the sick" should not be selected for sacrifice (Malachi 1:8). The Law afterwards expressly forbade any blemished animals - "blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scurvy, or scabbed" - to be offered for any of the stated sacrifices, though they might be given as free-will offerings (Leviticus 22:20-25). The absence of blemish was especially important in a victim which was to typify One "holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners." A male. As standing in place of and redeeming the first-born of the males in each family. Of the first year. Perhaps as then more approaching to the ideal of perfect innocence. The requirement was not a usual one. Or from the goats. Theodoret says the proviso was made for the relief of the poorer class of persons; but practically it seems not to have taken effect. When people were poor, their richer neighbours supplied them with lambs (Kalisch). 12:1-20 The Lord makes all things new to those whom he delivers from the bondage of Satan, and takes to himself to be his people. The time when he does this is to them the beginning of a new life. God appointed that, on the night wherein they were to go out of Egypt, each family should kill a lamb, or that two or three families, if small, should kill one lamb. This lamb was to be eaten in the manner here directed, and the blood to be sprinkled on the door-posts, to mark the houses of the Israelites from those of the Egyptians. The angel of the Lord, when destroying the first-born of the Egyptians, would pass over the houses marked by the blood of the lamb: hence the name of this holy feast or ordinance. The passover was to be kept every year, both as a remembrance of Israel's preservation and deliverance out of Egypt, and as a remarkable type of Christ. Their safety and deliverance were not a reward of their own righteousness, but the gift of mercy. Of this they were reminded, and by this ordinance they were taught, that all blessings came to them through the shedding and sprinkling of blood. Observe, 1. The paschal lamb was typical. Christ is our passover, 1Co 5:7. Christ is the Lamb of God, Joh 1:29; often in the Revelation he is called the Lamb. It was to be in its prime; Christ offered up himself in the midst of his days, not when a babe at Bethlehem. It was to be without blemish; the Lord Jesus was a Lamb without spot: the judge who condemned Christ declared him innocent. It was to be set apart four days before, denoting the marking out of the Lord Jesus to be a Saviour, both in the purpose and in the promise. It was to be slain, and roasted with fire, denoting the painful sufferings of the Lord Jesus, even unto death, the death of the cross. The wrath of God is as fire, and Christ was made a curse for us. Not a bone of it must be broken, which was fulfilled in Christ, Joh 19:33, denoting the unbroken strength of the Lord Jesus. 2. The sprinkling of the blood was typical. The blood of the lamb must be sprinkled, denoting the applying of the merits of Christ's death to our souls; we must receive the atonement, Ro 5:11. Faith is the bunch of hyssop, by which we apply the promises, and the benefits of the blood of Christ laid up in them, to ourselves. It was to be sprinkled on the door-posts, denoting the open profession we are to make of faith in Christ. It was not to be sprinkled upon the threshold; which cautions us to take heed of trampling under foot the blood of the covenant. It is precious blood, and must be precious to us. The blood, thus sprinkled, was a means of preserving the Israelites from the destroying angel, who had nothing to do where the blood was. The blood of Christ is the believer's protection from the wrath of God, the curse of the law, and the damnation of hell, Ro 8:1. 3. The solemn eating of the lamb was typical of our gospel duty to Christ. The paschal lamb was not to be looked upon only, but to be fed upon. So we must by faith make Christ our own; and we must receive spiritual strength and nourishment from him, as from our food, see Joh 6:53,55. It was all to be eaten; those who by faith feed upon Christ, must feed upon a whole Christ; they must take Christ and his yoke, Christ and his cross, as well as Christ and his crown. It was to be eaten at once, not put by till morning. To-day Christ is offered, and is to be accepted while it is called to-day, before we sleep the sleep of death. It was to be eaten with bitter herbs, in remembrance of the bitterness of their bondage in Egypt; we must feed upon Christ with sorrow and brokenness of heart, in remembrance of sin. Christ will be sweet to us, if sin be bitter. It was to be eaten standing, with their staves in their hands, as being ready to depart. When we feed upon Christ by faith, we must forsake the rule and the dominion of sin; sit loose to the world, and every thing in it; forsake all for Christ, and reckon it no bad bargain, Heb 13:13,14. 4. The feast of unleavened bread was typical of the Christian life, 1Co 5:7,8. Having received Christ Jesus the Lord, we must continually delight ourselves in Christ Jesus. No manner of work must be done, that is, no care admitted and indulged, which does not agree with, or would lessen this holy joy. The Jews were very strict as to the passover, so that no leaven should be found in their houses. It must be a feast kept in charity, without the leaven of malice; and in sincerity, without the leaven of hypocrisy. It was by an ordinance for ever; so long as we live we must continue feeding upon Christ, rejoicing in him always, with thankful mention of the great things he has done for us.
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